United Nations

A/RES/51/140


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 89


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

     [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
                        (Fourth Committee) (A/51/596)]


            51/140.     Activities of foreign economic and
                        other interests which impede the
                        implementation of the Declaration on
                        the Granting of Independence to
                        Colonial Countries and Peoples in
                        Territories under colonial domination

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the item entitled "Activities of foreign
economic and other interests which impede the implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples in Territories under colonial domination",

      Having examined the chapter of the report of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples relating to the item, 1/

      Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, as well
as all its other relevant resolutions, including, in particular,
resolution 46/181 of 19 December 1991, endorsing the Plan of Action
for the International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism, 2/

      Reaffirming the solemn obligation of the administering Powers
under the Charter of the United Nations to promote the political,
economic, social and educational advancement of the inhabitants of the
Territories under their administration and to protect the human and
natural resources of those Territories against abuses,

      Reaffirming also that any economic or other activity that
constitutes an obstacle to the implementation of the Declaration on
the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and
obstructs efforts aimed at the elimination of colonialism is a direct
violation of the rights of the inhabitants and of the principles of
the Charter and all relevant resolutions of the United Nations,

      Reaffirming further that the natural resources are the heritage
of the indigenous populations of the colonial and Non-Self-Governing
Territories, 

      Aware of the special circumstances of the geographical location,
size and economic conditions of each Territory, and bearing in mind
the need to promote the economic stability, diversification and
strengthening of the economy of each Territory,

      Conscious of the particular vulnerability of the small
Territories to natural disasters and environmental degradation,

      Conscious also that foreign economic investment, when done in
collaboration with the peoples of the Non-Self-Governing Territories
and in accordance with their wishes, could make a valid contribution
to the socio-economic development of the Territories and could also
make a valid contribution to the exercise of their right to self-
determination,

      Concerned about the activities of those foreign economic,
financial and other interests which exploit the natural and human
resources of the Non-Self-Governing Territories to the detriment of
the interests of the inhabitants of those Territories and deprive them
of their right to control the wealth of their countries,

      Bearing in mind the relevant provisions of the final documents of
the successive Conferences of Heads of State or Government of Non-
Aligned Countries and of the resolutions adopted by the Assembly of
Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity,
the South Pacific Forum and the Caribbean Community,

      1.    Reaffirms the right of peoples of Non-Self-Governing
Territories to self-determination in conformity with the Charter of
the United Nations and General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV),
containing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples, as well as their right to enjoyment of their
natural resources and their right to dispose of those resources in
their best interest;

      2.    Affirms the value of foreign economic investment undertaken
in collaboration with the people of the Non-Self-Governing Territories
and in accordance with their wishes in order to make a valid
contribution to the socio-economic development of the Territories;

      3.    Reiterates that any administering Power that deprives the
colonial peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories of the exercise of
their legitimate rights over their natural resources, or subordinates
the rights and interests of those peoples to foreign economic and
financial interests, violates the solemn obligations it has assumed
under the Charter;

      4.    Reaffirms its concern about the activities of those foreign
economic, financial and other interests which continue to exploit the
natural resources that are the heritage of the indigenous populations
of the colonial and Non-Self-Governing Territories in the Caribbean,
the Pacific and other regions, as well as their human resources, to
the detriment of their interests, thus depriving them of their right
to control the resources of their Territories and impeding the
realization by those peoples of their legitimate aspirations for self-
determination and independence;

      5.    Reiterates its deep concern about those activities of
foreign economic and other interests in the colonial and Non-Self-
Governing Territories which are impeding the implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and
Peoples, contained in its resolution 1514 (XV), and the efforts to
eliminate colonialism;

      6.    Calls once again upon all Governments that have not yet done
so to take, in accordance with the relevant provisions of its
resolution 2621 (XXV) of 12 October 1970, legislative, administrative
or other measures in respect of their nationals and the bodies
corporate under their jurisdiction that own and operate enterprises in
colonial and Non-Self-Governing Territories that are detrimental to
the interests of the inhabitants of those Territories, in order to put
an end to such enterprises and to prevent new investments that run
counter to the interests of the inhabitants of those Territories;

      7.    Reiterates that the damaging exploitation and plundering of
the marine and other natural resources of colonial and Non-Self-
Governing Territories by foreign economic interests, in violation of
the relevant resolutions of the United Nations, is a threat to the
integrity and prosperity of those Territories;

      8.    Invites all Governments and organizations of the United
Nations system to take all possible measures to ensure that the
permanent sovereignty of the peoples of colonial and Non-Self-
Governing Territories over their natural resources is fully respected
and safeguarded;

      9.    Urges the administering Powers concerned to take effective
measures to safeguard and guarantee the inalienable right of the
peoples of the colonial and Non-Self-Governing Territories to their
natural resources and to establish and maintain control over the
future development of those resources, and requests the administering
Powers to take all necessary steps to protect the property rights of
the peoples of those Territories;

      10.   Calls upon the administering Powers concerned to ensure that
no discriminatory working conditions prevail in the Territories under
their administration and to promote in each Territory a fair system of
wages applicable to all the inhabitants without any discrimination;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue, through all
means at his disposal, to inform world public opinion of those
activities of foreign economic and other interests which impede the
implementation of the Declaration;

      12.   Appeals to the mass media, trade unions and non-governmental
organizations, as well as individuals, to continue their efforts for
the implementation of the Declaration;

      13.   Decides to follow the situation in the colonial and Non-
Self-Governing Territories so as to ensure that all economic
activities in those Territories are aimed at strengthening and
diversifying their economies in the interest of the indigenous peoples
and at promoting the economic and financial viability of those
Territories, in order to facilitate and accelerate the exercise by the
peoples of those Territories of their right to self-determination and
independence;

      14.   Requests the Special Committee on the Situation with regard
to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples to continue to examine
this question and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session.

                                                          83rd plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 23 (A/51/23), chap. V.

2/    See A/46/634/Rev.1 and Corr.1.

 

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