United Nations

A/RES/51/177


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

11 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 96 (e)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the Second Committee (A/51/604/Add.5)]


            51/177.     Implementation of the outcome of the
                        United Nations Conference on Human
                        Settlements (Habitat II)

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 47/180 of 22 December 1992, 49/109 of
19 December 1994 and 50/100 of 20 December 1995 on the convening of
the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II),

      Recognizing the important role of cities and urban areas in
economic, political, social and cultural development, and stressing
the need to address urgently and comprehensively the deteriorating
conditions of shelter and human settlements in rural and urban areas,

      Also recognizing the critical problems common to human
settlements in the developing countries, including poverty,
unemployment, social disintegration, inadequate shelter and lack of
proper maintenance of urban and rural infrastructure and services,

      Cognizant of the importance of maintaining the momentum already
generated at the national, regional and international levels for the
implementation of measures designed to alleviate the deteriorating
living conditions of increasing populations in both urban and rural
settlements,

      Recognizing the interdependence of rural and urban development,

      Having considered the report of the United Nations Conference on
Human Settlements (Habitat II) 1/ and the report of the Secretary-
General on the implementation of and follow-up to the outcome of the
Conference, including the role played by the United Nations Centre for
Human Settlements, 2/

      Expressing its profound gratitude to the Government and people of
Turkey for their support and for the facilities, staff and services
placed at the disposal of the Conference and the hospitality extended
to the participants,

      Expressing its appreciation to the Secretary-General of the
United Nations, the Secretary-General of the Conference and the staff
of the Secretariat for the effective preparations and services
provided for the Conference,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the United
Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II); 1/

      2.    Endorses the Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements 3/
and the Habitat Agenda 4/ adopted by the Conference on 14 June 1996;

      3.    Acknowledges with appreciation that the Conference provided
a major opportunity to build upon the actions and commitments of
previous United Nations conferences and summits;

      4.    Recognizes with satisfaction the active involvement in the
Conference of all States and other relevant actors and the innovative
arrangements introduced at the Conference to forge partnerships among
various actors;

      5.    Reaffirms the commitment to the full and progressive
realization of the right to adequate housing, as provided for in
international instruments, and in that context recognizes an
obligation by Governments to enable people to obtain shelter and to
protect and improve dwellings and neighbourhoods;

      6.    Recognizes that Governments have the primary responsibility
for the implementation of the Habitat Agenda, and further recognizes
that the international community should support Governments in their
efforts, by promoting international cooperation for, inter alia, the
establishment of an open, equitable, cooperative and mutually
beneficial international economic environment;

      7.    Calls upon all Governments, organizations of the United
Nations system and other actors concerned with human settlements and
urban management issues, such as local authorities, relevant
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,
parliamentarians, the private sector, trade unions, academicians and
other community groups, to implement fully and effectively the Habitat
Agenda, to give both the Habitat Agenda and the Istanbul Declaration
the widest possible dissemination and, in that context, to draw
attention to the best practices initiative;

      8.    Invites all Governments to further encourage and support all
relevant actors of civil society, including the private sector, in the
implementation of and follow-up to the Habitat Agenda by establishing
effective partnerships and by creating an appropriate framework, in
accordance with their respective national conditions, to further
facilitate and expedite such actors in addressing human settlements
issues, particularly servicing, finance mobilization, the provision of
adequate shelter and related areas, and in that process to emphasize
the need to integrate the gender perspective;

      9.    Reaffirms that, in formulating human settlements policies
and strategies, all countries should recognize the interdependence of
rural and urban areas and address the needs of both in a balanced
manner;

      10.   Calls upon all Governments to establish or strengthen, as
appropriate, participatory mechanisms for the implementation,
assessment and review of and follow-up to the Habitat Agenda and
national plans of action;

      11.   Emphasizes the need for all countries and for the
international community to promote at all levels an integrated and
multidimensional approach to the implementation of and follow-up to
the Habitat Agenda;

