United Nations

A/RES/51/122


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

4 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 83


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

     [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
                        (Fourth Committee) (A/51/590)]


            51/122.     Declaration on International
                        Cooperation in the Exploration and Use
                        of Outer Space for the Benefit and in
                        the Interest of All States, Taking
                        into Particular Account the Needs of
                        Developing Countries

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Committee on the Peaceful
Uses of Outer Space on the work of its thirty-ninth session 1/ and
the text of the Declaration on International Cooperation in the
Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest
of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing
Countries, as approved by the Committee and annexed to its report, 2/

      Bearing in mind the relevant provisions of the Charter of the
United Nations,

      Recalling notably the provisions of the Treaty on Principles
Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer
Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 3/

      Recalling also its relevant resolutions relating to activities in
outer space,

      Bearing in mind the recommendations of the Second United Nations
Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, 4/
and of other international conferences relevant in this field,

      Recognizing the growing scope and significance of international
cooperation among States and between States and international
organizations in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful
purposes,

      Considering experiences gained in international cooperative
ventures,

      Convinced of the necessity and the significance of further
strengthening international cooperation in order to reach broad and
efficient collaboration in this field for the mutual benefit and in
the interest of all parties involved,

      Desirous of facilitating the application of the principle that
the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other
celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefit and in the
interest of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or
scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind,

      Adopts the Declaration on International Cooperation in the
Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest
of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing
Countries, set forth in the annex to the present resolution.

                                                          83rd plenary meeting
                                                              13 December 1996


                                     ANNEX

          Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration
          and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest 
          of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of 
                             Developing Countries

1.    International cooperation in the exploration and use of outer
space for peaceful purposes (hereinafter "international cooperation")
shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of international
law, including the Charter of the United Nations and the Treaty on
Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and
Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. 3/ 
It shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interest of all
States, irrespective of their degree of economic, social or scientific
and technological development, and shall be the province of all
mankind.  Particular account should be taken of the needs of
developing countries.

2.    States are free to determine all aspects of their participation
in international cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space
on an equitable and mutually acceptable basis.  Contractual terms in
such cooperative ventures should be fair and reasonable and they
should be in full compliance with the legitimate rights and interests
of the parties concerned, as, for example, with intellectual property
rights.

3.    All States, particularly those with relevant space capabilities
and with programmes for the exploration and use of outer space, should
contribute to promoting and fostering international cooperation on an
equitable and mutually acceptable basis.  In this context, particular
attention should be given to the benefit and the interests of
developing countries and countries with incipient space programmes
stemming from such international cooperation conducted with countries
with more advanced space capabilities.

4.    International cooperation should be conducted in the modes that
are considered most effective and appropriate by the countries
concerned, including, inter alia, governmental and non-governmental;
commercial and non-commercial; global, multilateral, regional or
bilateral; and international cooperation among countries in all levels
of development.

5.    International cooperation, while taking into particular account
the needs of developing countries, should aim, inter alia, at the
following goals, considering their need for technical assistance and
rational and efficient allocation of financial and technical
resources:

      (a)   Promoting the development of space science and technology
and of its applications;

      (b)   Fostering the development of relevant and appropriate space
capabilities in interested States;

      (c)   Facilitating the exchange of expertise and technology among
States on a mutually acceptable basis.

6.    National and international agencies, research institutions,
organizations for development aid, and developed and developing
countries alike should consider the appropriate use of space
applications and the potential of international cooperation for
reaching their development goals.

7.    The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space should be
strengthened in its role, among others, as a forum for the exchange of
information on national and international activities in the field of
international cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space.

8.    All States should be encouraged to contribute to the United
Nations Programme on Space Applications and to other initiatives in
the field of international cooperation in accordance with their space
capabilities and their participation in the exploration and use of
outer space.


                                     Notes

1/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 20 (A/51/20).

2/    Ibid., annex IV.

3/    Resolution 2222 (XXI), annex.

4/    See Report of the Second United Nations Conference on the
Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, Vienna, 9-21 August 1982
and corrigenda (A/CONF.101/10 and Corr.1 and 2).

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org