United Nations

A/RES/50/51


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
29 January 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 145


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [on the report of the Sixth Committee (A/50/642 and Corr.1)]


            50/51.   Implementation of Charter provisions
                     related to assistance to third States
                     affected by the application of sanctions


      The General Assembly,

      Concerned with the special economic problems confronting certain
States arising from the carrying out of preventive or enforcement
measures taken by the Security Council against other States, and
taking into account the obligation of Members of the United Nations
under Article 49 of the Charter of the United Nations to join in
affording mutual assistance in carrying out the measures decided upon
by the Security Council,

      Recalling the right of third States confronted with special
economic problems of that nature to consult the Security Council with
regard to a solution to those problems, in accordance with Article 50
of the Charter,

      Recalling also the 1994  1/ and 1995  2/ reports of the
Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the
Strengthening of the Role of the Organization containing sections on
the consideration by the Committee of the proposals presented on the
question of the implementation of the provisions of the Charter of the
United Nations related to assistance to third States affected by the
application of sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter,

      Recalling further:

      (a)   The report of the Secretary-General, entitled "An Agenda for
Peace",  3/ in particular paragraph 41 thereof;

      (b)   Its resolutions 47/120 A of 18 December 1992, entitled "An
Agenda for Peace:  preventive diplomacy and related matters", and
47/120 B of 20 September 1993, entitled "An Agenda for Peace", in
particular section IV thereof, entitled "Special economic problems
arising from the implementation of preventive or enforcement
measures";

      (c)   The position paper of the Secretary-General, entitled
"Supplement to An Agenda for Peace";  4/

      (d)   The statement of the President of the Security Council of
22 February 1995;  5/

      (e)   The report of the Secretary-General prepared pursuant to the
note by the President of the Security Council  6/ regarding the
question of special economic problems of States as a result of
sanctions imposed under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United
Nations;  7/

      (f)   The reports of the Secretary-General on "Economic assistance
to States affected by the implementation of the Security Council
resolutions imposing sanctions against the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)",  8/

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of the provisions of the Charter related to assistance
to third States affected by the application of sanctions under
Chapter VII of the Charter,  9/

      Recalling that the question of assistance to third States
affected by the application of sanctions has been addressed recently
in several forums, including the General Assembly and its subsidiary
organs and the Security Council,

      Recalling also the Security Council's intention expressed in the
statement of the President of the Security Council of
16 December 1994  10/ as part of the Council's effort to improve
the flow of information and the exchange of ideas between members of
the Council and other States Members of the United Nations that there
should be increased recourse to open meetings, in particular at an
early stage in its consideration of a subject,

      Stressing that in the formulation of sanctions regimes, due
account should be taken of the potential effects of sanctions on third
States,

      Stressing also in this context the powers of the Security Council
under Chapter VII of the Charter and the Council's principal
responsibility under Article 24 of the Charter for the maintenance of
international peace and security in order to ensure prompt and
effective action by the United Nations,

      Recalling that, under Article 31 of the Charter, any Member of
the United Nations which is not a member of the Security Council may
participate, without vote, in the discussion of any question brought
before the Security Council whenever the latter considers that the
interests of that Member are specially affected,

      Recognizing that assistance to third States affected by the
application of sanctions would further contribute to an effective and
comprehensive approach by the international community to mandatory
sanctions imposed by the Security Council,

      Recognizing also the importance of taking into account in
international mechanisms of cooperation and of economic and financial
assistance special economic problems of States arising from the
implementation of sanctions imposed under Chapter VII of the Charter,

      1.    Underlines the importance of consultations under Article 50
of the Charter of the United Nations, as early as possible, with third
States which may be confronted with special economic problems arising
from the carrying out of preventive or enforcement measures imposed by
the Security Council under Chapter VII of the Charter and of early and
regular assessments, as appropriate, of their impact on such States,
and, for this purpose, invites the Security Council to consider
appropriate ways and means for increasing the effectiveness of its
working methods and procedures applied in the consideration of the
requests by the affected countries for assistance, in the context of
Article 50;

