United Nations

A/RES/51/102


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.2)]


            51/102.     Regional arrangements for the
                        promotion and protection of human
                        rights


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 32/127 of 16 December 1977 and all its
subsequent resolutions concerning regional arrangements for the
promotion and protection of human rights,

      Recalling also Commission on Human Rights resolution 1993/51 of
9 March 1993, 1/

      Bearing in mind the relevant resolutions of the Commission on
Human Rights concerning advisory services in the field of human
rights, including its most recent resolution on that subject, 1996/55
of 19 April 1996, 2/

      Bearing in mind also the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action, adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on
25 June 1993, 3/

      Reaffirming that regional arrangements play a fundamental role in
promoting and protecting human rights and should reinforce universal
human rights standards, as contained in international human rights
instruments, and their protection,

      Recalling that the World Conference on Human Rights reiterated
the need to consider the possibility of establishing regional and
subregional arrangements for the promotion and protection of human
rights where they do not already exist,

      Recalling also that the World Conference on Human Rights
recommended that more resources should be made available for the
strengthening or the establishment of regional arrangements for the
promotion and protection of human rights under the programmes of
advisory services and technical assistance of the Centre for Human
Rights of the Secretariat,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General, 4/

      Noting the progress achieved so far in the promotion and
protection of human rights at the regional level under the auspices of
the United Nations, the specialized agencies and the regional
intergovernmental organizations,

      Noting also the growing exchanges between the United Nations and
the bodies created by the United Nations, in accordance with the
treaties dealing with human rights on the one hand and the regional
intergovernmental organizations on the other, in order to promote the
mutual exchange of information between these bodies and the conclusion
of regional arrangements for the promotion and protection of human
rights,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 4/

      2.    Welcomes the continuing cooperation and assistance of the
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights/Centre for Human
Rights of the Secretariat in the further strengthening of the existing
regional arrangements and regional machinery for the promotion and
protection of human rights, in particular with regard to advisory
services and technical assistance, public information and education,
with a view to exchanging information and experience in the field of
human rights;

      3.    Welcomes also, in that respect, the close cooperation of the
High Commissioner/Centre for Human Rights in the organization of
regional and subregional training courses and workshops in the field
of human rights, high-level government expert meetings and a regional
conference of national human rights institutions, aiming at creating
greater understanding of the promotion and protection of human rights
issues in the regions, improving procedures and examining the various
systems for the promotion and protection of universally accepted human
rights standards and at identifying obstacles to ratification of the
principal international human rights treaties and strategies to
overcome them;

      4.    Stresses the importance of the programme of advisory
services in the field of human rights, renews its appeal to all
Governments to consider making use of the possibilities offered by the
United Nations, under this programme, of organizing information or
training courses at the national level for government personnel on the
application of international human rights standards and the experience
of relevant international bodies, and notes with satisfaction, in that
respect, the establishment of technical cooperation projects with
several Governments of the region of Asia and the Pacific;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General, as foreseen in programme 35
(Promotion and protection of human rights) of the medium-term plan for
the period 1992-1997, 5/ to continue to strengthen exchanges
between the United Nations and regional intergovernmental
organizations dealing with human rights;

      6.    Welcomes the growing exchanges between the High
Commissioner/Centre for Human Rights and several regional
intergovernmental organizations, as well as between the bodies created
by the United Nations in accordance with the treaties dealing with
human rights and the Council of Europe;

      7.    Invites States in areas where regional arrangements in the
field of human rights do not yet exist to consider concluding
agreements with a view to the establishment within their respective
regions of suitable regional machinery for the promotion and
protection of human rights;

      8.    Requests the Commission on Human Rights to continue to pay
special attention to the most appropriate ways of assisting, at their
request, countries of the different regions under the programme of
advisory services and to make, where necessary, relevant
recommendations;

      9.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the state of regional
arrangements for the promotion and protection of human rights and to
include therein the results of action taken in pursuance of the
present resolution;

      10.   Decides to consider this question further at its fifty-third
session.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1993,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1993/23), chap. II, sect. A.

2/    Ibid., 1996, Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23), chap. II, sect. A.

3/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

4/    A/51/480.

5/    See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-fifth
Session, Supplement No. 6 (A/45/6/Rev.1), vol. II.

 

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