United Nations

A/RES/50/88


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

12 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda items 20 (d) and 54


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.60 and Add.1)]


            50/88.   Strengthening of the coordination of
                     humanitarian and disaster relief
                     assistance of the United Nations,
                     including special economic assistance:
                     emergency international assistance for
                     peace, normalcy and reconstruction of
                     war-stricken Afghanistan

                     The situation in Afghanistan
                     and its implications for
                     international peace and
                     security


                                       A

         Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and
                reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 47/119 of 18 December 1992, 48/208 of
21 December 1993 and 49/140 of 20 December 1994 concerning emergency
international assistance for the reconstruction of war-stricken
Afghanistan,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General of
8 November 1995,  1/

      Concerned about the renewal of armed conflict and the attendant
displacement of families and interruptions in the process of
repatriating refugees,

      Deeply concerned about the massive loss of human life, the
aggravated suffering of the most vulnerable groups, the destruction of
property and the serious damage to the economic and social
infrastructure of Afghanistan caused by sixteen years of war, and
stressing the importance of a return to peace and stability for the
rehabilitation and reconstruction of Afghanistan, bearing in mind that
the country continues to suffer from an extremely critical economic
situation as a land-locked, least developed and war-stricken country,

      Welcoming the efforts of the United Nations Special Mission to
Afghanistan headed by Mahmoud Mestiri to bring about the restoration
of peace, normalcy and national reconciliation and the reconstruction
and rehabilitation of war-stricken Afghanistan,

      Deeply concerned also about the problem of millions of
anti-personnel land-mines and unexploded ordnance in Afghanistan which
continue to prevent many Afghan refugees from returning to their
villages and working in their fields, and disturbed by reports of new
mines being laid,

      Concerned for the well-being of the unarmed civilian population
of Afghanistan, in particular of Kabul, who face a long winter
possibly deprived of basic foods, fuel and medicine owing to a renewal
of hostilities around the capital,

      Bearing in mind the close interrelationship between ensuring
peace and normalcy in Afghanistan and the ability of the country to
take effective steps towards revitalizing the economy, and stressing
that a cessation of armed hostilities between the warring parties in
Afghanistan is indispensable if reconstruction measures are to have a
lasting effect,

      Affirming the urgent need to continue international action to
assist Afghanistan in restoring basic services and the infrastructure
of the country, and welcoming the efforts of the United Nations
Development Programme and other United Nations agencies in this
respect,

      Expressing its appreciation for the assistance of the Office of
the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in its continuing
support for the repatriation of Afghan refugees from neighbouring
countries,

      Reaffirming the principle of non-refoulement as contained in
article 33 of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 2/

      Expressing its gratitude to all Governments that have rendered
assistance to Afghan refugees, in particular the Governments of
Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran, and recognizing the need
for continuing international assistance for the maintenance abroad and
the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of refugees and internally
displaced persons,

      Expressing its appreciation to the States and intergovernmental
and non-governmental organizations that have responded positively and
continue to respond to the humanitarian needs of Afghanistan, as well
as to the Secretary-General for his efforts to draw the attention of
the international community to the acute problems of reconstruction in
Afghanistan and for mobilizing and coordinating the delivery of
appropriate humanitarian assistance,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General and
endorses the observations and recommendations set out therein;

      2.    Requests the Secretary-General to authorize the United
Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan, established under resolution
48/208, to continue its efforts to facilitate national reconciliation
and reconstruction in Afghanistan;

      3.    Also requests the Secretary-General to continue efforts to
develop plans for national reconstruction and rehabilitation beginning
in areas of peace and security, on the basis of the recommendations
set out in his report;

      4.    Calls upon all Afghan parties not to hinder in any way
efforts by the United Nations and associated organizations to
transport and distribute emergency humanitarian assistance to the
Afghan population, particularly to the city of Kabul, and urges them
to ensure full freedom of movement for the United Nations Special
Mission;

      5.    Urgently appeals to all States, organizations and programmes
of the United Nations system, specialized agencies and other
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to continue to
provide, on a priority basis and as far as conditions on the ground
permit, all possible financial, technical and material assistance for
the restoration of the basic services and the reconstruction of
Afghanistan and the voluntary, safe and secure return of refugees and
internally displaced persons, and appeals to the international
financial and development institutions to assist in the planning of
the reconstruction of Afghanistan;

      6.    Calls upon the international community to respond to the
inter-agency consolidated appeal for emergency humanitarian and
rehabilitation assistance for Afghanistan launched by the Secretary-
General for the period from 1 October 1995 to 30 September 1996,
bearing in mind the availability also of the Afghanistan Emergency
Trust Fund;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on the actions taken
pursuant to the present resolution;

      8.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session, under the cluster of items on coordination of
humanitarian assistance, the item entitled "Emergency international
assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken
Afghanistan".

