United Nations

A/RES/51/168


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

21 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 94 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

              [on the report of the Second Committee (A/51/602)]


            51/168.     Transit environment in the landlocked
                        States in Central Asia and their
                        transit developing neighbours

      The General Assembly,
      
      Recalling its resolutions 48/169 and 48/170 of 21 December 1993
and 49/102 of 19 December 1994,

      Recalling also the agreed conclusions and recommendations of the
first 1/ and the second 2/ Meeting of Governmental Experts from
Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries and Representatives of
Donor Countries and Financial and Development Institutions, held in
New York from 17 to 19 May 1993 and from 19 to 22 June 1995,
respectively, and in particular the conclusions and recommendations of
those meetings pertaining to the newly independent and developing
landlocked States in Central Asia and their transit developing
neighbours,

      Recognizing that the overall socio-economic development efforts
of newly independent and developing landlocked States, seeking to
enter world markets through the establishment of a multicountry
transit system, are impeded by a lack of territorial access to the sea
as well as by remoteness and isolation from world markets,

      Supporting the current efforts being undertaken by the newly
independent and developing landlocked States in Central Asia and their
transit developing neighbours through relevant multilateral, bilateral
and regional arrangements to address the issues regarding the
development of a viable transit infrastructure in the region,

      Considering that the outcome of the Symposium for Landlocked and
Transit Developing Countries, held in New York from 14 to 16 June
1995, in particular the document entitled "Global framework for
transit transport cooperation between landlocked and transit
developing countries and the donor community", 3/ is a practical
contribution to the development objectives and efforts of the United
Nations,   

      Taking note of the progress report of the Secretary-General of
the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development on measures
designed to improve the transit transport environment in Central
Asia, 4/ and considering that the problems of transit transport
facing the Central Asian region need to be seen against the backdrop
of economic changes and the accompanying challenges, including
especially the impact of those changes on the international and
intraregional trade of the countries concerned,

      Recognizing that, to be effective, a transit transport strategy
for the newly independent and developing landlocked States in Central
Asia and their transit developing neighbours should incorporate
actions that address both the problems inhering in the use of existing
transit routes and the early development and smooth functioning of
new, alternative routes,

      Emphasizing the importance of strengthening international support
measures to address further the problems of the newly independent and
developing landlocked States in Central Asia and their transit
developing neighbours,

      1.    Takes note of the results of the Technical Meeting on
Central Asia's Transit Transport Links with World Markets, 5/ held at
Ankara from 7 to 9 November 1995, under the auspices of the United
Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development;  

      2.    Invites the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development and the Governments concerned, in
cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme, the
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the Economic
Commission for Europe and relevant regional and international
organizations and in accordance with approved programme priorities and
within existing financial resources, to continue elaborating a
programme for improving the efficiency of the current transit
environment in the newly independent and developing landlocked States
in Central Asia and their transit developing neighbours;

      3.    Invites donor countries and multilateral financial and
development institutions, within their mandates, to provide newly
independent and developing landlocked States in Central Asia and their
transit developing neighbours with appropriate financial and technical
assistance for the improvement of the transit environment for those
countries;

      4.    Calls upon the United Nations system to continue studying,
within the scope of the implementation of the present resolution,
possible ways of promoting more effective cooperative arrangements
between landlocked States in Central Asia and their transit neighbours
and to encourage a more active supportive role on the part of the
donor community;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development to prepare a report on the
implementation of the present resolution, to be submitted to the
General Assembly at its fifty-third session.

                                                          86th plenary meeting
                                                              16 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See TD/B/40(1)/2-TD/B/LDC/AC.1/4.

2/    See TD/B/42(1)/11-TD/B/LDC/AC.1/7.

3/    Ibid., annex I.

4/    A/51/288, annex.

5/    See UNCTAD/LLDC/Misc.4.

 

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