United Nations

A/RES/51/195


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

13 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda items 21 (c) and 39


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.49 and Add.1)]


            51/195.  Emergency international assistance for
                     peace, normalcy and reconstruction of
                     war-stricken Afghanistan and the
                     situation in Afghanistan and its
                     implications for international peace and
                     security

                                       A

            Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy
            and reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 47/119 of 18 December 1992, 48/208 of
21 December 1993, 49/140 of 20 December 1994 and 50/88 A of
19 December 1995 concerning emergency international assistance for the
reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General, 1/

      Concerned about the continuation and recent intensification of
the military confrontation in Afghanistan, threatening regional peace
and stability, and the attendant displacement of families and
interruptions in the process of repatriating refugees,

      Deeply concerned about the massive loss of human life, the
aggravated suffering of the most vulnerable groups, the destruction of
property and the serious damage to the economic and social
infrastructure of Afghanistan caused by seventeen years of war, and
stressing the importance of a return to peace and stability for the
rehabilitation and reconstruction of Afghanistan, bearing in mind that
the country continues to suffer from an extremely critical economic
situation as a landlocked, least developed and war-stricken country,

      Supporting the efforts of the United Nations Special Mission to
Afghanistan headed by Mr. Norbert Holl to bring about the restoration
of peace, normalcy and national reconciliation and the reconstruction
and rehabilitation of war-stricken Afghanistan,

      Deeply concerned about the problem of millions of anti-personnel
landmines and unexploded ordnance in Afghanistan, which continue to
prevent many Afghan refugees from returning to their villages and
working in their fields, and disturbed by reports of new mines being
laid,

      Concerned for the well-being of the unarmed civilian population
of Afghanistan, in particular of Kabul, who face a long winter
possibly deprived of basic foods, fuel and medicine owing to a renewal
of hostilities around the capital,

      Bearing in mind the close interrelationship between ensuring
peace and normalcy in Afghanistan and the ability of the country to
take effective steps towards revitalizing the economy, and stressing
that a cessation of armed hostilities between the warring parties in
Afghanistan and political stability are indispensable if
reconstruction measures are to have a lasting effect,

      Affirming the urgent need to continue international action to
assist Afghanistan in restoring basic services and the infrastructure
of the country, and welcoming the efforts of the United Nations
Development Programme and other United Nations agencies, associated
bodies and other humanitarian organizations and agencies, including
relevant non-governmental organizations, in this respect,

      Expressing its appreciation for the assistance of the Office of
the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in its continuing
support for the repatriation of Afghan refugees from neighbouring
countries,

      Reaffirming the principle of non-refoulement as contained in
article 33 of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 2/


      Expressing its gratitude to all Governments that have rendered
assistance to Afghan refugees, in particular the Governments of
Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran, and recognizing the need
for continuing international assistance for the maintenance abroad and
the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of refugees and internally
displaced persons,

      Expressing its appreciation to the States, intergovernmental
organizations and associated bodies of the United Nations, as well as
to other humanitarian organizations and agencies, including relevant
non-governmental organizations, that have responded positively and
continue to respond to the humanitarian needs of Afghanistan, as well
as to the Secretary-General for his efforts to draw the attention of
the international community to the acute problems of reconstruction in
Afghanistan and for mobilizing and coordinating the delivery of
appropriate humanitarian assistance,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General, 1/ and
endorses the observations and recommendations set out therein;

      2.    Requests the Secretary-General to authorize the United
Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan, established under resolution
48/208, to continue its efforts to facilitate national reconciliation
and reconstruction in Afghanistan;

      3.    Also requests the Secretary-General to continue efforts to
develop plans for national reconstruction and rehabilitation beginning
in areas of peace and security, on the basis of the recommendations
set out in his report;

      4.    Calls upon the leaders of all Afghan parties to place the
highest priority on national reconciliation, acknowledging the war-
weariness of the Afghan people and their desire for rehabilitation,
reconstruction and economic and social development;

      5.    Demands that all Afghan parties fulfil their obligations and
honour their commitments regarding the safety and full freedom of
movement of United Nations personnel and other international
personnel, as well as the security of their premises in Afghanistan,
and cooperate fully with the United Nations and associated bodies as
well as with other humanitarian organizations and agencies in their
efforts to respond to the humanitarian needs of the people of
Afghanistan;

      6.    Calls upon all parties not to hamper the delivery of
humanitarian assistance;

      7.    Expresses grave concern at the indiscriminate use of
landmines in Afghanistan, which seriously impedes the delivery of
humanitarian assistance;

      8.    Urgently appeals to all States, organizations and programmes
of the United Nations system, specialized agencies and other
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to continue to
provide, on a priority basis and as far as conditions on the ground
permit, all possible financial, technical and material assistance for
the restoration of basic services and the reconstruction of
Afghanistan and the voluntary, safe and secure return of refugees and
internally displaced persons, with dignity and honour, and appeals to
the international financial and development institutions to assist in
the planning of the reconstruction of Afghanistan;

      9.    Calls upon the international community to respond to the
inter-agency consolidated appeal for emergency humanitarian and
rehabilitation assistance for Afghanistan launched by the Secretary-
General for the period from 1 January to 31 December 1997, bearing in
mind the availability also of the Afghanistan Emergency Trust Fund;

      10.   Denounces the discrimination against girls and women and
other violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in
Afghanistan, and notes with deep concern possible repercussions on
international relief and reconstruction programmes in Afghanistan;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the actions taken
pursuant to the present resolution;

      12.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session, under the cluster of items on coordination of
humanitarian assistance, the item entitled "Emergency international
assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken
Afghanistan".

