United Nations

A/RES/51/30


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

31 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 21 (b)


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.22 and Add.1,
      A/51/L.24/Rev.1 and Rev.1/Add.1, A/51/L.25/Rev.1 and Rev.1/Add.1,
      A/51/L.30 and Add.1, A/51/L.32/Rev.1 and Rev.1/Add.1,
      A/51/L.27/Rev.1 and Rev.1/Add.1, A/51/L.37/Rev.1, A/51/L.50/Rev.1
      and Rev.1/Add.1, and  A/51/L.26 and Add.1)]


            51/30.   Strengthening of the coordination of
                     humanitarian and disaster relief
                     assistance of the United Nations,
                     including special economic assistance: 
                     special economic assistance to
                     individual countries or regions


                                       A

            Economic assistance to States affected by the implementation
            of the Security Council resolutions imposing sanctions on
            the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the provisions of Articles 25, 48, 49 and 50 of the
Charter of the United Nations,

      Recalling also Security Council resolutions 724 (1991) of 15
December 1991 and 843 (1993) of 18 June 1993,

      Recalling further Security Council resolution 1074 (1996) of
1 October 1996 terminating the measures suspended by resolution 1022
(1995) of 22 November 1995 and imposed by or reaffirmed in resolutions
757 (1992) of 30 May 1992, 787 (1992) of 16 November 1992, 820 (1993)
of 17 April 1993, 942 (1994) and 943 (1994) of 23 September 1994,
988 (1995) of 21 April 1995, 992 (1995) of 11 May 1995, 1003 (1995) of
5 July 1995 and 1015 (1995) of 15 September 1995,

      Stressing the importance of the General Framework Agreement for
Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the annexes thereto 1/
initialled on  21 November 1995 in Dayton, Ohio, and signed in Paris
on 14 December 1995,

      Paying tribute to the neighbouring States and the other States in
the region affected by the sanctions, the mission of the International
Conference on the Former Yugoslavia, the European Union/Organization
for Security and Cooperation in Europe Sanctions Coordinator, the
Sanctions Assistance Mission Communication Center and the Sanctions
Assistance Mission, the Western European Union operation on the
Danube, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization/Western European Union
Sharp Guard operation in the Adriatic Sea and the Danube Commission,
for their significant contribution to the achievement of a negotiated
peace,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 48/210 of 21 December 1993, 49/21 A
of 2 December 1994 and 50/58 E of 12 December 1995 on economic
assistance to States affected by the implementation of the Security
Council resolutions imposing sanctions against the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia,

      Taking note of the Sofia Declaration on Good-neighbourly
Relations, Stability, Security and Cooperation in the Balkans, 2/
adopted by the meeting of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the
Countries of South-Eastern Europe, held at Sofia on 6 and 7 July 1996,

      Taking note also of the fact that some of the States in the
region affected by the sanctions have expressed their views on the
issue, 3/

      Commending the efforts of the international financial
institutions, other international organizations and those States which
responded to the appeal of the Secretary-General and the donor
conferences held at Brussels in December 1995 and April 1996 by taking
into consideration the special economic problems arising from the
implementation of the sanctions in their support programmes and
specific activities for the affected States,

      Commending also the continuing attention paid by
intergovernmental and regional organizations, in particular the
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the European
Union, as well as through the Central European Initiative, to the
needs of the affected States for assistance in developing regional
transport and communication infrastructures,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General, entitled
"Supplement to An Agenda for Peace:  position paper of the Secretary-
General on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the United
Nations", 4/ and in particular its chapter III.E on the issue of
United Nations sanctions,

      Taking note also of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of resolution 50/58 E 5/ and of the conclusions and
recommendations contained therein,

      1.    Expresses concern at the persisting special economic
problems confronting States in the period following the lifting of the
sanctions, in particular the States that border the Federal Republic
of Yugoslavia, the other Danube riparian States and all other States
affected by the consequences of the severance of their economic
relations with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the disruption
of traditional transport and communication links in that part of
Europe during the period when the sanctions were in force and their
long-term adverse impact on the economies of those States;

      2.    Reaffirms the need for a continuing concerted response from
the international community to deal in a more effective manner with
the special economic problems of the affected States in the period
following the lifting of the sanctions in view of their magnitude and
of the adverse impact of the sanctions on the economy of those States;

