United Nations

A/RES/51/156


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

30 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 143


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Sixth Committee (A/51/623)]


            51/156.  Consideration of effective measures to
                     enhance the protection, security and
                     safety of diplomatic and consular
                     missions and representatives

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General, 1/

      Conscious of the need to develop and strengthen friendly
relations and cooperation among States,

      Convinced that respect for the principles and rules of
international law governing diplomatic and consular relations is a
basic prerequisite for the normal conduct of relations among States
and for the fulfilment of the purposes and principles of the Charter
of the United Nations,

      Dismayed by the recent acts of violence against diplomatic and
consular representatives, as well as against representatives of
international intergovernmental organizations and officials of such
organizations, which have endangered or taken innocent lives and
seriously impeded the normal work of such representatives and
officials,

      Concerned at the failure to respect the inviolability of
diplomatic and consular missions and representatives,

      Recalling that, without prejudice to their privileges and
immunities, it is the duty of all persons enjoying such privileges and
immunities to respect the laws and regulations of the receiving State,

      Recalling also that diplomatic and consular premises must not be
used in any manner incompatible with the diplomatic or consular
functions,

      Emphasizing the duty of States to take all appropriate measures
as required by international law, including measures of a preventive
nature, and to bring offenders to justice,

      Welcoming measures already taken by States to this end in
conformity with their international obligations,

      Convinced that the role of the United Nations, which includes the
reporting procedures established under General Assembly resolution
35/168 of 15 December 1980 and further elaborated in later Assembly
resolutions, is important in promoting efforts to enhance the
protection, security and safety of diplomatic and consular missions
and representatives,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 1/

      2.    Strongly condemns acts of violence against diplomatic and
consular missions and representatives, as well as against missions and
representatives of international intergovernmental organizations and
officials of such organizations, and emphasizes that such acts can
never be justified;

      3.    Urges States to strictly observe, implement and enforce the
principles and rules of international law governing diplomatic and
consular relations and, in particular, to ensure, in conformity with
their international obligations, the protection, security and safety
of the missions, representatives and officials mentioned in
paragraph 2 above officially present in territories under their
jurisdiction, including practical measures to prohibit in their
territories illegal activities of persons, groups and organizations
that encourage, instigate, organize or engage in the perpetration of
acts against the security and safety of such missions, representatives
and officials;

      4.    Also urges States to take all necessary measures at the
national and international levels to prevent any acts of violence
against the missions, representatives and officials mentioned in
paragraph 2 above and to bring offenders to justice;

      5.    Recommends that States should cooperate closely through,
inter alia, contacts between the diplomatic and consular missions and
the receiving State with regard to practical measures designed to
enhance the protection, security and safety of diplomatic and consular
missions and representatives and with regard to the exchange of
information on the circumstances of all serious violations thereof;

      6.    Urges States to take all appropriate measures, in accordance
with international law, at the national and international levels to
prevent any abuse of diplomatic or consular privileges and immunities,
in particular serious abuses, including those involving acts of
violence;

      7.    Recommends that States should cooperate closely with the
State in whose territory abuses of diplomatic and consular privileges
and immunities may have occurred, including by exchanging information
and providing assistance to its judicial authorities in order to bring
offenders to justice;

      8.    Calls upon States that have not yet done so to consider
becoming parties to the instruments relevant to the protection,
security and safety of diplomatic and consular missions and
representatives;

      9.    Also calls upon States, in cases where a dispute arises in
connection with a violation of their international obligations
concerning the protection of the missions or the security of the
representatives and officials mentioned in paragraph 2 above, to make
use of the means for the peaceful settlement of disputes, including
the good offices of the Secretary-General, and requests the Secretary-
General, when he deems it appropriate, to offer his good offices to
the States directly concerned;

      10.   Requests all States to report to the Secretary-General in
accordance with paragraph 9 of resolution 42/154 of 7 December 1987;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to issue a report on the
item, in accordance with paragraph 12 of resolution 42/154, containing
also an analytical summary of the reports received under paragraph 10
above, on an annual basis, as well as to proceed with his other tasks
pursuant to the same resolution;

      12.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
third session the item entitled "Consideration of effective measures
to enhance the protection, security and safety of diplomatic and
consular missions and representatives".


                                                          85th plenary meeting
                                                              16 December 1996


                                     Note

1/    A/51/257 and Add.1.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org