United Nations

A/RES/51/151


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 42


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.19/Rev.1)]


            51/151.  Cooperation between the United Nations
                     and the Organization of African Unity


      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on
cooperation between the United Nations and the Organization of African
Unity, 1/

      Recalling the provisions of Chapter VIII of the Charter of the
United Nations on regional arrangements or agencies, which set forth
the basic principles governing their activities and establishing the
legal framework for cooperation with the United Nations in the area of
the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as
resolution 49/57 of 9 December 1994, the annex to which contains the
Declaration on the Enhancement of Cooperation between the United
Nations and Regional Arrangements or Agencies in the Maintenance of
International Peace and Security,

      Recalling also the agreement of 15 November 1965 on cooperation
between the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity as
updated and signed on 9 October 1990 by the Secretaries-General of the
two organizations,

      Recalling further its resolutions on the enhancement of
cooperation between the United Nations and the Organization of African
Unity, in particular resolutions 43/12 of 25 October 1988, 43/27 of 18
November 1988, 44/17 of 1 November 1989, 45/13 of 7 November 1990,
46/20 of 26 November 1991, 47/148 of 18 December 1992, 48/25 of 29
November 1993, 49/64 of 15 December 1994 and 50/158 of 21 December
1995,

      Recalling that, in its resolutions 46/20, 47/148 and 48/25, it,
inter alia, urged the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the
relevant agencies of the United Nations system to extend their support
for the establishment of the African Economic Community,

      Recalling also its resolution 48/214 of 23 December 1993 on the
implementation of the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of
Africa in the 1990s,

      Taking note of the resolutions, decisions and declarations
adopted by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African
Unity at its sixty-fourth ordinary session, held at Yaounde' from 1 to
5 July 1996, and by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of
the Organization of African Unity at its thirty-second ordinary
session, held at Yaounde' from 8 to 10 July 1996, 2/

      Considering the important statement made by the Chairman of the
Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of
African Unity before the General Assembly on 24 October 1996, 3/

      Mindful of the need for continued and closer cooperation between
the United Nations and its specialized agencies and the Organization
of African Unity, in particular in the political, economic, social,
technical, cultural and administrative fields,

      Noting that the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management and
Resolution of the Organization of African Unity is developing its
capacity in preventive diplomacy,

      Also noting the efforts of the Organization of African Unity, and
the support and assistance of the United Nations, to promote the
peaceful settlement of disputes and conflicts in Africa and the
harmonious continuation of the process of democratization,

      Deeply concerned that, despite the policies of reform being
implemented by most African countries, their economic situation
remains critical and African recovery and development continue to be
severely hindered by the persistence of lower-level commodity prices,
the heavy debt burden and the paucity of funding possibilities,

      Aware of the efforts being made by the Organization of African
Unity and its States members in the area of economic integration and
of the need to accelerate the process of implementation of the African
Economic Community,

      Deeply concerned about the gravity of the situation of refugees
and displaced persons in Africa and the urgent need for increased
international assistance to help refugees and, subsequently, African
countries of asylum,

      Acknowledging the assistance already rendered by the
international community, in particular to refugees, displaced persons
and African countries of asylum,

      Recognizing the importance of developing and maintaining a
culture of peace, tolerance and harmonious relationships in order to
contribute to the prevention of conflicts and wars in Africa,

      Taking note of the report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Whole of
the General Assembly for the Mid-term Review of the Implementation of
the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the
1990s, 4/

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
cooperation between the United Nations and the Organization of African
Unity 1/ and of his efforts to strengthen that cooperation and to
implement the relevant resolutions;

      2.    Notes with appreciation the continued and increasing
participation of the Organization of African Unity in the work of the
United Nations and the specialized agencies and its constructive
contribution to that work;

      3.    Calls upon the United Nations organs, in particular the
Security Council and the Economic and Social Council, to continue to
involve the Organization of African Unity closely in all their
activities concerning Africa;

      4.    Welcomes the fact that both the United Nations and the
Organization of African Unity have agreed to strengthen and broaden
their cooperation in measures to prevent and resolve conflicts in
Africa, and in this regard invites the United Nations to provide the
Organization of African Unity with the necessary support for the
consolidation and promotion of a culture of peace, tolerance and
harmonious relationships in Africa;

      5.    Calls upon the United Nations to coordinate its efforts and
to cooperate with the Organization of African Unity in the context of
the pacific settlement of disputes and the maintenance of
international peace and security in Africa, as provided for under
Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations;

      6.    Commends the efforts of the Organization of African Unity to
strengthen its capacity in the field of conflict resolution and to
operationalize its Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management and
Resolution in Africa;

      7.    Also commends the United Nations and the Organization of
African Unity for their ongoing cooperative activities in the
resolution of conflicts in Africa, and stresses the need to enhance
and strengthen the existing pattern of exchange of information and
consultations, especially in the areas of preventive diplomacy,
peacemaking and peacekeeping operations;

      8.    Invites the United Nations to assist the Organization of
African Unity in strengthening its institutional and operational
capacity in the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts in
Africa, in particular in the following areas:

      (a)   Establishment of an early-warning system;

      (b)   Technical assistance and training of personnel, including a
staff exchange programme;