      3.    Renews its invitation to the international financial
institutions and in particular the International Monetary Fund, the
World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development to
continue to pay special attention to the economic problems of the
affected States in the period following the lifting of the sanctions
and to consider ways and means for mobilizing and providing resources
for mitigating the continuing negative impact of the consequences of
the sanctions on the efforts of the affected States for financial
stabilization and for the development of regional transport and
communications infrastructure;

      4.    Renews its request to the competent organs, programmes and
United Nations specialized agencies to take into consideration the
special needs of the affected States in programming their development
activities and to consider the provision of assistance from their
special programme resources;

      5.    Renews its appeal to all States, on an urgent basis, to
provide technical, financial and material assistance to the affected
States in the period following the lifting of the sanctions to
mitigate the continuing adverse impact of the sanctions on their
economies, including, inter alia, through the consideration of
measures for the promotion of exports, investments and development of
private enterprises in the affected States;

      6.    Encourages the States of the region affected by the
implementation of the Security Council sanctions against the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia to continue the process of multilateral
regional cooperation outlined in the Royaumont Platform for Action of
the European Union in 1995 and launched by the meeting of the
Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Countries of South-Eastern
Europe, held at Sofia on 6 and 7 July 1996, in such fields as the
realization of cross-border infrastructure projects and promotion of
trade and investments, thus alleviating the adverse impact of the
sanctions lifted under the terms of Security Council resolution
1074 (1996);

      7.    Urges the organizations and specialized agencies of the
United Nations system and other organizations involved to take
appropriate steps in order to broaden access for suppliers,
particularly from States which have been affected by the
implementation of the sanctions, to participate actively in the
post-conflict reconstruction and rehabilitation of the former
Yugoslavia;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to take all appropriate
measures to increase the opportunity for the affected countries to
participate actively in the post-conflict reconstruction,
rehabilitation and development of the former Yugoslavia;

      9.    Also requests the Secretary-General to continue to seek, on
a regular basis, information from States, regional organizations and
the concerned organs and agencies of the United Nations system on
action taken to alleviate the special economic problems of these
States in the period following the lifting of the sanctions, and to
report thereon to the Security Council, as well as to submit to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the
implementation of the present resolution.


                                                          74th plenary meeting
                                                               5 December 1996


                                       B

        Assistance for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of Liberia

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 45/232 of 21 December 1990, 46/147 of
17 December 1991, 47/154 of 18 December 1992, 48/197 of
21 December 1993, 49/21 E of 20 December 1994 and 50/58 A of
12 December 1995,

      Taking note of Security Council resolution 1071 (1996) of
30 August 1996, in which the Council, inter alia, welcomed the
agreement of the Economic Community of West African States at Abuja on
17 August 1996, 6/ which extended the 1995 Abuja Agreement 7/
until 15 June 1997, established a timetable for implementation of the
Agreement, adopted a mechanism to verify compliance with the Agreement
by the faction leaders and proposed possible measures against the
factions in the event of non-compliance,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General, 8/

      Deeply concerned about the adverse effects of the protracted
conflict on the socio-economic development of Liberia, particularly
the attacks against civilians, the looting of property and the
destruction of infrastructure throughout the country, including the
capital, as a result of the outbreak of hostilities on 6 April 1996,
and the urgent need to restore peace and stability to facilitate
economic recovery and the rehabilitation and reconstruction of basic
sectors of the country,

      Acknowledging the efforts of Mrs. Ruth Sando Perry, Chairman of
the Council of State, to govern on behalf of the people of Liberia,

      Noting with concern that the lack of adequate logistics and
security guarantees from the Liberian factions continues to impair the
delivery of relief assistance, particularly in the areas not yet under
the control of the Economic Community of West African States
Monitoring Group, thereby hampering the transition from emergency to
development activities,

      Commending the concerted and determined efforts of the Economic
Community of West African States to restore peace, security and
stability in Liberia,

      1.    Expresses its gratitude to all States and intergovernmental
and non-governmental organizations that have rendered assistance to
the Liberian National Transitional Government in its relief and
rehabilitation activities, and urges that such assistance be
continued;

      2.    Calls upon all States and intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations to continue to provide Liberia with
technical, financial and other assistance for the repatriation and
resettlement of Liberian refugees, returnees and displaced persons and
the rehabilitation of combatants so as to facilitate the restoration
of peace and normalcy in Liberia;

