United Nations

A/RES/51/112


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.3 and Corr.1)]


            51/112.     Situation of human rights in the Sudan


      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, 1/ the International Covenants on Human
Rights, 2/ the International Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Racial Discrimination 3/ and the Convention on the Rights of
the Child, 4/

      Reaffirming that all Member States have an obligation to promote
and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms and to comply with
the obligations laid down in the various instruments in this field,

      Recalling the obligation of all parties to respect international
humanitarian law,

      Recalling also its resolution 50/197 of 22 December 1995, and
taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/73 of
23 April 1996, 5/


      Noting with deep concern reports of grave human rights violations
in the Sudan, in particular summary executions, detentions without
trial, forced displacement of persons and torture, as described in
reports submitted to the Commission on Human Rights by the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the question of
torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,
the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on
extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions and the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the elimination of all
forms of religious intolerance and of discrimination based on religion
or belief,

      Welcoming the fourth and latest interim report of the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human
rights in the Sudan, 6/ and noting with concern the continuing
violations of human rights in the Sudan,

      Concerned about continuing deliberate and indiscriminate aerial
bombardments by the Government of the Sudan of civilian targets in
southern Sudan, in clear violation of international humanitarian law,
which have added to the suffering of the civilian population and
resulted in casualties to civilians, including relief workers involved
in Operation Lifeline Sudan and with international private voluntary
agencies,

      Welcoming the lifting, in July 1996, of restrictions on aircraft
employed to deliver humanitarian assistance, yet deeply concerned by
the continued denial of flight clearances to affected areas, which
exacerbates the threat to human life,

      Alarmed by the large number of internally displaced persons and
victims of discrimination in the Sudan, including members of ethnic
minorities who have been forcibly displaced in violation of their
human rights and who are in need of relief assistance and protection,

      Noting that the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human
rights in the Sudan and the Special Rapporteur on the elimination of
all forms of religious intolerance and of discrimination based on
religion or belief carried out missions to the Sudan in 1996, as
requested by the General Assembly in its resolution 50/197,

      Deeply concerned by the conclusion of the Special Rapporteur on
the situation of human rights in the Sudan, also stated in his
previous reports, that grave and widespread violations of human rights
by government agents, as well as abuses by members of parties to the
conflict in southern Sudan other than the Government of the Sudan,
continue to take place in the zones controlled by them, including
extrajudicial killings, enforced or involuntary disappearances,
abductions, slavery, systematic torture and widespread arbitrary
arrests of suspected political opponents, as well as restrictions on
religious minorities, 7/

      Welcoming the establishment by the Government of the Sudan of the
Special Investigation Committee on Allegations of Enforced or
Involuntary Disappearances and Reported Cases of Slavery,

      Alarmed by the continuing failure of the Sudanese authorities to
investigate human rights violations and abuses brought to their
attention over the past years,

      Gravely alarmed that since February 1994 there have been
increasing reports from a wide variety of sources indicating that
atrocities by the Government of the Sudan against the local population
in the area of the Nuba Mountains have intensified,

      Welcoming the commitment of the Government of the Sudan to
facilitate the improved flow of information, as well as its stated
strong commitment to cooperate with the competent United Nations
bodies and agencies, as well as with the Special Rapporteur;

      Concerned by reports of religious persecution in areas of the
conflict zone controlled by the Government of the Sudan and of
discrimination based upon religion in the provision of shelter and
relief,

      Deeply concerned by the Special Rapporteur's conclusion that the
abduction of persons, mainly women and children belonging to ethnic
and religious minorities from southern Sudan, the Nuba Mountains and
the Ingassena Hills area, and their subjection to the slave trade,
servitude and forced labour are taking place with the knowledge of the
Government of the Sudan,

      Welcoming the dialogue and contacts between non-governmental
organizations and the religious minorities in the Sudan aimed at
improving relations between the Government of the Sudan and the
religious minority groups,

      Noting that the Government of the Sudan has taken steps towards a
larger degree of cooperation with some international organizations,
with special attention to the rights of Sudanese children, and hoping
that these efforts will be enhanced in the future,

      Deeply concerned about the problem of unaccompanied minors and
the use of children as soldiers by all parties, despite repeated calls
from the international community to put an end to this practice, as
described in the report of the Special Rapporteur, 8/

      1.    Expresses deep concern at the serious, widespread and
continuing human rights violations in the Sudan, including
extrajudicial killings and summary executions, detentions without due
process, violations of the rights of women and children, forced
displacement of persons, enforced or involuntary disappearances,
torture and other forms of cruel and unusual punishment, slavery,
practices similar to slavery and forced labour, denial of the freedoms
of expression, association and peaceful assembly and discrimination
based on religion;

      2.    Calls upon the Government of the Sudan to comply with
applicable international human rights instruments to which the Sudan
is a party, in particular the International Covenants on Human Rights,
2/ the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Racial Discrimination, 3/ the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 4/
the Slavery Convention, as amended, 9/ and the Supplementary
Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade and
Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 10/ to implement
those instruments to which it is a party and to ensure that all
individuals in its territory and subject to its jurisdiction,
including members of all religious and ethnic groups, enjoy fully the
rights recognized in those instruments;

