United Nations

A/RES/51/135


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 85


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

          [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization
                   Committee (Fourth Committee) (A/51/592)]


            51/135.     The occupied Syrian Golan

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the reports of the Special Committee to
Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the
Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories, 1/

      Deeply concerned that the Syrian Golan occupied since 1967 has
been under continued Israeli military occupation,

      Recalling Security Council resolution 497 (1981) of
17 December 1981,

      Recalling also its previous relevant resolutions, the last of
which was resolution 50/29 D of 6 December 1995,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of
17 October 1996, 2/

      Recalling its previous relevant resolutions in which, inter alia,
it called upon Israel to put an end to its occupation of the Arab
territories,

      Reaffirming once more the illegality of the decision of 14
December 1981 taken by Israel to impose its laws, jurisdiction and
administration on the occupied Syrian Golan, which has resulted in the
effective annexation of that territory,

      Reaffirming that the acquisition of territory by force is
inadmissible under the Charter of the United Nations,

      Reaffirming also the applicability of the Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12
August 1949, 3/ to the occupied Syrian Golan,

      Bearing in mind Security Council resolution 237 (1967) of 14 June
1967,

      Welcoming the convening at Madrid of the Peace Conference on the
Middle East on the basis of Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) of
22 November 1967 and 338 (1973) of 22 October 1973 aimed at the
realization of a just, comprehensive and lasting peace, and stressing
the need for rapid progress in all bilateral negotiations,

      1.    Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to comply with the
relevant resolutions on the occupied Syrian Golan, in particular
Security Council resolution 497 (1981), in which the Council,
inter alia, decided that the Israeli decision to impose its laws,
jurisdiction and administration on the occupied Syrian Golan was null
and void and without international legal effect, and demanded that
Israel, the occupying Power, should rescind forthwith its decision;

      2.    Also calls upon Israel to desist from changing the physical
character, demographic composition, institutional structure and legal
status of the occupied Syrian Golan and in particular to desist from
the establishment of settlements;

      3.    Determines that all legislative and administrative measures
and actions taken or to be taken by Israel, the occupying Power, that
purport to alter the character and legal status of the occupied Syrian
Golan are null and void, constitute a flagrant violation of
international law and of the Geneva Convention relative to the
Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, 3/ and
have no legal effect;

      4.    Calls upon Israel to desist from imposing Israeli
citizenship and Israeli identity cards on the Syrian citizens in the
occupied Syrian Golan, and to desist from its repressive measures
against the population of the occupied Syrian Golan;

      5.    Deplores the violations by Israel of the Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12
August 1949;

      6.    Calls once again upon Member States not to recognize any of
the legislative or administrative measures and actions referred to
above;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution.


                                                          83rd plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996

                                     Notes

1/    See A/51/99/Add.2 and 3.

2/    A/51/518.

3/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

 

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