      12.   Reaffirms that all States should exert concerted efforts to
achieve the implementation of the Habitat Agenda through bilateral,
subregional, regional and international cooperation, as well as
through the United Nations system, including the Bretton Woods
institutions, and that States may also convene bilateral, subregional
and regional meetings and take other appropriate initiatives to
contribute to the review and assessment of the progress made in the
implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

      13.   Also reaffirms that the General Assembly and the Economic
and Social Council, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the
Charter of the United Nations and relevant resolutions, including
Assembly resolutions 48/162 of 20 December 1993 and 50/227 of 24 May
1996, together with the Commission on Human Settlements, shall
constitute a three-tiered intergovernmental mechanism to oversee the
coordination of activities for the implementation of the Habitat
Agenda;

      14.   Recommends that, at its special session to be convened from
23 to 27 June 1997 for the purpose of an overall review and appraisal
of Agenda 21, the Assembly give due attention to the issue of human
settlements in the context of sustainable development;

      15.   Reaffirms that the General Assembly should consider holding
a special session in the year 2001 for an overall review and appraisal
of the implementation of the outcome of the United Nations Conference
on Human Settlements (Habitat II), including the identification of
obstacles, considering further actions and initiatives, and that a
decision on this matter should be taken at its fifty-second session;

      16.   Also reaffirms that the Economic and Social Council may
convene meetings of high-level representatives to promote
international dialogue on the critical issues pertaining to adequate
shelter for all and sustainable human settlements development, as well
as on policies for addressing them through international cooperation,
and in this context, the Council may consider dedicating one high-
level segment before the year 2001 to human settlements and the
implementation of the Habitat Agenda, with the active involvement and
participation of, inter alia, the specialized agencies, including the
World Bank and the International Monetary Fund;

      17.   Emphasizes that the General Assembly and the Economic and
Social Council, in accordance with their respective mandates, should
review and strengthen the mandate of the Commission on Human
Settlements, taking into account the Habitat Agenda, as well as the
need for synergy with related commissions and conference follow-ups
and for a system-wide approach to its implementation;

      18.   Requests the Commission on Human Settlements at its
forthcoming session, in 1997, to review its programme of work in order
to ensure an effective implementation of and follow-up to the outcome
of the Conference, in a manner consistent with the functions and
contributions of other relevant organs of the United Nations system,
and make recommendations thereon to the Economic and Social Council
within the framework of the review of the activities of its subsidiary
bodies;

      19.   Invites the Secretary-General to undertake, in the light of
the review of the mandate of the Commission on Human Settlements, a
comprehensive and in-depth assessment of the United Nations Centre for
Human Settlements with a view to its revitalization, to present terms
of reference and a preliminary report on this assessment for the
consideration of the Commission at its sixteenth session and to make a
final report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session;

      20.   Requests the Secretary-General, in accordance with paragraph
229 of the Habitat Agenda and in consultation with the Commission on
Human Settlements, to ensure more effective functioning of the Centre
by, inter alia, providing sufficient human and financial resources
within the regular budget of the United Nations;

      21.   Requests the Commission on Human Settlements to review, at
its sixteenth session, its working methods in order to involve in its
work the representatives of local authorities or international
associations of local authorities, as appropriate, and the relevant
actors of civil society, particularly the private sector and
non-governmental organizations, in the field of adequate shelter for
all and sustainable human settlements development, taking into account
the rules of procedure of the Commission on Human Settlements and the
relevant provisions of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/31
of 25 July 1996;

      22.   Decides that the Commission on Human Settlements, as a
standing committee of the Economic and Social Council, should have a
central role in monitoring, within the United Nations system, the
implementation of the Habitat Agenda and advising the Council thereon;

      23.   Recommends that the Economic and Social Council, in the
context of the overall review process of its subsidiary bodies, and
within the context of the follow-up to resolution 50/227, should
review the periodicity of the meetings of the Commission on Human
Settlements, taking into account the need for full and effective
implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