      3.    Reiterates its appeal to all States to contribute generously
to the Trust Fund for Liberia established by the Secretary-General,
inter alia, to assist the Economic Community of West African States
Monitoring Group to fulfil its mandate and to provide assistance for
the reconstruction of Liberia;

      4.    Deplores all attacks against and intimidation of personnel
of the United Nations, its specialized agencies, non-governmental
organizations and the Economic Community of West African States
Monitoring Group, as well as the looting of their equipment, supplies
and personal property;

      5.    Emphasizes the urgent need for all parties and factions and
their leaders in Liberia to respect fully the security and safety of
all personnel of the United Nations, its specialized agencies,
non-governmental organizations and the Economic Community of West
African States Monitoring Group by ensuring their complete freedom of
movement throughout Liberia and to take all measures necessary to
create an atmosphere conducive to the successful resolution of the
conflict;

      6.    Urges the factions and their leaders to establish conditions
essential to the socio-economic development of Liberia by honouring
their commitments to cease all hostilities and disarm their combatants
according to the timetable agreed to at Abuja on 17 August 1996; 6/

      7.    Commends the Secretary-General for his continuing efforts to
mobilize relief and rehabilitation assistance for Liberia, and
requests him:

      (a)   To continue his efforts to mobilize all possible assistance
within the United Nations system to help the Liberian National
Transitional Government in its reconstruction and development efforts;

      (b)   To undertake, when conditions permit, in close collaboration
with the authorities of Liberia, an overall assessment of needs, with
the objective of holding a round-table conference of donors for the
reconstruction and development of Liberia;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the progress made in the
implementation of the present resolution;

      9.    Decides to consider at its fifty-second session the question
of international assistance for the rehabilitation and reconstruction
of Liberia.


                                                          74th plenary meeting
                                                               5 December 1996


                                       C

         Assistance for the reconstruction and development of Lebanon

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its decision 48/450 of 21 December 1993,

      Recalling Economic and Social Council resolutions in which the
Council called upon the specialized agencies and other organizations
and bodies of the United Nations system to expand and intensify their
programmes of assistance in response to the urgent needs of Lebanon,

      Reaffirming Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/32 of
25 July 1996,

      Aware of the magnitude of the requirements of Lebanon resulting
from the extensive destruction of its infrastructure, which is
impeding national rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts and
adversely affecting economic and social conditions,

      Reaffirming the pressing need to continue to assist the
Government of Lebanon in the reconstruction of the country and the
recovery of its human and economic potential,

      Expressing its appreciation of the efforts of the Secretary-
General in mobilizing assistance for Lebanon,

      1.    Appeals to all Member States and all organizations of the
United Nations system to intensify their efforts with a view to
considering an increase of all forms of support, including financial
grants and soft loans given for the reconstruction and development of
Lebanon, in particular, donor countries are requested to consider
playing a full part in the consultative group to be established on the
reconstruction and rehabilitation of Lebanon;

      2.    Calls upon all organizations and programmes of the United
Nations system to support governmental requirements for national
capacity-building and institutional renewal in the areas of social
reconstruction and development, environmental management, public
services provision and support for private-sector development, and for
implementing priority field-based programmes in the rehabilitation and
reintegration of displaced persons and in the reconstruction and
development of Baalbeck-Hermel and the south Lebanon region;

      3.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session through the Economic and Social
Council at its substantive session of 1997 on the implementation of
the present resolution.


                                                          74th plenary meeting
                                                               5 December 1996


                                       D

                           Assistance to Mozambique

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling Security Council resolution 386 (1976) of
17 March 1976,

      Recalling also its relevant resolutions, in particular resolution
45/227 of 21 December 1990, 47/42 of 9 December 1992 and 49/21 D of
20 December 1994, in which it urged the international community to
respond effectively and generously to the call for assistance to
Mozambique,

      Reaffirming the principles for humanitarian assistance contained
in the annex to its resolution 46/182 of 19 December 1991,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/7 of 19 October 1993, 49/215 of
23 December 1994 and 50/82 of 14 December 1995 on assistance in mine
clearance, and stressing the need to foster the establishment of
national mine clearance capacity with a view to enabling the
Government of Mozambique to deal more effectively with the adverse
effects of these weapons within the framework of the efforts for
national reconstruction,

      Bearing in mind that Mozambique is emerging from a devastating
war and that a proper response to address the current situation in the
country requires substantial international assistance in a
comprehensive and integrated manner and linking, inter alia,
resettlement to reintegration programmes in order to strengthen
further the process of national reconstruction and development,