                                                          87th plenary meeting
                                                              17 December 1996

                                       B

            The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for
            international peace and security

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 49/140 of 20 December 1994 and 50/88 B
of 19 December 1995,

      Recalling also Security Council resolution 1076 (1996) of 22
October 1996, the previous statements of the President of the Security
Council on the situation in Afghanistan, including the statements of
15 February and 28 September 1996, 3/ and the letter dated 22
August 1996 from the President of the Security Council addressed to
the Secretary-General, 4/

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General of 26 November
1996 5/ and of his letters dated 20 November 1996 addressed to the
President of the General Assembly 6/ and the President of the
Security Council, 7/

      Noting all recent declarations by participants of regional
international meetings and by international organizations on the
situation in Afghanistan, including the statement by the Organization
of the Islamic Conference ministerial meeting of 2 October 1996, the
joint declaration made on 4 October 1996 by the leaders of Kazakstan,
Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, 8/
the statement issued on 28 October 1996 by the Presidency on behalf of
the European Union 9/ and the Tehran Declaration of 30 October
1996, 10/

      Welcoming the initiative of the Secretary-General to convene the
international meeting on Afghanistan on 18 November 1996 in New York
and his intention to convene further meetings of the group from time
to time,

      Wishing the people of Afghanistan peace and prosperity,

      Strongly committed to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and national unity of Afghanistan,

      Expressing concern at the continuation and recent intensification
of the military confrontation in Afghanistan, which have caused
civilian casualties and an increase in refugees and displaced persons,
and which seriously endanger the stability and peaceful development of
the region,

      Deeply concerned about the discrimination against women and girls
and other recurring abuses of human rights in Afghanistan, and
emphasizing the importance of democracy and of the realization of
human rights in any future political process in Afghanistan,

      Deeply concerned also about the lack of progress in reaching an
agreement on the establishment of an acceptable and broadly
representative council and an immediate and durable ceasefire and
urging all Afghan parties to resolve their differences through
peaceful means and achieve national reconciliation through political
dialogue,

      Affirming the readiness of the United Nations to assist the
people of Afghanistan in their effort to resolve internal political
differences, facilitating national reconciliation leading to the
restoration of a fully representative, broad-based transitional
government of national unity and to the start of the process of
rehabilitation and reconstruction in their country,

      Convinced that the United Nations, as a universally recognized
intermediary, must continue to play a central and impartial role in
international efforts towards a peaceful resolution of the Afghan
conflict,

      Expressing its support for the continuing efforts of the United
Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan headed by Mr. Norbert Holl to
bring about the restoration of peace, normalcy and national
reconciliation, through a political process in which all segments of
Afghan society are represented,

      Expressing its appreciation for the efforts of the Organization
of the Islamic Conference in support of the Special Mission and the
engagement of that organization in Afghanistan, in coordination with
the United Nations, with a view to achieving a just and lasting
political settlement,

      Stressing the need to prevent further civilian casualties,

      Stressing also the importance of non-intervention and non-
interference in the internal affairs of Afghanistan,

      Deeply concerned at the continued supply of weapons, military
equipment and ammunition to the Afghan parties, which has further
contributed to the deaths of innocent civilians and the destruction of
cities, villages and homes and has encouraged the factions in their
futile efforts to settle political differences by military means,

      Expressing its mounting concern about actions undermining the
security of State frontiers, including the growing illicit traffic in
arms and narcotics by criminal elements and groups from certain areas
of Afghanistan and about the use of Afghan territory for the training
and harbouring of terrorists, which create a threat to peace and
stability in the entire region, including Afghanistan,

      Bearing in mind that Afghanistan, as a State party to the
Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural
Heritage 11/ of 16 November 1972, has recognized its primary duty to
ensure the identification, protection, conservation, presentation and
transmission to future generations of, inter alia, the cultural
heritage situated on its territory,

      Bearing in mind also the close interrelationship between ensuring
peace and normalcy in Afghanistan and the ability of the country to
take effective steps towards revitalizing the economy, and stressing
that a cessation of armed hostilities between the warring parties in
Afghanistan and political stability are indispensable if
reconstruction measures are to have a lasting effect,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General, 5/ and
endorses the observations and recommendations set out therein;

      2.    Stresses that the main responsibility for finding a
political solution to the conflict lies with the Afghan parties;

      3.    Calls upon all Afghan parties to cease immediately all armed
hostilities, to renounce the use of force, to put aside their
differences and to engage in a political dialogue aimed at achieving
national reconciliation and a lasting political settlement of the
conflict and establishing a fully representative and broad-based
transitional government of national unity;

