United Nations

A/RES/50/70


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
15 January 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 70


               RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

     [on the report of the First Committee (A/50/590 and Corr.1)]


               50/70.    General and complete disarmament

                                A

                         Nuclear testing

     The General Assembly,

     Welcoming the easing of international tension and the
strengthening of trust between States that have prevailed following
the end of the cold war,

     Reaffirming that the cessation of all nuclear testing will
contribute to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its
aspects, to the process of nuclear disarmament leading to the ultimate
objective of the complete elimination of nuclear weapons and therefore
to the further enhancement of international peace and security,

     Convinced that the cessation of all nuclear testing will provide
a favourable climate for the conclusion of negotiations on a
comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty,

     Considering that nuclear testing is not consistent with
undertakings by the nuclear-weapon States at the 1995 Review and
Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,

     Deeply concerned about the potential negative effects of
underground nuclear testing on health and the environment,

     Sharing alarm expressed internationally, regionally and
nationally at recent nuclear tests,

     1.   Commends those nuclear-weapon States observing nuclear
testing moratoria, and urges them to continue those moratoria pending
the entry into force of a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty;
     2.   Strongly deplores all current nuclear testing;

     3.   Strongly urges the immediate cessation of all nuclear
testing.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                B

                           Small arms

     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming the role of the United Nations in the field of
disarmament and the commitment of Member States to take concrete steps
in order to strengthen that role,

     Realizing the urgent need to resolve underlying conflicts, to
diminish tensions and to accelerate efforts towards general and
complete disarmament under strict and effective international control
with a view to maintaining regional and international peace and
security in a world free from the scourge of war and the burden of
armaments,

     Reaffirming the inherent right to individual or collective self-
defence recognized in Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations,
which implies that States also have the right to acquire arms with
which to defend themselves,

     Reaffirming also the right of self-determination of all peoples,
in particular peoples under colonial or other forms of alien
domination or foreign occupation, and the importance of the effective
realization of this right, as enunciated, inter alia, in the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted by the World Conference
on Human Rights on 25 June 1993,  1/

     Realizing that arms obtained through the illicit arms trade are
most likely to be used for violent purposes and that even small arms
when so obtained, directly or indirectly, by terrorist groups, drug
traffickers or underground organizations can pose a danger to regional
and international security, and certainly to the security and
political stability of the countries affected,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General to the
Security Council entitled "Supplement to an Agenda for Peace",  2/
which stressed the urgent need for practical disarmament in the
context of the conflicts the United Nations is actually dealing with
and of the weapons, most of them light weapons, that are actually
killing people in the hundreds of thousands,  3/ and which
identified light weapons as including, inter alia, small arms and
anti-personnel land-mines,

     Recalling its resolution 49/75 G of 15 December 1994, in which it
welcomed the initiative taken by Mali concerning the question of the
illicit circulation of small arms and their collection in the affected
States of the Saharo-Sahelian subregion, as well as the action taken
by the Secretary-General in implementation of this initiative,

     Noting the work of the Disarmament Commission on international
arms transfers,

     1.   Requests the Secretary-General, within the existing
resources, to prepare a report, with the assistance of a panel group
of qualified governmental experts to be nominated by him on the basis
of equitable geographical representation, on:

     (a)  The types of small arms and light weapons actually being
used in conflicts being dealt with by the United Nations;

     (b)  The nature and causes of the excessive and destabilizing
accumulation and transfer of small arms and light weapons, including
their illicit production and trade;

     (c)  The ways and means to prevent and reduce the excessive and
destabilizing accumulation and transfer of small arms and light
weapons, in particular as they cause or exacerbate conflict;
with particular attention to the role of the United Nations in this
field and to the complementary role of regional organizations, and
taking into account views and proposals of Member States and all other
relevant information, for submission to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session;

     2.   Also requests the Secretary-General to seek the views and
proposals of Member States on the matters mentioned in paragraph 1
above, to collect all other relevant information and to make them
available for consideration by the panel of governmental experts
referred to in paragraph 1 above;

     3.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
fifty-second session an item entitled "Small arms".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                C

         Nuclear disarmament with a view to the ultimate
                 elimination of nuclear weapons

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 49/75 H of 15 December 1994,

     Recognizing that the end of the cold war has increased the
possibility of freeing the world from the fear of nuclear war,

     Appreciating the entry into force of the Treaty on the Reduction
and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms,  4/ to which Belarus,
Kazakstan, the Russian Federation, Ukraine and the United States of
America are party, and looking forward to the early entry into force
of the Treaty on Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic
Offensive Arms,  5/

     Welcoming the reductions in the nuclear arsenals of other
nuclear-weapon States,

     Welcoming also the decision of the 1995 Review and Extension
Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons to extend the Treaty indefinitely,  6/ taken
without a vote, as well as the decisions on strengthening the review
process for the Treaty  7/ and on the principles and objectives
for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament,  8/

     Noting the reference in the decision on the principles and
objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament to the
importance of the following measures for the full realization and
effective implementation of article VI of the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,  9/ including the programme of
action as reflected below:

     (a)  The completion by the Conference on Disarmament of the
negotiations on a universal and internationally and effectively
verifiable comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty no later than 1996,
and utmost restraint that should be exercised by the nuclear-weapon
States pending the entry into force of that treaty;

     (b)  The immediate commencement and early conclusion of
negotiations on a non-discriminatory and universally applicable
convention banning the production of fissile material for nuclear
weapons or other nuclear explosive devices in accordance with the
statement of the Special Coordinator of the Conference on Disarmament
and the mandate contained therein;

     (c)  The determined pursuit by the nuclear-weapon States of
systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally,
with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, and by all States
of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective
international control,

     Welcoming positive developments as well as the efforts being made
by the States members of the Conference on Disarmament in the
negotiations on a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty at the
Conference on Disarmament at Geneva,

     Recalling that nuclear non-proliferation and the promotion of
nuclear disarmament are key elements in the maintenance of
international peace and security, which is one of the most important
purposes of the United Nations,

     1.   Urges States not parties to the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 9/ to accede to it at the earliest
possible date, recognizing the importance of universal adherence to
the Treaty;