                                                          95th plenary meeting
                                                              19 December 1995


                                       B

            The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for
                       international peace and security

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 49/140 of 20 December 1994 on emergency
international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of
war-stricken Afghanistan,

      Recalling also the statements on Afghanistan of the President of
the Security Council of 24 January, 23 March, 11 August and 30
November 1994,  3/

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General of 8 November
1995, 1/

      Wishing the people of Afghanistan peace and prosperity,

      Firmly committed to national reconciliation in Afghanistan and to
its sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity,

      Emphasizing the importance of democracy and of the realization of
human rights in any future political process in Afghanistan,

      Deeply concerned about the lack of progress in reaching an
agreement on the establishment of an acceptable and broadly
representative "mechanism", the transfer of power and an immediate and
durable cease-fire,

      Affirming the readiness of the United Nations to assist the
people of Afghanistan in their effort to resolve internal political
differences, facilitating national reconciliation leading to the
restoration of a fully representative, broad-based government and to
the start of the process of rehabilitation and reconstruction in their
country,

      Welcoming the efforts of the United Nations Special Mission to
Afghanistan headed by Mahmoud Mestiri to bring about the restoration
of peace, normalcy and national reconciliation,

      Expressing its support for the continuing efforts of the Special
Mission, particularly the steps taken by the Mission to begin a
political process in which all segments of Afghan society are
represented,

      Expressing its appreciation for the efforts of the Organization
of the Islamic Conference in support of the Special Mission and the
engagement of that organization in Afghanistan, in coordination with
the United Nations, with a view to achieving a just and lasting
political settlement,

      Noting with mounting concern the prolongation, and in some
regions the intensification, of armed hostilities among the parties in
the country, including indiscriminate attacks on civilians and other
violations of international humanitarian law which have caused
significant civilian casualties, displaced populations and destruction
of the economic and social infrastructure of the country, in spite of
repeated calls by the Security Council and the Secretary-General for a
cessation of hostilities,

      Deeply concerned about the recurring abuses of human rights in
Afghanistan,

      Reaffirming the call of the Security Council on all States to
stop the flow of weapons to the parties in Afghanistan,

      Expressing its concern about actions undermining the security of
State frontiers, including illicit traffic in arms and narcotics by
criminal elements and groups from certain areas of Afghanistan which
creates a threat to peace and stability in the whole region, including
Afghanistan,

      Bearing in mind the close interrelationship between ensuring
peace and normalcy in Afghanistan and the ability of the country to
take effective steps towards revitalizing the economy, and stressing
that a cessation of armed hostilities between the warring parties in
Afghanistan and political stability are indispensable if
reconstruction measures are to have a lasting effect,

      Emphasizing the continuing need for strong political support by
the international community for the United Nations Special Mission,
and welcoming the Secretary-General's decision to strengthen the
Mission,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General and
endorses the observations and recommendations set out therein;

      2.    Expresses its support for the decision of the Secretary-
General to strengthen the United Nations Special Mission to
Afghanistan by stationing four additional political counsellors in
Afghanistan, and urges the Secretary-General to initiate the necessary
arrangements as soon as possible;

      3.    Supports the Secretary-General in his efforts to pursue all
possible means of cooperation with the Afghan parties and with the
Organization of the Islamic Conference and regional States with a view
to achieving national reconciliation in Afghanistan;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to authorize the United
Nations Special Mission to Afghanistan, established under resolution
48/208 and supported by the Office of the Secretary-General in
Afghanistan, to continue its efforts to facilitate national
reconciliation and reconstruction in Afghanistan, in particular by
ensuring transfer of power through the urgent establishment of a fully
representative and broad-based authoritative council with authority,
inter alia:

      (a)   To negotiate and oversee an immediate and durable cease-fire;

      (b)   To create and control a national security force to provide
for security throughout the country and oversee the collection and
safeguarding of all heavy weapons in the country, and to stop the flow
of arms and of equipment related to arms production to the parties;

      (c)   To form an acceptable transitional government which could,
inter alia, control the national security force until conditions for
free and fair elections are established throughout the country,
possibly utilizing traditional decision-making structures, such as a
grand assembly, to help establish those conditions;

      5.    Reiterates its call upon all Afghans, especially the leaders
of warring parties, to cooperate fully with the broad-based
authoritative council, priority being given to the implementation of
the steps referred to in paragraph 4 of the present resolution;

      6.    Urges the leaders of all Afghan parties to renounce the use
of force and to settle their political differences by peaceful means;

      7.    Urgently calls upon all parties strictly to respect all
provisions of international humanitarian law;

      8.    Calls upon all warring parties in Afghanistan to refrain
from detaining foreign nationals, and urges the captors of the members
of the crew of the Russian aircraft in Kandahar to release them
immediately;

      9.    Calls upon all States:

      (a)   To respect Afghanistan's sovereignty and territorial
integrity, strictly to refrain from interfering in the internal
affairs of Afghanistan and to respect the right of the Afghan people
to determine their own destiny;

      (b)   To take all steps necessary to promote peace in Afghanistan,
to stop the flow of arms and of equipment related to arms production
to all parties and to put an end to this destructive conflict;

      10.   Calls upon the international community to promote stability
in Afghanistan and, without prejudice to the provisions of
paragraph 9 (a) of the present resolution, urges all States, including
Afghanistan, to strengthen cooperation against the use of the Afghan
territory for international terrorism, which, if not curtailed,
extends beyond the region with detrimental consequences;

      11.   Supports the intention of the Secretary-General to move the
Office of the Secretary-General in Afghanistan to Kabul as soon as the
situation permits;

      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly every three months during its fiftieth session on the
progress of the United Nations Special Mission and to report to the
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the progress made in the
implementation of the present resolution;

      13.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "The situation in Afghanistan and its
implications for international peace and security".

                                                          95th plenary meeting
                                                              19 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   A/50/737.

2/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

3/   S/PRST/1994/4, 12, 43 and 77, respectively.

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