United Nations

A/RES/51/134


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 85


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

          [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization
                   Committee (Fourth Committee) (A/51/592)]


            51/134.     Israeli practices affecting the human
                        rights of the Palestinian people in
                        the occupied Palestinian territory,
                        including Jerusalem

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its relevant resolutions and the resolutions of the
Commission on Human Rights,

      Bearing in mind the relevant resolutions of the Security Council,
the most recent of which are resolutions 904 (1994) of 18 March 1994
and 1073 (1996) of 28 September 1996,

      Having considered the reports of the Special Committee to
Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the
Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories 1/ and
the reports of the Secretary-General, 2/

      Aware of the responsibility of the international community to
promote human rights and ensure respect for international law,

      Reaffirming the principle of the inadmissibility of the
acquisition of territory by force,

      Reaffirming also the applicability of the Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12
August 1949,  3/ to the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967,

      Welcoming the signing of the Declaration of Principles on Interim
Self-Government Arrangements by the Government of the State of Israel
and the Palestine Liberation Organization in Washington on 13
September 1993, 4/ as well as the subsequent implementation
agreements, including the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the
Gaza Strip signed in Washington on 28 September 1995,

      Noting the withdrawal of the Israeli army, which took place in
the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area in accordance with the agreements
reached between the parties, and the initiation of the Palestinian
Authority in those areas,

      Noting also the redeployment of the Israeli army from six cities
in the West Bank,

      Concerned about the continuing violation of the human rights of
the Palestinian people by Israel, the occupying Power, especially the
use of collective punishment, closure of areas, annexation and
establishment of settlements and the continuing actions by it designed
to change the legal status, geographical nature and demographic
composition of the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem,

      Expressing its deep concern in particular over the closure by the
Israeli authorities of the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, which prevents the freedom of movement of persons and goods
and is the cause of great economic and social hardship, in violation
of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian
Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, and the agreements reached
between the two sides,

      Convinced of the positive impact of a temporary international or
foreign presence in the occupied Palestinian territory for the safety
and protection of the Palestinian people,

      Expressing its appreciation to the countries that participated in
the Temporary International Presence in Hebron for their positive
contribution,

      Convinced of the need for the full implementation of Security
Council resolutions 904 (1994) and 1073 (1996),

      1.    Determines that all measures and actions taken by Israel,
the occupying Power, in the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, in violation of the relevant provisions of the Geneva
Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of
War, of 12 August 1949, 3/ and contrary to the relevant resolutions of the
Security Council, are illegal and have no validity and that such measures
should cease immediately;

      2.    Demands that Israel, the occupying Power, cease all
practices and actions which violate the human rights of the
Palestinian people;

      3.    Calls for an immediate end of the closure and the assurance
of the freedom of movement of persons and goods within the Palestinian
territory and with the outside world in conformity with international
law and the agreements reached;

      4.    Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to accelerate the
release of all remaining Palestinians arbitrarily detained or
imprisoned, in line with agreements reached;

      5.    Calls for complete respect by Israel, the occupying Power,
of all fundamental freedoms of the Palestinian people, pending the
extension of the self-government arrangements to the rest of the
occupied territory;

      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution.


                                                          83rd plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See A/51/99 and Add.1-3.

2/    A/51/514 and A/51/516-518.

3/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

4/    A/48/486-S/26560, annex; see Official Records of the Security
Council, Forty-eighth Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1993, document S/26560.

 

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