     2.   Calls for the determined pursuit by the nuclear-weapon
States of systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons
globally, with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, and by
all States of general and complete disarmament under strict and
effective international control, and invites them to keep States
Members of the United Nations duly informed of the progress and
efforts made;

     3.   Calls upon all States to implement fully their commitments
in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                D

                    Transparency in armaments

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 46/36 L of 9 December 1991, 47/52 L of
15 December 1992, 48/75 E of 16 December 1993 and 49/75 C of 15
December 1994,

     Continuing to take the view that an enhanced level of
transparency in armaments contributes greatly to confidence-building
and security among States and that the establishment of the United
Nations Register of Conventional Arms  10/ constitutes an
important step forward in the promotion of transparency in military
matters,

     Welcoming the consolidated report of the Secretary-General on the
Register,  11/ which includes the returns of Member States for
1994,

     Welcoming also the response of Member States to the requests
contained in paragraphs 9 and 10 of resolution 46/36 L to provide data
on their imports and exports of arms, as well as available background
information regarding their military holdings, procurement through
national production and relevant policies,

     Stressing that the continuing operation of the Register and its
further development should be reviewed in order to secure a Register
that is capable of attracting the widest possible participation,

     1.   Reaffirms its determination to ensure the effective
operation of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms 10/ as
provided for in paragraphs 7, 8, 9 and 10 of resolution 46/36 L;

     2.   Calls upon Member States to provide the requested data and
information for the Register, on the basis of resolutions 46/36 L and
47/52 L and the annex and appendices to the report of the Secretary-
General on the continuing operation of the Register and its further
development,  12/ to the Secretary-General by 30 April annually;

     3.   Reaffirms its decision, with a view to further development
of the Register, to keep the scope of and participation in the
Register under review, and, to that end:

     (a)  Recalls its request to Member States to provide the
Secretary-General with their views on the continuing operation of the
Register and its further development and on transparency measures
related to weapons of mass destruction;

     (b)  Recalls its request to the Secretary-General, with the
assistance of a group of governmental experts to be convened in 1997,
on the basis of equitable geographical representation, to prepare a
report on the continuing operation of the Register and its further
development, taking into account the work of the Conference on
Disarmament, the views expressed by Member States and the report of
the Secretary-General on the continuing operation of the Register and
its further development, 12/ with a view to a decision at its fifty-
second session;

     4.   Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that sufficient
resources are made available for the Secretariat to operate and
maintain the Register;

     5.   Invites the Conference on Disarmament to consider continuing
its work undertaken in the field of transparency in armaments;

     6.   Reiterates its call upon all Member States to cooperate at
the regional and subregional levels, taking fully into account the
specific conditions prevailing in the region or subregion, with a view
to enhancing and coordinating international efforts aimed at increased
openness and transparency in armaments;

     7.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the progress made in
implementing the present resolution;

     8.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Transparency in armaments".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                E

        Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive wastes

     The General Assembly,

     Bearing in mind resolutions CM/Res.1153 (XLVIII) of 1988 13/ and
CM/Res.1225 (L) of 1989,  14/ adopted by the Council of
Ministers of the Organization of African Unity, concerning the dumping
of nuclear and industrial wastes in Africa,

     Welcoming resolution GC(XXXIV)/Res/530 establishing a Code of
Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radioactive
Waste, adopted on 21 September 1990 by the General Conference of the
International Atomic Energy Agency at its thirty-fourth regular
session,  15/

     Welcoming also resolution GC(XXXVIII)/Res/6, adopted on 23
September 1994 by the General Conference of the International Atomic
Energy Agency at its thirty-eighth regular session,  16/
inviting the Board of Governors and the Director-General of the Agency
to commence preparations for a convention on the safety of radioactive
waste management,

     Considering its resolution 2602 C (XXIV) of 16 December 1969, in
which it requested the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament, 17/ 
inter alia, to consider effective methods of control
against the use of radiological methods of warfare,

     Recalling resolution CM/Res.1356 (LIV) of 1991, adopted by the
Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity,  18/
on the Bamako Convention on the Ban on the Import of Hazardous Wastes
into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within
Africa,

     Aware of the potential hazards underlying any use of radioactive
wastes that would constitute radiological warfare and its implications
for regional and international security, in particular for the
security of developing countries,

     Recalling its resolutions 43/75 Q of 7 December 1988, 44/116 R of
15 December 1989, 45/58 K of 4 December 1990, 46/36 K of 6 December
1991, 47/52 D of 9 December 1992, 48/75 D of 16 December 1993 and
49/75 A of 15 December 1994,

     Desirous of promoting the implementation of paragraph 76 of the
Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly, 19/ 
the first special session devoted to disarmament,

     1.   Takes note of the part of the report of the Conference on
Disarmament relating to a future convention on the prohibition of
radiological weapons;  20/

     2.   Expresses grave concern regarding any use of nuclear wastes
that would constitute radiological warfare and have grave implications
for the national security of all States;

     3.   Calls upon all States to take appropriate measures with a
view to preventing any dumping of nuclear or radioactive wastes that
would infringe upon the sovereignty of States;

     4.   Requests the Conference on Disarmament to take into account,
in the negotiations for a convention on the prohibition of
radiological weapons, radioactive wastes as part of the scope of such
a convention;

     5.   Also requests the Conference on Disarmament to intensify
efforts towards an early conclusion of such a convention and to
include in its report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session the progress recorded in the negotiations on this subject;

     6.   Takes note of resolution CM/Res.1356 (LIV) of 1991, adopted
by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity, on
the Bamako Convention on the Ban on the Import of Hazardous Wastes
into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within
Africa;

     7.   Expresses the hope that the effective implementation of the
International Atomic Energy Agency Code of Practice on the
International Transboundary Movement of Radioactive Waste will enhance
the protection of all States from the dumping of radioactive wastes on
their territories;

     8.   Welcomes current efforts of the International Atomic Energy
Agency in the preparation of a draft convention on the safe management
of radioactive waste;

     9.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Prohibition of the dumping of
radioactive wastes".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                F

     Convening of the fourth special session of the General
                 Assembly devoted to disarmament

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 49/75 I of 15 December 1994,

     Recalling also that three special sessions of the General
Assembly devoted to disarmament were held in 1978, 1982 and 1988,

