United Nations

A/RES/50/71


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
15 January 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 71


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the First Committee (A/50/591)]


      50/71.      Review and implementation of the Concluding
                  Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the
                  General Assembly

                                       A

                United Nations disarmament fellowship, training
                             and advisory services

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its decision, contained in paragraph 108 of the Final
Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly,  1/
the first special session devoted to disarmament, to establish a
programme of fellowships on disarmament, as well as its decisions
contained in annex IV to the Concluding Document of the Twelfth
Special Session of the General Assembly,  2/ the second special
session devoted to disarmament, in which it decided, inter alia, to
continue the programme,

      Noting with satisfaction that the programme has already trained
an appreciable number of public officials selected from geographical
regions represented in the United Nations system, most of whom are now
in positions of responsibility in the field of disarmament affairs in
their respective countries or Governments,

      Recalling all the annual resolutions on the matter since the
thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, in 1982, including
Assembly resolution 49/76 B of 15 December 1994,

      Noting also with satisfaction that the programme, as designed,
continues to enable an increased number of public officials,
particularly from the developing countries, to acquire more expertise
in the sphere of disarmament,

      Believing that the forms of assistance available to Member
States, particularly to developing countries, under the programme will
enhance the capabilities of their officials to follow ongoing
deliberations and negotiations on disarmament, both bilateral and
multilateral,

      1.    Reaffirms its decisions contained in annex IV to the
Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General
Assembly 2/ and the report of the Secretary-General  3/ approved
by the Assembly in its resolution 33/71 E of 14 December 1978;

      2.    Expresses its appreciation to the Governments of Germany and
Japan for inviting the 1995 fellows to study selected activities in
the field of disarmament, thereby contributing to the fulfilment of
the overall objectives of the programme;

      3.    Commends the Secretary-General for the diligence with which
the programme has continued to be carried out;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue the
implementation of the Geneva-based programme within existing resources
and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session;

      5.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "United Nations disarmament
fellowship, training and advisory services".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                       B

                     Regional confidence-building measures

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the purposes and principles of the United Nations and
its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace
and security in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,

      Bearing in mind the guidelines for general and complete
disarmament adopted at its tenth special session, the first special
session devoted to disarmament,

      Recalling its resolutions 43/78 H and 43/85 of 7 December 1988,
44/21 of 15 November 1989, 45/58 M of 4 December 1990, 46/37 B of 6
December 1991, 47/53 F of 15 December 1992, 48/76 A of 16 December
1993 and 49/76 C of 15 December 1994,

      Considering the importance and effectiveness of
confidence-building measures taken at the initiative and with the
participation of all States concerned and taking into account the
specific characteristics of each region, in that they can contribute
to regional disarmament and to international security, in accordance
with the principles of the Charter,

      Convinced that the resources released by disarmament, including
regional disarmament, can be devoted to economic and social
development and to the protection of the environment for the benefit
of all peoples, in particular those of the developing countries,

      Bearing in mind the establishment by the Secretary-General on 28
May 1992 of the Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in
Central Africa, the purpose of which is to encourage arms limitation,
disarmament, non-proliferation and development in the subregion,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
regional confidence-building measures,  4/ which deals with the
sixth and seventh meetings of the Standing Advisory Committee on
Security Questions in Central Africa, held at Brazzaville in March and
August 1995;

      2.    Reaffirms its support for efforts aimed at promoting
confidence-building measures at regional and subregional levels in
order to ease tensions and conflicts in the subregion and to further
disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful settlement of disputes
in Central Africa;

      3.    Also reaffirms its support for the programme of work of the
Standing Advisory Committee adopted at the organizational meeting of
the Committee held at Yaounde' in July 1992;

      4.    Takes note of the Brazzaville Declaration on Cooperation for
Peace and Security in Central Africa  5/ and urges the States
members of the Standing Advisory Committee to implement it promptly;

      5.    Notes the readiness of the States members of the Standing
Advisory Committee to reduce the military forces, equipment and
budgets in the subregion and to continue reviewing the studies carried
out on the subject with a view to reaching agreements to that end;

