United Nations

A/RES/50/72


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
10 January 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 72


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the First Committee (A/50/592)]


            50/72.      Review of the implementation of the
                        recommendations and decisions adopted
                        by the General Assembly at its tenth
                        special session


                                       A

                    Report of the Conference on Disarmament

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Conference on Disarmament, 1/

      Convinced that the Conference on Disarmament, as the single
multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international
community, has the primary role in substantive negotiations on
priority questions of disarmament,

      Noting with satisfaction the results achieved so far on the
subject of a comprehensive test ban, as well as the commitment to
complete the negotiations on the issue as soon as possible and not
later than 1996,

      1.    Reaffirms the role of the Conference on Disarmament as the
single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international
community;

      2.    Welcomes the determination of the Conference on Disarmament
to fulfil that role in the light of the evolving international
situation, with a view to making early substantive progress on
priority items of its agenda;

      3.    Urges the Conference on Disarmament to continue as the
highest priority task its negotiations to conclude a comprehensive
nuclear-test-ban treaty;

      4.    Acknowledges decision CD 1356 taken by the Conference on
Disarmament on 21 September 1995  2/ regarding its composition and
the commitment to implement that decision at the earliest possible
date;

      5.    Encourages the review of the agenda and methods of work of
the Conference on Disarmament;

      6.    Urges the Conference on Disarmament to make every effort to
reach a consensus on its programme of work at the beginning of its
1996 session;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue to ensure the
provision to the Conference on Disarmament of adequate administrative,
substantive and conference support services;

      8.    Requests the Conference on Disarmament to submit a report on
its work to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Report of the Conference on
Disarmament".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                       B

                               Disarmament Week

      The General Assembly,

      Noting the fundamental change that has been brought about by the
end of the cold war and bipolar confrontation, and welcoming the
important achievements of late in the areas of arms limitation and
disarmament,

      Noting with satisfaction that this year's observance of
Disarmament Week coincides with the fiftieth anniversary of the United
Nations,

      Stressing the increasing role and prestige of the United Nations
as a focal point for coordinating and harmonizing the efforts of
States,

      Emphasizing anew the need for and the importance of world public
opinion in support of disarmament efforts in all their aspects,

      Noting with satisfaction the broad and active support by
Governments and international and national organizations of the
decision taken by the General Assembly at its tenth special session,
the first special session devoted to disarmament, regarding the
proclamation of the week starting 24 October, the day of the founding
of the United Nations, as a week devoted to fostering the objectives
of disarmament,  3/

      Recalling the recommendations concerning the World Disarmament
Campaign contained in annex V to the Concluding Document of the
Twelfth Special Session of the General Assembly, the second special
session devoted to disarmament, in particular the recommendation that
Disarmament Week should continue to be widely observed,  4/

      Noting the support for the further observance of Disarmament Week
expressed by Member States at the fifteenth special session of the
General Assembly, the third special session devoted to disarmament,

      Recognizing the significance of the annual observance of
Disarmament Week, including by the United Nations,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
observance of Disarmament Week;  5/

      2.    Commends all States, international and national governmental
and non-governmental organizations for their active support for and
participation in Disarmament Week;

      3.    Invites all States that so desire, in carrying out
appropriate measures at the local level on the occasion of Disarmament
Week, to take into account the elements of the model programme for
Disarmament Week prepared by the Secretary-General;  6/

      4.    Invites Governments and international and national
non-governmental organizations to continue to take an active part in
Disarmament Week;

      5.    Invites the Secretary-General to continue to use the United
Nations informational organs as widely as possible to promote better
understanding among the world public of disarmament problems and the
objectives of Disarmament Week;

      6.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
fifth session the item entitled "Disarmament Week".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                       C

         Expansion of the membership of the Conference on Disarmament

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Conference on Disarmament, 1/
and in particular the part concerning expansion of the membership of
the Conference,

      Stressing the role of the Conference on Disarmament as the sole
multilateral global negotiating body on disarmament,

      Emphasizing the fact that, notwithstanding dramatic changes in
the international situation and continuous consultations, there has
been no expansion of the membership of the Conference during the last
seventeen years,

      Fully convinced that an enlarged membership is desirable in order
to take advantage of the current propitious international climate to
negotiate and conclude, on the solid basis of a more representative
participation, a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty and other
important agreements requiring universal adherence,

      Recognizing the legitimate aspirations of all candidate countries
to participate fully in the work of the Conference on Disarmament, and
recalling  relevant decisions taken to review the composition of the
Conference, including the agreement reached among Member States during
the first special session of the General Assembly devoted to
disarmament on a further expansion and on the wish to review the
membership of the then Committee on Disarmament at regular intervals,

      Noting that the Conference on Disarmament, which is funded from
the regular budget, was granted, pursuant to General Assembly
resolution 48/77 B of 16 December 1993, supplementary administrative,
substantive and conference support services, inter alia, in
anticipation of its expansion,

      Recalling in particular its resolution 49/77 B of 15 December
1994, adopted without a vote, urging the Conference on Disarmament to
make every effort to reach a solution resulting, by the beginning of
1995, in a significant expansion of its composition, which would then
include at least sixty countries,

      Strongly regretting, nevertheless, that the decision of the
Conference on Disarmament to adopt the report of the then Special
Coordinator for Membership, and the recommended composition attached
to it, taken at the end of the 1995 session did not result in the
immediate expansion of its membership,

