United Nations

A/RES/51/202


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

26 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 45


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.55 and Add.1)]


            51/202.  Implementation of the outcome of the
                     World Summit for Social Development


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 46/139 of 17 December 1991, 47/92 of
16 December 1992, 48/100 of 20 December 1993 and 50/161 of
22 December 1995,

      Recalling also resolution 50/227 of 24 May 1996 on the
restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in the
economic, social and related fields,

      Recalling further Economic and Social Council decision 1991/230
of 30 May 1991, resolutions 1992/27 of 30 July 1992, 1995/60 of
28 July 1995, 1996/7 of 22 July 1996 and 1996/36 of 26 July 1996, and
agreed conclusions 1995/1 of 28 July 1995 and 1996/1 of 26 July 1996,

      1.    Reaffirms the commitments adopted by heads of State and
Government contained in the Copenhagen Declaration on Social
Development 1/ and the Programme of Action of the World Summit for
Social Development 2/ and their pledge to give the highest priority
to national, regional and international policies and actions for the
promotion of social progress, justice and the betterment of the human
condition, based on full participation by all;

      2.    Recognizes the necessity to create a framework for action to
place people at the centre of development and direct economies to meet
human needs more effectively;

      3.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of the outcome of the Summit; 3/

      4.    Emphasizes that economic development, social development and
environmental protection are interdependent and mutually reinforcing
components of sustainable development;

      5.    Stresses the need for renewed and massive political will at
the national and international levels to invest in people and their
well-being to achieve the objectives of social development;

      6.    Emphasizes that democracy, respect for all human rights and
fundamental freedoms, transparent and accountable governance and
administration in all sectors of society, as well as effective
participation by civil society, are indispensable foundations for the
realization of social and people-centred sustainable development;

      7.    Stresses that social development is clearly linked to the
development of peace, freedom, stability and security, both nationally
and internationally;

     National action and international cooperation for social development

      8.    Stresses that social development and the implementation of
the Programme of Action of the Summit are primarily the responsibility
of Governments, while recognizing that international cooperation and
assistance are essential for their full implementation;

      9.    Notes with satisfaction the initiatives and actions taken by
Governments towards the implementation of the commitments of the
Summit, including, inter alia, the launching of initiatives to
eradicate poverty, the review and reformulation of existing social
policies and laws based on an integrated approach to social
development, the organization of seminars and conferences and the
establishment of national focal points, and urges Governments that
have not yet done so to establish appropriate national follow-up
mechanisms;

      10.   Reiterates its call to Governments to define time-bound
goals and targets for reducing overall poverty and eradicating
absolute poverty, expanding employment and reducing unemployment, and
enhancing social integration, within each national context;

      11.   Urges national Governments to formulate or strengthen
comprehensive cross-sectoral strategies for implementing the Summit
outcome and national strategies for social development;

      12.   Acknowledges the key role of developing country actors and
institutions in creating and implementing effective programmes to
maximize the positive impact of investments in social development;

      13.   Reiterates the call of the Summit for Governments to assess
on a regular basis national progress towards implementing the outcome
of the Summit, possibly in the form of periodic national reports
outlining successes, problems and obstacles, and encourages
Governments to submit such information on a voluntary basis to the
Commission for Social Development;

      14.   Expresses its solidarity with people living in poverty in
all countries, and reaffirms that the satisfaction of basic human
needs is an essential element of poverty eradication, those needs
being closely interrelated and comprising nutrition, health, water and
sanitation, education, employment, housing and participation in
cultural and social life;

      15.   Reaffirms the need to strengthen, in a spirit of
partnership, international, regional and subregional cooperation for
social development and implementing the outcome of the Summit;

      16.   Calls on all Governments and the United Nations system, in
particular the relevant funds, programmes and agencies, to promote an
active and visible policy of mainstreaming a gender perspective and to
use gender analysis as a tool for the integration of a gender
dimension into the planning and implementation of policies, strategies
and programmes on social development;

                      Mobilization of financial resources

      17.   Recognizes that the implementation of the Declaration and
Programme of Action will require the mobilization of financial
resources at the national and international levels, as set out in
commitments 8 and 9 of the Declaration and paragraphs 87 to 93 of the
Programme of Action;

      18.   Invites Governments to contribute to the Trust Fund for the
Follow-up to the World Summit for Social Development to finance
programmes, seminars and activities in support of the implementation
of the Declaration and Programme of Action;

      19.   Recognizes that the implementation of the Declaration and
Programme of Action in developing countries, in particular in Africa
and the least developed countries, will need additional financial
resources and more effective development cooperation and assistance;

