United Nations

A/RES/50/29


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
5 February 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 85


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

     [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
                        (Fourth Committee) (A/50/606)]


            50/29.   Report of the Special Committee to
                     Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting
                     the Human Rights of the Palestinian
                     People and Other Arabs of the Occupied
                     Territories


                                       A

      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the
United Nations,

      Guided also by the principles of international humanitarian law,
in particular the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of
Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,  1/ as well as
international standards of human rights, in particular the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights  2/ and the International Covenants on
Human Rights,  3/

      Recalling its relevant resolutions, including resolution 2443
(XXIII) of 19 December 1968, and relevant resolutions of the
Commission on Human Rights,

      Recalling also relevant resolutions of the Security Council,

      Aware of the uprising (intifadah) of the Palestinian people,

      Convinced that occupation itself represents a primary violation
of human rights,

      Having considered the reports of the Special Committee to
Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the
Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories  4/
and the relevant reports of the Secretary-General,  5/

      Noting the signing of the Declaration of Principles on Interim
Self-Government Arrangements, including its Annexes and its Agreed
Minutes, by the Government of the State of Israel and the Palestine
Liberation Organization in Washington on 13 September 1993,  6/ as
well as the subsequent implementation agreements, including the
Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area signed at Cairo on
4 May 1994  7/ and the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the
Gaza Strip signed in Washington on 28 September 1995,

      Expressing the hope that, with the progress of the peace process,
the Israeli occupation will be brought to an end and therefore
violation of the human rights of the Palestinian people will cease,

      1.    Commends the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli
Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and
Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories for its efforts in performing
the tasks assigned to it by the General Assembly and for its
impartiality;

      2.    Demands that Israel cooperate with the Special Committee in
implementing its mandate;

      3.    Deplores those policies and practices of Israel which
violate the human rights of the Palestinian people and other Arabs of
the occupied territories, as reflected in the reports of the Special
Committee covering the reporting period; 4/

      4.    Expresses the hope that, in the light of the recent positive
political developments, those policies and practices will be brought
to an end immediately;

      5.    Requests the Special Committee, pending complete termination
of the Israeli occupation, to continue to investigate Israeli policies
and practices in the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967,
to consult, as appropriate, with the International Committee of the
Red Cross according to its regulations in order to ensure that the
welfare and human rights of the peoples of the occupied territories
are safeguarded and to report to the Secretary-General as soon as
possible and whenever the need arises thereafter;

      6.    Also requests the Special Committee to submit regularly to
the Secretary-General periodic reports on the current situation in the
occupied Palestinian territory;

      7.    Further requests the Special Committee to continue to
investigate the treatment of prisoners in the occupied Palestinian
territory, including Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied by
Israel since 1967;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General:

      (a)   To provide all necessary facilities to the Special
Committee, including those required for its visits to the occupied
territories, so that it may investigate the Israeli policies and
practices referred to in the present resolution;

      (b)   To continue to make available such additional staff as may
be necessary to assist the Special Committee in the performance of its
tasks;

      (c)   To circulate regularly to Member States the periodic reports
mentioned in paragraph 6 above;

      (d)   To ensure the widest circulation of the reports of the
Special Committee and of information regarding its activities and
findings, by all means available, through the Department of Public
Information of the Secretariat and, where necessary, to reprint those
reports of the Special Committee that are no longer available;

      (e)   To report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session
on the tasks entrusted to him in the present resolution;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Report of the Special Committee to
Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the
Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories".

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       B

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its relevant resolutions,

      Bearing in mind the relevant resolutions of the Security Council,

      Having considered the reports of the Special Committee to
Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the
Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories 4/ and
the relevant reports of the Secretary-General, 5/

      Considering that the promotion of respect for the obligations
arising from the Charter of the United Nations and other instruments
and rules of international law is among the basic purposes and
principles of the United Nations,

      Stressing that Israel, the occupying Power, should comply
strictly with its obligations under international law,

      1.    Reaffirms that the Geneva Convention relative to the
Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, 1/
is applicable to the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967;

      2.    Demands that Israel accept the de jure applicability of the
Convention in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem,
and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, and that it
comply scrupulously with the provisions of the Convention;

      3.    Calls upon all States parties to the Convention, in
accordance with article 1 common to the four Geneva Conventions,  8/
to exert all efforts in order to ensure respect for its provisions by
Israel, the occupying Power, in the occupied Palestinian territory,
including Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied by Israel
since 1967;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       C

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its relevant resolutions and the resolutions of the
Commission on Human Rights,

      Bearing in mind the relevant resolutions of the Security Council,
the most recent of which is resolution 904 (1994) of 18 March 1994,

      Having considered the reports of the Special Committee to
Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the
Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories 4/ and
the reports of the Secretary-General, 5/

      Aware of the responsibility of the international community to
promote human rights and ensure respect for international law,

      Reaffirming the principle of the inadmissibility of the
acquisition of territory by force,

      Reaffirming also the applicability of the Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12
August 1949, 1/ to the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967,

