United Nations

A/RES/50/56


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
2 February 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 22


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.28 and Add.1)]


            50/56.   Return or restitution of cultural
                     property to the countries of origin


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 3026 A (XXVII) of 18 December 1972,
3148 (XXVIII) of 14 December 1973, 3187 (XXVIII) of 18 December 1973,
3391 (XXX) of 19 November 1975, 31/40 of 30 November 1976, 32/18 of 11
November 1977, 33/50 of 14 December 1978, 34/64 of 29 November 1979,
35/127 and 35/128 of 11 December 1980, 36/64 of 27 November 1981,
38/34 of 25 November 1983, 40/19 of 21 November 1985, 42/7 of 22
October 1987, 44/18 of 6 November 1989, 46/10 of 22 October 1991 and
48/15 of 2 November 1993,

      Recalling also the Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and
Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of
Cultural Property  1/ adopted on 14 November 1970 by the General
Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization,

      Taking note with satisfaction of the report of the Secretary-
General of 3 October 1995 submitted in cooperation with the Director-
General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization,  2/

      Noting with satisfaction that, following its appeal, other Member
States have become parties to the Convention,

      Aware of the importance attached by the countries of origin to
the return of cultural property which is of fundamental spiritual and
cultural value to them, so that they may constitute collections
representative of their cultural heritage,

      1.    Commends the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization and the Intergovernmental Committee for
Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to Its Countries of Origin
or Its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation on the work they
have accomplished, in particular through the promotion of bilateral
negotiations, for the return or restitution of cultural property, the
preparation of inventories of movable cultural property, the reduction
of illicit traffic in cultural property and the dissemination of
information to the public;

      2.    Reaffirms that the restitution to a country of its objets
d'art, monuments, museum pieces, archives, manuscripts, documents and
any other cultural or artistic treasures contributes to the
strengthening of international cooperation and to the preservation and
flowering of universal cultural values through fruitful cooperation
between developed and developing countries;

      3.    Requests the Secretary-General, in collaboration with the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, to
continue to develop all possibilities for bringing about the
attainment of the objectives of resolution 48/15;

      4.    Also requests the Secretary-General, in cooperation with the
Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization, to submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-
second session a report on the implementation of the present
resolution;

      5.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Return or restitution of cultural
property to the countries of origin".

                                                          87th plenary meeting
                                                              11 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Records
of the General Conference, Sixteenth Session, vol. 1, Resolutions, p. 135.

2/   A/50/498.

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Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
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