      1.    Recalls the report of 12 August 1993 of the Special
Coordinator for Membership  7/ designated by the Conference on
Disarmament and the subsequent statement made by the Special
Coordinator on 26 August 1993, recommending a dynamic solution to the
question of membership;

      2.    Recognizes the legitimate aspirations of all countries that
have applied for membership to participate fully in the work of the
Conference on Disarmament;

      3.    Acknowledges decision CD/1356, taken at the 719th plenary
meeting of the Conference on Disarmament on 21 September 1995, 2/
including the commitment to implement the decision at the earliest
possible date;

      4.    Calls for the implementation of decision CD/1356 on the
expansion of membership of the Conference on Disarmament on an urgent
basis;

      5.    Strongly urges that the new members should, in pursuance of
decision CD/1356 and with particular reference to the provisions
contained in the second paragraph of that decision, all assume
together membership of the Conference at the start of the 1996 session
of the Conference;

      6.    Calls on the Conference on Disarmament, in accordance with
its decision CD/1356, to review the situation following the
presentation of progress reports by the President of the Conference on
ongoing consultations at the end of each part of its annual session;

      7.    Urges that, following the presentation of progress reports
by the President of the Conference, the other candidatures to date be
further considered by the Conference at its 1996 session.

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                       D

                     Report of the Disarmament Commission

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the annual report of the Disarmament
Commission,  8/

      Recalling its resolutions 47/54 A of 9 December 1992, 47/54 G of
8 April 1993, 48/77 A of 16 December 1993 and 49/77 A of 15 December
1994,

      Considering the role that the Disarmament Commission has been
called upon to play and the contribution that it should make in
examining and submitting recommendations on various problems in the
field of disarmament and in the promotion of the implementation of the
relevant decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth
special session,

      1.    Takes note of the annual report of the Disarmament
Commission; 8/

      2.    Notes with regret that the Disarmament Commission was unable
to achieve agreement on guidelines and recommendations under its
agenda item entitled "Process of nuclear disarmament in the framework
of international peace and security, with the objective of the
elimination of nuclear weapons" and on recommendations under its
agenda item entitled "Review of the Declaration of the 1990s as the
Third Disarmament Decade", both of which were concluded in 1995;

      3.    Notes the progress made and continuing consideration by the
Disarmament Commission of its agenda item entitled "International arms
transfers, with particular reference to General Assembly resolution
46/36 H of 6 December 1991", which is to be concluded in 1996;

      4.    Reaffirms the importance of further enhancing the dialogue
and cooperation among the First Committee, the Disarmament Commission
and the Conference on Disarmament;

      5.    Also reaffirms the role of the Disarmament Commission as the
specialized, deliberative body within the United Nations multilateral
disarmament machinery that allows for in-depth deliberations on
specific disarmament issues, leading to the submission of concrete
recommendations on those issues;

      6.    Encourages the Disarmament Commission to continue to make
every effort to enhance its working methods so as to enable it to give
focused consideration to a limited number of priority issues in the
field of disarmament, bearing in mind the decision it has taken to
move its agenda towards a three-item phased approach;

      7.    Requests the Disarmament Commission to continue its work in
accordance with its mandate, as set forth in paragraph 118 of the
Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly,
 9/ and with paragraph 3 of Assembly resolution 37/78 H of 9
December 1982, and to that end to make every effort to achieve
specific recommendations on the items on its agenda, taking into
account the adopted "Ways and means to enhance the functioning of the
Disarmament Commission";  10/

      8.    Recommends that, pursuant to the adopted three-item phased
approach, the Disarmament Commission, at its 1995 organizational
session, adopt the following items for consideration at its 1996
substantive session:

      (a)   International arms transfers, with particular reference to
General Assembly resolution 46/36 H of 6 December 1991;

      (b)   [to be added];  11/

      (c)   [to be added]; 11/

      9.    Requests the Disarmament Commission to meet for a period not
exceeding four weeks during 1996 and to submit a substantive report to
the General Assembly at its fifty-first session;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the
Disarmament Commission the annual report of the Conference on
Disarmament, 1/ together with all the official records of the fiftieth
session of the General Assembly relating to disarmament matters, and
to render all assistance that the Commission may require for
implementing the present resolution;

      11.   Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure full provision
to the Commission and its subsidiary bodies of interpretation and
translation facilities in the official languages and to assign, as a
matter of priority, all the necessary resources and services,
including verbatim records, to that end;

      12.   Further requests the Secretary-General to prepare a
compilation, in the format of a note by the Secretary-General, of all
texts of principles, guidelines or recommendations on subject items
that have been unanimously adopted by the Disarmament Commission since
its inception in 1978;

      13.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Report of the Disarmament
Commission".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth Session, Supplement
No. 27 (A/50/27).

2/    Ibid., para. 14.

3/    Resolution S-10/2, para. 102.

4/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Twelfth Special Session,
Annexes agenda items 9-13, document A/S-12/32, annex V, para. 12.

5/    A/50/291.

6/    A/34/436.

7/    See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-eighth
Session, Supplement No. 27 (A/48/27), para. 13 (incorporating document
CD/1214).

8/    Ibid., Fiftieth Session, Supplement No. 42 (A/50/42).

9/    Resolution S-10/2.

10/   A/CN.10/137 of 27 April 1990.

11/   The new item will be decided by the Disarmament Commission at its
1995 organizational session.

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