United Nations

A/RES/51/224


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

11 April 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 19


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

     [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
                     (Fourth Committee) (A/51/588/Add.1)]


            51/224.     Questions of American Samoa, Anguilla,
                        Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands,
                        the Cayman Islands, Guam, Montserrat,
                        Pitcairn, St. Helena, the Turks and
                        Caicos Islands and the United States
                        Virgin Islands


                                       A

                                    GENERAL

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the questions of American Samoa, Anguilla,
Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Guam,
Montserrat, Pitcairn, St. Helena, the Turks and Caicos Islands and the
United States Virgin Islands, hereinafter referred to as "the
Territories",


      Having examined the relevant chapter of the report of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples, 1/

      Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960,
containing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples, and all resolutions and decisions of the United
Nations relating to those Territories, including, in particular, the
resolutions adopted by the General Assembly at its fiftieth session on
the individual Territories covered by the present resolution,

      Recognizing that the specific characteristics and the sentiments
of the peoples of the Territories require flexible, practical and
innovative approaches to the options of self-determination, without
any prejudice to territorial size, geographical location, size of
population or natural resources,

      Recalling its resolution 1541 (XV) of 15 December 1960,
containing the principles that should guide Member States in
determining whether or not an obligation exists to transmit the
information called for under Article 73 e of the Charter of the United
Nations,

      Expressing its concern that even three and a half decades after
the adoption of the Declaration there still remains a number of
Non-Self-Governing Territories,

      Acknowledging the significant achievements by the international
community towards the eradication of colonialism in accordance with
the Declaration, and conscious of the importance of continuing
effective implementation of the Declaration, taking into account the
target set by the United Nations to eradicate colonialism by the year
2000,

      Taking note of the positive constitutional developments in some
Non-Self-Governing Territories about which the Special Committee has
received information, while also recognizing the need for recognition
to be given to expressions of self-determination by the peoples of the
Territories consistent with practice under the Charter,

      Recognizing that in the decolonization process there is no
alternative to the principle of self-determination as enunciated by
the General Assembly in its resolutions 1514 (XV), 1541 (XV) and other
resolutions,


      Noting with appreciation the continuing exemplary cooperation of
New Zealand, as an administering Power, in the work of the Special
Committee, and welcoming the recent constitutional developments in
Tokelau,

      Welcoming the stated position of the Government of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland that it continues to
take seriously its obligations under the Charter to develop
self-government in the dependent Territories and, in cooperation with
the locally elected Governments, to ensure that their constitutional
frameworks continue to meet the wishes of the people, and the emphasis
that it is ultimately for the peoples of the Territories to decide
their future status,

      Welcoming also the stated position of the Government of the
United States of America that it supports fully the principles of
decolonization and takes seriously its obligations under the Charter
to promote to the utmost the well-being of the inhabitants of the
Territories under United States administration,

      Aware of the special circumstances of the geographical location
and economic conditions of each Territory, and bearing in mind the
necessity of promoting economic stability and diversifying and
strengthening further the economies of the respective Territories as a
matter of priority,

      Conscious of the particular vulnerability of the small
Territories to natural disasters and environmental degradation,

      Aware of the usefulness both to the Territories and to the
Special Committee of the participation of appointed and elected
representatives of the Territories in the work of the Special
Committee,

      Convinced that the wishes and aspirations of the peoples of the
Territories should continue to guide the development of their future
political status and that referendums, free and fair elections, and
other forms of popular consultation play an important role in
ascertaining the wishes and aspirations of the people,

      Convinced also that any negotiations to determine the status of a
Territory must not take place without the active involvement and
participation of the people of that Territory,

      Recognizing that all available options for self-determination are
valid as long as they are in accordance with the freely expressed
wishes of the peoples concerned and in conformity with the clearly
defined principles contained in resolutions 1514 (XV), 1541 (XV) and
other resolutions of the General Assembly,

      Mindful that United Nations visiting missions provide an
effective means of ascertaining the situation in the Territories, and
considering that the possibility of sending further visiting missions
to the Territories at an appropriate time and in consultation with the
administering Powers should be kept under review,

      Taking note of the fact that the Special Committee held at Port
Moresby, from 12 to 14 June 1996, a Pacific regional seminar to review
the situation in the Non-Self-Governing Territories, particularly
their political evolution towards self-determination by the year 2000,

      Mindful that in order for the Special Committee to enhance its
understanding of the political status of the peoples of the
Territories, and to fulfil its mandate effectively, it is important
for the Committee to be apprised by the administering Powers, and to
receive information from other appropriate sources, concerning the
wishes and aspirations of the peoples of the Territories,