     Bearing in mind the Final Document of the Tenth Special Session
of the General Assembly, 19/ the first special session devoted to
disarmament, and the final objective of general and complete
disarmament under effective international control,

     Welcoming the recent positive changes in the international
landscape, characterized by the end of the cold war, the relaxation of
tensions at the global level and the emergence of a new spirit
governing relations among nations,

     Taking note of paragraph 108 of the Final Declaration of the
Eleventh Conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned
Countries, held at Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from 18 to 20
October 1995, which supported the convening of the fourth special
session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament in 1997, which
would offer an opportunity to review, from a perspective more in tune
with the current international situation, the most critical aspects of
the process of disarmament and to mobilize the international community
and public opinion in favour of the elimination of weapons of mass
destruction and of the control and reduction of conventional weapons,

     Expecting that, since negotiations and action on important
disarmament issues will be completed by the end of 1996, the year 1997
would be an opportune time to review the progress in the entire field
of disarmament in the post-cold-war era,

     1.   Decides to convene its fourth special session on disarmament
in 1997, if possible, the exact date and agenda to be decided upon
before the end of the current session of the General Assembly through
consultations;

     2.   Also decides to establish a Preparatory Committee to prepare
a draft agenda for the special session, to examine all relevant
questions relating to that session and to submit its recommendations
thereon to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session;

     3.   Invites all Member States to communicate to the Secretary-
General, no later than 1 April 1996, their views on the draft agenda
and other relevant questions relating to the fourth special session on
disarmament;

     4.   Requests the Preparatory Committee to meet for a short
organizational session before the end of the fifty-first session of
the General Assembly in order, inter alia, to set the date for its
substantive session;

     5.   Also requests the Preparatory Committee to submit its
progress report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session;

     6.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session an item entitled "Convening of the fourth special
session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament:  report of the
Preparatory Committee for the Fourth Special Session of the General
Assembly Devoted to Disarmament".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                G

        Relationship between disarmament and development

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling the provisions of the Final Document of the Tenth
Special Session of the General Assembly, 19/ the first special session
devoted to disarmament, concerning the relationship between
disarmament and development,

     Recalling also the adoption on 11 September 1987 of the Final
Document of the International Conference on the Relationship between
Disarmament and Development,  21/

     Recalling further its resolution 49/75 J of 15 December 1994,

     Bearing in mind the final documents of the Eleventh Conference of
Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries, held at
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from 18 to 20 October 1995,

     Stressing the growing importance of the symbiotic relationship
between disarmament and development in current international
relations,

     1.   Takes note of the note by the Secretary-General  22/
and of actions taken in accordance with the Final Document of the
International Conference on the Relationship between Disarmament and
Development;

     2.   Urges the international community to devote part of the
resources made available by the implementation of disarmament and arms
limitation agreements to economic and social development, with a view
to reducing the ever-widening gap between developed and developing
countries;

     3.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take action,
through appropriate organs and within available resources, for the
implementation of the action programme adopted at the International
Conference;  23/

     4.   Also requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to
the General Assembly at its fifty-first session;

     5.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Relationship between disarmament and
development".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                H

      Assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic
                in small arms and collecting them

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 46/36 H of 6 December 1991, 47/52 G and
J of 9 December 1992, 48/75 H and J of 16 December 1993 and 49/75 G of
15 December 1994,

     Considering that the circulation of massive quantities of small
arms throughout the world impedes development and is a source of
increased insecurity,

     Considering also that the illicit international transfer of small
arms and their accumulation in many countries constitute a threat to
the populations and to national and regional security and are a factor
contributing to the destabilization of States,

     Basing itself on the statement of the Secretary-General relating
to the request of Mali concerning United Nations assistance for the
collection of small arms,

     Gravely concerned at the extent of the insecurity and banditry
linked to the illicit circulation of small arms in Mali and the other
affected States of the Saharo-Sahelian subregion,

     Taking note of the first conclusions of the United Nations
advisory missions sent to the affected countries of the subregion by
the Secretary-General to study the best way of curbing the illicit
circulation of small arms and ensuring their collection,

     Taking note also of the interest shown by other States of the
subregion in receiving the United Nations Advisory Mission,

     Noting the actions taken and those recommended at the meetings of
the States of the subregion held at Banjul, Algiers and Bamako to
establish close regional cooperation with a view to strengthening
security,

     1.   Welcomes the initiative taken by Mali concerning the
question of the illicit circulation of small arms and their collection
in the affected States of the Saharo-Sahelian subregion;

     2.   Also welcomes the action taken by the Secretary-General in
implementation of this initiative in the context of General Assembly
resolution 40/151 H of 16 December 1985;

     3.   Thanks the Governments concerned in the subregion for the
substantial support that they have given to the United Nations
advisory missions and welcomes the declared readiness of other States
to receive the United Nations Advisory Mission;

     4.   Encourages the Secretary-General to continue his efforts in
the context of the implementation of resolution 49/75 G and of the
recommendations of the United Nations advisory missions,  24/ to
curb the illicit circulation of small arms and to collect such arms in
the affected States that so request, with the support of the United
Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa and in
close cooperation with the Organization of African Unity;

     5.   Invites Member States to implement national control measures
in order to check the illicit circulation of small arms, in particular
by curbing the illegal export of such arms;

     6.   Invites the international community to give appropriate
support to the efforts made by the affected countries to suppress the
illicit circulation of small arms, which is likely to hamper their
development;

     7.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to examine the
issue and to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                I

   Bilateral nuclear arms negotiations and nuclear disarmament

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its previous relevant resolutions,

     Recognizing the fundamental changes that have taken place with
respect to international security, which have permitted agreements on
deep reductions in the nuclear armaments of the States possessing the
largest inventories of such weapons,

     Mindful that it is the responsibility and obligation of all
States to contribute to the process of the relaxation of international
tension and to the strengthening of international peace and security,

     Stressing the importance of strengthening international peace and
security through general and complete disarmament, under strict and
effective international control,

     Stressing also that it is the responsibility of all States to
adopt and implement measures towards the attainment of general and
complete disarmament under strict and effective international control,