      Bearing in mind also the Paris Declaration and the Programme of
Action for the Least Developed Countries for the 1990s, 9/ adopted
by the Second United Nations Conference on the Least Developed
Countries on 14 September 1990,

      Noting the mobilization and allocation of resources by States,
relevant organizations of the United Nations system and
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to assist
national efforts,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on
assistance to Mozambique, 10/

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 10/

      2.    Welcomes the assistance rendered to Mozambique by various
States, relevant organizations of the United Nations system and
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations;

      3.    Welcomes the progress made in the consolidation of a lasting
peace and tranquillity, the enhancement of democracy and the promotion
of national reconciliation in Mozambique;

      4.    Takes note with satisfaction of the successful completion of
the repatriation, resettlement and reintegration programme of
Mozambican citizens from neighbouring countries, and expresses
appreciation for the support of the international and non-governmental
organizations which, in close cooperation with the Government of
Mozambique, played an important role in that programme;

      5.    Stresses that Mozambique has made significant progress in
mitigating the consequences of a devastating war and that continued
substantial coordinated international assistance is required to assist
the country in addressing its development needs, in particular with
regard to the ongoing resettlement and reintegration of internally
displaced persons and demobilized soldiers;

      6.    Commends all States and intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations that have contributed to mine clearance
in Mozambique, and urges those that have a capacity to do so to
continue to provide the needed assistance with a view to enabling the
Government of Mozambique to develop its national mine clearance
capacity within the framework of the ongoing mine clearance programme;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General, in close cooperation with
the Government of Mozambique:

      (a)   To continue his efforts to mobilize international assistance
for the national reconstruction and development of Mozambique;

      (b)   To ensure the coordination of the work of the United Nations
system for adequate response to the development needs of Mozambique;

      (c)   To prepare a report on international assistance for the
national reconstruction and development of Mozambique for
consideration by the General Assembly at its fifty-third session.


                                                          74th plenary meeting
                                                               5 December 1996


                                       E

         Assistance for the reconstruction and development of Djibouti

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 50/58 F of 12 December 1995 and its
previous resolutions on economic assistance to Djibouti,

      Recalling also the Paris Declaration and the Programme of Action
for the Least Developed Countries for the 1990s, 9/ adopted by the
Second United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries on
14 September 1990, as well as the mutual commitments undertaken on
that occasion and the importance attached to the follow-up to that
Conference,

      Noting that the economic and social development efforts of
Djibouti, which is included in the list of least developed countries,
are constrained by the extremes of the local climate, in particular
cyclical droughts and torrential rains and floods such as those that
occurred in 1989 and 1994 and that the implementation of
reconstruction and development programmes, as well as of the
demobilization programme, requires the deployment of substantial
resources which exceed the real capacity of the country,

      Noting with concern that the situation in Djibouti has been made
worse by the deteriorating situation in the Horn of Africa and in
particular in Somalia, and noting the presence of tens of thousands of
refugees and persons displaced from their countries, which has, on the
one hand, placed serious strains on the fragile economic, social and
administrative infrastructure of Djibouti and, on the other, caused
serious security problems in the country,

      Noting the difficult economic and financial situation of Djibouti
resulting in part from the number of priority development projects
that have had to be suspended in view of serious developments in the
international situation and in part from the prolonged effects of the
previous regional conflicts, notably in Somalia, which have disrupted
services, transport and trade and which are draining the State of most
of its revenues,

      Noting with satisfaction that the Government of Djibouti has
begun to implement the structural adjustment programme, and convinced
of the necessity to support that financial recovery programme and to
take effective measures to alleviate the consequences, in particular
the social consequences, of that adjustment policy, which is in the
course of implementation, in order that the country may achieve
appreciable economic results,

      Noting with gratitude the support provided to relief and
rehabilitation operations by various countries and by
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General, 11/

      1.    Declares its solidarity with the Government and people of
Djibouti, who have had to face critical challenges owing, in
particular, to the scarcity of natural resources and the continuing
critical situation in the Horn of Africa, especially in Somalia;

      2.    Welcomes the implementation by the Government of Djibouti of
the structural adjustment programme and, in that context, appeals to
all Governments, international financial institutions, the specialized
agencies of the United Nations system and non-governmental
organizations to respond in an appropriate manner, as a matter of
urgency, to the financial and material needs of the country;