      Mindful also that in this connection the Special Committee
regards the holding of regional seminars in the Caribbean and Pacific
regions and at Headquarters and other venues, with the active
participation of representatives of the Non-Self-Governing
Territories, as a helpful means to fulfil its mandate, while
recognizing the need for reviewing the role of these seminars in the
context of a United Nations programme for ascertaining the political
status of the Territories,

      Mindful further that some Territories have not had any United
Nations visiting mission for a long period of time,

      Noting with appreciation the contribution to the development of
some Territories by specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system, in particular the United Nations
Development Programme, and regional institutions such as the Caribbean
Development Bank,

      1.    Approves the chapter of the report of the Special Committee
on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration
on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
relating to American Samoa, Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin
Islands, the Cayman Islands, Guam, Montserrat, Pitcairn, St. Helena,
the Turks and Caicos Islands and the United States Virgin Islands, 1/
and takes note of the recommendations contained therein subject to the
changes introduced by the present resolution;

      2.    Reaffirms the inalienable right of the peoples of the
Territories to self-determination, including, if they so wish,
independence, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations and
General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV), containing the Declaration on
the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples;

      3.    Reaffirms also that it is ultimately for the peoples of the
Territories themselves to determine freely their future political
status in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Charter, the
Declaration and the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly, and
in that connection calls upon the administering Powers, in cooperation
with the territorial Governments, to facilitate programmes of
political education in the Territories in order to foster an awareness
among the people of their right to self-determination in conformity
with legitimate political status options, including those defined in
resolution 1541 (XV);

      4.    Requests the administering Powers to transmit to the
Secretary-General information called for under Article 73 e of the
Charter and other information and reports, including reports on the
wishes and aspirations of the peoples of the Territories regarding
their future political status as expressed in fair and free
referendums and other forms of popular consultation, as well as the
results of any informed and democratic processes consistent with
practice under the Charter which indicate the clear and freely
expressed wish of the people to change the existing status of the
Territories;

      5.    Stresses the importance for the Special Committee to be
apprised of the views and wishes of the peoples of the Territories and
to enhance its understanding of their conditions;

      6.    Reaffirms that United Nations visiting missions to the
Territories at an appropriate time and in consultation with the
administering Power are an effective means of ascertaining the
situation in the Territories, and requests the administering Powers
and the elected representatives of the peoples of the Territories to
assist the Special Committee in this regard;

      7.    Reaffirms also the responsibility of the administering
Powers under the Charter to promote the economic and social
development and to preserve the cultural identity of the Territories,
and recommends that priority continue to be given, in consultation
with the territorial Governments concerned, to the strengthening and
diversification of their respective economies;

      8.    Requests the administering Powers in consultation with the
peoples of the Territories to take all necessary measures to protect
and conserve the environment of the Territories under their
administration against any environmental degradation, and requests the
specialized agencies concerned to continue to monitor environmental
conditions in those Territories;

      9.    Calls upon the administering Powers, in cooperation with the
respective territorial Governments, to continue to take all necessary
measures to counter problems related to drug trafficking, money
laundering and other offences;

      10.   Stresses that eradication of colonialism by the year 2000
requires the full and constructive cooperation of all parties
concerned;

      11.   Takes note of the particular circumstances which prevail in
the Territories concerned, and encourages the political evolution in
them towards self-determination;

      12.   Urges Member States to contribute to the efforts of the
United Nations to usher in the twenty-first century in a world free of
colonialism, and calls upon them to continue to give their full
support to the Special Committee in its endeavours towards that noble
goal;

      13.   Invites the specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system to initiate or to continue to take all
necessary measures to accelerate progress in the social and economic
life of the Territories;

      14.   Requests the Special Committee to continue the examination
of the question of the small Territories and to submit a report
thereon to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session, including
recommendations on appropriate ways to assist the peoples of the
Territories to exercise their right to self-determination.


