United Nations

A/RES/51/143


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 19


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

     [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
                        (Fourth Committee) (A/51/588)]


            51/143.     Question of Western Sahara

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered in depth the question of Western Sahara,

      Reaffirming the inalienable right of all peoples to self-
determination and independence, in accordance with the principles set
forth in the Charter of the United Nations and in General Assembly
resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the Declaration
on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,

      Recalling its resolution 50/36 of 6 December 1995,

      Recalling also the agreement in principle given on 30 August 1988
by the Kingdom of Morocco and the Frente Popular para la Liberacio'n
de Saguia el-Hamra y de Ri'o de Oro to the proposals of the Secretary-
General of the United Nations and the then Chairman of the Assembly of
Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity in
the context of their joint mission of good offices,

      Recalling further Security Council resolutions 658 (1990) of 27
June 1990 and 690 (1991) of 29 April 1991, by which the Council
approved the settlement plan for Western Sahara,

      Recalling all the Security Council resolutions relating to the
question of Western Sahara, in particular resolutions 621 (1988) of 20
September 1988, 725 (1991) of 31 December 1991, 809 (1993) of 2 March
1993, 907 (1994) of 29 March 1994, 973 (1995) of 13 January 1995, 995
(1995) of 26 May 1995, 1002 (1995) of 30 June 1995, 1017 (1995) of 22
September 1995, 1033 (1995) of 19 December 1995 and 1042 (1996) of 31
January 1996, as well as all General Assembly resolutions relating to
the question of Western Sahara,

      Recalling with satisfaction the entry into force of the ceasefire
in Western Sahara on 6 September 1991, in accordance with the proposal
of the Secretary-General, and stressing the importance it attaches to
the maintenance of the ceasefire as an integral part of the settlement
plan,

      Reaffirming the responsibility of the United Nations towards the
people of Western Sahara, as provided for in the settlement plan,

      Taking note of Security Council resolution 1056 (1996) of 29 May
1996, by which the Council decided to suspend the identification
process and to reduce the military component of the United Nations
Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara owing to the absence of
progress in the implementation of the settlement plan,

      Seriously concerned about the risks that this impasse has on the
implementation process of the settlement plan for the holding of a
free, fair and impartial referendum for self-determination of the
people of Western Sahara and on the peace and stability of the region,

      Stressing the importance and usefulness of the resumption of
direct talks between the Kingdom of Morocco and the Frente Popular
para la Liberacio'n de Saguia el-Hamra y de Ri'o de Oro in order to
create an atmosphere of mutual confidence necessary for overcoming the
obstacles to the implementation of the settlement plan,

      Having examined the relevant chapter of the report of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples, 1/

      Having also examined the report of the Secretary-General, 2/

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General;

      2.    Reiterates its support for further efforts of the Secretary-
General for the organization and supervision by the United Nations, in
cooperation with the Organization of African Unity, of a referendum
for self-determination of the people of Western Sahara, in conformity
with Security Council resolutions 658 (1990) and 690 (1991), by which
the Council approved the settlement plan for Western Sahara;

      3.    Reaffirms that the goal on which all were agreed consists of
the holding of a free, fair and impartial referendum for the people of
Western Sahara, organized and conducted by the United Nations in
cooperation with the Organization of African Unity and without any
military or administrative constraints, in conformity with the
settlement plan;

      4.    Expresses its serious concern about the persistence of
obstacles to the implementation of the settlement plan;

      5.    Takes note of Security Council resolution 1056 (1996), by
which the Council decided to suspend the identification process and to
reduce the military component of the United Nations Mission for the
Referendum in Western Sahara owing to the absence of progress in the
implementation of the settlement plan;

      6.    Reaffirms the responsibility of the United Nations towards
the people of Western Sahara, as provided for in the settlement plan,
and in this regard fully subscribes to the commitment of the Security
Council and the Secretary-General concerning the fulfilment of their
respective mandates, consisting of the holding of a free, fair and
impartial referendum for self-determination of the people of Western
Sahara;

      7.    Declares its conviction of the importance and usefulness of
direct contacts between the two parties with a view to overcoming
their differences and creating propitious conditions for a speedy and
effective implementation of the settlement plan, and encourages in
this regard the Kingdom of Morocco and the Frente Popular para la
Liberacio'n de Saguia el-Hamra y de Ri'o de Oro to start direct talks
as soon as possible;

      8.    Requests the Special Committee on the Situation with regard
to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples to continue to consider
the situation in Western Sahara, bearing in mind the ongoing
referendum process, and to report thereon to the General Assembly at
its fifty-second session;

      9.    Invites the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution.

                                                          83rd plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 23 (A/51/23), chap. IX.

2/   A/51/428.

 

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