United Nations

A/RES/51/186


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

26 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 98


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

              [on the report of the Second Committee (A/51/606)]


            51/186.     Progress at mid-decade on the
                        implementation of General Assembly
                        resolution 45/217 on the World Summit
                        for Children

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 45/217 of 21 December 1990 and 50/120
of 20 December 1995 and its decisions 47/447 of 22 December 1992,
48/446 of 21 December 1993 and 49/439 of 19 December 1994,

      Noting with appreciation the near universal ratification of the
Convention on the Rights of the Child 1/ and the significant progress
made in national capacities to plan, implement and monitor progress
for children within the framework of the needs and rights of the
child,

      Recognizing the linkage between the eradication of poverty and
the achievement of the goals of the World Summit for Children,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General, 2/
and welcomes the conclusions contained therein;

      2.    Welcomes the significant progress reported by most countries
on achieving the majority of the mid-decade goals and objectives of
the World Summit for Children, particularly in immunization, the
control of diarrhoeal diseases, poliomyelitis, Guinea worm and iodine
deficiency disorders, and access to safe water;
      3.    Also welcomes the overwhelming response of all countries,
especially the developing countries, to the commitments agreed upon at
the World Summit for Children;

      4.    Notes with appreciation the contributions of international
and bilateral donors and civil society to the achievement of the goals
of the World Summit for Children;

      5.    Takes note with concern of the considerable variation in the
progress made across countries and regions owing to different baseline
conditions in 1990 and the varying rates of progress in relation to
the goals;

      6.    Expresses particular concern that progress on malnutrition,
maternal mortality, sanitation, and girls' education has been
inadequate, and in some cases negligible;

      7.    Reaffirms the need for effective follow-up to the World
Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children
and the Plan of Action for Implementing the World Declaration on the
Survival, Protection and Development of Children in the 1990s; 3/

      8.    Recognizes the need for more intensive efforts to reach the
goals for child mortality, the education of children, in particular
girl children, maternal mortality, child malnutrition and sanitation;

      9.    Also recognizes the important role of the United Nations
system in providing coordinated support for the implementation,
monitoring and evaluation of the World Declaration and the Plan of
Action and the leadership role of the United Nations Children's Fund;

      10.   Invites Governments to increase, as appropriate, their
budget allocations to basic social services for covering the special
needs of children in order to facilitate the achievement of the goals
set out in the World Declaration and the Plan of Action;

      11.   Urges developed countries to make increased efforts to
mobilize additional resources for the fulfilment of the goals and
objectives of the World Summit for Children and to ensure, in the
context of their development assistance, that programmes to that end
will have a priority when resources are allocated;

      12.   Encourages civil society and the private sector to continue
to support generously the implementation of the goals of the World
Summit for Children;

      13.   Stresses the need for according priority to the special
needs of children in regions of slow progress, particularly the least
developed countries and sub-Saharan Africa, and in other developing
countries that have not yet reached the mid-decade goals;

      14.   Recognizes the need for continued cooperation and
partnership and appropriate international support to those developing
countries that have already reached the mid-decade goals or the end-
of-decade goals, so as to ensure the sustainability of such
achievements;

      15.   Also recognizes the contribution to the achievement of the
goals of the World Summit for Children of the mutual commitment of
interested developed and developing country partners to allocate, on
average, 20 per cent of official development assistance and 20 per
cent of national budgets to basic social programmes;

      16.   Stresses the need to continue strengthening and expanding
effective partnerships between Governments, the United Nations system
and other international organizations, international donor agencies,
civil society, including non-governmental organizations, the private
sector and the media, so as to ensure full achievement of the goals by
the year 2000;

      17.   Also stresses the need for greater efforts to involve
children themselves, in accordance with article 12 of the Convention
on the Rights of the Child, in all matters affecting them;

      18.   Further stresses the need for sustainable progress in the
attainment of goals through, inter alia, support for national
capacity-building, including that of local communities, civil society
and non-governmental organizations;

      19.   Recognizes the importance of fostering exchanges of
experience between countries, including South-South cooperation, in
order to help disseminate successful programmes;

      20.   Calls upon all relevant organs, organizations and bodies of
the United Nations system to take into account the lessons learned at
mid-decade, and invites relevant governing bodies to consider specific
measures, within their respective competencies, to address the special
needs of children for the achievement of the goals for the year 2000,
giving priority to issues and areas where progress has been slow;

      21.   Also calls upon all relevant bodies and organizations of the
United Nations system to strengthen inter-agency collaboration
regarding improved protection and assistance for children in
especially difficult circumstances, including displaced and refugee
children, as well as those suffering from exploitation, and to take
the necessary steps to ensure that such collaboration is considered in
related policies and programmes;

      22.   Stresses the necessity and importance of setting measurable
indicators and targets and of improving data collection and assessment
concerning the implementation of all the goals of the World Summit for
Children with regard to the development, protection and survival of
children, including the goal of improved protection of children in
especially difficult circumstances;

      23.   Calls upon Governments and their partners, taking into
account lessons learned during the mid-decade reviews, to adjust,
refine and prioritize, where necessary, their goals and strategies,
within the framework of the World Declaration and the Plan of Action
and in conformity with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to
respond to local situations;

      24.   Also calls upon Governments and the United Nations system to
promote an active and visible policy of mainstreaming a gender
perspective in the implementation of the goals of the World Summit for
Children;

      25.   Urges full integration of the follow-up to the goals of the
World Summit for Children into the work of the inter-agency task
forces and other mechanisms established to ensure a coordinated and
effective follow-up to major United Nations conferences;

      26.   Urges once again all States that have not yet done so to
sign and ratify or accede to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
as a matter of priority, with a view to reaching the goal of universal
adherence established by the World Summit for Children;

      27.   Decides to convene a special session of the General Assembly
in 2001 to review the achievement of the goals of the World Summit for
Children, and to consider the arrangements for the special session at
its fifty-third session;

      28.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its special session a review of the implementation and
results of the World Declaration and the Plan of Action, including
appropriate recommendations for further action;

      29.   Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session on the preparations for the
special session and on progress on the implementation of the present
resolution.

                                                          86th plenary meeting
                                                              16 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 44/25, annex.

2/    A/51/256.

3/    A/45/625, annex.

 

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