United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
9 January 1996

Fiftieth session
Agenda item 62


               [on the report of the First Committee (A/50/582)]

            50/62.      The role of science and technology in
                        the context of international security
                        and disarmament

      The General Assembly,

      Recognizing that scientific and technological developments can
have both civilian and military applications and that progress in
science and technology for civilian applications needs to be
maintained and encouraged,

      Stressing the interests of the international community in the
subject and the need to follow closely the scientific and
technological developments that may have a negative impact on the
security environment and on the process of arms limitation and
disarmament, and to channel scientific and technological developments
for beneficial purposes,

      Cognizant that the international transfer of high-technology
products, services and know-how for peaceful purposes is important for
the economic and social development of States,

      Recalling that the Final Declaration of the Eleventh Conference
of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from 18 to 20 October 1995, noted that
restrictions being placed on access to technology through the
imposition of non-transparent ad hoc export control regimes with
exclusive membership tended to impede the economic and social
development of developing countries,

      Emphasizing that the internationally negotiated guidelines for
the transfer of high technology with military applications should take
into account the legitimate defence requirements of all States, while
ensuring that access to high-technology products and services and
know-how for peaceful purposes is not denied,

      1.    Affirms that scientific and technological achievements
should be used for the benefit of all mankind to promote the
sustainable economic and social development of all States and to
safeguard international security, and that international cooperation
in the use of science and technology through the transfer and exchange
of technological know-how for peaceful purposes should be promoted;

      2.    Invites Member States to undertake additional efforts to
apply science and technology for disarmament-related purposes and to
make disarmament-related technologies available to interested States;

      3.    Urges Member States to undertake multilateral negotiations
with the participation of all interested States in order to establish
universally acceptable, non-discriminatory guidelines for
international transfers of high technology with military applications;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to develop a database of
concerned research institutions and experts with a view to promoting
transparency and international cooperation in the applications of the
scientific and technological developments for pursuing disarmament
objectives such as disposal of weapons, conversion and verification,
among others;

      5.    Encourages the United Nations to contribute, within existing
mandates, to promoting the application of science and technology for
peaceful purposes;

      6.    Invites all Member States to communicate to the Secretary-
General their views and assessment;

      7.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session an item entitled "The role of science and technology in
the context of international security and disarmament".

                                                          90th plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1995


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Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
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