United Nations

A/RES/50/73


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
10 January 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 73


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the First Committee (A/50/593)]


            50/73.      The risk of nuclear proliferation in
                        the Middle East

      The General Assembly,

      Bearing in mind the relevant United Nations resolutions,

      Taking note of the relevant resolutions adopted by the General
Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the latest of
which is GC(39)/RES/24, adopted on 22 September 1995, and noting the
danger of nuclear proliferation, especially in areas of tension,

      Cognizant that the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the region
of the Middle East would pose a serious threat to international peace
and security,

      Aware of the importance that all nuclear facilities in the region
be placed under full-scope safeguards of the International Atomic
Energy Agency,

      Recalling the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995
Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on 11 May 1995,  1/ in which
the Conference noted with concern the continued existence in the
Middle East of unsafeguarded nuclear facilities, reaffirmed the
importance of the early realization of universal adherence to the
Treaty and called upon all States in the Middle East that had not yet
done so, without exception, to accede to the Treaty as soon as
possible and to place all their nuclear facilities under full-scope
International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards,

      Recalling also the decision on principles and objectives for
nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament adopted by the 1995 Review
and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on 11 May 1995,  2/ in which
the Conference urged universal adherence to the Treaty as an urgent
priority and called upon all States not yet party to the Treaty to
accede to it at the earliest date, particularly those States that
operate unsafeguarded nuclear facilities,

      Encouraged by the recent positive developments in the Middle East
peace process, which would be further strengthened by States of the
region undertaking practical confidence-building measures in order to
consolidate the non-proliferation regime,

      1.    Welcomes the accession of the United Arab Emirates on
26 September 1995 to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons;

      2.    Calls upon Israel and all other States of the region that
are not yet party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear
weapons, to renounce possession of nuclear weapons and to accede to
the Treaty at the earliest date;

      3.    Calls upon the States of the region that have not yet done
so to place all unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope
International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards as an important
confidence-building measure among all States of the region and as a
step towards enhancing peace and security;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

      5.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "The risk of nuclear proliferation in
the Middle East".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          See 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to
the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final
Document, Part I (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I)), annex.

2/          Ibid., decision 2.

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