United Nations

A/RES/51/155


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

30 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 142


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [on the report of the Sixth Committee (A/51/622 and Corr.1)]


            51/155.  Status of the Protocols Additional to
                     the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and
                     relating to the protection of victims of
                     armed conflicts

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 32/44 of 8 December 1977, 34/51 of
23 November 1979, 37/116 of 16 December 1982, 39/77 of
13 December 1984, 41/72 of 3 December 1986, 43/161 of 9 December 1988,
45/38 of 28 November 1990, 47/30 of 25 November 1992 and 49/48 of
9 December 1994,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General 1/ on the
status of the Protocols 2/ Additional to the Geneva Conventions of
1949 3/ and relating to the protection of victims of armed conflicts,

      Convinced of the continuing value of established humanitarian
rules relating to armed conflicts and the need to respect and ensure
respect for these rules in all circumstances within the scope of the
relevant international instruments, pending the earliest possible
termination of such conflicts,

      Recalling the possibility of making use of the International
Fact-Finding Commission in relation to an armed conflict, pursuant to
article 90 of Protocol I,

      Stressing the need for consolidating the existing body of
international humanitarian law through its universal acceptance and
the need for wide dissemination and full implementation of such law at
the national level,

      Mindful of the role of the International Committee of the Red
Cross in offering protection to the victims of armed conflicts,

      Noting with appreciation the continuing efforts of the
International Committee of the Red Cross to promote and disseminate
knowledge of the two additional Protocols,

      Noting that the Twenty-sixth International Conference of the Red
Cross and Red Crescent was held at Geneva from 3 to 7 December 1995,

      1.    Appreciates the virtually universal acceptance of the Geneva
Conventions of 1949 3/ and the increasingly wide acceptance of the two
additional Protocols of 1977; 2/

      2.    Appeals to all States parties to the Geneva Conventions of
1949 that have not yet done so to consider becoming parties to the
additional Protocols at the earliest possible date;

      3.    Calls upon all States that are already parties to
Protocol I, or those States not parties, on becoming parties to
Protocol I, to make the declaration provided for under article 90 of
that Protocol;

      4.    Calls upon all States parties to the additional Protocols to
ensure their wide dissemination and full implementation;

      5.    Notes with satisfaction that the Twenty-sixth International
Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent endorsed the Final
Declaration of the International Conference for the Protection of War
Victims, 4/ adopted on 1 September 1993, which reaffirms the
necessity of making the implementation of international humanitarian
law more effective;

      6.    Notes that the Twenty-sixth International Conference also
endorsed the recommendations elaborated by an intergovernmental group
of experts which aim at translating the Final Declaration into
concrete measures, including the recommendation that the depositary of
the Geneva Conventions of 1949 organize periodic meetings of States
parties to these Conventions to consider general problems regarding
the application of international humanitarian law;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the status of the
additional Protocols based on information received from Member States;

      8.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
third session the item entitled "Status of the Protocols Additional to
the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and relating to the protection of
victims of armed conflicts".


                                                          85th plenary meeting
                                                              16 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/51/215 and Corr.1 and Add.1.

2/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1125, Nos. 17512 and 17513.

3/    Ibid., vol. 75, Nos. 970-973.

4/    A/48/742, annex.

 

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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
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