United Nations

A/RES/51/159


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

30 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 145


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Sixth Committee (A/51/625)]


            51/159.  Action to be taken in 1999 dedicated to
                     the centennial of the first
                     International Peace Conference and to
                     the closing of the United Nations Decade
                     of International Law

      The General Assembly,

      Noting that the year 1999 will mark the one-hundredth anniversary
of the historic first International Peace Conference, held at The
Hague on the initiative of Russia,

      Recalling its resolution 44/23 of 17 November 1989, by which it
proclaimed the United Nations Decade of International Law, to begin in
1990 and conclude in 1999, marking the centennial of the first
International Peace Conference,

      Recognizing that the first and the second International Peace
Conference, as well as the League of Nations and the United Nations
subsequently, have significantly encouraged the progressive
development and codification of international law and thereby
contributed to the maintenance of international peace and security,

      Recognizing also the invaluable contribution of the first
International Peace Conference to the settling or resolving of
international disputes or situations which can cause the infringement
of peace, by its adoption of the Convention for the Pacific Settlement
of International Disputes  1/ and the establishment of the Permanent
Court of Arbitration,

      Recalling that the Final Act of the second International Peace
Conference 1/ incorporated a proposal to convene a third international
peace conference,

      Recalling that one of the purposes of the United Nations is to
maintain international peace and security, inter alia, by means of
adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which
might lead to a breach of the peace,

      Recalling that, according to its resolution 44/23, one of the
main purposes of the Decade of International Law is to promote means
and methods for the settlement of disputes between States, including
resort to and full respect for the International Court of Justice,

      Recalling also that, at the forty-fifth session of the General
Assembly, the Sixth Committee convened the Working Group on the United
Nations Decade of International Law with a view to preparing generally
acceptable recommendations on the programme of activities for the
Decade, and that the Working Group has been reconvened at all
subsequent sessions of the General Assembly and was requested at the
fiftieth session to continue its work,

      Stressing the need for the international community to continue
efforts with a view to strengthening international peace and security,
achieving full compliance with international law and promoting its
progressive development,

      Recalling that in its resolution 44/23 it requested the
Secretary-General to seek the views of Member States and appropriate
international bodies, as well as of non-governmental organizations
working in the field, on the programme for the Decade and on
appropriate action to be taken during the Decade, including the
possibility of holding a third international peace conference or other
suitable international conference at the end of the Decade,

      Noting that the heads of State or Government of the Movement of
Non-Aligned Countries at their ninth summit meeting reaffirmed General
Assembly resolution 44/23 and the strong support of the Movement for
the programme of the United Nations Decade of International Law,
including the recommendation of holding a third international peace
conference at the conclusion of the Decade on the occasion of the one-
hundredth anniversary of the first International Peace Conference,

      Noting also the proposal by the Russian Federation for a third
international peace conference with a view to considering
international law and order in the post-cold-war world at the
threshold of the twenty-first century,

      Convinced that the United Nations could assist significantly with
its expertise and knowledge with the development of such a proposal,

      1.    Considers it desirable to draft a programme of action
dedicated to the centennial of the first International Peace
Conference and to the closing of the United Nations Decade of
International Law in 1999;

      2.    Invites the Governments of the Russian Federation and the
Netherlands to arrange, as a matter of urgency, a preliminary
discussion with other interested Member States on the substantive
content of action to be taken in 1999 and to seek, in this respect,
the cooperation of the International Court of Justice, the Permanent
Court of Arbitration, relevant intergovernmental organizations, as
well as other relevant organizations;

      3.    Calls upon the competent United Nations organs, programmes
and specialized agencies to study the possibilities of providing
assistance to that end;


      4.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session, under the item entitled "United Nations Decade of
International Law", a sub-item entitled "Action to be taken in 1999
dedicated to the centennial of the first International Peace
Conference and to the closing of the United Nations Decade of
International Law".


                                                          85th plenary meeting
                                                              16 December 1996


                                     Note

1/    See Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, The Hague
Conventions and Declarations of 1899 and 1907 (New York, Oxford
University Press, 1915).



 

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