      3.    Urges the Government of the Sudan to ensure that all cases
of slavery, servitude, slave trade, forced labour and similar
practices brought to its attention are investigated and all
appropriate measures are implemented to put an immediate end to these
practices;

      4.    Expresses its hope that the Special Investigation Committee
on Allegations of Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances and Reported
Cases of Slavery will contribute effectively to improving the human
rights situation in the Sudan;

      5.    Welcomes the statement by the Government of the Sudan, as
reported by the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights
on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, 11/ in which it
pledged its logistical support to national, regional and international
organizations that join the investigations of alleged cases of
involuntary disappearance and slavery, and, accordingly, calls upon
the Government to grant international human rights and humanitarian
organizations and independent observers free and unimpeded access to
all areas where these violations have been reported;

      6.    Welcomes the interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the
situation of human rights in the Sudan to the General Assembly and his
recent report to the Commission on Human Rights, 12/ and expresses
its continuing support for his work;

      7.    Continues to urge the placement of human rights monitors in
such locations as will facilitate improved information flow and
assessment and independent verification of reporting, with particular
attention to violations and abuses of human rights in areas of armed
conflict, as recommended by the Special Rapporteur; 13/

      8.    Urges the Government of the Sudan to cease immediately all
aerial attacks on civilian targets and other attacks that are in
violation of international humanitarian law;

      9.    Calls upon parties to the hostilities to respect fully the
applicable provisions of international humanitarian law, including
article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, 14/
and the Additional Protocols thereto, of 1977, 15/ to halt the use
of weapons against the civilian population and to protect all
civilians, including women, children and members of ethnic and
religious minorities, from violations, including forcible
displacement, arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, torture and summary
executions, and deplores the consequences for innocent civilians of
the use of landmines by government and rebel forces alike;

      10.   Again calls upon the Government of the Sudan and all parties
to allow Operation Lifeline Sudan, international agencies,
humanitarian organizations and donor Governments unimpeded access to
the civilian population so as to permit the delivery of humanitarian
assistance to all persons in need;

      11.   Welcomes the reported release of female detainees with
children and any other activities designed to assist such persons, and
encourages the Government of the Sudan to work actively for the
eradication of practices that are directed against and in particular
violate the human rights of women and girls, in full cooperation with
the international organizations active in the Sudan and focusing on
the question, including the office of the United Nations Children's
Fund in Khartoum;

      12.   Urges the Government of the Sudan to take all steps
necessary to improve the situation of the most vulnerable groups of
the society, the women, children and ethnic and religious minorities
living in the conflict zones, as recommended by the Special
Rapporteur; 16/

      13.   Urges all parties to the civil war in the Sudan to seek a
negotiated settlement to the conflict immediately, and encourages the
parties to cooperate with efforts by the Intergovernmental Authority
on Drought and Development to assist the warring parties to put an end
to the conflict and hasten a return of Sudanese refugees residing in
neighbouring countries;

      14.   Reiterates its call upon the Government of the Sudan to
ensure a full, thorough and prompt investigation by an independent
judicial commission of inquiry into the killings of Sudanese nationals
employed by foreign relief organizations and foreign Governments;

      15.   Urges the Government of the Sudan to cooperate fully with
all United Nations agencies, international humanitarian organizations,
human rights organizations and independent observers to improve the
situation of human rights in the Sudan, as recommended by the Special
Rapporteur; 17/

      16.   Welcomes the decision of the Commission on Human Rights to
extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur for an additional year;

      17.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide the
Special Rapporteur with all necessary assistance in the discharge of
his mandate;

      18.   Welcomes the approaches to the Special Rapporteurs of the
Commission on Human Rights by the Government of the Sudan, and again
calls upon the Government of the Sudan to extend its full and
unreserved cooperation to the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in the Sudan and to the thematic Special Rapporteurs, to
assist them in the ongoing discharge of their mandates and, to this
end, to take all necessary steps to ensure that the Special
Rapporteurs have free and unlimited access to the whole territory of
the Sudan and to any person in the Sudan with whom they wish to meet,
with no threats or reprisals;

      19.   Recommends the continued monitoring of the serious human
rights situation in the Sudan and of the regional efforts to end the
hostilities and human suffering in the south, and invites the
Commission on Human Rights, at its fifty-third session, to give urgent
attention to the situation of human rights in the Sudan;

      20.   Decides to continue its consideration of this question at
its fifty-second session.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/    Resolution 2106 A (XX), annex.

4/    Resolution 44/25, annex.

5/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23), chap. II, sect. A.

6/    See A/51/490.

7/    Ibid., chap. III, sect. A.

8/    Ibid., chap. II, sect. K, para. 34.

9/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 212, No. 2861.

10/   Ibid., vol. 266, No. 3822.

11/   See A/51/490, chap. III, sect. A, para. 43 (b).

12/   E/CN.4/1996/62.

13/   See A/51/490, chap. III, sect. B, para. 52 (c).

14/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, Nos. 970-973.

15/   Ibid., vol. 1125, Nos. 17512 and 17513.

16/   See A/51/490, chap. III, sect. B, para. 52 (d).

17/   Ibid., sect. B, para. 52 (e).

 

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