      3.    Requests the donor community to participate actively and
generously in the round table on Djibouti which will be organized in
February 1997 in order to help that country to rebuild its economy,
restore its basic and social infrastructure and develop its human
resources;

      4.    Considers that implementation of the demobilization
programme and of the national rehabilitation plan and reinforcement of
democratic institutions require appropriate assistance in the form of
financial and material support;

      5.    Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General for his
efforts to make the international community aware of the difficulties
faced by Djibouti;

      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue his efforts to
mobilize the resources necessary for an effective programme of
financial, technical and material assistance to Djibouti;

      7.    Also requests the Secretary-General to prepare a study of
the progress made with regard to economic assistance to Djibouti, in
time for the question to be considered by the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session.


                                                          74th plenary meeting
                                                               5 December 1996


                                       F

             Special emergency economic assistance to the Comoros

      The General Assembly,

      Noting the fact that, on 28 September 1995, an army of
international mercenaries invaded the Comoros, overthrew the President
of the Republic, disrupted the constitutional order and, in so doing,
the State institutions, as well as the political, economic and social
order of the country,

      Noting also that the unfavourable situation of the Comoros, which
is on the list of least developed countries, is aggravated by several
important factors, including its physical distance from its trading
partners, the scarcity of natural resources, the diminutive size of
the domestic market, the fall in prices of its export products and the
poverty of its soil,

      Noting further the economic and social trauma caused by that
invasion and the material and structural damage suffered by the
country during those events,

      Aware of the efforts made by the Government and people of the
Comoros to assist the most affected and deprived sectors of the
population,

      Considering, in particular, that in order to respond to those
urgent humanitarian needs the Government of the Comoros, in the
absence of other resources, had to reallocate as a matter of great
urgency the major part of the budget required for the functioning of
the State and the financial resources normally devoted to vital
economic and social programmes,

      Noting, nonetheless, the insufficiency of means available to the
Government to execute programmes of reconstruction and development
essential for the survival of the country,

      1.    Expresses its gratitude to the States and intergovernmental
and non-governmental organizations which have provided assistance to
the Government of the Comoros for the rehabilitation of the country,
and appeals for the continuation of such assistance;

      2.    Stresses that the financial resources available remain
nonetheless  insufficient vis-a`-vis the basic needs to ensure the
emergence of the country from its transitional phase into a
development phase;

      3.    Urgently appeals to all States and all appropriate
international organizations, including United Nations bodies and
specialized agencies, to provide, in consultation with the Government
of the Comoros, assistance to the Comoros in repairing the damage
caused by the act of aggression;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to furnish all necessary
assistance in accordance with paragraph 3 above and asks him to
dispatch to Moroni as soon as possible a multidisciplinary
humanitarian and technical assessment mission in order to carry out a
detailed study of the needs of the country in terms of assistance;

      5.    Requests all Member States and donor bodies, as well as the
specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations, to
grant to the Comoros all necessary humanitarian, financial, economic
and technical assistance, in order to enable it to achieve national
reconstruction and sustainable development;

      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          84th plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                       G

            Assistance for humanitarian relief and the economic
            and social rehabilitation of Somalia


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 43/206 of 20 December 1988, 44/178 of
19 December 1989, 45/229 of 21 December 1990, 46/176 of
19 December 1991, 47/160 of 18 December 1992, 48/201 of
21 December 1993, 49/21 L of 20 December 1994 and 50/58 G of
20 December 1995 and the resolutions and decisions of the Economic and
Social Council on emergency assistance to Somalia,

      Recalling also Security Council resolution 733 (1992) of
23 January 1992 and all subsequent relevant resolutions, in which the
Council, inter alia, urged all parties, movements and factions in
Somalia to facilitate the efforts of the United Nations, its
specialized agencies and humanitarian organizations to provide urgent
humanitarian assistance to the affected population in Somalia and
reiterated the call for the full respect of the security and safety of
the personnel of those organizations and the guarantee of their
complete freedom of movement in and around Mogadishu and other parts
of Somalia,

      Noting with appreciation the continued efforts made by the
Secretary-General to assist the Somali people in their efforts to
promote peace, stability and national reconciliation,

      Noting with concern that political instability and the absence of
central authority continue to characterize Somalia and that, while the
environment has become conducive to some reconstruction and
development-oriented work in certain parts of the country, the
humanitarian and security situation has worsened in other parts,

