United Nations

A/RES/51/103


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.2)]


            51/103.     Human rights and unilateral coercive
                        measures


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the purposes and principles of the Charter of the
United Nations,

      Reaffirming the pertinent principles and provisions contained in
the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States proclaimed by the
General Assembly by its resolution 3281 (XXIX) of 12 December 1974, in
particular article 32 thereof, in which it is declared that no State
may use or encourage the use of economic, political or any other type
of measures to coerce another State in order to obtain from it the
subordination of the exercise of its sovereign rights,

      Taking note of the report submitted by the Secretary-General 1/
pursuant to Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/45 of 3
March 1995, 2/

      Recognizing the universal, indivisible, interdependent and
interrelated character of all human rights, and, in this regard,
reaffirming the right to development as an integral part of all human
rights,

      Recalling that the World Conference on Human Rights called upon
States to refrain from any unilateral coercive measure not in
accordance with international law and the Charter of the United
Nations that creates obstacles to trade relations among States and
impedes the full realization of all human rights, 3/

      Bearing in mind all the references to this question in the
Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development, adopted by the World
Summit for Social Development on 12 March 1995, 4/ the Beijing
Declaration and the Platform for Action, adopted by the Fourth World
Conference on Women on 15 September 1995, 5/ and the Istanbul
Declaration on Human Settlements and the Habitat Agenda, adopted by
the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) on
14 June 1996, 6/

      Deeply concerned that, despite the recommendations adopted on
this issue by the General Assembly and recent major United Nations
conferences, and contrary to general international law and the Charter
of the United Nations, unilateral coercive measures continue to be
promulgated and implemented with all their extraterritorial effects,
inter alia, on the economic and social development of targeted
countries and peoples and individuals under the jurisdiction of other
States,

      1.    Urges all States to refrain from adopting or implementing
any unilateral measure not in accordance with international law and
the Charter of the United Nations, in particular those of a coercive
nature with all their extraterritorial effects, which create obstacles
to trade relations among States, thus impeding the full realization of
the rights set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 7/
and other international human rights instruments, in particular the
right of individuals and peoples to development;

      2.    Rejects unilateral coercive measures with all their
extraterritorial effects as tools for political or economic pressure
against any country, in particular against developing countries,
because of their negative effects on the realization of all the human
rights of vast sectors of their populations, in particular children,
women and the elderly;

      3.    Calls upon Member States that have initiated such measures
to commit themselves to their obligations and responsibilities arising
from the international human rights instruments to which they are
party by revoking such measures at the earliest time possible;

      4.    Reaffirms, in this context, the right of all peoples to
self-determination, by virtue of which they freely determine their
political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural
development;

      5.    Urges the Commission on Human Rights to take fully into
account the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures, including
enactment of national laws and their extraterritorial application, in
its task concerning the implementation of the right to development;

      6.    Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, in discharging his functions relating to the promotion,
realization and protection of the right to development, to give urgent
consideration to the present resolution in his annual report to the
General Assembly;

      7.    Requests Member States to notify the Secretary-General about
the implications and negative effects of such measures on their
populations in the various aspects referred to in the present
resolution;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

      9.    Decides to examine this question, on a priority basis, at
its fifty-second session under the sub-item entitled "Human rights
questions, including alternative approaches for improving the
effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms".


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    E/CN.4/1996/45 and Add.1.

2/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995,
Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2), chap.
II, sect. A.

3/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III, sect. I, para. 31.

4/    A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

5/    A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

6/    A/CONF.165/14, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

7/    Resolution 217 A (III).

 

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