      20.   Stresses the need for all countries to develop economic
policies to promote and mobilize domestic savings and attract external
resources for productive investment, and to seek innovative sources of
funding, both public and private, for social programmes, while
ensuring their effective utilization, and in the budgetary process, to
ensure transparency and accountability in the use of public resources,
and to give priority to providing and improving basic social services;

      21.   Welcomes the recent initiatives of the Bretton Woods
institutions, including the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Debt
Initiative, and the ongoing process at the international level
regarding debt relief, as appropriate, for developing countries, and
calls upon the international community, including international
financial institutions, to implement fully and effectively all
initiatives that will contribute to a durable solution of the debt
problems of developing countries, in particular African countries and
the least developed countries, and thus support their efforts to
achieve social development;

      22.   Stresses the importance of encouraging national initiatives
for social development, including, inter alia, credit for people
living in poverty, particularly women, along the model of the Grameen
Bank in Bangladesh in connection with self-employment and income-
generation to address the feminization of poverty, and notes with
interest the microcredit summit to be held in Washington, D.C., in
February 1997;

      23.   Takes note of the efforts of the World Bank and the
International Monetary Fund to incorporate social development into
their policies and programmes and urges the Secretary-General, in
cooperation with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and
other multilateral development institutions, to continue to study the
impact of structural adjustment programmes on economic and social
development and to assist adjusting countries in creating conditions
for economic growth, job creation, poverty eradication and social
development;

      24.   Reaffirms the urgent need for the international community to
strive for the fulfilment of the agreed target of 0.7 per cent of the
gross national product of developed countries for overall official
development assistance as soon as possible, an increase in the share
of funding for social development programmes commensurate with the
scope and scale of activities required to achieve the objectives and
goals of the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and the
Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social Development;

      25.   Endorses Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/48 of
26 July 1996 on new and innovative ideas for generating funds, in
which, inter alia, the Council decided that funds generated by new and
innovative ideas should not substitute for official development
assistance, that they should be distinct from funding the regular
budget and the peacekeeping budget of the United Nations, and should
be part of global partnership and interdependence and that the role of
private investment in financing development should be stressed;

      26.   Reaffirms the importance of agreeing on a mutual commitment
between interested developed and developing country partners to
allocate, on average, 20 per cent of official development assistance
and 20 per cent of the national budget, respectively, to basic social
programmes, and takes note with appreciation of the outcome of the
meeting held at Oslo from 23 to 25 April 1996, 4/ which reaffirmed
that promoting access for all to basic social services was essential
for sustainable development and should be an integral part of any
strategy to overcome poverty;

      27.   Recognizes the necessity of providing appropriate technical
cooperation and other forms of assistance to the countries with
economies in transition, as set out in the provisions of the
Declaration and Programme of Action;

                 Involvement of civil society and other actors

      28.   Reaffirms the need for effective partnership and cooperation
between Governments and the relevant actors of civil society, the
social partners, the major groups as defined in Agenda 21, 5/
including non-governmental organizations and the private sector, in
the implementation of and follow-up to the Declaration and Programme
of Action, and for ensuring their involvement in the planning,
elaboration, implementation and evaluation of social policies at the
national level;

      29.   Encourages non-governmental organizations to participate in
the work of the Commission for Social Development, in accordance with
Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/31 of 25 July 1996 and
decision 1996/315 of 14 November 1996, and in the implementation
process related to the Summit to the maximum extent possible;

                     The role of the United Nations system

      30.   Takes note of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/7,
by which it decided that the Commission for Social Development, as a
functional commission of the Council, shall have the primary
responsibility for the follow-up to and review of the implementation
of the Summit and decided to enlarge the membership of the Commission
from thirty-two to forty-six and to annualize its meetings;

      31.   Takes note also of the decision of the Council on a new
structure of the agenda and multi-year programme of work of the
Commission for the years 1997-2000, with "Follow-up to the World
Summit for Social Development" as its substantive item, incorporating
also the review of relevant United Nations plans and programmes of
action pertaining to the situation of social groups;

      32.   Takes note further of the decision of the Council on the
revised method of work of the Commission, including the formation of
panels of experts;

      33.   Invites Governments to support the work of the Commission,
including through the participation of high-level representatives on
social development issues and policies;

      34.   Reaffirms that the Council will provide overall guidance and
oversee system-wide coordination in the implementation of the Summit
outcome and make recommendations in this regard;

      35.   Welcomes Economic and Social Council agreed conclusions
1996/1 on coordination of the United Nations system activities for
poverty eradication and calls for their implementation by all
organizations of the United Nations system;