      Reaffirming the importance it attaches to the need for effective
coordination and cooperation among the United Nations agencies and
their partners,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General 12/ on
assistance for humanitarian relief and the economic and social
rehabilitation of Somalia,

      Deeply appreciative of the humanitarian assistance and
rehabilitation support rendered by a number of States to alleviate the
hardship and suffering of the affected Somali population,

      Recognizing that, while the humanitarian situation remains
fragile in some parts, there is a need to continue the ongoing process
of rehabilitation and reconstruction alongside the process of national
reconciliation, without prejudice to the provision of emergency relief
assistance wherever and whenever required, as security allows,

      Noting with appreciation the efforts of the United Nations system
focusing on working directly with Somali communities, whenever
possible, in the absence of a recognized national government, and
welcoming the efforts of the United Nations, in partnership with
Somali counterparts at the local level and non-governmental
organizations, to formulate a programme combining humanitarian and
developmental approaches, given the varying conditions in different
areas of the country,

      Re-emphasizing the importance of the further implementation of
its resolution 47/160 to rehabilitate basic social and economic
services at the local level throughout the country,

      1.    Expresses its gratitude to all States and the
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations that have
responded to the appeals of the Secretary-General and others by
extending assistance to Somalia;

      2.    Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General for his
continued and tireless efforts to mobilize assistance to the Somali
people;

      3.    Welcomes the ongoing efforts of the United Nations, the
Organization of African Unity, the League of Arab States, the
Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Intergovernmental
Authority on Development of the countries of the Horn of Africa and
the States members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries to resolve
the situation in Somalia;

      4.    Also welcomes the strategy of the United Nations focusing on
the implementation of community-based interventions aimed at
rebuilding local infrastructures and increasing the self-reliance of
the local population, and the ongoing efforts by the United Nations
agencies, their Somali counterparts and their partner organizations to
establish and maintain close coordination and cooperation mechanisms
for the implementation of relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction
programmes;

      5.    Emphasizes the principle that the Somali people, in
particular at the local level, have the primary responsibility for
their own development and for the sustainability of rehabilitation and
reconstruction assistance programmes, and reaffirms the importance it
attaches to the creation of workable arrangements for collaboration
between the United Nations system and its partner organizations and
their Somali counterparts at the local level for the effective
execution of rehabilitation and development activities in those parts
of the country where peace and security prevail;

      6.    Urges all States and relevant intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations to continue the further implementation
of its resolution 47/160 so as to assist the Somali people to embark
on the rehabilitation of basic social and economic services, as well
as institution-building aimed at the restoration of civil
administration at the local level in all those parts of the country
where peace, security and stability prevail;

      7.    Appeals to all the Somali parties concerned to terminate
hostilities and to engage in a national reconciliation process that
allows for transition from relief to reconstruction and development;

      8.    Calls upon all parties, movements and factions in Somalia to
respect fully the security and safety of personnel of the United
Nations and its specialized agencies and of non-governmental
organizations, and to guarantee their complete freedom of movement
throughout Somalia;

      9.    Calls upon the Secretary-General to continue to mobilize
international humanitarian, rehabilitation and reconstruction
assistance for Somalia;

      10.   Calls upon the international community to provide continued
and increased assistance in response to the United Nations
Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for relief, rehabilitation and
reconstruction assistance for Somalia covering the period October 1996
to December 1997;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General, in view of the critical
situation in Somalia, to take all necessary measures for the
implementation of the present resolution, and to report thereon to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session.

                                                          84th plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                       H

            International assistance to Rwanda for the
            reintegration of returning refugees, the restoration
            of total peace, reconstruction and socio-economic
            development


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/211 of 21 December 1993, entitled
"Emergency assistance for the socio-economic rehabilitation of
Rwanda", 49/23 of 2 December 1994, entitled "Emergency international
assistance for a solution to the problem of refugees, the restoration
of total peace, reconstruction and socio-economic development in war-
stricken Rwanda", and 50/58 L of 22 December 1995, entitled "Situation
in Rwanda:  international assistance for a solution to the problem of
refugees, the restoration of total peace, reconstruction and socio-
economic development in Rwanda",

      Taking into consideration the need for continued humanitarian
assistance to support the ongoing process of the voluntary
repatriation, resettlement and reintegration of returning refugees,

      Emphasizing the need for, inter alia, an infusion of significant
material and financial resources in Rwanda in order to create
conditions for sustainable peace and development,

