United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

7 January 1997


Fifty-first session
Agenda item 63


            [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.3)]

            51/39.      The role of science and technology in
                        the context of international security
                        and disarmament

      The General Assembly,

      Recognizing that scientific and technological developments can
have both civilian and military applications and that progress in
science and technology for civilian applications needs to be
maintained and encouraged,

      Concerned that military applications of scientific and
technological developments can contribute significantly to the
improvement and upgrading of weapons of mass destruction,

      Aware of the need to follow closely the scientific and
technological developments that may have a negative impact on
international security and disarmament, and to channel scientific and
technological developments for beneficial purposes,

      Cognizant that the international transfers of dual-use as well as
high-technology products, services and know-how for peaceful purposes
are important for the economic and social development of States,

      Expressing concern over the growing proliferation of ad hoc and
exclusive export control regimes and arrangements for dual-use goods
and technologies,

      Recalling that the Final Document of the Eleventh Conference of
Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from 18 to 20 October 1995, 1/ noted
that restrictions being placed on access to technology through the
imposition of non-transparent ad hoc export control regimes with
exclusive membership tended to impede the economic and social
development of developing countries,

      Emphasizing that internationally negotiated guidelines for the
transfer of high technology with military applications should take
into account the legitimate defence requirements of all States and
requirements for the maintenance of international peace and security,
while ensuring that access to high-technology products and services
and know-how for peaceful purposes is not denied,

      1.    Affirms that scientific and technological progress should be
used for the benefit of all mankind to promote the sustainable
economic and social development of all States and to safeguard
international security, and that international cooperation in the use
of science and technology through the transfer and exchange of
technological know-how for peaceful purposes should be promoted;

      2.    Invites Member States to undertake additional efforts to
apply science and technology for disarmament-related purposes and to
make disarmament-related technologies available to interested States;

      3.    Urges Member States to undertake multilateral negotiations
with the participation of all interested States in order to establish
universally acceptable, non-discriminatory guidelines for
international transfers of dual-use goods and technologies and high
technology with military applications;

      4.    Recalls the report of the Secretary-General entitled
"Scientific and technological developments and their impact on
international security", 2/ and requests the Secretary-General to
update and further develop that report in order to evaluate the impact
of recent scientific and technological developments, especially those
which have potential military applications, and to submit a report to
the General Assembly no later than at its fifty-third session;

      5.    Encourages United Nations bodies to contribute, within
existing mandates, to promoting the application of science and
technology for peaceful purposes;

      6.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "The role of science and technology
in the context of international security and disarmament".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


1/    A/50/752-S/1995/1035, annex III; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Fiftieth Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1995, document S/1995/1035.

2/    A/45/568.


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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
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