United Nations

A/RES/50/97


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

2 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 95 (a)


              RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/617/Add.1)]


      50/97.    Specific actions related to the particular needs
                and problems of land-locked developing countries


     The General Assembly,

     Recalling the provisions of its resolutions 44/214 of 22 December
1989, 46/212 of 20 December 1991 and 48/169 of 21 December 1993,

     Recognizing that the lack of territorial access to the sea,
aggravated by remoteness and isolation from world markets, and
prohibitive transit costs and risks impose serious constraints on the
overall socio-economic development efforts of the land-locked
developing countries,

     Recognizing also that sixteen of the land-locked developing
countries are also classified by the United Nations as least developed
countries and that their geographical situation is an added constraint
on their overall ability to cope with the challenges of development,

     Recognizing further that most transit countries are themselves
developing countries facing serious economic problems, including the
lack of adequate infrastructure in the transport sector,

     Recalling that measures to deal with the transit problems of
land-locked developing countries require closer and even more
effective cooperation and collaboration between those countries and
their transit neighbours,

     Welcoming the entry into force on 16 November 1994 of the United
Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,  1/

     Recognizing the important role played by bilateral cooperative
arrangements and regional and subregional cooperation and integration
in alleviating the transit problems of the land-locked developing
countries and improving the transit transport systems in land-locked
and transit developing countries,

     Recognizing also the importance of continuing the activities of
the regional commissions to improve the transit transport
infrastructure in the land-locked and transit developing countries,

     Noting the importance of strengthening the existing international
support measures with a view to addressing further the problems of
land-locked developing countries,

     1.   Reaffirms the right of access of land-locked developing
countries to and from the sea and freedom of transit through the
territory of transit States by all means of transport, in accordance
with international law;

     2.   Also reaffirms that transit developing countries, in the
exercise of their full sovereignty over their territory, have the
right to take all measures necessary to ensure that the rights and
facilities provided for land-locked developing countries should in no
way infringe upon their legitimate interests;

     3.   Calls upon both the land-locked developing countries and
their transit neighbours, in the spirit of South-South cooperation,
including bilateral cooperation, to implement measures to strengthen
further their cooperative and collaborative efforts in dealing with
their transit problems;

     4.   Appeals once again to all States, international
organizations and financial institutions to implement, as a matter of
urgency and priority, the specific actions related to the particular
needs and problems of land-locked developing countries envisaged in
the previous resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and in the
International Development Strategy for the Fourth United Nations
Development Decade  2/ and the Declaration on International Economic
Cooperation, in particular the Revitalization of Economic Growth and
Development of the Developing Countries, adopted at the eighteenth
special session of the General Assembly and contained in the annex to
its resolution S-18/3 of 1 May 1990, as well as the relevant
provisions of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed
Countries for the 1990s  3/ and the outcomes of recent major United
Nations conferences relevant to land-locked developing countries;

     5.   Invites the land-locked developing countries and their
transit neighbours to intensify further their cooperative arrangements
for the development of transit infrastructures, institutions and
services to facilitate the faster movement of goods in transit, with
financial and technical assistance from donors and financial
institutions;

     6.   Emphasizes that assistance for the improvement of transit
transport facilities and services should be integrated into the
overall economic development strategies of the land-locked and transit
developing countries and that donor assistance should consequently
take into account the requirements for the long-term restructuring of
the economies of the land-locked developing countries;

     7.   Invites donor countries and multilateral financial and
development institutions to provide land-locked and transit developing
countries with appropriate financial and technical assistance in the
form of grants or concessional loans for the construction, maintenance
and improvement of their transport, storage and other transit-related
facilities, including alternative routes and improved communications;

     8.   Invites the United Nations Development Programme further to
promote, as appropriate, subregional, regional and interregional
projects and programmes and to expand its support in the transport and
communications sectors to the land-locked and transit developing
countries and its technical cooperation for development geared towards
promoting national and collective self-reliance among them;

     9.   Takes note of the report of the Second Meeting of
Governmental Experts from Land-locked and Transit Developing Countries
and Representatives of Donor Countries and Financial and Development
Institutions, held in New York from 19 to 22 June 1995,  4/ and
endorses the Global Framework for Transit Transport Cooperation
between Land-locked and Transit Developing Countries and the Donor
Community contained therein;

     10.  Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development, in collaboration with the donor
countries and institutions, in particular the United Nations
Development Programme, the regional commissions and relevant
subregional institutions, to organize, within existing resources,
specific consultative groups, when requested by the land-locked and
transit developing countries concerned, to identify priority areas for
action at the national and subregional level and draw up action
programmes for the period 1996-1997;

     11.  Requests the Secretary-General to convene in 1997, within
the overall level of resources for the biennium 1996-1997, another
meeting of governmental experts from land-locked and transit
developing countries and representatives of donor countries and
financial and development institutions, including relevant regional
and subregional economic organizations and commissions, to review
progress in the development of transit systems in the land-locked and
transit developing countries, taking into account, inter alia, the
results of the consultative group meetings referred to in paragraph 10
of the present resolution, with a view to exploring the possibility of
formulating specific action-oriented measures and the ongoing study
undertaken by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
on the implications of the globalization and liberalization of the
world economy for the development prospects of land-locked developing
countries;

     12.  Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development to seek voluntary contributions to
ensure participation of representatives from land-locked and transit
developing countries in the meeting of governmental experts from land-
locked and transit developing countries and representatives of donor
countries and financial and development institutions referred to in
paragraph 11 of the present resolution;

     13.  Notes with appreciation the contribution of the United
Nations Conference on Trade and Development in formulating
international measures to deal with the special problems of the
land-locked developing countries, and urges the Conference, inter
alia, to keep under constant review the evolution of transit transport
infrastructure facilities, institutions and services, monitor the
implementation of agreed measures, collaborate in all relevant
initiatives, including those of the private sector and non-
governmental organizations, and serve as a focal point on
cross-regional issues of interest to land-locked developing countries;

     14.  Invites the Secretary-General of the United Nations, in
consultation with the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development, to take appropriate measures for
the effective implementation of the activities called for in the
present resolution and of existing measures in support of land-locked
developing countries, within the context of the ninth session of the
Conference;

     15.  Welcomes the note by the Secretary-General and the progress
report of the secretariat of the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development on specific actions related to the particular needs
and problems of land-locked developing countries,  5/ and requests
the Secretary-General of the United Nations, together with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development, to prepare a report on the implementation of the present
resolution and submit it to the Trade and Development Board and to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session.

                                             96th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1995


                              Notes

1/   Official Records of the Third United Nations Conference on
the Law of the Sea, vol. XVII (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.84.V.3), document A/CONF.62/122.

2/   Resolution 45/199, annex.

3/   Report of the Second United Nations Conference on the Least
Developed Countries, Paris, 3-14 September 1990 (A/CONF.147/18), part
one.

4/   TD/B/42(1)/11-TD/B/LDC/AC.1/7.

5/   A/50/341.

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org