      Conscious that continued technical assistance and advisory
services, as well as other assistance, is required to assist the
Government of Rwanda in reconstructing the social, legal and economic
infrastructure of Rwanda,

      Recognizing, inter alia, that the Peace Agreement between the
Government of the Rwandese Republic and the Rwandese Patriotic
Front, 13/ signed at Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania, on
4 August 1993, as well as the recently established Commission for
National Reconciliation, provide an appropriate framework for national
reconciliation,

      Expressing its gratitude to those States and intergovernmental
and non-governmental organizations which have responded positively and
continue to respond positively to the humanitarian and development
needs of Rwanda, and to the United Nations, which has mobilized and
coordinated the distribution of humanitarian assistance,

      Welcoming the meeting on refugee reintegration in the Great Lakes
region, convened at Geneva on 23 November 1996,

      Welcoming also the manner in which Rwanda has handled the massive
and sudden repatriation of refugees from eastern Zaire and Burundi,
and stressing the need for the Government of Rwanda to continue its
efforts to support the voluntary repatriation, resettlement and
reintegration of returning refugees,

      1.    Congratulates all relevant United Nations agencies, funds
and programmes for their efforts to draw the attention of the
international community to the humanitarian and development needs of
Rwanda, requests them to provide all possible assistance and
encourages them to coordinate with the Government of Rwanda and the
coordinator of United Nations activities in Rwanda in order to address
the emergency and long-term development needs of Rwanda, as presented
at Geneva by the Government of Rwanda on 23 November 1996, in the
programme for the resettlement and reintegration in the context of the
present massive return of refugees;

      2.    Welcomes the commitment of the Government of Rwanda to
cooperate with and to take all necessary measures to ensure the safety
and security of all humanitarian personnel, including personnel of
non-governmental organizations, operating in the country;

      3.    Urges all States, United Nations organizations and
specialized agencies, as well as other intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations and the multilateral financial and
development institutions, to continue to assist Rwanda in the
resettlement and reintegration of refugees and other vulnerable groups
in the context of the national reconciliation process, and in the
rehabilitation efforts in the following priority areas:  education,
health, justice, security and public infrastructure;

      4.    Calls upon the international community to continue its
assistance, with a view to alleviating the intolerable conditions in
Rwandan prisons and to expediting the processing of cases, encourages
the Government of Rwanda to continue its efforts to improve the
judicial system, including by expediting the trial process, and
encourages the Government of Rwanda to continue to improve the
situation in the prisons;

      5.    Encourages the International Tribunal for Rwanda to pursue
its work speedily and calls upon all States to cooperate with the
Tribunal, in accordance with Security Council resolutions 955 (1994)
of 8 November 1994 and 978 (1995) of 27 February 1995, by arresting
and detaining persons suspected of genocide and other serious
violations of international humanitarian law, and to ensure the
transfer of indicted individuals to the Tribunal;

      6.    Urges all States to provide funds to projects and programmes
for the reintegration of refugees, as proposed in the various
subprogrammes presented by the Government of Rwanda at Geneva on
23 November 1996;

      7.    Calls upon all States, in particular the States of the Great
Lakes region, to act in accordance with the recommendations adopted by
the Nairobi Summit of January 1995 and the Regional Conference on
Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and Displaced Persons in the Great
Lakes Region, held at Bujumbura in February 1995, and with those
contained in the Cairo Declaration on the Great Lakes Region, 14/
and to continue efforts with regard to the search for peace in the
Great Lakes region, in particular the convening of a conference on
security, stability and development in the Great Lakes region after
consulting the countries of the region;

      8.    Decides to consider at its fifty-second session the question
of international assistance for the reintegration of returnees, the
restoration of total peace, reconstruction and socio-economic
development in Rwanda, and requests the Secretary-General to submit to
the General Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the
implementation of the present resolution.