                                                          94th plenary meeting
                                                                 27 March 1997


                                       B

                            INDIVIDUAL TERRITORIES


      The General Assembly,

      Referring to resolution A above,

                              I.  American Samoa

      Noting the report by the administering Power that most American
Samoan leaders express satisfaction with the island's present
relationship with the United States of America,

      Noting also the non-participation of representatives of the
people of American Samoa in the last two regional seminars,

      Noting further that the Government of the Territory continues to
have significant financial, budgetary and internal control problems
and that the Territory's deficit and financial condition are
compounded by the high demand for government services from the rapidly
growing population, a limited economic and tax base and recent natural
disasters,

      Noting that the Territory, similar to isolated communities with
limited funds, continues to experience lack of adequate medical
facilities and other infrastructural requirements, especially the
provision of safe drinking water to all villages in American Samoa,

      Aware of the efforts of the Government of the Territory to
control and reduce expenditures, while continuing its programme of
expanding and diversifying the local economy,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Calls upon the administering Power to continue to assist the
territorial Government in the economic and social development of the
Territory, including measures to rebuild financial management
capabilities and strengthen other governmental functions of the
Government of the Territory;


                                 II.  Anguilla

      Noting that information considered by the Special Committee on
the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on
the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples was
made available from published sources,

      Conscious of the commitment of both the Government of Anguilla
and the administering Power to a new and closer policy of dialogue and
partnership through the Country Policy Plan for 1993-1997,

      Aware of the efforts of the Government of Anguilla to continue to
develop the Territory as a viable offshore centre and well-regulated
financial centre for investors, by enacting modern company and trust
laws, as well as partnership and insurance legislation, and
computerizing the company registry system,

      Noting the need for continued cooperation between the
administering Power and the territorial Government in tackling the
problems of drug trafficking and money laundering,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Calls upon the administering Power and all countries,
organizations and United Nations agencies to continue to assist the
Territory in social and economic development;


                                 III.  Bermuda

      Noting the results of the independence referendum held on 16
August 1995 in Bermuda,

      Conscious of the different viewpoints of the political parties of
the Territory on the future status of the Territory,

      Noting the measures taken by the Government to combat racism and
the plan to set up a Commission for Unity and Racial Equality,

      Noting also the report of the intended closure of the foreign
military bases and installations in the Territory,

      Taking into consideration the statement made in October 1995 by
the Finance Minister on the transfer of those lands for development
projects,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Calls upon the administering Power to continue its
programmes of socio-economic development of the Territory;

      3.    Requests the administering Power to elaborate, in
consultation with the territorial Government, programmes of
development specifically intended to alleviate the economic, social
and environmental consequences of the closure of certain military
bases and installations in the Territory;


                          IV.  British Virgin Islands

      Noting the completion of the constitutional review in the British
Virgin Islands and the coming into force of the amended Constitution,
and noting also the results of the general elections held on 20
February 1995,

      Noting also the results of the constitutional review of
1993-1994, which made it clear that a prerequisite to independence
must be a constitutionally expressed wish by the people as a result of
a referendum,

      Taking note of the statement made in 1995 by the Chief Minister
of the British Virgin Islands that the Territory was ready for
constitutional and political advancement towards full internal
self-government and that the administering Power should assist through
the gradual transfer of power to elected territorial representatives,

      Noting that the Territory is emerging as one of the world's
leading offshore financial centres,

      Noting also the need for continued cooperation between the
administering Power and the territorial Government in countering drug
trafficking and money laundering,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Also requests the administering Power, the specialized
agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system and all
financial institutions to continue to provide assistance to the
Territory for socio-economic development and the development of human
resources, bearing in mind the vulnerability of the Territory to
external factors;


                              V.  Cayman Islands

      Noting that information considered by the Special Committee on
the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on
the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples was
made available from published sources,

      Noting also the constitutional review of 1992-1993, according to
which the population of the Cayman Islands expressed the sentiment
that the existing relations with the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland should be maintained and that the current status
of the Territory should not be altered,

      Aware that the Territory has one of the highest per capita
incomes in the region, a stable political climate and virtually no
unemployment, 

      Noting the actions taken by the territorial Government to
implement its localization programme to promote increased
participation of the local population in the decision-making process
in the Cayman Islands,

      Noting with concern the vulnerability of the Territory to drug
trafficking and related activities,

      Noting the measures taken by the authorities to deal with those
problems,

      Noting also that the Territory has emerged as one of the world's
leading offshore financial centres,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Also requests the administering Power, the specialized
agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system to
continue to provide the territorial Government with all required
expertise to enable it to achieve its socio-economic aims;

      3.    Calls upon the administering Power and the territorial
Government to continue to cooperate to counter problems related to
money laundering, smuggling of funds and other related crimes, as well
as drug trafficking;

      4.    Requests the administering Power, in consultation with the
territorial Government, to continue to facilitate the expansion of the
current programme of securing employment for the local population, in
particular at the decision-making level;


