United Nations

A/RES/51/10


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

12 November 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 14


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

  [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.9/Rev.1 and Rev.1/Add.1)]


            51/10.   Report of the International Atomic Energy Agency


      The General Assembly,

      Having received the report of the International Atomic Energy
Agency to the General Assembly for the year 1995,  1/

      Noting the statement of the Director General of the International
Atomic Energy Agency of 28 October 1996,  2/ in which he provided
additional information on the main developments in the activities of
the Agency during 1996,

      Recognizing the importance of the work of the Agency in promoting
the further application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes as
envisaged in the statute of the Agency and in accordance with the
inalienable right of States parties to the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons  3/ and other relevant
internationally legally binding agreements that have concluded
relevant safeguards agreements with the Agency to develop research,
production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without
discrimination and in conformity with articles I and II of the Treaty,
with other relevant articles and with the objectives and purposes of
the Treaty,

      Conscious of the importance of the work of the Agency in the
implementation of the safeguards provisions of the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and other international treaties,
conventions and agreements designed to achieve similar objectives, as
well as in ensuring, as far as it is able, that the assistance
provided by the Agency or at its request or under its supervision or
control is not used in such a way as to further any military purpose,
as stated in article II of its statute,

      Reaffirming that the Agency is the competent authority
responsible for verifying and assuring, in accordance with the statute
of the Agency and the Agency's safeguards system, compliance with its
safeguards agreements with States parties undertaken in fulfilment of
their obligations under article III, paragraph 1, of the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, with a view to preventing
diversion of nuclear energy from peaceful uses to nuclear weapons or
other nuclear explosive devices, and also reaffirming that nothing
should be done to undermine the authority of the Agency in this regard
and that States parties that have concerns regarding non-compliance
with the safeguards agreement of the Treaty by the States parties
should direct such concerns, along with supporting evidence and
information, to the Agency to consider, investigate, draw conclusions
and decide on necessary actions in accordance with its mandate,

      Noting the statement by the President of the fortieth regular
session of the General Conference of the Agency, issued under item 23
concerning the application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East,
that:

      "The General Conference requests the Director General to invite
      experts from the Middle East and other areas to a technical
      workshop on safeguards, verification technologies, and related
      experience.  It calls on the Director General to commence with
      preparations, in consultation with the parties concerned, with a
      view to developing an agenda and modalities that would help
      ensure a successful workshop",

      Again stressing the need for the highest standards of safety in
the design and operation of nuclear installations and in peaceful
nuclear activities so as to minimize risks to life, health and the
environment,

      Considering that an expansion of technical cooperation activities
relating to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy will contribute to the
well-being of the peoples of the world, recognizing the special needs
of the developing countries for technical assistance from the Agency
and the importance of funding in order to benefit effectively from the
transfer and application of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes
as well as from the contribution of nuclear energy to their economic
development, and desiring that the Agency's resources for technical
cooperation activities be assured and sufficient,

      Recognizing the importance of the work of the Agency on nuclear
energy, applications of nuclear methods and techniques, nuclear
safety, radiological protection and radioactive waste management,
including its work directed towards assisting developing countries in
all these fields,

      Taking note of the report of the Director General to the General
Conference  4/ on the developments related to the nuclear-weapons
programme of Iraq, of his reports on the Agency's twenty-eighth and
twenty-ninth on-site inspections in Iraq  5/ and of resolution
GC(40)/RES/21 of 20 September 1996 of the General Conference, 6/

      Taking note also of resolutions GOV/2711 of 21 March 1994 and
GOV/2742 of 10 June 1994 of the Board of Governors and GC(40)/RES/4 of
the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency in
connection with the implementation of the Agreement between the
Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the
International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards
in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons,  7/  the statements of the President of the Security
Council of 31 March,  8/ 30 May  9/ and 4 November  10/
1994 and the Board of Governors' authorization, on 11 November 1994,
to the Director General, to carry out all the tasks requested of the
Agency in the statement by the President of the Security Council of
4 November 1994,

