United Nations

A/RES/51/197


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

14 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 40


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

 [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.18/Rev.1 and Rev.1/Add.1)]


            51/197.  The situation in Central America: 
                     procedures for the establishment of a
                     firm and lasting peace and progress in
                     fashioning a region of peace, freedom,
                     democracy and development


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and
its own resolutions, particularly resolutions 49/137 of
19 December 1994 and 50/132 of 20 December 1995, in which it
recognized the importance of international support for Central
America, within an appropriate global frame of reference, in order to
preserve and extend the progress made in the process of consolidating
peace, democracy and sustainable development and thereby to overcome
the obstacles that are preventing Central America from becoming a
region of peace, freedom, democracy and sustainable development,

      Recognizing the importance and validity of the commitments made
by the Central American Presidents since the Esquipulas II summit
meeting of 7 August 1987, 1/ and their subsequent summit meetings,

      Reaffirming that there can be no peace in Central America without
sustainable development or democracy, which are essential for ensuring
the process of change in the region, and recognizing the importance of
settling differences by means of dialogue, negotiation and respect for
the legitimate interests of all States, with full respect for the
principles of self-determination and non-intervention,

      Drawing attention to the establishment at the Summit Meeting of
Central American Presidents held at Gua'cimo, Costa Rica, from 18 to
20 August 1994, and adopted at the Central American Environment Summit
for Sustainable Development, held at Managua on 12 and
13 October 1994, of the Alliance for the Sustainable Development of
Central America, 2/ which constitutes the new integrated strategy
for development, and the importance of the International Conference on
Peace and Development in Central America, held at Tegucigalpa on 24
and 25 October 1994, 3/ that marked a major turning point in the
course taken by the region, as well as the Treaty on Central American
Social Integration, adopted at the El Salvador summit meeting on
30 March 1995, 4/ one of whose main objectives is to strengthen the
investment in human capital,

      Welcoming the Framework Treaty on Democratic Security in Central
America, adopted at the summit meeting held at San Pedro Sula,
Honduras, from 13 to 15 December 1995, 5/ that reaffirms,
inter alia, the strengthening of civil society, the security of
individuals and the elimination of poverty, and recognizing the
importance for Central America of the Regional Programme of Action for
the Development of Tourism, adopted at the summit meeting held at
Montelimar, Nicaragua, on 8 and 9 May 1996, 6/

      Emphasizing the importance of cooperation and international
solidarity in supporting the efforts being made by the peoples and
Governments of Central America for the consolidation of a firm and
lasting peace, and the need to strengthen the new programme of
cooperation and economic, technical and financial assistance for
Central America in the light of the new situation in the region,

      Welcoming the role played by the peacekeeping operations and
observer and monitoring missions of the United Nations, which carried
out successfully their mandate in Central America pursuant to the
relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly,
respectively,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/267 of 19 September 1994, 49/236 A
of 31 March 1995, 49/236 B of 14 September 1995 and 50/220 of
3 April 1996, by which it decided to establish the United Nations
Mission for the Verification of Human Rights and of Compliance with
the Commitments of the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in
Guatemala and extended the mandate of the Mission,

      Recognizing the commitment of the Government of Guatemala and the
Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca to continue the
negotiations in the framework of the Guatemalan peace process, as well
as to support the presence of United Nations Mission for the
Verification of Human Rights in Guatemala,

      Welcoming the signing of the Agreement on Social and Economic
Aspects and Agrarian Situation at Mexico City on 6 May 1996, 7/ and
the joint statement of the Peace Commission of the Government of
Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, issued
on 6 August 1996, 8/

      Also welcoming the signing of the Agreement on the Strengthening
of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in a Democratic
Society at Mexico City on 19 September 1996, 9/ and the statements
of the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional
Guatemalteca of 7 November 1996, which are a positive contribution to
the peace process in Guatemala,

      Further welcoming resolution 50/226 of 10 May 1996, by which the
General Assembly established the United Nations Office of Verification
in El Salvador as a mechanism that would combine regular visits by a
high-level envoy from Headquarters with a small group of experts in
the field,

      Stressing the efforts being made by the people and Government of
El Salvador to consolidate the progress made towards a society
characterized by democracy, the rule of law and respect for human
rights, and to honour its commitments under the Peace Agreement, for
the benefit of all Salvadorans,