                                   VI.  Guam

      Recalling that, in a referendum held in 1987, the people of Guam
endorsed a draft Guam Commonwealth Act that would establish a new
framework for relations between the Territory and the administering
Power, providing for internal self-government for Guam and recognition
of the right of the people of Guam to self-determination for the
Territory,

      Recalling also the requests by the elected representatives and
non-governmental organizations of the Territory that Guam not be
removed from the list of the Non-Self-Governing Territories with which
the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the
Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to
Colonial Countries and Peoples is concerned, pending the expression of
the will of the Chamorro people and taking into account their
legitimate rights and interests,

      Aware of the continued negotiations between the administering
Power and the territorial Government on the draft Guam Commonwealth
Act and on the future status of the Territory, with particular
emphasis on the question of the evolution of the relationship between
the United States of America and Guam,

      Cognizant that the administering Power continues to implement its
programme of transferring surplus federal land to the Government of
Guam,

      Noting that the people of the Territory have called for reform in
the programme of the administering Power with respect to the thorough,
unconditional and expeditious transfer of land property to the people
of Guam,

      Conscious that immigration into Guam has resulted in the
indigenous Chamorros becoming a minority in their homeland,

      Aware of the potential for diversifying and developing the
economy of Guam through commercial fishing and agriculture and other
viable activities,

      Taking note of the proposed closing and realigning of four United
States Navy installations on Guam and the request for the
establishment of a transition period to develop some of the closed
facilities as commercial enterprises,

      Recalling the dispatch in 1979 of a United Nations visiting
mission to the Territory, and taking note of the recommendation of the
1996 Pacific regional seminar for sending a visiting mission to
Guam, 2/

      1.    Calls upon the administering Power to take into
consideration the expressed will of the Chamorro people as endorsed by
the people of Guam, encourages the administering Power and the
territorial Government of Guam to continue the negotiations on this
matter, and requests the administering Power to inform the Secretary-
General of progress to this end;

      2.    Requests the administering Power to continue to assist the
elected territorial Government in achieving its political, economic
and social goals;

      3.    Also requests the administering Power, in cooperation with
the territorial Government, to continue the orderly transfer of land
to the people of the Territory and to take the necessary steps to
safeguard their property rights;

      4.    Further requests the administering Power to continue to
recognize and respect the political rights and the cultural and ethnic
identity of the people of Guam, including the Chamorro people, and to
take all necessary measures to respond to the concerns of the
territorial Government with regard to the immigration issue;

      5.    Requests the administering Power to cooperate in
establishing programmes specifically intended to promote the
sustainable development of economic activities and enterprises by the
people of Guam, including the Chamorro people;

      6.    Also requests the administering Power to continue to support
appropriate measures by the territorial Government aimed at promoting
growth in commercial fishing and agriculture and other viable
activities;


                               VII.  Montserrat

      Noting the non-receipt of up-to-date information on Montserrat
from the administering Power and that the last visiting mission took
place in 1982,

      Noting also that information considered by the Special Committee
on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration
on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples was
made available from published sources, 

      Noting the functioning of a democratic process in Montserrat,

      Taking note of the reported statement of the Chief Minister that
his preference was for independence within a political union with the
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States and that self-reliance was
more of a priority than independence,

      Noting with concern the dire consequences of a volcanic eruption,
which led to the evacuation of a third of the Territory's population
to safe areas of the island,

      Noting the efforts of the administering Power and the Government
of the Territory to meet the emergency situation caused by the
volcanic eruption, including the implementation of a wide range of
contingency measures for both the private and the public sectors in
Montserrat,

      Noting also the coordinated response measures taken by the United
Nations Development Programme and the assistance of the United Nations
disaster management team,

      Noting with deep concern that a substantial number of the
inhabitants of the Territory continue to live in shelters because of
volcanic activity,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;


      2.    Calls upon the administering Power, the specialized agencies
and other organizations of the United Nations system, as well as
regional and other organizations, to provide urgent emergency
assistance to the Territory in alleviating the consequences of the
volcanic eruption;


                                VIII.  Pitcairn

      Taking into account the unique nature of Pitcairn in terms of
population and area,

      Expressing its satisfaction with the continued economic and
social advancement of the Territory, as well as with the improvement
of its communications with the outside world and its management plan
to address conservation issues,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Also requests the administering Power to continue its
assistance for the improvement of the economic, social, educational
and other conditions of the population of the Territory;


                                IX.  St. Helena

      Taking into account the unique character of St. Helena, its
population and its natural resources,

