United Nations

A/RES/51/105


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.2)]


            51/105.     Strengthening of United Nations action
                        in the field of human rights through
                        the promotion of international
                        cooperation and the importance of non-
                        selectivity, impartiality and
                        objectivity


      The General Assembly,

      Bearing in mind that among the purposes of the United Nations are
those of developing friendly relations among nations based on respect
for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples
and taking other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace,
as well as achieving international cooperation in solving
international problems of an economic, social, cultural or
humanitarian character and in promoting and encouraging respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as
to race, sex, language or religion,

      Desirous of achieving further progress in international
cooperation in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms,

      Considering that such international cooperation should be based
on the principles embodied in international law, especially the
Charter of the United Nations, as well as the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, 1/ the International Covenants on Human Rights 2/ and
other relevant instruments,

      Deeply convinced that United Nations action in this field should
be based not only on a profound understanding of the broad range of
problems existing in all societies but also on full respect for the
political, economic and social realities of each of them, in strict
compliance with the purposes and principles of the Charter and for the
basic purpose of promoting and encouraging respect for human rights
and fundamental freedoms through international cooperation,

      Reaffirming all its resolutions in this regard,

      Reaffirming also the importance of ensuring the universality,
objectivity and non-selectivity of the consideration of human rights
issues, as affirmed in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,
adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993, 3/

      Affirming the importance of the objectivity, independence and
discretion of the special rapporteurs and representatives on thematic
issues and countries, as well as of the members of the working groups,
in carrying out their mandates,

      Underlining the obligation that Governments have to promote and
protect human rights and to carry out the responsibilities that they
have undertaken under international law, especially the Charter, as
well as various international instruments in the field of human
rights,

      1.    Reiterates that, by virtue of the principle of equal rights
and self-determination of peoples enshrined in the Charter of the
United Nations, all peoples have the right freely to determine,
without external interference, their political status and to pursue
their economic, social and cultural development, and that every State
has the duty to respect that right within the provisions of the
Charter, including respect for territorial integrity;

      2.    Reaffirms that it is a purpose of the United Nations and the
task of all Member States, in cooperation with the Organization, to
promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental
freedoms and to remain vigilant with regard to violations of human
rights wherever they occur;

      3.    Calls upon all Member States to base their activities for
the promotion and protection of human rights, including the
development of further international cooperation in this field, on the
Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, 1/ the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights, 2/ the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights2 and
other relevant international instruments, and to refrain from
activities that are inconsistent with that international framework;

      4.    Considers that international cooperation in this field
should make an effective and practical contribution to the urgent task
of preventing mass and flagrant violations of human rights and
fundamental freedoms for all and to the strengthening of international
peace and security;

      5.    Reaffirms that the promotion, protection and full
realization of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, as
legitimate concerns of the world community, should be guided by the
principles of non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity and should
not be used for political ends;

      6.    Requests all human rights bodies within the United Nations
system, as well as the special rapporteurs and representatives,
independent experts and working groups, to take duly into account the
contents of the present resolution in carrying out their mandates;

      7.    Expresses its conviction that an unbiased and fair approach
to human rights issues contributes to the promotion of international
cooperation as well as to the effective promotion, protection and
realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

      8.    Stresses, in this context, the continuing need for impartial
and objective information on the political, economic and social
situations and events of all countries;

      9.    Invites Member States to consider adopting, as appropriate,
within the framework of their respective legal systems and in
accordance with their obligations under international law, especially
the Charter, and international human rights instruments, the measures
that they may deem appropriate to achieve further progress in
international cooperation in promoting and encouraging respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms;

      10.   Requests the Commission on Human Rights to take duly into
account the present resolution and to consider further proposals for
the strengthening of United Nations action in the field of human
rights through the promotion of international cooperation and the
importance of non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to consult Member States,
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations on ways and means
for the strengthening of United Nations action in the field of human
rights, including the promotion of international cooperation and the
importance of non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity, and to
submit a comprehensive report on this issue to the General Assembly at
its fifty-third session;

      12.   Decides to consider this matter at its fifty-second session
under the item entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

 

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