United Nations

A/RES/51/107


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.3 and Corr.1)]


            51/107.     Situation of human rights in the
                        Islamic Republic of Iran


      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights 1/ and the International Covenants on
Human Rights, 2/

      Recalling that the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, 3/
adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights, held at Vienna
from 14 to 25 June 1993, reaffirmed that human rights and fundamental
freedoms were the birthright of all human beings and that their
protection and promotion was the first responsibility of Governments,

      Reaffirming that all Member States have a duty to fulfil the
obligations they have undertaken under the various international
instruments in this field,

      Mindful that the Islamic Republic of Iran is a party to the
International Covenants on Human Rights,

      Recalling the appointment by the Chairman of the Commission on
Human Rights of Mr. Maurice Danby Copithorne as Special Representative
of the Commission on the situation of human rights in the Islamic
Republic of Iran,

      Recalling its previous resolutions expressing concern at the
violations of human rights by the Government of the Islamic Republic
of Iran, including the most recent, resolution 50/188 of 22 December
1995, the resolutions of the Commission on Human Rights, including the
most recent, resolution 1996/84 of 24 April 1996, 4/ and those of the
Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities, including the most recent, resolution 1996/7 of
20 August 1996, 5/

      Welcoming the cooperation extended by the Government of the
Islamic Republic of Iran to the Special Rapporteur of the Commission
on Human Rights on the elimination of all forms of religious
intolerance and of discrimination based on religion or belief and the
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on freedom of
opinion and expression, who have been able to visit the Islamic
Republic of Iran, and bearing in mind the reports of those Special
Rapporteurs on their visits, 6/

      Taking note of the interim report of the Special
Representative, 7/ and noting that he will present a further report
to the Commission on Human Rights,

      Welcoming the requests by the Government of the Islamic Republic
of Iran for technical assistance and advisory services from the office
of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights/Centre for
Human Rights, as well as from the Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice Division of the Secretariat, and taking note with interest of
the observation by the Special Representative in this regard, 

      Taking note with interest of certain recent developments in the
Islamic Republic of Iran which, in the view of the Special
Representative, are indicators of potential improvement of the status
of women in that country,

      Considering that continued international scrutiny of human rights
and fundamental freedoms in the Islamic Republic of Iran is warranted
and that the subject should remain on the agenda of the General
Assembly,

      1.    Expresses its concern at the continuing violations of human
rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, in particular the high number
of executions in the absence of internationally recognized safeguards,
cases of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment, the failure to meet international standards with regard to
the administration of justice and the absence of due process of law,
violations of the right to peaceful assembly and restrictions on the
freedom of expression, thought, opinion and the press;

      2.    Also expresses its concern at the grave breaches of human
rights of the Baha'is in the Islamic Republic of Iran and situations
of discrimination against the members of this religious community, as
well as at the discriminatory treatment of minorities by reason of
their religious beliefs, including lack of adequate protection for the
Christian minorities, some members of which have been the target of
intimidation and assassination;

      3.    Further expresses its concern at the widespread
discrimination against women in the Islamic Republic of Iran and the
lack of full and equal enjoyment by women of human rights, and calls
upon the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to take effective
measures to eliminate all discrimination against women;

      4.    Urges the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, as a
State party to the International Covenants on Human Rights, to abide
by its freely undertaken obligations under the Covenants and under
other international instruments on human rights and to ensure that all
individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction,
including members of religious groups and persons belonging to
minorities, enjoy all the rights enshrined in those instruments;

      5.    Calls upon the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to
implement fully the conclusions and recommendations of the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the elimination of all
forms of religious intolerance and of discrimination based on religion
or belief relating to the Baha'is and to other minority religious
groups, including Christians;

      6.    Expresses its grave concern at indications, according to the
information received by the Special Representative of the Commission
on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the Islamic
Republic of Iran, of a significant toughening of criminal legislation
and its application in the Islamic Republic of Iran and in particular
at the incidence of capital punishment imposed for apostasy and non-
violent crimes, in violation of the relevant provisions of the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 2/ and United
Nations safeguards;

      7.    Expresses its concern at the harassment and persecution of
persons, including writers and members of the press, seeking to
exercise their freedom of expression;

      8.    Calls upon the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to
implement existing agreements with international humanitarian
organizations;

      9.    Expresses its grave concern that there are continuing
threats to the life of Mr. Salman Rushdie, as well as to individuals
associated with his work, which appear to have the support of the
Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, notes in this regard that
efforts aimed at obtaining satisfactory written assurances from the
Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran that it does not support
these threats have so far been unsuccessful, and calls upon the
Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to provide such assurances;

      10.   Deplores the politically motivated continuing violence
against Iranians outside the Islamic Republic of Iran, and urges the
Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to refrain from activities
against members of the Iranian opposition living abroad and the
harassment of their relatives within the Islamic Republic of Iran and
to cooperate wholeheartedly with the authorities of other countries in
investigating and punishing offences reported by them;

      11.   Welcomes the cooperation extended by the Government of the
Islamic Republic of Iran to the Special Representative, who has been
able to conduct a preliminary visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran;

      12.   Expresses its hope that the Special Representative will
again be allowed to visit the Islamic Republic of Iran in the
discharge of his mandate;

      13.   Requests the Secretary-General to give all necessary
assistance to the Special Representative to enable him to discharge
his mandate fully;

      14.   Decides, on the basis of the report of the Special
Representative and in the light of additional elements provided by the
Commission on Human Rights and the Economic and Social Council, to
continue the examination of the situation of human rights in the
Islamic Republic of Iran, including the situation of minority groups
such as the Baha'is, during its fifty-second session under the item
entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996

                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

4/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23), chap. II, sect. A.

5/    See E/CN.4/1997/2-E/CN.4/Sub.2/1996/41, chap. II, sect. A.

6/    E/CN.4/1996/95/Add.2 and E/CN.4/1996/39/Add.2.

7/    See A/51/479 and Add.1.

 

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