     Appreciating a number of positive developments in the field of
nuclear disarmament, in particular the Treaty between the United
States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the
Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, 25/ 
and the treaties on the reduction and limitation of
strategic offensive arms,

     Appreciating also the indefinite extension of the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 9/ and acknowledging the
importance of the determined pursuit by the nuclear-weapon States of
systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally,
with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, and by all States
of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective
international control,

     Welcoming the steps that have already been taken by the Russian
Federation and the United States of America to begin the process of
reducing the number of nuclear weapons and removing such weapons from
a deployed status, and bilateral agreements on the issue of de-
targeting strategic nuclear missiles,

     Noting the new climate of relations between the United States of
America and the States of the former Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, which permits them to intensify their cooperative efforts
to ensure the safety, security and environmentally sound destruction
of nuclear weapons,

     Noting also that the Russian Federation and the United States of
America concurred that, once the Treaty between them on Further
Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms 5/ was ratified,
they would proceed to deactivate all nuclear delivery systems to be
reduced under the Treaty by removing their nuclear warheads or taking
other steps to remove them from alert status,

     Noting further the commitment between the Russian Federation and
the United States of America to intensify their dialogue to compare
conceptual approaches and to develop concrete steps to adapt the
nuclear forces and practices on both sides to the changed
international security situation, including the possibility, after
ratification of the Treaty on Further Reduction and Limitation of
Strategic Offensive Arms, of further reductions of and limitations on
remaining nuclear forces,

     Taking note of the joint statement of 10 May 1995 by the Russian
Federation and the United States of America on the Treaty on the
Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems,

     Urging the early ratification of the Treaty on Further Reduction
and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms and further intensification
of such efforts to accelerate the implementation of agreements and
unilateral decisions relating to nuclear arms reduction,

     Welcoming the significant reductions made by other nuclear-weapon
States, and encouraging all nuclear-weapon States to consider
appropriate measures relating to nuclear disarmament,

     1.   Welcomes the entry into force of the Treaty on the Reduction
and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, 4/ signed in Moscow on 31
July 1991 by the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the
United States of America, including the Protocol to that Treaty signed
at Lisbon on 23 May 1992 by the parties thereto, and the exchange of
documents of ratification between the United States of America,
Belarus, Kazakstan, the Russian Federation and Ukraine on 5 December
1994 at Budapest;

     2.   Also welcomes the signing of the Treaty between the United
States of America and the Russian Federation on Further Reduction and
Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms in Moscow on 3 January 1993, 5/
and urges the parties to take the steps necessary to bring that Treaty
into force at the earliest possible date;

     3.   Expresses its satisfaction at the fact that the entry into
force of the 1991 Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic
Offensive Arms clears the way for prompt ratification by the Russian
Federation and the United States of America of the 1993 Treaty;

     4.   Also expresses its satisfaction at the continuing
implementation of the Treaty between the United States of America and
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their
Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, 25/ in particular at
the completion by the parties of the destruction of all their declared
missiles subject to elimination under the Treaty;

     5.   Encourages the United States of America, the Russian
Federation, Belarus, Kazakstan, and Ukraine to continue their
cooperative efforts aimed at eliminating nuclear weapons and strategic
offensive arms on the basis of existing agreements, and welcomes the
contributions that other States are making to such cooperation as
well;

     6.   Welcomes the accession to the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 9/ of Belarus, Kazakstan and Ukraine
as non-nuclear-weapon States, which thereby provided a notable
enhancement to the non-proliferation regime;

     7.   Encourages and supports the Russian Federation and the
United States of America in their efforts to reduce their nuclear
weapons and to continue to give those efforts the highest priority in
order to contribute to the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons;

     8.   Invites the Russian Federation and the United States of
America to keep other States Members of the United Nations duly
informed of progress in their discussions and in the implementation of
their strategic offensive arms agreements and unilateral decisions.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                J

        Measures to curb the illicit transfer and use of
                        conventional arms

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 46/36 H of 6 December 1991 and its
decision 47/419 of 9 December 1992 on international arms transfers,

     Recalling also its resolutions 48/75 F and H of 16 December 1993
and 49/75 M of 15 December 1994 on measures to curb the illicit
transfer and use of conventional arms,

     Recognizing that the availability of massive quantities of
conventional weapons and especially their illicit transfer, often
associated with destabilizing activities, are most disturbing and
dangerous phenomena, in particular for the internal situation of
affected States and the violation of human rights,

     Bearing in mind that in certain situations mercenaries,
terrorists and child soldiers are supplied with weapons acquired from
illicit transfers of conventional arms,

     Convinced that peace and security are inextricably interlinked
with and in some cases imperative for economic development and
reconstruction, including in war-stricken countries,

     Realizing the urgent need to resolve conflicts and to diminish
tension, and to accelerate efforts towards general and complete
disarmament with a view to maintaining regional and international
peace and security,

     Recognizing the curbing of the illicit transfer of arms as an
important contribution to the relaxation of tension and peaceful
reconciliation processes,

     Stressing the need for effective national control measures on the
transfer of conventional weapons,

     Convinced that effective measures to curb the illicit transfer
and use of conventional arms will help enhance regional and
international peace, security and economic development,

     1.   Invites Member States:

     (a)  To take appropriate and effective enforcement measures to
seek to ensure that illicit transfers of arms are immediately
discontinued;

     (b)  To provide the Secretary-General promptly with relevant
information on national control measures on arms transfers with a view
to preventing illicit arms transfers;

     2.   Requests the Disarmament Commission:

     (a)  To expedite its consideration of the agenda item on
international arms transfers, with special emphasis on the adverse
consequences of the illicit transfer of arms and ammunition;

     (b)  To study and report on measures to curb the illicit transfer
and use of conventional arms, bearing in mind concrete problems in
various regions of the world;

     3.   Requests the Secretary-General:

     (a)  To seek the views of Member States on effective ways and
means of collecting weapons transferred illicitly, in particular in
the light of experience gained by the United Nations;

     (b)  To seek the views of Member States on concrete proposals
concerning measures at the national, regional and international levels
to curb the illicit transfer and use of conventional arms;

     (c)  To submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session
a report containing the views expressed by Member States;

     4.   Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the effective implementation of
the present resolution;

