United Nations

A/RES/51/111


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.3 and Corr.1)]


            51/111.     Situation of human rights in Kosovo


      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, 1/ the International Covenants on Human
Rights, 2/ the International Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Racial Discrimination, 3/ the Convention on the Prevention
and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide 4/ and the Convention against
Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
Punishment, 5/

      Taking note with concern of the reports of the Special Rapporteur
of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in
the territory of the former Yugoslavia, which describe the continuing
grave human rights situation in Kosovo, including in particular police
brutality, killings resulting from such violence, arbitrary searches
and arrests, torture and ill-treatment of detainees, the deliberate
maltreatment, persecution and imprisonment of political and human
rights activists, the mass dismissals of civil servants and
discrimination against pupils and teachers, acts which are mainly
perpetrated against ethnic Albanians,


      Welcoming, as a first step, the recent signature of a memorandum
of understanding concerning the educational system in the Albanian
language in Kosovo, and calling for the proper implementation of that
memorandum,

      Appreciating efforts to monitor the situation in Kosovo, but at
the same time expressing regret that the establishment of an adequate
international monitoring presence in Kosovo has not yet been achieved,

      Recalling its resolution 50/190 of 22 December 1995 and other
relevant resolutions, and taking note of the resolutions on the matter
adopted by the Commission on Human Rights and the resolution adopted
by the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities at its forty-eighth session, 6/

      1.    Condemns all violations of human rights in Kosovo, in
particular repression of the ethnic Albanian population and
discrimination against them, as well as all acts of violence in
Kosovo;

      2.    Demands that the authorities of the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro):

      (a)   Take all necessary measures to bring to an immediate end all
human rights violations against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, in
particular the discriminatory measures and practices, arbitrary
searches and detention, the violation of the right to a fair trial and
the practice of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment, and to revoke all discriminatory legislation, in particular
that which has entered into force since 1989;

      (b)   Release all political prisoners and cease the persecution of
political leaders and members of local human rights organizations;

      (c)   Allow the establishment of genuine democratic institutions
in Kosovo, including the parliament and the judiciary, and respect the
will of its inhabitants as the best means of preventing the escalation
of the conflict there;

      (d)   Allow the reopening of educational, cultural and scientific
institutions of the ethnic Albanians;

      (e)   Pursue constructive dialogue with the representatives of
ethnic Albanians of Kosovo;

      3.    Welcomes the visits to Kosovo of the Special Rapporteur of
the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the
territory of the former Yugoslavia and her relevant reports, and calls
upon her to continue to monitor closely the human rights situation in
Kosovo and to continue to pay due attention to this matter in her
reporting;

      4.    Urges the authorities of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(Serbia and Montenegro) to allow the immediate unconditional return of
the mission of long duration of the Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe to Kosovo, called for in Security Council
resolution 855 (1993)
of 9 August 1993;

      5.    Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General submitted
pursuant to resolution 50/190, 7/ and requests him to continue his
efforts to seek ways and means, including through consultations with
the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and relevant
regional organizations, to establish an adequate international
monitoring presence in Kosovo and to report thereon to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session;

      6.    Encourages the Secretary-General to pursue his humanitarian
efforts in the former Yugoslavia, in liaison with the Office of the
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations
Children's Fund and other appropriate humanitarian organizations, with
a view to taking urgent practical steps to tackle the critical needs
of the people in Kosovo, especially of the most vulnerable groups
affected by the conflict, and to assist in the voluntary return of
displaced persons to their homes in conditions of safety and dignity;

      7.    Emphasizes the importance of laws and regulations concerning
citizenship applied by the authorities of the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) being in accordance with the
standards and principles of non-discrimination, equal protection
before the law and the reduction and avoidance of statelessness, as
set out in the relevant international human rights instruments;

      8.    Decides to continue examination of the human rights
situation in Kosovo at its fifty-second session under the item
entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/    Resolution 2106 A (XX), annex.

4/    Resolution 260 A (III).

5/    Resolution 39/46, annex.

6/    E/CN.4/1997/2-E/CN.4/Sub.2/1996/41, chap. II, sect. A, resolution
1996/2.

7/    A/51/556.

 

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