      6.    Welcomes the initialling of the Non-Aggression Pact between
the States members of the Standing Advisory Committee, which is likely
to contribute to the prevention of conflicts and to
confidence-building in the subregion, and encourages those States to
sign the Pact as soon as possible;

      7.    Welcomes with satisfaction the decision by the States
members of the Standing Advisory Committee to participate in peace
operations of the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity
and, to that end, to establish units specializing in peace operations
within their respective armed forces;

      8.    Also welcomes with satisfaction the participation of some of
the States members of the Standing Advisory Committee in the peace
operations deployed in the subregion;

      9.    Requests Member States and governmental and non-governmental
organizations to promote and to facilitate the holding of a training
programme on peace operations in the subregion with a view to
strengthening the capacity of the units specializing in peace
operations in the armed forces of the States members of the Standing
Advisory Committee;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide
assistance to the States members of the Standing Advisory Committee
and to establish a trust fund to which Member States and governmental
and non-governmental organizations may make additional voluntary
contributions for the implementation of the programme of work of the
Committee;

      11.   Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution;

      12.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
fifty-first session the item entitled "Regional confidence-building
measures".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                       C

      United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa
      and United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and     
                Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 40/151 G of 16 December 1985, 41/60 D
of 3 December 1986, 42/39 J of 30 November 1987 and 43/76 D of 7
December 1988 on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and
Disarmament in Africa, its resolutions 41/60 J of 3 December 1986,
42/39 K of 30 November 1987 and 43/76 H of 7 December 1988 on the
United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development
in Latin America and the Caribbean, and its resolutions 45/59 E of 4
December 1990 and 46/37 F of 9 December 1991 on the United Nations
Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa, the United
Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the
Pacific and the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament
and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 46/36 F of 6 December 1991 and 47/52
G of 9 December 1992 on regional disarmament, including confidence-
building measures,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/76 E of 16 December 1993 and 49/76 D
of 15 December 1994 on the regional disarmament centres,

      Mindful of the provisions of Article 11, paragraph 1, of the
Charter of the United Nations stipulating that a function of the
General Assembly is to consider the general principles of cooperation
in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the
principles governing disarmament and arms limitation,

      Bearing in mind that the changed international environment has
created new opportunities for the pursuit of disarmament, as well as
posed new challenges,

      Convinced that the initiatives and activities mutually agreed
upon by Member States of the respective regions aimed at fostering
mutual confidence and security, as well as the implementation and
coordination of regional activities under the United Nations
Disarmament Information Programme, would encourage and facilitate the
development of effective measures of confidence-building, arms
limitation and disarmament in these regions,

      Welcoming the programme of activities carried out by the regional
centres, which have contributed substantially to understanding and
cooperation among the States in each particular region and have
thereby strengthened the role assigned to each regional centre in the
areas of peace, disarmament and development,

      Bearing in mind the importance of education for peace,
disarmament and development for understanding and cooperation among
States and for the promotion of international peace and security,

      Recognizing with concern the financial situation of the regional
centres as described in the 1994 report of the Secretary-General on
the activities of the regional centres,  6/

      Underlining, therefore, the need to provide the centres with
financial viability and stability so as to facilitate the effective
planning and implementation of their respective programmes of
activities,

      Expressing its gratitude to the Member States, international
governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations that
have, so far, contributed to the trust funds of the regional centres
in Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean,

      1.    Commends the activities being carried out by the regional
centres in identifying and broadening the understanding of pressing
disarmament and security issues and exploring optimum solutions under
given specific conditions prevailing in each region, in accordance
with their mandates;

      2.    Reaffirms its strong support for the further operation and
strengthening of the two regional centres and encourages them to
continue intensifying their efforts in promoting cooperation with
subregional and regional organizations and among the States in their
respective regions to facilitate the development of effective measures
of confidence-building, arms limitation and disarmament, with a view
to promoting peace and security;