     5.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Measures to curb the illicit transfer
and use of conventional arms".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                K

                      Regional disarmament

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 45/58 P of 4 December 1990, 46/36 I of
6 December 1991, 47/52 J of 9 December 1992, 48/75 I of 16 December
1993 and 49/75 N of 15 December 1994 on regional disarmament,

     Believing that the efforts of the international community to move
towards the ideal of general and complete disarmament are guided by
the inherent human desire for genuine peace and security, the
elimination of the danger of war and the release of economic,
intellectual and other resources for peaceful pursuits,

     Affirming the abiding commitment of all States to the purposes
and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations in the
conduct of their international relations,

     Noting that essential guidelines for progress towards general and
complete disarmament were adopted at the tenth special session of the
General Assembly, the first special session devoted to disarmament, 19/

     Taking note of the guidelines and recommendations for regional
approaches to disarmament within the context of global security
adopted by the Disarmament Commission at its 1993 substantive session, 26/

     Welcoming the prospects of genuine progress in the field of
disarmament engendered in recent years as a result of negotiations
between the two super-Powers,

     Taking note of the recent proposals for disarmament and nuclear
non-proliferation at the regional and subregional levels,

     Recognizing the importance of confidence-building measures for
regional and international peace and security,

     Convinced that endeavours by countries to promote regional
disarmament, taking into account the specific characteristics of each
region and in accordance with the principle of undiminished security
at the lowest level of armaments, would enhance the security of
smaller States and would thus contribute to international peace and
security by reducing the risk of regional conflicts,

     1.   Stresses that sustained efforts are needed, within the
framework of the Conference on Disarmament and under the umbrella of
the United Nations, to make progress on the entire range of
disarmament issues;

     2.   Affirms that global and regional approaches to disarmament
complement each other and should therefore be pursued simultaneously
to promote regional and international peace and security;

     3.   Calls upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible,
for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building
measures at the regional and subregional levels;

     4.   Welcomes the initiatives towards disarmament, nuclear
non-proliferation and security undertaken by some countries at the
regional and subregional levels;

     5.   Supports and encourages efforts aimed at promoting
confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels in
order to ease regional tensions and to further disarmament and nuclear
non-proliferation measures at the regional and subregional levels;

     6.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Regional disarmament".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                L

     Conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 48/75 J of 16 December 1993 and 49/75 O
of 15 December 1994,

     Recognizing the crucial role of conventional arms control in
promoting regional and international peace and security,

     Convinced that conventional arms control needs to be pursued
primarily in the regional and subregional contexts since most threats
to peace and security in the post-cold-war era arise mainly among
States located in the same region or subregion,

     Aware that the preservation of a balance in the defence
capabilities of States at the lowest level of armaments would
contribute to peace and stability and should be a prime objective of
conventional arms control,

     Desirous of promoting agreements to strengthen regional peace and
security at the lowest possible level of armaments and military
forces,

     Believing that militarily significant States, and States with
larger military capabilities, have a special responsibility in
promoting such agreements for regional security,

     Believing also that two of the principal objectives of
conventional arms control should be to prevent the possibility of
military attack launched by surprise and to avoid aggression,

     1.   Decides to give urgent consideration to the issues involved
in conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels;

     2.   Requests the Conference on Disarmament, as a first step, to
consider the formulation of principles that can serve as a framework
for regional agreements on conventional arms control, and looks
forward to a report of the Conference on this subject;

     3.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Conventional arms control at the
regional and subregional levels".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                M

        Observance of environmental norms in the drafting
        and implementation of agreements on disarmament  
                        and arms control

     The General Assembly,

     Recognizing the importance of the observance of environmental
norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament
and arms limitation,

     Taking note of the relevant provisions of the Convention on the
Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of
Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction  27/ regarding the
environment,

     Convinced of the importance of the environmentally sound
implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the
Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological
(Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction,  28/

     Mindful of the detrimental environmental effects of the use of
nuclear weapons,

     Conscious of the positive potential implications for the
environment of a future comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty,

     Desirous of banning effectively military or any other hostile use
of environment modification techniques, with a view to removing the
dangers for mankind that might arise from such uses,

     1.   Invites the Conference on Disarmament to take every
necessary measure to include in negotiating treaties and agreements on
disarmament and arms limitation the corresponding environmental norms,
with a view to ensuring that the process of implementation of such
treaties and agreements is environmentally sound, in particular the
destruction of weapons covered by them;

     2.   Emphasizes the importance of the compliance of all States
parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development,
Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their
Destruction, and calls upon them to cooperate and ensure that the
process of implementation of the Convention in all relevant aspects is
environmentally sound;

     3.   Urges all States parties to consider all relevant norms
related to the protection of the environment in implementing the
Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and
Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on
Their Destruction;

     4.   Calls upon the Conference on Disarmament to conclude, as a
task of the highest priority, a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty
as soon as possible in 1996;

     5.   Urges the States that are not yet party to the Convention on
the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental
Modification Techniques  29/ to consider adhering to it as soon
as possible, in order to assure the universality of the Convention.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                N

   Bilateral nuclear arms negotiations and nuclear disarmament

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its previous relevant resolutions,

     Recognizing the fundamental changes that have taken place with
respect to international security, which have permitted agreements on
deep reductions in the nuclear armaments of the States possessing the
largest inventories of such weapons,

     Mindful that it is the responsibility and obligation of all
States to contribute to the process of the relaxation of international
tension and to the strengthening of international peace and security,

     Stressing the importance of strengthening international peace and
security through disarmament,

     Emphasizing that nuclear disarmament remains one of the principal
tasks of our times,

     Appreciating a number of positive developments in the field of
nuclear disarmament, in particular the Treaty between the United
States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the
Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles,
concluded on 8 December 1987, 25/ and the treaties on the reduction and
limitation of strategic offensive arms,

     Noting that there are still significant nuclear arsenals and that
the primary responsibility for nuclear disarmament, with the objective
of the elimination of nuclear weapons, rests with the nuclear-weapon
States, in particular those which possess the largest stockpiles,

     Noting also the expressed determination of the nuclear-weapon
States to pursue systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear
weapons globally, with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons
within a time-bound framework,

