United Nations

A/RES/51/108


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

4 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.3 and Corr.1)]


            51/103.     Situation of human rights in Afghanistan


      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, 1/ the International Covenants on Human
Rights 2/ and accepted humanitarian rules, as set out in the Geneva
Conventions of 12 August 1949 3/ and the Additional Protocols
thereto, of 1977, 4/

      Reaffirming that all Member States have an obligation to promote
and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms and to fulfil the
obligations they have freely undertaken under the various
international instruments,

      Recalling that Afghanistan is a party to the Convention on the
Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 5/ the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 2/ the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2/ the
Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment 6/ and the Convention on the Rights of the
Child 7/ and that it has signed the Convention on the Elimination
of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 8/

      Recalling all its relevant resolutions, as well as the
resolutions of the Commission on Human Rights and the decisions of the
Economic and Social Council,

      Welcoming the special emphasis that the United Nations Special
Mission to Afghanistan has placed on human rights issues in its
discussions with the Afghan parties,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the interim report of the
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation
of human rights in Afghanistan 9/ and of the conclusions and
recommendations contained therein;

      2.    Expresses concern at the numerous and consistent reports of
human rights abuses and violations of humanitarian law and human
rights, including the rights to life, liberty and security of person,
freedom from torture and from other forms of cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment or punishment and freedom of opinion, expression
and association;

      3.    Expresses its deep concern at the intensification of armed
hostilities in Afghanistan, and calls on all parties involved
immediately to cease such hostilities and to engage in a political
dialogue aimed at achieving national reconciliation;

      4.    Calls on all the Afghan parties fully to respect and act in
accordance with all human rights and fundamental freedoms, regardless
of gender, ethnicity or religion, in particular the right to life,
liberty and security of person and freedom of opinion and expression;

      5.    Urges all the Afghan parties fully to respect accepted
humanitarian rules and act in accordance with all human rights and
fundamental freedoms, including the rights of women and children, and
calls upon the Afghan authorities to take measures to ensure the
effective participation of women in social, political and cultural
life throughout the country;

      6.    Deeply deplores the grave deterioration of the human rights
of women noted by the Special Rapporteur in his report, and urges the
Afghan authorities immediately to restore respect for all human rights
of women, including the right of women to work and the right of girls
to education without discrimination, and calls upon Afghanistan to
ratify the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against
Women, to which it is a signatory;

      7.    Urges all the Afghan parties to work closely with the United
Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan with a view to achieving a
comprehensive political solution leading to the eventual establishment
of a democratic Government elected through free and fair elections
based on the right to self-determination of the peoples of
Afghanistan;

      8.    Demands that all Afghan parties fulfil their obligations and
commitments regarding the safety of United Nations personnel and other
international personnel as well as their premises in Afghanistan and
cooperate fully with the United Nations and associated bodies as well
as with other humanitarian organizations and agencies;

      9.    Strongly urges all parties to the conflict to take all
necessary measures to ensure the safety of all personnel of
humanitarian organizations and representatives of the media in
Afghanistan;

      10.   Endorses the Special Rapporteur's condemnation of the
abduction from United Nations premises of the former President of
Afghanistan, Mr. Najibullah, and of his brother, and of their
subsequent summary execution;

      11.   Urges the Afghan authorities to provide efficient and
effective remedies to the victims of grave violations of human rights
and of accepted humanitarian rules and to bring their perpetrators to
trial in accordance with internationally accepted standards;

      12.   Invites the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization to entrust the Intergovernmental Committee for
Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Countries of Origin
or its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation with the mandate,
upon the invitation and with the cooperation of the Afghan
authorities, of examining ways and means to restore the Kabul Museum,
including through the tracing of the country's stolen articles, to
propose measures aimed at preventing the illicit import, export and
transfer of ownership of artefacts belonging to the Kabul Museum and
to report thereon to the Executive Board of the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization;

      13.   Appeals to Member States and to the international community
to provide adequate humanitarian assistance to the people of
Afghanistan and to the Afghan refugees in the neighbouring countries,
pending, and with a view to encouraging, their voluntary repatriation;

      14.   Urges the authorities in Afghanistan to continue to extend
their cooperation to the Commission on Human Rights and to its Special
Rapporteur;

      15.   Requests the Secretary-General to give all necessary
assistance to the Special Rapporteur;

      16.   Decides to keep the situation of human rights in Afghanistan
under consideration at its fifty-second session, in the light of
additional elements provided by the Commission on Human Rights and the
Economic and Social Council.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, Nos. 970-973.

4/    Ibid., vol. 1125, Nos. 17512 and 17513.

5/    Resolution 260 A (III).

6/    Resolution 39/46, annex.

7/    Resolution 44/25, annex.

8/    Resolution 34/180, annex.

9/    See A/51/481.

 

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