      3.    Also encourages further use of the potential of the regional
centres to maintain the increased interest in and momentum for
revitalization of the Organization to meet the challenges of a new
phase of international relations in order to fulfil the purposes and
principles of the Charter of the United Nations related to peace,
disarmament and development, taking into account the guidelines and
recommendations for regional approaches to disarmament within the
context of global security as adopted by the Disarmament Commission at
its 1993 substantive session;  7/

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the
Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization, to promote the development of activities within
the programmes of the United Nations regional disarmament centres
related to education for disarmament;

      5.    Strongly appeals once again to Member States, as well as to
international governmental and non-governmental organizations and
foundations, to make more substantial voluntary contributions in order
to revitalize the two centres, strengthen their programmes of
activities and facilitate the effective implementation of those
programmes;
      6.    Requests the Secretary-General, in the light of the current
financial situation of the two centres, to explore new alternative
ways of financial resources and to continue to provide all necessary
support to the regional centres in fulfilling their mandates;

      7.    Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the
directors of the two regional centres are, as far as possible, locally
based in order to revitalize the activities in the centres;

      8.    Further requests the Secretary-General to report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-first session on his efforts to seek new
alternative sources of financing for the two regional centres and on
the implementation of the present resolution;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "United Nations Regional Centre for
Peace and Disarmament in Africa, United Nations Regional Centre for
Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific and United Nations
Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin
America and the Caribbean".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                       D

           United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament
                            in Asia and the Pacific

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 39/63 J of 12 December 1984, in which it
requested the Secretary-General to provide assistance to such Member
States in the regions concerned as might request it with a view to
establishing regional and institutional arrangements for the
implementation of the World Disarmament Campaign, on the basis of
existing resources and of voluntary contributions that Member States
might make to that end,

      Recalling also its resolution 42/39 D of 30 November 1987, by
which it established the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and
Disarmament in Asia, with headquarters at Kathmandu and with the
mandate of providing, on request, substantive support for the
initiatives and other activities mutually agreed upon by the Member
States of the Asian region for the implementation of measures for
peace and disarmament, through appropriate utilization of available
resources,

      Mindful of its resolution 44/117 F of 15 December 1989, in which
it decided to rename the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and
Disarmament in Asia as the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace
and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific,

      Commending the useful activities carried out by the Regional
Centre in encouraging regional and subregional dialogue for the
enhancement of openness, transparency and confidence-building, as well
as the promotion of disarmament and security through the organization
of regional meetings, which has come to be widely known within the
Asia-Pacific region as the "Kathmandu process",

      Noting that trends in the post-cold-war era have emphasized the
function of the Regional Centre in assisting Member States as they
deal with new security concerns and disarmament issues emerging in the
region,
      Noting also the efforts of the Member States to respond to these
concerns and issues through the formulation of a common approach,

      Appreciating highly the important role Nepal has played as the
host nation of the headquarters of the Regional Centre,

      Recognizing the need for the Regional Centre to pursue
effectively its above-mentioned expanded function,

      Expressing its appreciation to the Regional Centre for its
organization of substantive regional meetings at Kathmandu and at
Nagasaki and Kanazawa, Japan, in 1995,

      1.    Commends the important work carried out by the United
Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the
Pacific, with its headquarters at Kathmandu;

      2.    Reaffirms its strong support for the continued operation and
further strengthening of the Regional Centre as an essential promoter
of the regional peace and disarmament dialogue in the Asia-Pacific
region known as the "Kathmandu process";

      3.    Decides that the Director of the Regional Centre at
Kathmandu should operate as before until a reliable means can be found
to finance the operational needs of the Regional Centre;

      4.    Recommends that the Regional Centre organize the scheduled
regional meetings at Kathmandu, Hiroshima, Japan, and other cities in
1996, within the available resources voluntarily contributed by Member
States and organizations for that purpose;

      5.    Expresses its appreciation for the contributions received by
the Regional Centre;

      6.    Appeals to Member States, in particular those within the
Asia-Pacific region, as well as to international governmental and
non-governmental organizations and foundations, to make voluntary
contributions in order to strengthen the programme of activities of
the Regional Centre and its implementation;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to provide all necessary
support, within existing resources, to the Regional Centre in carrying
out its programme of activities;