     Welcoming the steps that have already been taken by those States
to begin the process of reducing the number of nuclear weapons and
removing such weapons from a deployed status, and bilateral agreements
on the issue of de-targeting strategic nuclear missiles,

     Noting the new climate of relations between the United States of
America and the States of the former Soviet Union, which permits them
to intensify their cooperative efforts to ensure the safety, security
and environmentally sound destruction of nuclear weapons,

     Noting also that the Russian Federation and the United States of
America concurred that, once the Treaty on Further Reduction and
Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms 5/ was ratified, they would
proceed to deactivate all nuclear delivery systems to be reduced under
the Treaty by removing their nuclear warheads or taking other steps to
remove them from alert status,

     Noting further the agreement between the Russian Federation and
the United States of America to intensify their dialogue to compare
conceptual approaches and to develop concrete steps to adapt the
nuclear forces and practices on both sides to the changed
international security situation, including the possibility, after
ratification of the Treaty on Further Reduction and Limitation of
Strategic Offensive Arms, of further reductions of and limitations on
remaining nuclear forces,

     Taking note of the joint statement of 10 May 1995 by the Russian
Federation and the United States of America on the Treaty on the
Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems,

     Urging the early ratification of the Treaty on the Further
Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms and further
intensification of such efforts to accelerate the implementation of
agreements and unilateral decisions relating to nuclear-arms
reduction,

     Welcoming the reduction made by other nuclear-weapon States, in
some of their nuclear-weapon programmes, and encouraging all nuclear-
weapon States to consider appropriate measures relating to nuclear
disarmament,

     Affirming that bilateral and multilateral negotiations on nuclear
disarmament should facilitate and complement each other,

     1.   Welcomes the entry into force of the Treaty on the Reduction
and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, 4/ signed in Moscow on 31
July 1991 by the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the
United States of America, including the Protocol to that Treaty signed
at Lisbon on 23 May 1992 by the parties thereto, and the exchange of
documents of ratification between the United States of America,
Belarus, Kazakstan, the Russian Federation and Ukraine on 5 December
1994 at Budapest;

     2.   Also welcomes the signing of the Treaty between the United
States of America and the Russian Federation on Further Reduction and
Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms in Moscow on 3 January 1993, 5/
and urges the parties to take the steps necessary to bring that Treaty
into force at the earliest possible date;

     3.   Expresses its satisfaction at the fact that the entry into
force of the 1991 Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic
Offensive Arms clears the way to prompt ratification by the Russian
Federation and the United States of America of the 1993 Treaty;

     4.   Also expresses its satisfaction at the continuing
implementation of the Treaty between the United States of America and
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their
Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, 25/ in particular at
the completion by the parties of the destruction of all their declared
missiles subject to elimination under the Treaty;

     5.   Encourages the United States of America, the Russian
Federation, Belarus, Kazakstan and Ukraine to continue their
cooperative efforts aimed at eliminating nuclear weapons and strategic
offensive arms on the basis of existing agreements, and welcomes the
contributions that other States are making to such cooperation as
well;

     6.   Encourages and supports the Russian Federation and the
United States of America in their efforts to reduce their nuclear
armaments and to continue to give those efforts the highest priority
in order to contribute to the objective of the elimination of nuclear
weapons within a time-bound framework;

     7.   Invites the Russian Federation and the United States of
America to keep other States Members of the United Nations and the
Conference on Disarmament duly informed of progress in their
discussions and in the implementation of their strategic offensive
arms agreements and unilateral decisions;

     8.   Calls on the Conference on Disarmament to take this
information into account in the negotiations to be held on nuclear
disarmament and for the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons within
a time-bound framework.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                O

      Moratorium on the export of anti-personnel land-mines

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling with satisfaction its resolutions 48/75 K of 16
December 1993 and 49/75 D of 15 December 1994, in which it, inter
alia, called upon States to agree to a moratorium on the export of
anti-personnel land-mines that pose grave dangers to civilian
populations, and urged States to implement moratoria on the export of
anti-personnel land-mines,

     Also recalling with satisfaction its resolution 49/75 D, in which
it, inter alia, established as a goal of the international community
the eventual elimination of anti-personnel land-mines,

     Noting that, according to the 1994 report of the Secretary-
General entitled "Assistance in mine clearance",  30/ it is
estimated that there are more than one hundred and ten land-mines in
the ground in more than sixty countries throughout the world,

     Noting also that, according to the same report, the global land-
mine crisis continues to worsen as an estimated two to five million
new land-mines are laid each year, while only an estimated one hundred
thousand were cleared in 1994,

     Expressing deep concern that anti-personnel land-mines kill or
maim hundreds of people every week, mostly innocent and defenceless
civilians, obstruct economic development and reconstruction, and have
other severe consequences for years after emplacement, which include
inhibiting the repatriation of refugees and the return of internally
displaced persons,

     Gravely concerned over the suffering and casualties caused to
non-combatants as a result of the proliferation, as well as the
indiscriminate and irresponsible use, of anti-personnel land-mines,

     Recalling with satisfaction its resolutions 48/7 of 19 October
1993 and 49/215 A of 23 December 1994 calling for assistance in mine
clearance,

     Welcoming the programmes of assistance that exist for demining
and humanitarian support for the victims of anti-personnel land-mines,

     Welcoming also the International Meeting on Mine Clearance, held
at Geneva from 5 to 7 July 1995, and noting the statement of the
Secretary-General at the meeting that the international community must
take specific and tangible steps to address the intolerable situation
caused by the proliferation of anti-personnel land-mines throughout
the world,

     Recalling with satisfaction the report of the Secretary-General
concerning progress on the initiative in resolution 49/75 D, 31/

     Convinced that moratoria by States on the export of anti-
personnel land-mines that pose grave dangers to civilian populations
are important measures in helping to reduce substantially the human
and economic costs resulting from the proliferation, as well as the
indiscriminate and irresponsible use, of such devices,

     Noting with satisfaction that more than twenty-five States
already have declared moratoria on the export, transfer or sale of
anti-personnel land-mines, with many of these moratoria being declared
as a result of the aforementioned resolutions,

