United Nations

A/RES/51/113


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

7 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.3 and Corr.1)]


            51/113.     Situation of human rights in Cuba


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming that all Member States have an obligation to promote
and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms, as stated in the
Charter of the United Nations and elaborated in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights 1/ and other applicable human rights
instruments,

      Noting that Cuba is a party to the Convention against Torture and
Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 2/

      Reaffirming also that all States have an obligation to fulfil the
commitments they have freely undertaken under the various
international instruments,

      Taking particular note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1996/69 of 23 April 1996, 3/ in which the Commission recognized
with deep appreciation the past efforts of the Special Rapporteur
concerning the situation of human rights in Cuba and extended his
mandate for one year,

      Expressing concern about continuing serious violations of human
rights in Cuba, the majority of which are violations of civil and
political rights, as outlined in the interim report on the situation
of human rights in Cuba submitted to the General Assembly by the
Special Rapporteur, 4/

      Deploring, in this regard, the arbitrary arrest, detention and
harassment of Cuban citizens, particularly members of the Concilio
Cubano, a group coordinating the activities of dozens of human rights
groups, seeking to exercise their human rights and fundamental
freedoms,

      Recalling the continued refusal of the Government of Cuba to
cooperate with the Commission on Human Rights with regard to its
resolution 1996/69, including its repeated opposition to a visit to
Cuba by the Special Rapporteur,

      1.    Commends the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human
Rights for his interim report on the situation of human rights in
Cuba;

      2.    Expresses its full support for the work of the Special
Rapporteur;

      3.    Calls once more upon the Government of Cuba to cooperate
fully with the Special Rapporteur by permitting him full and free
access to establish contact with the Government and the citizens of
Cuba so that he may fulfil the mandate entrusted to him;

      4.    Regrets profoundly the numerous violations of human rights
and fundamental freedoms in Cuba, as described in the report of the
Special Rapporteur to the Commission on Human Rights 5/ and in his
interim report; 4/

      5.    Urges the Government of Cuba to ensure freedom of expression
and assembly and the freedom to demonstrate peacefully, including by
allowing political parties and non-governmental organizations to
function freely in the country and by reforming legislation in this
area;

      6.    Calls especially upon the Government of Cuba to release the
numerous persons detained for activities of a political nature,
including those specifically mentioned in the report of the Special
Rapporteur, who suffer from inadequate medical care while imprisoned
or whose rights as journalists or jurists are impeded or denied;

      7.    Calls upon the Government of Cuba to carry out the
recommendations contained in the interim report of the Special
Rapporteur to bring its observance of human rights and fundamental
freedoms in Cuba into conformity with international standards and
applicable international human rights instruments and to end all
violations of human rights including, in particular, the detention and
imprisonment of human rights defenders and others who are engaged in
the peaceful exercise of their rights, and to grant access to its
prisons to non-governmental humanitarian organizations and
international humanitarian agencies;

      8.    Decides to continue its consideration of this question at
its fifty-second session.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 39/76, annex.

3/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23), chap. II, sect. A.

4/    A/51/460, annex.

5/    E/CN.4/1996/60.

 

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