      Recognizing the approval by the Legislative Assembly of
El Salvador on 31 July 1996 of a package of constitutional reforms
recommended by the Commission on the Truth, as well as the adoption of
the Police Career Law,

      Recognizing that the efforts of the Government of Nicaragua to
consolidate peace and democracy, repair its economy and rebuild the
nation merit the urgent support of the international community and the
United Nations system in order to preserve the gains made and overcome
the effects of the war and natural disasters which persist in
Nicaragua,

      Welcoming the adoption of resolutions 49/16 of 17 November 1994
and 51/8 of 25 October 1996, in which it recognized the exceptional
circumstances that still prevail in Nicaragua,

      Recognizing the importance of the effective support of the United
Nations and governmental and non-governmental mechanisms in taking
steps to launch new initiatives in the framework of the Alliance for
the Sustainable Development of Central America, and of the results of
the inter-agency workshop held at Montelimar on 19 March 1996, which
aimed to establish a strategic alliance between all agencies of the
United Nations system working in the region,

      Stressing the importance of promoting national debates on the
character of macroeconomic policies most conducive to sustainable
human development goals and to a lasting peace in Central America, as
well as the ongoing policy dialogue carried out in this regard by the
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General, 10/

      1.    Commends the efforts of the peoples and Governments of the
Central American countries to consolidate peace and promote
sustainable development by implementing the agreements adopted at the
summit meetings, and requests the Secretary-General to continue to
give the fullest possible support to the initiatives and activities of
the Governments of the Central American countries;

      2.    Supports the decision of the Presidents of the Central
American countries to declare Central America a region of peace,
freedom, democracy and development, and encourages the initiatives of
the Central American countries, in the framework of the integrated
strategy for sustainable development and in the context of the summit
meetings, to consolidate Governments that base their development on
democracy, peace, cooperation and respect for human rights;

      3.    Draws attention to the decision of the Presidents of the
Central American countries embodied in the Declaration of
Gua'cimo, 11/ in which the national and regional strategy known as
the Alliance for the Sustainable Development of Central America 2/
became an integrated initiative reflected in a programme of immediate
action in the political, moral, economic, social and environmental
fields, through which the Central American countries hope to become,
with the support of the international community, an example of
sustainable development for other regions;

      4.    Emphasizes the work accomplished by the Central American
Integration System in favour of subregional integration to promote
economic growth oriented towards human development and in the
strengthening of democracy and the consolidation of peace in the
region, and calls upon Member States and international organizations
to provide effective cooperation for the strengthening of subregional
integration;

      5.    Supports the adoption of the Framework Treaty on Democratic
Security in Central America 5/ concerning the supremacy and
strengthening of the power of civil society, a reasonable balance of
forces, the security of individuals and of their property, the
alleviation of poverty, the promotion of sustainable development, the
protection of the environment, the eradication of violence,
corruption, impunity, terrorism and trafficking in drugs and arms, and
the increased channelling of resources into social investments;

      6.    Welcomes the agreement reached on 11 November 1996 by the
Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional
Guatemalteca to conclude their negotiations, with a view to finalizing
and signing a firm and lasting peace agreement in Guatemala on
29 December 1996, thus completing the peace process in Central
America, and, in this context, encourages both parties to undertake
all necessary measures to achieve this objective;

      7.    Also welcomes the adoption of the Agreement on Social and
Economic Aspects and Agrarian Situation, 7/ the joint statement of the
Peace Commission of the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad
Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca 8/ and the Agreement on the
Strengthening of Civilian Power and on the Role of the Armed Forces in
a Democratic Society, 9/ as well as the statements of the Government of
Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca of 7
November 1996, which are a positive contribution to the peace process
in Guatemala;

      8.    Recognizes the commitment of the Government and civil
society of Guatemala to advance in the fight against impunity and
towards the consolidation of the rule of law;

      9.    Calls upon the parties to comply fully with their
commitments under all the agreements reached between them and to
implement the corresponding recommendations of the United Nations
Mission for the Verification of Human Rights in Guatemala;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General, the organizations of the
United Nations system and the international community to continue
their support for the peace process and hence for efforts to promote
national reconciliation, democracy and development in Guatemala, and
reiterates its appreciation of the peace efforts of the Secretary-
General, the Group of Friends (Colombia, Mexico, Norway, Spain, the
United States of America and Venezuela), as well as its appreciation
of the contribution of the Assembly of Civil Society and other
Guatemalans within the constitutional framework and the peace
agreements;