     Believing that ongoing efforts to strengthen the Convention on
Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional
Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have
Indiscriminate Effects,  32/ in particular Protocol II thereto, 33/ 
are an essential part of the overall effort to address
problems caused by the proliferation, as well as the indiscriminate
and irresponsible use, of anti-personnel land-mines,

     Noting the efforts that were made at the Review Conference of the
States Parties to the Convention, held at Vienna from 25 September to
13 October 1995, to strengthen prohibitions and restrictions in
Protocol II governing land-mine use and transfer, and urging parties
to build consensus towards agreement on such prohibitions and
restrictions when the Review Conference reconvenes in January and
April 1996,

     Believing that, in addition to Protocol II, other measures to
control the production, stockpiling and transfer of anti-personnel
land-mines are also necessary to address problems caused by anti-
personnel land-mines, especially the indiscriminate or illegal use of
anti-personnel land-mines that continue to inflict harm on civilian
populations long after emplacement,

     Recognizing that States can move most effectively towards the
goal of the eventual elimination of anti-personnel land-mines as
viable alternatives are developed that significantly reduce the risk
to the civilian population, and emphasizing the need for States to
work on developing such alternatives on an urgent basis,

     1.   Welcomes the moratoria already declared by certain States on
the export of anti-personnel land-mines;

     2.   Urges States that have not yet done so to declare such
moratoria at the earliest possible date;

     3.   Requests the Secretary-General to prepare a report on steps
taken by Member States to implement such moratoria, and to submit it
to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session under the item
entitled "General and complete disarmament";

     4.   Emphasizes the importance of the Convention on Prohibitions
or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May
Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate
Effects and Protocol II thereto as the authoritative international
instrument governing the responsible use of anti-personnel land-mines
and related devices, and urges parties to build consensus towards an
agreement when the Review Conference reconvenes;

     5.   Encourages the widest possible accession to the Convention
and to Protocol II thereto, and further urges all States to comply
immediately and fully with the applicable rules of Protocol II;

     6.   Also encourages further immediate international efforts to
seek solutions to the problems caused by anti-personnel land-mines,
with a view to the eventual elimination of anti-personnel land-mines.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                P

                       Nuclear disarmament

     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming the commitment of the international community to the
goal of the total elimination of nuclear weapons and the creation of a
nuclear-weapon-free world,

     Determined to achieve the objective of prohibiting the
development, production, stockpiling and use of nuclear weapons and
their destruction, and to conclude such an international treaty or
treaties at an early date,

     Bearing in mind paragraph 50 of the Final Document of the Tenth
Special Session of the General Assembly, 19/ the first special session
devoted to disarmament, calling for the urgent negotiation of
agreements for the cessation of the qualitative improvement and
development of nuclear-weapon systems, and for a comprehensive and
phased programme with agreed time-frames, wherever feasible, for
progressive and balanced reduction of nuclear weapons and their means
of delivery, leading to their ultimate and complete elimination at the
earliest possible time,

     Recognizing that a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty, the
proposed treaty on fissile material for nuclear weapons or other
nuclear explosive devices and a convention prohibiting the use of
nuclear weapons constitute important steps towards the elimination of
the nuclear threat, and will contribute to the achievement of the goal
of nuclear disarmament within a time-bound framework,

     Recognizing also that the end of the cold war has brought about
favourable conditions for creating a world free of nuclear weapons,

     Welcoming the entry into force of the Treaty on the Reduction and
Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, 4/ to which Belarus,
Kazakstan, the Russian Federation, Ukraine and the United States of
America are States parties, as well as the conclusion of the Treaty on
Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms 5/ by the
Russian Federation and the United States of America, and looking
forward to full implementation of these treaties and to further
concrete steps for nuclear disarmament by all nuclear-weapon States,

     Noting with appreciation the unilateral measures of nuclear-
weapon States for nuclear arms limitation,

     Recognizing the complementarity of bilateral and multilateral
negotiations on nuclear disarmament and that bilateral negotiations
can never replace multilateral negotiations in this respect,

     Recognizing also that a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty and
the proposed treaty on fissile material for nuclear weapons or other
explosive devices must both constitute disarmament measures and not
only non-proliferation measures, and that they must be important steps
leading to the total elimination of nuclear weapons within a time-
bound framework,

     Noting the support expressed in the Conference on Disarmament and
in the General Assembly for the elaboration of an international
convention to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or
threat of use of nuclear weapons, and the multilateral efforts in the
Conference on Disarmament to reach agreement on such an international
convention at an early date,

     Recalling its resolution 49/75 E of 15 December 1994 on a step-
by-step reduction of the nuclear threat,

     Taking note of paragraph 84 and other relevant recommendations in
the Final Document of the Eleventh Conference of Heads of State or
Government of the Non-Aligned Countries, held at Cartagena de Indias,
Colombia, from 18 to 20 October 1995, calling on the Conference on
Disarmament to establish, on a priority basis, an ad hoc committee to
commence negotiations early in 1996 on a phased programme of nuclear
disarmament and for the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons within
a time-bound framework,

     1.   Recognizes that, in view of the end of the cold war and
recent political developments, the time is now opportune for all
nuclear-weapon States to undertake effective nuclear disarmament
measures with a view to the total elimination of these weapons within
a time-bound framework;

     2.   Also recognizes that there is a genuine need to de-emphasize
the role of nuclear weapons, and to review and revise nuclear
doctrines accordingly;

     3.   Urges the nuclear-weapon States to stop immediately the
qualitative improvement, development, stockpiling and production of
nuclear warheads and their delivery systems;

     4.   Calls upon the nuclear-weapon States to undertake step-by-
step reduction of the nuclear threat and a phased programme of
progressive and balanced deep reductions of nuclear weapons, and to
carry out effective nuclear disarmament measures with a view to the
total elimination of these weapons within a time-bound framework;

     5.   Calls upon the Conference on Disarmament to establish, on a
priority basis, an ad hoc committee on nuclear disarmament to commence
negotiations early in 1996 on a phased programme of nuclear
disarmament and for the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons within
a time-bound framework;

     6.   Expresses its support for the efforts of the Member States
of the Conference on Disarmament to this end;

     7.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution;

     8.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Nuclear disarmament".