      36.   Welcomes Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/36, in
which it decided to continue to ensure, on a regular basis, the
harmonization and coordination of the multi-year work programmes of
relevant functional commissions by promoting a clear division of
labour among them and providing clear policy guidance to them;

      37.   Renews its call to all relevant organs, organizations and
bodies of the United Nations system to be involved in the follow-up to
the Summit, and invites specialized agencies and related organizations
of the United Nations system to strengthen and adjust their
activities, programmes and medium-term strategies, as appropriate, to
take into account the follow-up to the Summit;

      38.   Invites the Administrator of the United Nations Development
Programme to continue, as a contribution, inter alia, to the United
Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty, the effort launched in
1996 with the Poverty Strategies Initiative, in order to strengthen
assistance in the elaboration of national plans, programmes and
strategies to eradicate poverty in developing countries, particularly
African countries and the least developed countries, and calls upon
all countries to contribute to the Initiative;

      39.   Welcomes the initiative taken by the Administrative
Committee on Coordination to establish inter-agency task forces on
follow-up to international conferences, and emphasizes the importance
of continued and enhanced cooperation and coordination by all relevant
organs, organizations and programmes of the United Nations system and
the specialized agencies in the implementation of the programmes of
action that emerged from the Summit and other recent United Nations
conferences;

      40.   Requests the Administrative Committee on Coordination to
report to the Economic and Social Council on the outcome of the work
of those task forces and on future inter-agency coordination on the
implementation by the United Nations system of the outcome of the
Summit;

      41.   Takes note of the initiatives taken by the regional
commissions in the implementation of the outcome of the Summit, and
urges their continued involvement and support in the promotion of the
implementation of the objectives of the Summit at the regional and
subregional levels;

      42.   Renews its invitation to the regional commissions, within
their mandates and in cooperation with the regional intergovernmental
organizations and banks, to convene on a biennial basis, a meeting at
a high political level to review the progress made towards
implementing the outcome of the Summit, to exchange views on their
respective experiences and to adopt appropriate measures, and welcomes
the offer by the Government of Brazil to host such a meeting at
Sao Paulo in 1997, and welcomes the invitation extended by the
Government of Austria to host a regional follow-up meeting to the
Summit at Vienna at the beginning of 1998;

      43.   Reiterates its invitation to the International Labour
Organization, which because of its mandate, tripartite structure and
expertise, has a special role to play in the field of employment and
social development, to continue to contribute to the implementation of
the Programme of Action and to the consideration by the Commission on
Social Development of the theme "Productive employment and sustainable
livelihoods" in 1997;

      44.   Reiterates its request to the Secretary-General to ensure an
effectively functioning secretariat, within which clear responsibility
is assigned to assist in the implementation of the follow-up to the
Summit and the servicing of the intergovernmental bodies involved, and
to continue to ensure close cooperation at the secretariat level
between all the United Nations entities involved in the Summit
follow-up;

      Special session of the General Assembly in the year 2000 for an
      overall review and appraisal of the implementation of the outcome
      of the Summit

      45.   Recalls its resolution 50/161, in which it decided to hold a
special session in the year 2000 for an overall review and appraisal
of the implementation of the outcome of the Summit and to consider
further actions and initiatives;

      46.   Decides to organize the preparatory process of the special
session on the following basis:

      (a)   The Commission for Social Development, as the functional
commission of the Economic and Social Council with the primary
responsibility for follow-up to the World Summit for Social
Development, and for review of the implementation of the Copenhagen
Declaration and Programme of Action, will undertake work in 1999-2000
for the preparations of the special session, in accordance with its
programme of work as set out in Economic and Social Council resolution
1996/7;

      (b)   A preparatory committee of the whole of the General Assembly
is to be established at its fifty-second session; the committee will
hold an organizational session in 1998; it will initiate its
substantive activities in 1999 on the basis of inputs by the
Commission for Social Development and the Economic and Social Council;
and it will also take into account contributions by other relevant
organs and specialized agencies of the United Nations system;

      47.   Reaffirms that the follow-up to the Summit will be
undertaken on the basis of an integrated approach to social
development and within the framework of a coordinated follow-up to and
implementation of the results of the major international conferences
in the economic, social and related fields;

      48.   Requests the Secretary-General to report on the
implementation of the outcome of the Summit to its fifty-second
session;

      49.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Implementation of the outcome of the
World Summit for Social Development" and to consider the implications
for a more coherent treatment of related items on its agenda.

                                                          88th plenary meeting
                                                              17 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

2/    Ibid., annex II.

3/    A/51/348.

4/    See A/51/140, annex.

5/    Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1
(Vol. I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1))
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda),
vol. I:  Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1,
annex II.

 

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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
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