                                                          84th plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                       I

                       Emergency assistance to the Sudan

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 43/8 of 18 October 1988 and 43/52 of
6 December 1988, 44/12 of 24 October 1989, 45/226 of 21 December 1990,
46/178 of 19 December 1991, 47/162 of 18 December 1992, 48/200 of
21 December 1993, 49/21 K of 20 December 1994 and 50/58 J of
22 December 1995 on assistance to the Sudan,

      Noting the declining contributions to the 1996 consolidated
inter-agency appeal for Operation Lifeline Sudan despite the progress
made in the Operation, and noting also that considerable relief needs
still remain to be addressed, in particular in the areas of non-food
assistance, including assistance to combat malaria, and for logistics,
emergency recovery, rehabilitation and development,

      Recognizing the need in emergency situations to address the
continuum of relief, rehabilitation and development so as to reduce
dependence on external food aid and other relief services,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General 15/ and of
the statement by the representative of the Sudan before the General
Assembly, 16/

      1.    Acknowledges with appreciation the cooperation by the
Government of the Sudan with the United Nations, including the
agreements and arrangements achieved to facilitate relief operations
towards improvement of United Nations assistance to affected areas,
and encourages the continuation of that cooperation;

      2.    Stresses the need for Operation Lifeline Sudan to be
operated with a view to ensuring its efficiency, transparency and
effectiveness, with the full participation of the Government of the
Sudan in its management and operation, including conducting of
assessment, allocation, distribution and evaluation processes, as well
as consultations in the preparation of the consolidated annual inter-
agency appeal for the Operation;

      3.    Stresses also that Operation Lifeline Sudan should operate
within the principle of national sovereignty and the framework of
international cooperation in accordance with relevant national and
international law;

      4.    Calls upon the international community to continue to
contribute generously to the emergency needs, recovery and development
of the country;

      5.    Urges the international community to give priority to
assistance for the rehabilitation of roads, railways and airports and
to provision of means of road transport in order to facilitate relief
supplies to the affected areas;

      6.    Calls upon the donor community and the organizations of the
United Nations system to provide financial, technical and medical
assistance, guided by the actions called for by the General Assembly
in its relevant resolutions to combat malaria and other epidemics in
the Sudan;

      7.    Welcomes the signing in April 1996 of the political charter
between the Government and many factions of the rebel movement for the
achievement of peace in the Sudan, and encourages the remaining
factions to join the peace process so as to establish durable peace
and stability in the country and to facilitate relief efforts;

      8.    Urges the international community to support the programmes
of rehabilitation, settlement and integration of returnees, refugees
and the internally displaced;

      9.    Stresses the importance of assuring safe access for
personnel providing relief assistance to all in need, and the
importance of strict observance of the principles and guidelines of
Operation Lifeline Sudan;

      10.   Urges all parties involved to continue to offer all feasible
assistance, including facilitating the movement of relief supplies and
personnel, so as to guarantee maximum success of Operation Lifeline
Sudan in all affected parts of the country, with special emphasis on
national capacity-building in the humanitarian field for governmental
and non-governmental organizations;

      11.   Also urges all the parties to the conflict to desist from
using anti-personnel mines, and calls upon the international community
to refrain from supplying mines to the parties of the conflict and to
provide the Government of the Sudan with financial and technical
assistance in mine clearance;

      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to mobilize and
coordinate resources and support for Operation Lifeline Sudan and to
report on the emergency situation in the affected areas and the
recovery, rehabilitation and development of the country to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session.

                                                          87th plenary meeting
                                                              17 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See A/50/790-S/1995/999; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fiftieth Year, Supplement for October, November and December
1995, document S/1995/999.

2/    See A/51/211-S/1996/551, annex I; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for July, August and
September 1996, document S/1996/551.

3/    See A/51/226-S/1996/595 and A/51/330-S/1996/721 and Corr.1; see
Official Records of the Security Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement
for July, August and September 1996, document S/1996/595, and ibid.,
document S/1996/721.

4/    A/50/60-S/1995/1; see Official Records of the Security Council,
Fiftieth Year, Supplement for January, February and March 1995,
document S/1995/1.

5/    A/51/356.

6/    See Official Records of the Security Council, Fifty-first Year,
Supplement for July, August and September 1996, document S/1996/679,
annex and Corr.1.

7/    Official Records of the Security Council, Fiftieth Year,
Supplement for July, August and September 1995, document S/1995/742.

8/    A/51/303.

9/    A/CONF.147/18, part one.

10/   A/51/560.

11/   A/51/213.

12/   A/51/315.

13/   A/48/824-S/26915, annexes I to VII; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Forty-eighth Year, Supplement for October, November
and December 1993, document S/26915.

14/   Official Records of the Security Council, Fiftieth Year,
Supplement for October, November and December 1995, document
S/1995/1001.

15/   A/51/326.

16/   See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first
Session, Plenary Meetings, 62nd meeting, and corrigendum.

 

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