      Aware of the request by the Legislative Council of St. Helena
that the administering Power conduct a constitutional review in the
Territory,

      Noting the statement of 1995 by the administering Power that the
Governor of the island would be ready to enter into debate on a
constitutional review of St. Helena,

      Aware of the establishment by the Government of the Territory of
the Development Agency in 1995 to encourage private sector commercial
development on the island,

      Also aware of the efforts of the administering Power and the
territorial authorities to improve the socio-economic conditions of
the population of St. Helena, in particular in the sphere of food
production,

      1.    Notes that the administering Power has noted various
statements made by members of the Legislative Council of St. Helena
about the Constitution and is prepared to discuss these further with
the people of St. Helena, and also notes that the Commonwealth
Parliamentary Association recently sent a delegation to study the
Constitution and its application with the Legislative Council;

      2.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      3.    Requests the administering Power and relevant regional and
international organizations to continue to support the efforts of the
territorial Government to address the socio-economic development of
the Territory;


                         X.  Turks and Caicos Islands

      Noting the recent petition by the political leaders of the Turks
and Caicos Islands addressed to the administering Power to recall the
Governor and the decision by the administering Power to reject that
petition,

      Noting with interest the statement made and the information on
the political and economic situation in the Turks and Caicos Islands
provided by the Deputy Chief Minister of the Territory to the Pacific
regional seminar held at Port Moresby from 12 to 14 June 1996, 3/

      Taking note of the request by the Deputy Chief Minister of the
Territory addressed to the Special Committee to visit the Territory
and ascertain the wishes of the people of the Turks and Caicos Islands
with regard to preparing themselves for self-government, 3/

      Noting the establishment in November 1995 of the Action Committee
for Political Independence, formed by prominent political figures from
different parties, and its stated goal of educating the population in
the disadvantages of the present colonial status and the benefits of
independence,

      Noting also the efforts by the Government of the Territory to
strengthen financial management in the public sector, including
efforts to increase revenue,

      Noting with concern the vulnerability of the Territory to drug
trafficking and related activities, as well as its problems caused by
illegal immigration,

      Noting the need for continued cooperation between the
administering Power and the territorial Government in countering drug
trafficking and money laundering,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Invites the administering Power to take fully into account
the wishes and interests of the Government and the people of the Turks
and Caicos Islands in the governance of the Territory;

      3.    Calls upon the administering Power and the relevant regional
and international organizations to continue to provide assistance for
the improvement of the economic, social, educational and other
conditions of the population of the Territory;

      4.    Calls upon the administering Power and the territorial
Government to continue to cooperate to counter problems related to
money laundering, smuggling of funds and other related crimes, as well
as drug trafficking;


                       XI.  United States Virgin Islands

      Noting that general elections were held in November 1994 in the
United States Virgin Islands,

      Noting also that 27.5 per cent of the electorate participated in
the referendum on the political status of the Territory held on 11
October 1993, and that 80.4 per cent of those who voted supported the
existing territorial status arrangements with the United States of
America, and that the referendum left the status issue undecided,

      Noting further the continuing interest of the territorial
Government in seeking associate membership in the Organization of
Eastern Caribbean States and observer status in the Caribbean
Community,


      Noting the necessity of further diversifying the Territory's
economy,

      Noting also that the question of Water Island is still under
discussion between the Government of the Territory and the
administering Power,

      Noting further the efforts of the Government of the Territory to
promote the Territory as an offshore financial services centre, 

      Noting with satisfaction that the Territory joined the
International Drug Enforcement Conference as a full member in 1995,
which would strengthen its capability to combat illegal drug
trafficking,

      Recalling the dispatch in 1977 of a United Nations visiting
mission to the Territory,

      1.    Requests the administering Power, bearing in mind the views
of the people of the Territory ascertained through a democratic
process, to keep the Secretary-General informed of the wishes and
aspirations of the people regarding their future political status;

      2.    Also requests the administering Power to continue to assist
the territorial Government in achieving its political, economic and
social goals;

      3.    Further requests the administering Power to facilitate the
participation of the Territory, as appropriate, in various
organizations, in particular the Organization of Eastern Caribbean
States and the Caribbean Community;

      4.    Welcomes the negotiations between the administering Power
and the territorial Government on the question of Water Island.


                                                          94th plenary meeting
                                                                 27 March 1997


                                     Notes

1/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 23 (A/51/23), chap. X.

2/    See A/AC.109/2058, para. 33 (20).

3/    Ibid., para. 21.
 

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