      Bearing in mind resolutions GC(40)/RES/2 on a nuclear-weapon-free
zone in Africa, GC(40)/RES/10 on the Convention on Nuclear Safety,
GC(40)/RES/11 on a convention on the safety of radioactive waste
management, GC(40)/RES/12 on measures to resolve international
radioactive waste management issues:  establishing predisposal waste
demonstration centres, GC(40)/RES/13 on the strengthening of the
Agency's technical cooperation activities, GC(40)/RES/14 on a plan for
producing potable water economically, GC(40)/RES/15 on extensive use
of isotope hydrology for water resources management, GC(40)/RES/16 on
strengthening the effectiveness and improving the efficiency of the
safeguards system, GC(40)/RES/17 on measures against the illicit
trafficking in nuclear material and other radiation sources,
GC(40)/RES/18 on the staffing of the Agency's secretariat,
GC(40)/RES/20 on the amendment of article VI of the statute relating
to the membership of the Board of Governors, GC(40)/RES/21 on the
implementation of relevant Security Council resolutions relating to
Iraq, and GC(40)/RES/22 on application of Agency safeguards in the
Middle East, adopted on 20 September 1996 by the General Conference of
the Agency at its fortieth regular session,

      Noting the statement by the President of the fortieth regular
session of the General Conference of the Agency, issued under
item 19(b) concerning the composition of regional groups, that:

      "The General Conference takes note of the report of the Director
      General on the composition of regional groups under the agenda
      item entitled 'Amendment of article VI of the Statute', as
      contained in the attachment to GC(40)/11.  It reiterates the
      principle of the sovereign equality of all member States of the
      Agency, as provided for in article IV.C of the Statute.  It
      affirms that this principle requires that each member State of
      the Agency be within one of the areas listed in article VI.A.1 of
      the Statute.  Recalling draft resolution
      GC(39)/COM.5/10 (19 September 1995) and resolution GC(39)/RES/22
      (22 September 1995), the Conference requests that the Chairman of
      the Board of Governors consult with member States not yet listed
      in a regional area, as well as with other member States,
      including representatives of the regional areas, and that he
      report for consideration at the forty-first session of the
      General Conference specific proposals to include each member
      State within the appropriate area at the time of the Conference
      in September 1997",

      Bearing in mind resolution GC(40)/RES/17 on measures against
illicit trafficking in nuclear materials and other radioactive
sources, recognizing the importance of measures against illicit
trafficking of nuclear material and, in this regard, further
recognizing the importance of the programme for preventing and
combating illicit trafficking in nuclear material, agreed upon by the
participants in the Moscow Nuclear Safety and Security Summit of
April 1996,

      Also bearing in mind resolution GC(40)/RES/19 on women in the
secretariat adopted on 20 September 1996 by the General Conference of
the Agency, calling on the Director General to further integrate the
Platform for  Action developed at the Fourth World Conference on Women
into the Agency's relevant policies and programmes,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the International Atomic Energy
Agency; 1/

      2.    Affirms its confidence in the role of the Agency in the
application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes;

      3.    Welcomes the measures and decisions taken by the Agency to
maintain and strengthen the effectiveness and cost efficiency of the
safeguards system in conformity with the Agency's statute, in
particular, welcomes the establishment by the Board of Governors of a
committee which began its work in July 1996 and is tasked with the
drafting of a model protocol in order to strengthen the effectiveness
and to improve the efficiency of the nuclear safeguards system and
thereby reinforce and improve the Agency's capacity to detect any
undeclared nuclear activities, and calls upon this committee to make
every effort to bring its work to a successful conclusion at the
earliest possible date;

      4.    Urges all States to strive for effective and harmonious
international cooperation in carrying out the work of the Agency,
pursuant to its statute, in promoting the use of nuclear energy and
the application of the necessary measures to strengthen further the
safety of nuclear installations and to minimize risks to life, health
and the environment, in strengthening technical assistance and
cooperation for developing countries, and in ensuring the
effectiveness and efficiency of the safeguards systems of the Agency;

      5.    Welcomes the measures and decisions taken by the Agency to
strengthen and fund its technical cooperation activities which should
contribute to achieving sustainable development in developing
countries, and calls upon States to cooperate in implementing the
measures and decisions pursuant thereto;