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                Q

   1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the
       Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolution 47/52 A of 9 December 1992, in which it,
inter alia, took note of the decision of the parties to the Treaty on
the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 9/ following appropriate
consultations, to form a preparatory committee for a conference to
review the operation of the Treaty and to decide on its extension, as
provided for in article VIII, paragraph 3, and also called for in
article X, paragraph 2, of the Treaty,

     Recalling also that the parties to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons convened in New York from 17
April to 12 May 1995 in accordance with article VIII, paragraph 3, and
article X, paragraph 2, of the Treaty,

     Noting that, at the time of the 1995 Review and Extension
Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons, there were one hundred and seventy-five of the one
hundred and seventy-eight States parties to the Treaty present,

     1.   Notes that on 11 May 1995 the 1995 Review and Extension
Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons adopted three decisions on strengthening the review
process for the Treaty, principles and objectives for nuclear
non-proliferation and disarmament, and extension of the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons;  34/

     2.   Takes note of the resolution on the Middle East adopted on
11 May 1995 by the parties to the Treaty;  35/

     3.   Notes that the States parties to the Treaty participating in
the Review Conference:

     (a)  Agreed to strengthen the review process for the operation of
the Treaty with a view to assuring that the purposes of the preamble
and the provisions of the Treaty were being realized, and decided
that, in accordance with article VIII, paragraph 3, the Review
Conferences should continue to be held every five years, and that,
accordingly, the next Review Conference should be held in the year
2000, and that the first meeting of the Preparatory Committee should
be held in 1997;

     (b)  Affirmed the need to continue to move with determination
towards the full realization and effective implementation of the
provisions of the Treaty, and accordingly adopted a set of principles
and objectives;

     (c)  Decided that, as a majority existed among States parties to
the Treaty for its indefinite extension, in accordance with its
article X, paragraph 2, the Treaty should continue in force
indefinitely;

     4.   Notes that the three decisions and the resolution were
adopted without a vote.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                                R

               Contribution to nuclear disarmament

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 49/75 H, L and P of 15 December 1994,

     Noting with satisfaction a number of positive developments in the
field of nuclear disarmament, in particular, the entry into force of
the Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive
Arms, 4/

     Noting also with satisfaction the conclusion of the Treaty on 
Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, 5/

     Realizing the vital importance of further nuclear disarmament
with the ultimate goals of the complete elimination of nuclear weapons
and a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and
effective international control,

     Bearing in mind the results of the 1995 Review and Extension
Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons,  36/

     Noting that the vast majority of States Members of the United
Nations are now parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons, 9/

     1.   Welcomes the accession to the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons of the following States:  Algeria,
Argentina, Chile, Comoros, Eritrea, Marshall Islands, Micronesia
(Federated States of), Monaco, Palau, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates
and Vanuatu;

     2.   Also welcomes the accession on 5 December 1994 to the Treaty
on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons of Ukraine as a non-
nuclear-weapon State, and in this regard acknowledges that this
decision, as well as relevant decisions previously taken by Belarus
and Kazakstan, contributed to the entry into force of the Treaty on
the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, 4/ which is
a major landmark in the process of nuclear disarmament;

     3.   Acknowledges the progress in the process of implementation
of the Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive
Arms to date by the parties to the Treaty;

     4.   Welcomes the signing of the Treaty on Further Reduction and
Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms 5/ by the Russian Federation
and the United States of America, and urges the parties to take the
steps necessary to bring that Treaty into force at the earliest
possible date;

     5.   Also welcomes the fact that South Africa has voluntarily
given up its nuclear weapon programme as well as the voluntary
renunciation of nuclear weapons by Belarus, Kazakstan and Ukraine, and
recognizes the significant contribution of those States to nuclear
disarmament and the strengthening of regional and global security.

                                             90th plenary meeting
                                                 12 December 1995


                              Notes

1/   Report of the World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 14 -
25 June 1993 (A/CONF.157/24 (Part I)), chap. III.

2/   A/50/60-S/1995/1.

3/   Ibid., para. 60.

4/   The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook, vol. 16:  1991
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.92.IX.1), appendix II.

5/   Ibid., vol. 18:  1993 (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.94.IX.1), appendix II.

6/   1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final Document,
Part I (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I)), annex, decision 3.

7/   Ibid., decision 1.

8/   Ibid., decision 2.

9/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 729, No. 10485.

10/  See resolution 46/36 L.

11/  A/50/547 and Corr.1 and Add.1.

12/  A/49/316.

13/  See A/43/398, annex I.

14/  See A/44/603, annex I.

15/  See International Atomic Energy Agency, Resolutions and
Other Decisions of the General Conference, Thirty-fourth Regular
Session, 17-21 September 1990 (GC(XXXIV)/RESOLUTIONS(1990)).

16/  Ibid., Thirty-eighth Regular Session, 19-23 September 1994
(GC(XXXVIII)/RES/DEC/(1994)).

17/  The Conference of the Committee on Disarmament became the
Committee on Disarmament as from the tenth special session of the
General Assembly.  The Committee on Disarmament was redesignated the
Conference on Disarmament as from 7 February 1984.

18/  See A/46/390, annex I.

19/  Resolution S-10/2.

20/  See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth
Session, Supplement No. 27 (A/50/27), sect. III.F.

21/  United Nations publication, Sales No. E.87.IX.8.

22/  A/50/388.

23/  United Nations publication, Sales No. E.87.IX.8, para. 35.

24/  See A/50/405.

25/  The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook, vol. 12:  1987
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.88.IX.2), appendix VII.

26/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-eighth
Session, Supplement No. 42 (A/48/42), annex II.

27/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-seventh
Session, Supplement No. 27 (A/47/27), appendix I.

28/  Resolution 2826 (XXVI), annex.

29/  Resolution 31/72, annex.

30/  A/49/357 and Add.1 and 2.

31/  A/50/701.

32/  See The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook, vol. 5:  1980
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.81.IX.4), appendix VII.

33/  Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of
Mines, Booby Traps and Other Devices (see The United Nations
Disarmament Yearbook, vol. 5:  1980 (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.81.IX.4), appendix VII).

34/  See 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to
the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final
Document, Part I (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I)), para. 30.

35/  Ibid., para. 33.

36/  See 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to
the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final
Document, Part I  (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I)).

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