      2.    Welcomes the measures taken by the Security Council aimed at
increasing the effectiveness and transparency of the sanctions
committees, and strongly recommends that the Council continue its
efforts further to enhance the functioning of those committees, to
streamline their working procedures and to facilitate access to them
by representatives of States which find themselves confronted with
special economic problems arising from the carrying out of sanctions;

      3.    Requests the Secretary-General, within existing resources,
to ensure that the Security Council and its sanctions committees are
able to carry out their work expeditiously, and to make appropriate
arrangements in the relevant parts of the Secretariat, in order to
carry out, in a coordinated way, the following functions:

      (a)   To collate, assess and analyse information, at the request
of the Security Council and its organs, on the effects of sanctions
regimes in third States which are or may be specially affected by the
implementations of sanctions and the resulting needs of such States,
and keep the Security Council and its organs informed;

      (b)   To provide advice to the Security Council and its organs at
their request on specific needs or problems of those third States and
present possible options so that, while maintaining the effectiveness
of the sanctions regimes, appropriate adjustments may be made to the
administration of the regime or the regime itself with a view to
mitigating the adverse effects on such States;

      (c)   To collate and coordinate information about international
assistance available to third States affected by the implementations
of sanctions and to make it officially available to the interested
member States;

      (d)   To explore innovative and practical measures of assistance
to the affected third States through cooperation with relevant
institutions and organizations inside and outside the United Nations
system;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly, at its fifty-first session, on the implementation of
paragraph 3 above and on possible guidelines which might be adopted on
technical procedures to be used by the appropriate parts of the
Secretariat:

      (a)   For providing better information and early assessments for
the Security Council and its organs about the actual or potential
effects of sanctions on third States which invoke Article 50 of the
Charter;

      (b)   For developing a possible methodology for assessing the
consequences actually incurred by third States as a result of the
implementation of preventive or enforcement measures;

      (c)   For coordination of information about international economic
or other assistance potentially available to those third States;

      5.    Stresses the important role of the General Assembly, the
Economic and Social Council and the Committee for Programme and
Coordination in mobilizing and monitoring, as appropriate, the
economic assistance efforts by the international community and the
United Nations system to States confronted with special economic
problems arising from the carrying out of preventive or enforcement
measures imposed by the Security Council;

      6.    Invites the organizations of the United Nations system,
international financial institutions, other international
organizations, regional organizations and Member States to continue to
take into account and to address more specifically and directly, where
appropriate, special economic problems of third States affected by
sanctions imposed under Chapter VII of the Charter and, for this
purpose, to consider ways and means for improving procedures for
consultations in order to maintain a constructive dialogue with such
States, including through regular and frequent meetings as well as,
where appropriate, special meetings between the affected third States
and the donor community, with the participation of United Nations
agencies and other international organizations;

      7.    Requests the Special Committee on the Charter of the United
Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization, at
its session in 1996, to continue to consider on a priority basis the
question of the implementation of the provisions of the Charter
related to assistance to third States affected by the application of
sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter taking into consideration
the report of the Secretary-General, 9/ the proposals presented on
this subject, the debate on this question which took place in the
Sixth Committee at the fiftieth session of the General Assembly and,
in particular, the implementation of the provisions of the present
resolution.

                                                          87th plenary meeting
                                                              11 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-ninth Session, Supplement
No. 33 (A/49/33).

2/   Ibid., Fiftieth Session, Supplement No. 33 (A/50/33).

3/   A/47/277-S/24111.

4/   A/50/60-S/1995/1.

5/   S/PRST/1995/9.

6/   S/25036.

7/   A/48/573-S/26705.

8/   A/49/356 and A/50/423.

9/   A/50/361.

10/  S/PRST/1994/81.

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