      6.    Commends the Director General and the secretariat of the
Agency for their continuing, impartial efforts to implement the
safeguards agreement still in force between the Agency and the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea, including their efforts to
monitor the freeze of specified facilities in the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea as requested by the Security Council, expresses
concern over the continuing non-compliance of the Democratic People's
Republic of Korea with the safeguards agreement, and urges the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea to cooperate fully with the
Agency in the implementation of the safeguards agreement and take all
steps the Agency may deem necessary to preserve all information
relevant to verifying the accuracy and completeness of the initial
report of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on the inventory
of nuclear material subject to safeguards until the Democratic
People's Republic of Korea comes into full compliance with its
safeguards agreement;

      7.    Also commends the Director General of the Agency and his
staff for their strenuous efforts in the implementation of Security
Council resolutions 687 (1991) of 3 April, 707 (1991) of 15 August and
715 (1991) of 11 October 1991, and while noting that Iraq has adopted
over the last twelve months a more constructive approach, expresses
concern that Iraq failed to provide immediate access on 7 July 1996 to
the Agency's Action Team and that it has previously withheld from the
Agency information about its nuclear weapons programme in violation of
its obligations under relevant Council resolutions, and in this
context stresses the need for Iraq to cooperate fully with the Agency
to resolve the remaining inconsistency concerning the full, final and
complete declaration in achieving the implementation of the relevant
Council resolutions, and stresses that the Agency's Action Team will
continue to exercise its right to investigate further any aspects of
the past nuclear weapons capability of Iraq, in particular as regards
any further relevant information necessary to complete the record of
the nuclear weapons programme of Iraq that it may still be withholding
from the Agency;

      8.    Welcomes the entry into force on 24 October 1996 of the
Convention on Nuclear Safety  11/ and appeals to all States to
become parties to it so that it obtains the widest possible adherence,
and expresses its satisfaction that a preparatory meeting of the
contracting parties will be convened at a date to be agreed upon, but
not later than April 1997;

      9.    Also welcomes the measures taken by the Agency in support of
efforts to prevent illicit trafficking in nuclear materials and other
radioactive sources and, in this context, calls upon other States to
join the programme for preventing and combating illicit trafficking in
nuclear material agreed upon by the participants at the Moscow Nuclear
Safety and Security Summit of April 1996;

      10.   Takes note with appreciation of the work of the open-ended
Group of Technical and Legal Experts on a Convention on the Safety of
Radioactive Waste Management established by the Board of Governors of
the Agency and expresses the hope that the outstanding issues will be
resolved in a spirit of compromise so as to allow timely completion of
the preparatory work and adoption of a convention in the near future;

      11.   Notes with satisfaction the substantial progress achieved in
the negotiations to strengthen the international regime of liability
and compensation for damage arising from a nuclear incident, in
particular, by amending the 1963 Vienna Convention on Civil Liability
for Nuclear Damage  12/ as well as by adopting a convention on
supplementary compensation, and expresses the hope that the diplomatic
conference for that purpose will soon be convened;

      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the Director
General of the Agency the records of the fifty-first session of the
General Assembly relating to the activities of the Agency.

                                                          43rd plenary meeting
                                                               29 October 1996


                                     Notes

1/      International Atomic Energy Agency, The Annual Report for 1995
(Austria, July 1996) (GC(40)/8); transmitted to the members of the
General Assembly by a note by the Secretary-General (A/51/307).

2/      See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first
Session, Plenary meetings, 42nd meeting, and corrigendum.

3/      United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 729, No. 10485.

4/      GC(40)/13.

5/      GOV/INF/781 and 783.

6/      See International Atomic Energy Agency, Resolutions and Other
Decisions of the General Conference, Fortieth Regular Session, 16-20
September 1996 (GC(40)/RES/DEC(1996)).

7/      International Atomic Energy Agency, INFCIRC/403.

8/      Official Records of the Security Council, Forty-ninth Year,
Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council, 1994, document
S/PRST/1994/13.

9/      Ibid., document S/PRST/1994/28.

10/    Ibid., document S/PRST/1994/64.

11/     International Atomic Energy Agency, INFCIRC/449.

12/     Ibid., INFCIRC/500.

 

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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
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