United Nations

A/RES/51/170


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 95 (a)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

              [on the report of the Second Committee (A/51/603)]


            51/170.     Industrial development cooperation

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the Declaration on International Economic Cooperation,
in particular the Revitalization of Economic Growth and Development of
the Developing Countries, 1/ the International Development Strategy
for the Fourth United Nations Development Decade, 2/ and the United
Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s, 3/

      Recalling also its resolution 49/108 of 19 December 1994 on
industrial development cooperation,

      Taking note of the declaration adopted by the Ministers for
Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77 and China at their twentieth annual
meeting, held in New York on 27 September 1996, 4/ the communique' of
the Meeting of Ministers for Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegation
of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries to the fifty-first session of
the General Assembly, issued on 25 September 1996, 5/ the Midrand
Declaration, 6/ adopted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development at its ninth session, and the conclusions of the summit
meeting of seven major industrialized countries, held at Lyon, France,
from 27 to 29 June 1996, 7/

      Noting the far-reaching implications of the process of
globalization, trade liberalization and rapid technological change for
the economic prospects of the developing countries and the economies
in transition,

      Reaffirming the importance of promoting industrialization as an
essential element in the sustained economic growth and sustainable
development of developing countries, as well as in the eradication of
poverty, facilitating social integration, the integration of women
into the development process and the creation of productive
employment,

      Stressing the need for enhanced international, regional and
subregional cooperation in the field of industrial development and the
important role played by the United Nations system, in particular the
United Nations Industrial Development Organization, in this regard,

      Recognizing the increasing role of the business community,
including the private sector, in enhancing the dynamic process of the
development of the industrial sector,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 8/

      2.    Welcomes the major programme of reform and restructuring
process undertaken by the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization;

      3.    Reiterates the importance of cooperation and coordination
within the United Nations system in providing effective support to the
industrial development of the developing countries, and calls upon the
United Nations Industrial Development Organization to continue
carrying out its central coordinating role in the field of industrial
development in the overall context of existing coordinating mechanisms
in the United Nations system, inter alia, the Administrative Committee
on Coordination and the resident coordinator system, so as to enhance
the effectiveness, relevance and development impact of such support;

      4.    Emphasizes the importance of a favourable international and
national environment for the industrialization of developing
countries, and urges all Governments to adopt and implement
development policies and strategies that promote, within a framework
of transparent and accountable industrialization policies, inter alia,
enterprise development, foreign direct investment, technological
adaptation and innovation, expanded access to markets and the
effective use of official development assistance to enable developing
countries to enhance an environment attractive to investment so as to
augment and supplement domestic resources for the expansion,
diversification and modernization of their industrial productive
capacity, in the context of an open, equitable, non-discriminatory,
transparent, multilateral and rule-based international trading system;

      5.    Reiterates the importance of technology transfer to the
developing countries as an effective means of international
cooperation in the field of industrial development;

      6.    Recognizes the continuing use of official development
assistance also for industrial development in the developing
countries, and calls on the donor countries and the recipient
countries to continue to cooperate in their efforts to achieve greater
efficiency and effectiveness of official development assistance
resources devoted to industrial development cooperation;

      7.    Welcomes, in addition, the use of innovative funding
modalities, including, inter alia, co-financing schemes and trust
funds, debt-equity swaps, as appropriate, and other debt relief
measures, industrial joint venture schemes, enterprise-to-enterprise
cooperation and venture capital funds for industrial development, in
particular in the developing countries;

      8.    Calls upon the international community and the relevant
organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, in particular
the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, to support the
efforts of the developing countries to intensify and expand industrial
cooperation among themselves with respect to, among other things,
trade in manufactured products, industrial investments and business
partnerships, as well as industrial technology and scientific
exchanges;

      9.    Requests the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization, in cooperation with the relevant organizations of the
United Nations system, to undertake, in the context of supporting
South-South cooperation, an in-depth assessment and further analysis
of best practices in the field of industrial policies and strategies
and their relevance in particular regional and country situations, and
lessons learned in the field of industrial development, so as to
provide practical insights and ideas - such cooperation should better
enable developing countries to benefit from each other's successful
experiences in the formulation of their industrial policies and
strategies - and also requests the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization to submit a report thereon to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session;

      10.   Also requests the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization to expand and enhance its interaction with the business
community, including the private sector, in assisting the development
of the industrial sector in the developing countries and economies in
transition, in particular in the field of small and medium-sized
enterprise development, and welcomes the creation by the United
Nations Industrial Development Organization of the International
Business Advisory Council;

      11.   Invites Member States and relevant organizations of the
United Nations system to extend support to the successful
implementation of the Alliance for Africa's Industrialization,
launched on 23 October 1996 at Abidjan, by Governments of African
countries and the private sector, which aims at accelerating the pace
of Africa's industrialization through industrial capacity-building,
including the agro-industrial field, and partnerships between
Governments of African countries and the private sector at the
national, subregional, regional and international levels;

      12.   Emphasizes the importance of the integration of the informal
sector into industrial development cooperation, as well as the
necessity for the development of human capacities, in particular
strengthening women's economic capacity and providing business
services to women;

      13.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution.

                                                          86th plenary meeting
                                                              16 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution S-18/3, annex.

2/    Resolution 45/199, annex.

3/    Resolution 46/151, annex, sect. II.

4/    A/51/471, annex.

5/    A/51/473-S/1996/839, annex;  see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1996, document S/1996/839.

6/    See A/51/308.

7/    See A/51/208-S/1996/543;  see Official Records of the Security
Council, Fifty-first Year, Supplement for July, August and September
1996, document S/1996/543.

8/    A/51/340.

 

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