      (c)   Exchange and coordination of information between their
respective early-warning systems;

      (d)   Logistical support;

      (e)   Mobilization of financial support;

      9.    Urges the United Nations to enhance its cooperation with,
and facilitate the participation of, the Organization of African Unity
in its preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacekeeping operations
and in joint fact-finding missions in Africa, by providing technical
assistance and secondments and assisting in the mobilization of
financial and logistical support;

      10.   Also urges the United Nations to encourage donor countries,
in consultation with the Organization of African Unity, to provide
adequate funding and training for African countries in their efforts
to enhance their peacekeeping capabilities, with a view to enabling
those countries to participate actively in peacekeeping operations
within the framework of the United Nations;

      11.   Notes with appreciation the assistance provided by the
United Nations and its agencies to African countries in the context of
the democratization process;

      12.   Urges the United Nations to continue to support the
Organization of African Unity in its efforts to manage a peaceful
democratic transition in Africa, in particular in the areas of
education for democracy, election observation, human rights and
freedom, including technical support to the African Commission on
Human and Peoples' Rights;

      13.   Urges all Member States and regional and international
organizations, in particular those of the United Nations system, as
well as non-governmental organizations, to provide the necessary and
appropriate economic, financial and technical assistance to refugees
and displaced persons, as well as to the African countries of asylum,
taking into account recent disquieting developments in this respect;

      14.   Commends the continued efforts of the Organization of
African Unity to promote multilateral cooperation and economic
integration among African States, and requests the United Nations
agencies to continue to support those efforts;

      15.   Stresses that the economic, technical and development
assistance provided to Africa by the organizations of the United
Nations system must continue, and emphasizes the current need for
those organizations to accord priority to Africa in this field;

      16.   Urges the Secretary-General, Member States, regional and
international organizations, in particular those of the United Nations
system, and non-governmental organizations to extend their support to
the operations of the African Economic Community and to assist in
economic integration and cooperation in Africa, in particular the
strengthening of the regional economic communities, the preparation of
the protocols to the Treaty Establishing the African Economic
Community, its popularization and the strengthening of its
institutional support;

      17.   Requests the agencies of the United Nations system working
in Africa to include in their programmes at the national and regional
levels activities that will enhance regional cooperation in their
respective areas and to facilitate the realization of the objectives
of the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community;

      18.   Calls upon the United Nations agencies to intensify the
coordination of their regional programmes in Africa in order to create
interlinkages among them and to ensure the harmonization of their
programmes with those of the African regional and subregional economic
organizations;

      19.   Emphasizes the urgency of the need to adopt appropriate
measures to ensure the effective implementation of the United Nations
New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s, in particular
regarding (a) economic reforms, including the effective mobilization
and efficient utilization of domestic resources, (b) promotion of the
private sector and foreign direct investment, (c) intensification of
the democratic process and the strengthening of civil society,
(d) environment and development, (e) resource flows, (f) solution of
Africa's debt problem, (g) trade facilitation and market access,
(h) diversification of African economies, (i) improvement of physical
and institutional infrastructure and social and human resource
development and (j) women in development;

      20.   Urges all States and international subregional and regional
organizations actively to implement the recommendations of the Ad Hoc
Committee of the Whole of the General Assembly for the Mid-term Review
of the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the
1990s, as adopted by the General Assembly at its fifty-first session;

      21.   Invites the Secretary-General to associate the Organization
of African Unity closely with the follow-up and monitoring of the
implementation of the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of
Africa in the 1990s, including the conduct of the final review of its
implementation in the year 2002;

      22.   Invites the Secretary-General of the United Nations to work
closely with the Secretary-General of the Organization of African
Unity on the implementation of the United Nations New Agenda for the
Development of Africa in the 1990s, and requests that it be given
prominence at the annual meeting of the two organizations;

      23.   Recalls its resolution 48/214, in paragraph 10 of which it
invited the Secretary-General to follow up and promote the responses
of the United Nations system and the international community to the
development concerns of Africa, as expressed in the United Nations New
Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s;

      24.   Takes note with appreciation of the recommendations of the
meeting between the secretariats of the Organization of African Unity
and the United Nations held at Addis Ababa from 6 to 9 November 1995,
and requests the convening of a follow-up meeting in 1997, at Addis
Ababa, to review and evaluate the progress made in the implementation
of the recommendations agreed at the 1995 meeting and to adopt new and
effective joint action;

      25.   Calls upon the relevant organs of the United Nations system
to ensure the effective, fair and equitable representation of Africa
at senior and policy levels at their respective headquarters and in
their regional field operations;

      26.   Requests the relevant organs of the United Nations system to
continue to assist the Organization of African Unity in strengthening
its capacity for information gathering, analysis and dissemination
through the training of personnel and the mobilization of technical
and financial assistance;

      27.   Requests the Secretary-General to strengthen and improve
follow-up, monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the
United Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa;

      28.   Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution and on the development of cooperation between the
Organization of African Unity and the organizations of the United
Nations system.

                                                          84th plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/51/386.

2/    A/51/524, annexes I and II.

3/    See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first
Session, Plenary meetings, 40th meeting, and corrigendum.

4/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 48 (A/51/48).

 

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