United Nations

A/RES/51/118


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

6 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (d)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.4)]


            51/118.     Comprehensive implementation of and
                        follow-up to the Vienna Declaration
                        and Programme of Action


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 48/121 of 20 December 1993, in which it
endorsed the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, 1/ adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights, held at Vienna from 14 to
25 June 1993, as well as its subsequent resolutions on this matter,

      Reaffirming the view of the World Conference that the promotion
and protection of human rights is a matter of priority for the
international community,

      Considering that the promotion of universal respect for and
observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms is one of the
basic purposes of the Charter of the United Nations and one of the
main priorities of the Organization, 

      Convinced that the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action has
to be translated into effective action by States, the competent United
Nations organs and organizations and other organizations concerned,
including non-governmental organizations,

      Recognizing the importance of dialogue and cooperation between
Governments and non-governmental organizations in the field of human
rights,

      Recalling the request of the Conference to the Secretary-General
and the General Assembly to take immediate steps to increase
substantially the resources for the human rights programme from within
the existing and future regular budgets of the United Nations,

      Recalling also part II, paragraph 100, of the Vienna Declaration
and Programme of Action, in which the Conference requested the
Secretary-General to invite, on the occasion of the fiftieth
anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, all States
and all organs and agencies of the United Nations system related to
human rights to report to him on the progress made in the
implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action and
to submit a report to the General Assembly at its fifty-third session,
through the Commission on Human Rights and the Economic and Social
Council,

      Recalling further that regional and, as appropriate, national
human rights institutions, as well as non-governmental organizations,
may present their views to the Secretary-General on the progress made
in the implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action and that special attention should be paid to assessing the
progress towards the goal of universal ratification of international
human rights treaties and protocols adopted within the framework of
the United Nations,

      Recalling that by its resolution 48/141 of 20 December 1993 the
General Assembly decided to create the post of United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights as the United Nations official with
principal responsibility for United Nations human rights activities,
including coordination of the human rights promotion and protection
activities throughout the United Nations system,

      Noting that, at the first regular session of 1994 of the
Administrative Committee on Coordination, held in April, the executive
heads of all United Nations agencies discussed the implications of the
results of the Conference for their respective programmes and
committed themselves to support the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights in the coordination of the United Nations organs,
bodies and the specialized agencies whose activities deal with human
rights, as set out in resolution 48/141,

      Recognizing that the interdependence of democracy, development
and respect for human rights, as stated in the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action, requires a comprehensive and integrated approach
to the promotion and protection of human rights and that adequate
inter-agency cooperation and coordination are essential in order to
ensure such a fully integrated approach throughout the United Nations
system,

      Noting that the High Commissioner has established a permanent
dialogue with the United Nations programmes and agencies whose
activities deal with human rights in order to maintain systematic
exchanges of information, experience and expertise,

      Welcoming the fact that the call of the World Conference on Human
Rights for a United Nations system-wide approach to human rights
issues has been reflected in the recommendations of major
international conferences organized by the United Nations in the
economic, social and related fields,

      Noting the ongoing efforts to ensure a coordinated follow-up to
major international conferences in the economic, social and related
fields,

      Recalling that each year the Economic and Social Council shall
carry out, within the framework of its coordination segment, a review
of cross-cutting themes common to major international conferences
and/or contribute to an overall review of the implementation of the
programme of action of a United Nations conference, in accordance with
agreed conclusions 1995/1 of the Economic and Social Council, 2/

      Having considered the report of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights, 3/ in particular chapter IX, entitled
"1998: Human Rights Year",

      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the promotion of universal
respect for and observance and protection of all human rights and
fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Charter of the United
Nations, as expressed in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action;

      2.    Reaffirms also the views of the World Conference on Human
Rights on the urgency of eliminating denials and violations of human
rights;

      3.    Recognizes that the international community should devise
ways and means to remove current obstacles and meet the challenges to
the full realization of all human rights and to prevent the
continuation of human rights violations resulting therefrom throughout
the world;

      4.    Calls upon all States to take further action with a view to
the full realization of all human rights in the light of the
recommendations of the Conference;

      5.    Urges all States to continue to give widespread publicity to
the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, including through
training programmes, human rights education and public information, in
order to promote increased awareness of human rights and fundamental
freedoms;

      6.    Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, the General Assembly and the Commission on Human Rights and
other organs and bodies of the United Nations system related to human
rights to take further action with a view to the full implementation
of all the recommendations of the Conference;

      7.    Also requests the High Commissioner to continue to
coordinate the human rights promotion and protection activities
throughout the United Nations system, as set out in resolution 48/141,
including through a permanent dialogue with the United Nations
agencies and programmes whose activities deal with human rights;

      8.    Invites the Administrative Committee on Coordination to
continue to discuss the implications of the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action for the United Nations system, with the
participation of the High Commissioner;

      9.    Takes note of the intention of the High Commissioner to
invite all States and all organs and agencies of the United Nations
system related to human rights to carry out a thorough evaluation of
the implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,
as part of the 1998 five-year review foreseen in part II,
paragraph 100, of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action;

      10.   Welcomes the inter-agency consultations of the High
Commissioner with all United Nations programmes and agencies whose
activities deal with human rights for the preparation of the 1998
five-year review, and calls upon them to contribute actively to this
process;

      11.   Encourages regional and national human rights institutions
as well as non-governmental organizations to present, on this
occasion, their views on the progress made in the implementation of
the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action;

      12.   Welcomes and supports Economic and Social Council decision
1996/283 of 24 July 1996, 4/ in which the Council endorsed the
recommendation of the Commission on Human Rights to consider devoting
the coordination segment at its substantive session of 1998 to the
question of the coordinated follow-up to and implementation of the
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action as part of the 1998
five-year review foreseen in part II, paragraph 100, of the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action;

      13.   Requests the High Commissioner to continue to report on the
measures taken and the progress achieved in the comprehensive
implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, in
particular concerning the preparation of the 1998 five-year review;

      14.   Decides to consider this question at its fifty-second
session under the sub-item entitled "Comprehensive implementation of
and follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action".


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

2/    See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth Session,
Supplement No. 3 (A/50/3/Rev.1), chap. III, para. 22.

3/    See A/51/36; see Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-
first Session, Supplement No. 36.

4/    See A/51/3 (Part II), chap. V, sect. A; see Official Records of
the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 3.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org