United Nations

A/RES/51/146


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 19


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

              [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.51)]


            51/146.  Implementation of the Declaration on the
                     Granting of Independence to Colonial
                     Countries and Peoples


      The General Assembly,

      Having examined the report of the Special Committee on the
Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the
Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, 1/

      Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960,
containing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples, and all its subsequent resolutions concerning
the implementation of the Declaration, most recently resolution 50/39
of 6 December 1995, as well as the relevant resolutions of the
Security Council,

      Recognizing that the eradication of colonialism is one of the
priorities of the Organization for the decade that began in 1990,

      Deeply conscious of the need to take, speedily, measures to
eliminate the last vestiges of colonialism by the year 2000, as called
for in its resolution 43/47 of 22 November 1988,

      Reiterating its conviction of the need for the elimination of
colonialism, as well as of the need for the total eradication of
racial discrimination and violations of basic human rights,

      Noting with satisfaction the achievements of the Special
Committee in contributing to the effective and complete implementation
of the Declaration and other relevant resolutions of the United
Nations on decolonization,

      Stressing the importance of the participation of the
administering Powers in the work of the Special Committee,

      Noting with satisfaction the cooperation and active participation
of some administering Powers in the work of the Special Committee, as
well as their continued readiness to receive United Nations visiting
missions in the Territories under their administration,

      Noting with concern the negative impact that the non-
participation of certain administering Powers has had on the work of
the Special Committee, depriving it of an important source of
information on the Territories under their administration,

      Aware of the pressing need of newly independent and emerging
States for assistance from the United Nations and its system of
organizations in the economic, social and other fields,

      Aware also of the pressing need of the remaining Non-Self-
Governing Territories, including in particular the small island
Territories, for economic, social and other assistance from the United
Nations and the organizations within its system,

      Taking special note of the fact that the Special Committee held a
Pacific Regional Seminar to Review the Situation in the Non-Self-
Governing Territories, particularly their Political Evolution towards
Self-Determination by the Year 2000, at Port Moresby from 12 to
14 June 1996, 2/

      1.    Reaffirms its resolution 1514 (XV) and all other resolutions
on decolonization, including its resolution 43/47, in which it
declared the decade that began in 1990 as the International Decade for
the Eradication of Colonialism, and calls upon the administering
Powers, in accordance with those resolutions, to take all necessary
steps to enable the peoples of the Territories concerned to exercise
fully as soon as possible their right to self-determination, including
independence;

      2.    Affirms once again that the continuation of colonialism in
any form or manifestation, including economic exploitation, is
incompatible with the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights 3/ and the Declaration on the Granting
of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples;

      3.    Reaffirms its determination to continue to take all steps
necessary to bring about the complete and speedy eradication of
colonialism and the faithful observance by all States of the relevant
provisions of the Charter, the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights;

      4.    Affirms once again its support for the aspirations of the
peoples under colonial rule to exercise their right to self-
determination, including independence;

      5.    Approves the report of the Special Committee on the
Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the
Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples covering
its work during 1996, including the programme of work envisaged for
1997; 4/

      6.    Calls upon all States, in particular the administering
Powers, as well as the specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system, to give effect within their respective
spheres of competence to the recommendations of the Special Committee
for the implementation of the Declaration and other relevant
resolutions of the United Nations;

      7.    Calls upon the administering Powers to ensure that no
activity of foreign economic and other interests in the Non-Self-
Governing Territories under their administration hinders the peoples
of those Territories from exercising their right to self-
determination, including independence;

      8.    Takes note of the decision of some of the administering
Powers to close or reduce some of the military bases in the Non-Self-
Governing Territories;

      9.    Calls upon the administering Powers to eliminate the
remaining military bases in the Non-Self-Governing Territories in
compliance with the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly, and
urges them not to involve those Territories in any offensive acts or
interference against other States;

      10.   Urges all States, directly and through their action in the
specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations
system, to provide moral and material assistance to the peoples of
colonial Territories, and requests that the administering Powers, in
consultation with the Governments of the Territories under their
administration, take steps to enlist and make effective use of all
possible assistance, on both a bilateral and a multilateral basis, in
the strengthening of the economies of those Territories;

      11.   Requests the Special Committee to continue to seek suitable
means for the immediate and full implementation of the Declaration and
to carry out those actions approved by the General Assembly regarding
the International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism in all
Territories that have not yet exercised their right to self-
determination, including independence, and in particular:

      (a)   To formulate specific proposals for the elimination of the
remaining manifestations of colonialism and to report thereon to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session;

      (b)   To continue to examine the implementation by Member States
of resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions on
decolonization;

      (c)   To continue to pay special attention to the small
Territories, in particular through the dispatch of regular visiting
missions, and to recommend to the General Assembly the most suitable
steps to be taken to enable the populations of those Territories to
exercise their right to self-determination  and independence;

      (d)   To take all necessary steps to enlist worldwide support
among Governments, as well as national and international
organizations, for the achievement of the objectives of the
Declaration and the implementation of the relevant resolutions of the
United Nations;

      12.   Calls upon the administering Powers to continue to cooperate
with the Special Committee in the discharge of its mandate and to
receive visiting missions to the Territories to secure first-hand
information and to ascertain the wishes and aspirations of their
inhabitants;

      13.   Also calls upon the administering Powers that have not
participated in the work of the Special Committee to do so at its 1997
session;

      14.   Requests the Secretary-General, the specialized agencies and
other organizations of the United Nations system to provide economic,
social and other assistance to the Non-Self-Governing Territories and
to continue to do so, as appropriate, after they exercise their right
to self-determination, including independence;

      15.   Requests the Secretary-General to provide the Special
Committee with the facilities and services required for the
implementation of the present resolution, as well as of the other
resolutions and decisions on decolonization adopted by the General
Assembly and the Special Committee.

                                                          83rd plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/51/23 (Parts I to VIII); see Official Records of the General
Assembly, Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 23.

2/    See A/AC.109/2058.

3/    Resolution 217 A (III).

4/    A/51/23 (Part I), chap. I, sect. J.; see Official Records of the
General Assembly, Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 23. 

 

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