      Welcoming the signing of the Declaration of Principles on Interim
Self-Government Arrangements, including its Annexes and its Agreed
Minutes, by the Government of the State of Israel and the Palestine
Liberation Organization in Washington on 13 September 1993, 6/ as well
as the subsequent implementation agreements, including the Agreement
on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area signed at Cairo on 4 May 1994 7/ 
and the Interim Agreement on the  West Bank and the Gaza Strip
signed in Washington on 28 September 1995,

      Noting the withdrawal of the Israeli army, which took place in
the Gaza Strip and the Jericho area in accordance with the agreements
reached between the parties, and the initiation of the Palestinian
Authority in those areas,

      Concerned about the continuing violation of the human rights of
the Palestinian people by Israel, the occupying Power, especially in
the use of collective punishment, closure of areas, annexation and
establishment of settlements, and the continuing actions by it
designed to change the legal status, geographical nature and
demographic composition of the occupied Palestinian territory,

      Concerned in particular about the dangerous situation resulting
from actions taken by the illegal, armed Israeli settlers in the
occupied territory, as illustrated by the massacre of Palestinian
worshippers by an illegal Israeli settler in Al-Khalil on 25 February
1994,

      Convinced of the positive impact of a temporary international or
foreign presence in the occupied Palestinian territory for the safety
and protection of the Palestinian people,

      Expressing its appreciation to the countries that participated in
the Temporary International Presence in Hebron for their positive
contribution,

      Convinced of the need for the full implementation of Security
Council resolution 904 (1994),

      1.    Determines that all measures and actions taken by Israel,
the occupying Power, in the occupied Palestinian territory, including
Jerusalem, in violation of the relevant provisions of the Geneva
Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of
War, of 12 August 1949, 1/ and contrary to the relevant resolutions of
the Security Council are illegal and have no validity, and demands
that Israel desist forthwith from taking any such measures or actions;

      2.    Reaffirms in particular that the Israeli settlements in the
occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and the other
Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967 are illegal and an
obstacle to achieving comprehensive peace;

      3.    Notes with satisfaction the return of a number of deportees
to the occupied Palestinian territory and calls upon Israel to
facilitate the return of the remainder;

      4.    Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to accelerate the
release of all remaining Palestinians arbitrarily detained or
imprisoned, in line with agreements reached;

      5.    Calls for complete respect by Israel, the occupying Power,
of all fundamental freedoms of the Palestinian people, pending the
extension of the self-government arrangements to the rest of the West
Bank;

      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       D

      The General Assembly,

      Deeply concerned that the Syrian Golan occupied since 1967 has
been under continued Israeli military occupation,

      Recalling Security Council resolution 497 (1981) of
17 December 1981,

      Recalling also its previous relevant resolutions, the last of
which was 49/36 D of 9 December 1994,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of
20 October 1995,  9/

      Recalling further its previous relevant resolutions in which,
inter alia, it called upon Israel to put an end to its occupation of
the Arab territories,

      Reaffirming once more the illegality of the decision of 14
December 1981 taken by Israel to impose its laws, jurisdiction and
administration on the occupied Syrian Golan, which has resulted in the
effective annexation of that territory,

      Reaffirming that the acquisition of territory by force is
inadmissible under the Charter of the United Nations,

      Reaffirming also the applicability of the Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12
August 1949, 1/ to the occupied Syrian Golan,

      Bearing in mind Security Council resolution 237 (1967) of
14 June 1967,

      Welcoming the convening at Madrid of the Peace Conference on the
Middle East on the basis of Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) of
22 November 1967 and 338 (1973) of 22 October 1973 aimed at the
realization of a just, comprehensive and lasting peace, and stressing
the need for rapid progress in all bilateral negotiations,

      1.    Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to comply with the
relevant resolutions on the occupied Syrian Golan, in particular
Security Council resolution 497 (1981), in which the Council,
inter alia, decided that the Israeli decision to impose its laws,
jurisdiction and administration on the occupied Syrian Golan was null
and void and without international legal effect, and demanded that
Israel, the occupying Power, should rescind forthwith its decisions;

      2.    Also calls upon Israel to desist from changing the physical
character, demographic composition, institutional structure and legal
status of the occupied Syrian Golan and in particular to desist from
the establishment of settlements;

      3.    Determines that all legislative and administrative measures
and actions taken or to be taken by Israel, the occupying Power, that
purport to alter the character and legal status of the occupied Syrian
Golan are null and void, constitute a flagrant violation of
international law and of the Geneva Convention relative to the
Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, and
have no legal effect;

      4.    Further calls upon Israel to desist from imposing Israeli
citizenship and Israeli identity cards on the Syrian citizens in the
occupied Syrian Golan, and to desist from its repressive measures
against the population of the occupied Syrian Golan;

      5.    Deplores the violations by Israel of the Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12
August 1949;

      6.    Calls once again upon Member States not to recognize any of
the legislative or administrative measures and actions referred to
above;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

2/   Resolution 217 A (III). 

3/   Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

4/   See A/50/170, A/50/282 and A/50/463.

5/   A/50/657 to A/50/660.

6/   A/48/486-S/26560, annex.

7/   A/49/180-S/1994/727, annex.

8/   United Nations Treaty Series, vol. 75, Nos. 970-973.

9/   A/50/660.

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