United Nations

A/RES/50/94


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

2 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 95


                RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

       [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/617/Add.12)]


       50/94.    Second Industrial Development Decade for Africa


     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming its resolution 49/107 of 19 December 1994 on the
programme for the Second Industrial Development Decade for Africa, in
which it requested the Secretary-General to report to it at its
fiftieth session on the implementation of the resolution,

     Reaffirming also in particular paragraph 2 of its resolution
49/107,

     Stressing the renewed urgency for promoting industrialization as
a key element in the development of developing countries and the
important role of the United Nations system, including the United
Nations Industrial Development Organization, which is undergoing a
process of reform, and recalling the declarations of the Group of 77
on 29 September 1995,  1/ of the Organization of African Unity on 20
October 1995  2/ and of the Non-Aligned Movement on 28 June 1995, 3/ 
on the essential role of the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization in this regard,

     Recognizing the need for enhanced cooperation between African
countries, the United Nations system and bilateral and multilateral
financial institutions, as well as African regional and subregional
organizations, in the implementation of the programme for the Second
Decade,

     Recognizing also the important role of industrialization in
promoting sustained economic growth and sustainable development in
Africa in the context of the United Nations New Agenda for the
Development of Africa in the 1990s,  4/

     Recognizing further the importance of intercontinental,
interregional, regional and subregional cooperation in the
implementation of the programme for the Second Decade,

     Noting the far-reaching implications of the fundamental
developments in the international environment for development
cooperation, including the conclusion of the Uruguay Round of
multilateral trade negotiations, and for the implementation of the
programme for the Second Decade, as well as the need for concerted
national and international action to enable African countries to cope
with the challenges posed by, and benefit fully from, the
opportunities provided by recent developments in international trade,
among other things, and the role of the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development in this regard,

     Emphasizing the continuing need for the mobilization of adequate
resources through domestic and international initiatives for the
implementation of the programme for the Second Decade, including a
favourable climate for foreign direct investment, private sector
development, small and medium-sized enterprises and enhanced market
access,

     Recognizing the need for African countries to use both human and
financial resources more effectively in the process of
industrialization,

     Noting with appreciation the various regional and subregional
initiatives and meetings that have taken place, including the
Conference of African Ministers of Industry, held at Gaborone from 6
to 8 June 1995, and the contribution made by the United Nations
Industrial Development Organization in convening and organizing
industrial investment forums aimed at the implementation of the
programme for the Second Decade,

     1.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of the programme for the Second Industrial Development
Decade for Africa (1993-2002);  5/

     2.   Emphasizes the importance of industrial development
cooperation and a positive investment and business climate, at the
international, regional, subregional and national levels, in promoting
the expansion, diversification and modernization of productive
capacities in developing countries;

     3.   Requests the United Nations system, in particular the United
Nations Industrial Development Organization and the Economic
Commission for Africa, as well as the Organization of African Unity
and all other partners in the development process, to continue to play
an active and more effective role in the implementation of the
programme for the Second Decade, bearing in mind the undertakings made
in this regard in the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of
Africa in the 1990s;

     4.   Encourages African Governments to strengthen national
committees for the Second Decade in order to monitor its
implementation effectively and to fashion effective policy responses
to the challenges and the demands posed and the opportunities offered
by changes in the domestic and international environment for
industrialization;

     5.   Emphasizes the continuing need for technical and financial
assistance from the United Nations system and from bilateral and
multilateral sources to complement the efforts of African countries in
achieving the objectives of the Second Decade, as well as the need for
African countries to enhance cooperation among themselves in the areas
of industrial policy, institutional development, human resources
development, technology and investments;

     6.   Requests the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization to facilitate the exchange of information among African
Governments on activities carried out nationally in collaboration with
the United Nations system and with the support of bilateral and
multilateral partners in connection with the implementation of the
programme for the Second Decade as a contribution to subsequent
reports of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the
programme;

     7.   Calls upon the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization, the Economic Commission for Africa and the Organization
of African Unity to enhance their assistance and coordinate their
activities in human resources development for industry, with a view to
improving the competitiveness of the industrial sector in Africa in
the light of the globalization of production and the growth of related
trade, investment and technology flows;

     8.   Requests the Secretary-General, in collaboration with all
the relevant organizations, funds and programmes of the United Nations
system, to take into account the implementation of the programme for
the Second Decade when preparing for the mid-term review, in 1996, of
the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the
1990s;

     9.   Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution.

                                             96th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1995


                              Notes

1/   A/50/518, annex, para. 48.

2/   See A/50/752-S/1995/1035, annex V.

3/   See A/50/647, annex II.

4/   Resolution 46/151, annex, sect. II.

5/   A/50/487.

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