United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

25 November 1996


Fifty-first session
Agenda item 32


              [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.16)]

            51/19.      Zone of peace and cooperation of the
                        South Atlantic

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 41/11 of 27 October 1986, in which it
solemnly declared the Atlantic Ocean, in the region between Africa and
South America, the "Zone of peace and cooperation of the South

      Recalling also its subsequent resolutions on the matter,
including resolution 45/36 of 27 November 1990, in which it reaffirmed
the determination of the States of the zone to enhance and accelerate
their cooperation in the political, economic, scientific, cultural and
other spheres,

      Reaffirming that the questions of peace and security and those of
development are interrelated and inseparable, and that cooperation for
peace and development among States of the region will promote the
objectives of the zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic,

      Aware of the importance that the States of the zone attach to the
environment of the region, and recognizing the threat that pollution
from any source poses to the marine and coastal environment, its
ecological balance and its resources,

      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the purposes and objectives of
the zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic as a basis for
the promotion of cooperation among the countries of the region;

      2.    Calls upon all States to cooperate in the promotion of the
objectives established in the declaration of the zone of peace and
cooperation of the South Atlantic and to refrain from any action
inconsistent with those objectives and with the Charter of the United
Nations and relevant resolutions of the Organization, particularly
action which may create or aggravate situations of tension and
potential conflict in the region;

      3.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General, 1/
submitted in accordance with its resolution 50/18 of 27 November 1995;

      4.    Recalls the agreement reached at the third meeting of the
States members of the zone of peace and cooperation of the South
Atlantic, held at Brasilia in 1994, to encourage democracy and
political pluralism and, in accordance with the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on
25 June 1993, 2/ to promote and defend all human rights and
fundamental freedoms and to cooperate towards the achievement of those

      5.    Welcomes with satisfaction the holding of the fourth meeting
of the States members of the zone at Somerset West, South Africa, on 1
and 2 April 1996, and takes note of the Final Declaration, the
decision on drug trafficking, the decision on the protection of the
marine environment and the decision on illegal fishing activities in
the zone, adopted at the meeting;

      6.    Welcomes the progress towards the full entry into force of
the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and
the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco), 3/ and the conclusion of the
African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba); 4/

      7.    Also welcomes the efforts of the Government of Angola to
implement the Lusaka Protocol, 5/ expresses its deep concern at the
delay in fully implementing the Lusaka Protocol and calls upon the
Unižo Nacional para a Independe^ncia Total de Angola to fulfil
immediately the tasks enumerated in the "Mediation Document"
formulated by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in
consultation with the three observer States, as contained in Security
Council resolution 1075 (1996) of 11 October 1996;

      8.    Reaffirms its willingness to contribute by all means at its
disposal to an effective and lasting peace in Angola;

      9.    Urges the international community to fulfil expeditiously
its pledges to provide assistance to facilitate the rehabilitation of
the Angolan national economy and the resettlement of displaced
persons, and stresses the importance of such assistance at this time
in order to consolidate the gains in the peace process;

      10.   Welcomes the outcome of the summit meeting of the Economic
Community of West African States Committee of Nine on Liberia, which
revalidated the Abuja Agreement 6/ and, inter alia, foresees the
holding of democratic elections in Liberia by 30 May 1997;

      11.   Commends and encourages Nigeria in its capacity as chair of
the Committee of Nine, as well as all the members of the Economic
Community of West African States, to pursue positive efforts towards
peace in Liberia, and requests the international community to support
the endeavours of the new chairperson of the Council of State of the
Liberian National Transitional Government and to provide the necessary
assistance to the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring
Group to enable it to carry out its mandate;

      12.   Commends the efforts of Member States and humanitarian
organizations to render humanitarian assistance to Angola and Liberia,
and urges them to continue to provide and to increase such assistance;

      13.   Affirms the importance of the South Atlantic to global
maritime and commercial transactions and its determination to preserve
the region for all peaceful purposes and activities protected by
international law, in particular the United Nations Convention on the
Law of the Sea; 7/

      14.   Welcomes the offer by Argentina to host the fifth meeting of
the States members of the zone;

      15.   Requests the relevant organizations, organs and bodies of
the United Nations system to render all appropriate assistance which
States of the zone may seek in their joint efforts to implement the
declaration of the zone of peace and cooperation of the South

      16.   Requests the Secretary-General to keep the implementation of
resolution 41/11 and subsequent resolutions on the matter under review
and to submit a report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second
session, taking into account, inter alia, the views expressed by
Member States;

      17.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Zone of peace and cooperation of the
South Atlantic".

                                                          58th plenary meeting
                                                              14 November 1996


1/     A/51/458.

2/     A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

3/     United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 634, No. 9068.

4/     See A/50/426.

5/     S/1995/1441.

6/     S/1995/742.

7/     Official Records of the Third United Nations Conference on the
Law of the Sea, vol. XVII (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.84.V.3), document A/CONF.62/122.


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