      4.    Supports the Secretary-General in his continuing efforts,
undertaken in cooperation with the Afghan parties and with interested
States and international organizations, in particular the Organization
of the Islamic Conference, to promote the political process aimed at
achieving national reconciliation in Afghanistan;

      5.    Reaffirms its full support for the efforts of the United
Nations, in particular the activities of the United Nations Special
Mission to Afghanistan, in facilitating, where appropriate in
cooperation with interested States and international organizations,
the political process towards the goals of national reconciliation and
a lasting political settlement with the participation of all parties
to the conflict and all segments of Afghan society;

      6.    Calls upon all Afghan parties to cooperate with the United
Nations Special Mission, and encourages all interested States and
international organizations to take all steps necessary, in close
coordination with the United Nations Special Mission, to promote peace
in Afghanistan, to support the United Nations efforts to this end and
to use any influence they have to encourage the parties to cooperate
fully with the United Nations Special Mission;

      7.    Demands that all Afghan parties fulfil their obligations and
honour their commitments regarding the safety and full freedom of
movement of United Nations personnel, in particular the personnel of
the United Nations Special Mission, as well as the security of their
premises in Afghanistan;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to authorize the United
Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan, established under resolution
48/208, to continue its efforts to facilitate national reconciliation
and reconstruction in Afghanistan, specifically to mediate an end to
the conflict and to facilitate the implementation of a comprehensive
peaceful settlement, to be agreed upon by the Afghan parties, which
could include, inter alia, the following elements:

      -     An immediate and durable ceasefire among the Afghan parties,
            to be supervised by a commission composed of representatives
            of all the warring parties, facilitated by the United
            Nations and the Organization of the Islamic Conference;

      -     The demilitarization of Kabul, with adequate safeguards to
            ensure security and public order;

      -     The establishment of a broad-based and fully representative
            authoritative council, with authority, inter alia:

              To create and control a national security force to
              provide for security throughout the country and oversee
              the demobilization of all the warring parties through the
              collection and safeguarding of all heavy weapons in the
              country, and to stop the flow of arms and of equipment
              related to arms production to the parties;

              To form a fully representative and broad-based
              transitional government which would, inter alia, control
              the national security force and create conditions for
              free and fair elections leading to a representative
              national government, possibly utilizing traditional
              decision-making structures, such as a grand assembly, to
              help to establish those conditions throughout the
              country;

      9.    Expresses its support for the proposal by the Secretary-
General to further strengthen the United Nations Special Mission by
increasing the number of its military advisers from the current two to
five and also by assigning to it two civilian police advisers;

      10.   Reiterates its call upon all Afghans, especially the leaders
of warring parties, to cooperate fully with the broad-based
authoritative council, priority being given to the implementation of
the steps referred to in paragraph 8 above;

      11.   Deplores the civilian casualties inflicted by the
indiscriminate use of landmines, and calls upon all Afghan parties to
desist from such use;

      12.   Denounces the discrimination against girls and women and
other violations of human rights in Afghanistan, and calls upon all
Afghan parties to respect the human rights of every individual,
regardless of gender, ethnicity or religion;

      13.   Denounces also violations of international humanitarian law
in Afghanistan, and urgently calls upon all parties strictly to
respect all its provisions;

      14.   Calls upon all Afghan parties to take appropriate steps to
prohibit, prevent and, if necessary, put a stop to any form of theft,
pillage or misappropriation of and any acts of vandalism directed
against, cultural property of the Afghan nation;

      15.   Calls upon all States strictly to refrain from any outside
interference in the internal affairs of Afghanistan, including the
involvement of foreign military personnel, to respect the right of the
Afghan people to determine their own destiny and to respect the
sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of
Afghanistan;

      16.   Also calls upon all States immediately to end the supply of
arms, ammunition, military equipment, training or any other military
support to all parties to the conflict in Afghanistan;

      17.   Reiterates that the continuation of the conflict in
Afghanistan provides a fertile ground for terrorism and drug-
trafficking which destabilize the region and beyond, and calls upon
the leaders of the Afghan parties to halt such activities;

      18.   Supports the intention of the Secretary-General to move the
headquarters of the United Nations Special Mission to Kabul when
conditions permit;

      19.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly every three months during its fifty-first session on the
progress of the United Nations Special Mission and to report to the
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the progress made in the
implementation of the present resolution;

      20.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "The situation in Afghanistan and its
implications for international peace and security".

                                                          87th plenary meeting
                                                              17 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/51/704.

2/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

3/    Official Records of the Security Council, Fifty-first Year,
Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council, 1996, documents
S/PRST/1996/6 and S/PRST/1996/40, respectively.

4/    Ibid., Supplement for July, August and September 1996, document
S/1996/683.

5/    A/51/698-S/1996/988; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1996, document  S/1996/988.

6/    A/51/689.

7/    Official Records of the Security Council, Fifty-first Year,
Supplement for October, November and December 1996, document
S/1996/966.

8/    A/51/470-S/1996/838, annex; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1996, document S/1996/838.

9/    A/51/635-S/1996/894, annex; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1996, document S/1996/894.

10/   A/51/634-S/1996/890; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1996, document S/1996/890.

11/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1037, No. 15511.

 

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