      8.    Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "United Nations Regional Centre for
Peace and Disarmament in Africa, United Nations Regional Centre for
Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific and United Nations
Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin
America and the Caribbean".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                       E

            Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons

      The General Assembly,

      Convinced that the use of nuclear weapons poses the most serious
threat to the survival of mankind,

      Convinced also that a multilateral agreement prohibiting the use
or threat of use of nuclear weapons would strengthen international
security and contribute to the climate for negotiations leading to the
ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons,

      Conscious that some steps taken by the Russian Federation and the
United States of America towards a reduction of their nuclear weapons
and the improvement in the international climate can contribute
towards the goal of complete elimination of nuclear weapons,

      Recalling that, in paragraph 58 of the Final Document of the
Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly, 1/ it is stated that
all States should actively participate in efforts to bring about
conditions in international relations among States in which a code of
peaceful conduct of nations in international affairs could be agreed
upon and that would preclude the use or threat of use of nuclear
weapons,

      Reaffirming that any use of nuclear weapons would be a violation
of the Charter of the United Nations and a crime against humanity, as
declared in its resolutions 1653 (XVI) of 24 November 1961, 33/71 B of
14 December 1978, 34/83 G of 11 December 1979, 35/152 D of 12 December
1980 and 36/92 I of 9 December 1981,

      Stressing that an international convention would be an important
step in a phased programme towards the complete elimination of nuclear
weapons within a time-bound framework,

      Noting with regret that the Conference on Disarmament, during its
1995 session, was unable to undertake negotiations on this subject,

      1.    Reiterates its request to the Conference on Disarmament to
commence negotiations, in order to reach agreement on an international
convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons
under any circumstances, taking as a possible basis the draft
Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons annexed to
the present resolution;

      2.    Requests the Conference on Disarmament to report to the
General Assembly on the results of those negotiations.

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


                                     ANNEX

                Draft Convention on the Prohibition of the Use
                              of Nuclear Weapons

      The States Parties to the present Convention,

      Alarmed by the threat to the very survival of mankind posed by
the existence of nuclear weapons,

      Convinced that any use of nuclear weapons constitutes a violation
of the Charter of the United Nations and a crime against humanity,

      Convinced also that the present Convention would be an important
step in a phased programme towards the complete elimination of nuclear
weapons within a time-bound framework,

      Determined to continue negotiations for the achievement of this
goal,

      Have agreed as follows:


                                   Article 1

      The States Parties to the present Convention solemnly undertake
not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons under any circumstances.

                                   Article 2

      The present Convention shall be of unlimited duration.


                                   Article 3

      1.    The present Convention shall be open to all States for
signature.  Any State that does not sign the Convention before its
entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of the present article
may accede to it at any time.

      2.    The present Convention shall be subject to ratification by
signatory States.  Instruments of ratification or accession shall be
deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

      3.    The present Convention shall enter into force on the deposit
of instruments of ratification by twenty-five Governments, including
the Governments of the five nuclear-weapon States, in accordance with
paragraph 2 of the present article.

      4.    For States whose instruments of ratification or accession
are deposited after the entry into force of the Convention, it shall
enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of
ratification or accession.

      5.    The depositary shall promptly inform all signatory and
acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of
each instrument of ratification or accession and the date of entry
into force of the present Convention, as well as of the receipt of
other notices.

      6.    The present Convention shall be registered by the depositary
in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.


                                   Article 4

      The present Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English,
French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be
deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall
send duly certified copies thereof to the Governments of the signatory
and acceding States.


      IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized
thereto by their respective Governments, have signed the present
Convention, opened for signature at ___________ on the ____________
day of ____________ one thousand nine hundred and __________.
 

                                     Notes

1/   Resolution S-10/2.

2/   See Official Records of the General Assembly, Twelfth
Special Session, Annexes, agenda items 9-13, document A/S-12/32.

3/   A/33/305.

4/   A/50/474.

5/   Ibid., annex I.

6/   A/49/389.

7/   Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-eighth
Session, Supplement No. 42 (A/48/42), annex II.

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