      24.   Reaffirms that the Commission on Human Settlements, in
developing its work programme, should examine the Habitat Agenda and
consider how to integrate into its programme of work the follow-up to
the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), and
should consider how it could further develop its catalytic role in
promoting adequate shelter for all and sustainable human settlements
development;

      25.   Also reaffirms that the United Nations Centre for Human
Settlements shall be designated as a focal point for the
implementation of the Habitat Agenda;

      26.   Requests the Secretary-General to include the implementation
of the Habitat Agenda in the mandates of the existing inter-agency
task forces of the Administrative Committee on Coordination to
facilitate an integrated and coordinated implementation of the Habitat
Agenda;

      27.   Acknowledges the importance of the regional and subregional
activities undertaken during the preparations for the Conference,
including the regional strategies, plans and declarations adopted as
part of the preparatory process, and invites the regional commissions,
other regional and subregional organizations and the regional
development banks to examine the results of the Conference within
their respective mandates, with a view to identifying the actions to
be taken at the regional and subregional levels for the implementation
of the Habitat Agenda;

      28.   Emphasizes that the General Assembly and the Economic and
Social Council should, where appropriate, promote subregional and
regional cooperation in the implementation of the Habitat Agenda, that
the regional commissions, within their mandates and in cooperation
with regional intergovernmental organizations and banks, could
consider convening high-level meetings to review progress made in
implementing the outcome of Habitat II, exchange views on their
respective experiences, particularly on best practices, and adopt
appropriate measures, that such meetings could involve, as
appropriate, the participation of the principal financial and
technical institutions, and that the regional commissions should
report to the Council on the outcome of such meetings;

      29.   Requests all the relevant United Nations organizations and
specialized agencies to identify the specific actions that they will
undertake, within their mandates, towards the implementation of the
Habitat Agenda, and in that context invites them to inform the
Administrative Committee on Coordination of their actions and to
report to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session, through
the Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1997, on
their specific plans and activities;

      30.   Invites the Bretton Woods institutions to be actively
involved in the implementation of and follow-up to the outcome of the
Conference, and to enhance their cooperation with the United Nations
system for that purpose;

      31.   Reaffirms that the demand for shelter and infrastructural
services in human settlements is continuously increasing and that
communities and countries, especially developing countries, have
difficulty in mobilizing adequate financial resources to meet the
rapidly rising costs of shelter, services and physical infrastructure,
and reaffirms further that new and additional financial resources from
various sources are necessary to achieve the goals of adequate shelter
for all and sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing
world and that existing resources available to developing countries -
public, private, multilateral, bilateral, domestic and external - need
to be enhanced through appropriate and flexible mechanisms and
economic instruments to support adequate shelter and sustainable human
settlements development;

      32.   Stresses that the full and effective implementation of the
Habitat Agenda, in particular in all developing countries, especially
those in Africa and the least developed countries, will require the
mobilization of additional financial resources from various sources at
the national and international levels and more effective development
cooperation in order to promote assistance for shelter and human
settlements activities;

      33.   Invites all Governments and the international community to
consider the role of the United Nations Habitat and Human Settlements
Foundation in the follow-up to the Habitat Agenda and to consider the
scope for providing further support for the Foundation in its
activities, taking into account the need to continue to improve its
effectiveness;

      34.   Requests the programmes and funds of the United Nations
system and the regional commissions, consistent with their respective
mandates, to  support fully the effective implementation of the
Habitat Agenda, particularly at the field level, as appropriate;

      35.   Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and Social
Council, on the implementation of the present resolution;

      36.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session a sub-item entitled "Implementation of the outcome of
the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II)".

                                                          86th plenary meeting
                                                              16 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/          A/CONF.165/14.

2/          A/51/384.

3/          A/CONF.165/14, chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

4/          Ibid., annex II.

 

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