      11.   Calls upon the Government of El Salvador and all the
political forces involved in the peace process to make all possible
efforts to complete the implementation of all remaining aspects of the
Peace Agreement;

      12.   Welcomes the establishment of the United Nations Office of
Verification in El Salvador as a mechanism that combined regular
visits by a high-level envoy from Headquarters with a small group of
experts in the field that efficiently verified the progress of the
implementation of all remaining aspects of the Peace Agreement in
El Salvador;

      13.   Reiterates its recognition of the effective participation of
the Secretary-General and his representatives and encourages them to
continue to take all necessary steps to ensure the successful
implementation of all the commitments made by the parties to the Peace
Agreement in El Salvador;

      14.   Recognizes the achievements made by the people and
Government of Nicaragua in their efforts to consolidate peace,
democracy and reconciliation among Nicaraguans, as well as the
importance of political, economic and social consultation among all
sectors of the country, so as to continue with the country's
reconstruction, the renegotiation and reduction of the external debt,
as well as the economic recovery and social development of the
country;

      15.   Welcomes with satisfaction the peaceful electoral process
held in Nicaragua on 20 October 1996, and its importance as a further
step towards the strengthening of democracy, peace, development and
reconstruction in that country;

      16.   Supports the treatment accorded to Nicaragua in the light of
its continuing exceptional circumstances, so that the international
community and financial institutions can incorporate that treatment
into programmes to support the country's economic recovery and social
reconstruction;

      17.   Expresses its appreciation of the work of the support group
for Nicaragua (Canada, Mexico, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden),
which, under the coordination of the Secretary-General, is playing an
active role in supporting the country's efforts towards economic
recovery and social development, particularly with regard to solving
the external debt problem and securing investments and new resources
that will allow the country's economic and social programmes to
continue towards national reconciliation, and requests the Secretary-
General to continue to support those efforts;

      18.   Emphasizes the importance of the current political dialogue
and economic cooperation between the European Union and its member
States and the Central American countries, with the participation of
the Group of Three (Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela), in particular the
ministerial conference held at Florence, Italy, on 21 and 22 March
1996, where new objectives were approved, concerning support for the
strengthening and consolidation of the rule of law, support for social
policies aimed at softening the social costs of structural adjustment
programmes, and support for the Central American  integration process;

      19.   Also emphasizes the commitments on sustainable development
adopted at the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth meetings of the
Summit of Central American Presidents, with the aim of fashioning a
region of peace, democracy and sustainable development, and urges the
international community to give them every support;

      20.   Reiterates the importance of the support of the United
Nations system through its operational activities, in particular the
United Nations Development Programme, aimed at facilitating the
development of programmes and projects which are indispensable for
strengthening peace and the development process in the region, bearing
particularly in mind the new strategy for subregional development
established by the Alliance for the Sustainable Development of Central
America, and urges the international community to lend its support to
the achievement of the goals of the new strategy for development in
Central America;

      21.   Reiterates its full appreciation to the Secretary-General
for his efforts to promote the pacification process and the
consolidation of peace in Central America and to the groups of
friendly countries which have made a direct contribution to attaining
those ends, and requests that those efforts be maintained;

      22.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

      23.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "The situation in Central America:
procedures for the establishment of a firm and lasting peace and
progress in fashioning a region of peace, freedom, democracy and
development".

                                                          87th plenary meeting
                                                              17 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/42/521-S/19085, annex; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Forty-second Year, Supplement for July, August and September
1987, document S/19085.

2/    See A/49/580-S/1994/1217, annex I; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Forty-ninth Year, Supplement for October, November
and December 1994, document S/1994/1217.

3/    See A/49/639-S/1994/1247; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Forty-ninth Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1994, document S/1994/1247.

4/    A/49/901-S/1995/396, annex VII; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Forty-ninth Year, Supplement for April, May and June
1995, document  S/1995/396.

5/    A/51/67, annex II.

6/    A/50/998-S/1996/497, appendix; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Fiftieth year, Supplement for April, May and June
1996, document S/1996/497.

7/    A/50/956, annex.

8/    A/50/1023, annex.

9/    A/51/410-S/1996/853, annex; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1996, document S/1996/853.

10/   A/51/338.

11/   A/49/340-S/1994/994, annex; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Forty-ninth Year, Supplement for July, August and September
1994, document S/1994/994.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org