United Nations

A/RES/51/31


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 41


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

  [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.20/Rev.1 and Rev.1/Add.1)]


            51/31.   Support by the United Nations system of
                     the efforts of Governments to promote
                     and consolidate new or restored
                     democracies


      The General Assembly,

      Bearing in mind the indissoluble links between the principles
enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1/ and the
foundations of any democratic society,

      Recalling the Manila Declaration 2/ adopted by the First
International Conference of New or Restored Democracies 3/ in June
1988,

      Considering the major changes taking place on the international
scene and the aspirations of all peoples for an international order
based on the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United
Nations, including the promotion and encouragement of respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms for all and other important
principles, such as respect for the equal rights and self-
determination of peoples, peace, democracy, justice, equality, the
rule of law, pluralism, development, better standards of living and
solidarity,

      Recalling its resolutions 49/30 of 7 December 1994 and 50/133 of
20 December 1995, in which it recognized the importance of the Managua
Declaration 4/ and Plan of Action 5/ adopted by the Second
International Conference of New or Restored Democracies in July 1994,

      Recalling also the view expressed in the Managua Declaration that
the international community must pay closer attention to the obstacles
facing the new or restored democracies,

      Taking note of the views of Member States expressed in the debate
on this item at its forty-ninth, fiftieth and fifty-first sessions,

      Taking note also of the holding of the Informal Ministerial
Meeting of New or Restored Democracies in New York on 30 September
1996 in accordance with the Managua Plan of Action,

      Bearing in mind that such activities of the United Nations
carried out in support of the efforts of Governments are undertaken in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and only at the
specific request of the Member States concerned,

      Bearing in mind also that democracy, development and respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually
reinforcing and that democracy is based on the freely expressed will
of the people to determine their own political, economic, social and
cultural systems and on their full participation in all aspects of
their lives,

      Noting that a considerable number of societies have recently
undertaken considerable efforts to achieve their social, political and
economic goals through democratization and the reform of their
economies, pursuits that are deserving of the support and recognition
of the international community,

      Noting with satisfaction that the Third International Conference
of New or Restored Democracies will take place at Bucharest from 2 to
4 September 1997,

      Stressing the importance of support by Member States, the United
Nations system, the specialized agencies and other intergovernmental
organizations of the holding of the Third International Conference,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General 6/ on
assistance provided in the past by the United Nations, at the request
of Member States, as well as important concepts and considerations
that are pertinent to this question,

      1.    Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General; 6/ 

      2.    Commends the Secretary-General, and through him the United
Nations system, for the activities undertaken at the request of
Governments to support the efforts to consolidate democracy, as
reflected in his report;

      3.    Recognizes that the Organization has an important role to
play in providing timely, appropriate and coherent support to the
efforts of Governments to achieve democratization within the context
of their development efforts;

      4.    Stresses that activities undertaken by the Organization must
be in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations;

      5.    Encourages the Secretary-General to continue to improve the
capacity of the Organization to respond effectively to the request of
Member States through coherent, adequate support of their efforts to
achieve the goal of democratization;

      6.    Encourages Member States to promote democratization and to
make additional efforts to identify possible steps to support the
efforts of Governments to promote and consolidate new or restored
democracies;

      7.    Invites the Secretary-General, Member States, the relevant
specialized agencies and bodies of the United Nations system, as well
as other intergovernmental organizations, to collaborate in the
holding of the Third International Conference of New or Restored
Democracies;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of
the present resolution, including innovative ways and means as well as
other reflections, to enable the Organization to respond effectively
and in an integrated manner to requests of Member States for
assistance in the field of democratization;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Support by the United Nations system
of the efforts of Governments to promote and consolidate new or
restored democracies".


                                                          75th plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    A/43/538, annex.

3/    Then called the International Conference of Newly Restored
Democracies.

4/    A/49/713, annex I.

5/    Ibid., annex II.

6/    A/51/512.

 

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