United Nations

A/RES/50/28


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
5 February 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 84


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

     [on the report of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee
                         (Fourth Committee) (A/50/605)]


            50/28.   United Nations Relief and Works Agency
                     for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

                                       A

                       Assistance to Palestine refugees


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 49/35 A of 9 December 1994 and all its
previous resolutions on the question, including resolution 194 (III)
of 11 December 1948,

      Taking note of the report of the Commissioner-General of the
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the
Near East covering the period from 1 July 1994 to 30 June 1995,  1/

      Welcoming the signature by the Government of the State of Israel
and the Palestine Liberation Organization of the Declaration of
Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements in Washington on
13 September 1993,  2/

      Welcoming also the signature by the Government of the State of
Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization of the Interim
Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in Washington on
28 September 1995,

      Commending the work of the Multilateral Working Group on Refugees
of the Middle East peace process,

      1.    Notes with regret that repatriation or compensation of the
refugees, as provided for in paragraph 11 of its resolution 194 (III),
has not yet been effected and that, therefore, the situation of the
refugees continues to be a matter of concern;

      2.    Expresses its thanks to the Commissioner-General and to all
the staff of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine
Refugees in the Near East, recognizing that the Agency is doing all it
can within the limits of available resources, and also expresses its
thanks to the specialized agencies and to private organizations for
their valuable work in assisting refugees;

      3.    Notes with regret that the United Nations Conciliation
Commission for Palestine has been unable to find a means of achieving
progress in the implementation of paragraph 11 of resolution
194 (III),  3/ and requests the Commission to exert continued
efforts towards the implementation of that paragraph and to report to
the General Assembly as appropriate, but not later than
1 September 1996;

      4.    Notes the significant success of the peace implementation
programme of the Agency since the signing of the Declaration of
Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements;

      5.    Urges all Member States to extend and expedite aid and
assistance with a view to the economic and social development of the
Palestinian people and the occupied territories;

      6.    Notes the progress achieved to date in the transfer of the
Agency's headquarters to its area of operations, and requests the
Secretary-General, in consultation with the Commissioner-General, to
present to the Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations
Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East an
updated plan for the transfer;

      7.    Reiterates its concern about the continuing seriousness of
the financial position of the Agency, as outlined in the report of the
Commissioner-General;

      8.    Notes with profound concern that the structural deficit
problem confronting the Agency portends an almost certain decline in
the living conditions of Palestine refugees and therefore has possible
consequences for the peace process;

      9.    Calls upon all Governments, as a matter of urgency, to make
the most generous efforts possible to meet the anticipated needs of
the Agency, including the costs of moving the headquarters to Gaza,
and urges non-contributing Governments to contribute regularly and
contributing Governments to consider increasing their regular
contributions;

      10.   Decides to extend the mandate of the Agency until 30 June
1999, without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 11 of
resolution 194 (III).

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       B

      Working Group on the Financing of the United Nations Relief and
      Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 2656 (XXV) of 7 December 1970,
2728 (XXV) of 15 December 1970, 2791 (XXVI) of 6 December 1971,
49/35 B of 9 December 1994 and the previous resolutions on this
question,

      Recalling also its decision 36/462 of 16 March 1982, by which it
took note of the special report of the Working Group on the Financing
of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees
in the Near East,  4/

      Having considered the report of the Working Group,  5/

      Taking into account the report of the Commissioner-General of the
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the
Near East covering the period from 1 July 1994 to 30 June 1995, 1/

      Deeply concerned about the critical financial situation of the
Agency, which has affected and affects the continuation of the
provision of the necessary Agency services to the Palestine refugees,
including the emergency-related programmes,

      Emphasizing the continuing need for extraordinary efforts in
order to maintain, at least at the current minimum level, the
activities of the Agency, as well as to enable the Agency to carry out
essential construction,

      1.    Commends the Working Group on the Financing of the United
Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near
East for its efforts to assist in ensuring the financial security of
the Agency;

      2.    Takes note with approval of the report of the Working Group;

      3.    Requests the Working Group to continue its efforts, in
cooperation with the Secretary-General and the Commissioner-General,
for the financing of the Agency for a further period of one year;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to provide the necessary
services and assistance to the Working Group for the conduct of its
work.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       C

         Persons displaced as a result of the June 1967 and subsequent
                                  hostilities

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 2252 (ES-V) of 4 July 1967, 2341 B
(XXI) of 19 December 1967 and all subsequent related resolutions,

      Recalling also Security Council resolutions 237 (1967) of 14 June
1967 and 259 (1968) of 27 September 1968,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General submitted in
pursuance of its resolution 49/35 C of 9 December 1994,  6/

      Taking note also of the report of the Commissioner-General of the
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the
Near East covering the period from 1 July 1994 to 30 June 1995, 1/

      Concerned about the continuing human suffering resulting from the
June 1967 and subsequent hostilities,

      Taking note of the relevant provisions of the Declaration of
Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, signed in
Washington on 13 September 1993 by the Government of the State of
Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, 2/ with regard to
the modalities for the admission of persons displaced in 1967,

      1.    Reaffirms the right of all persons displaced as a result of
the June 1967 and subsequent hostilities to return to their homes or
former places of residence in the territories occupied by Israel since
1967;

      2.    Expresses the hope for an accelerated return of displaced
persons through the mechanism agreed upon by the parties in article
XII of the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government
Arrangements;

      3.    Endorses, in the meanwhile, the efforts of the Commissioner-
General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine
Refugees in the Near East to continue to provide humanitarian
assistance, as far as practicable, on an emergency basis, and as a
temporary measure, to persons in the area who are currently displaced
and in serious need of continued assistance as a result of the June
1967 and subsequent hostilities;

      4.    Strongly appeals to all Governments and to organizations and
individuals to contribute generously to the Agency and to the other
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations concerned for the
above purposes;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General, after consulting with the
Commissioner-General, to report to the General Assembly before its
fifty-first session on the progress made with regard to the
implementation of the present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       D

      Offers by Member States of grants and scholarships for higher
     education, including vocational training, for Palestine refugees

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 212 (III) of 19 November 1948 on
assistance to Palestine refugees,

      Recalling also its resolutions 35/13 B of 3 November 1980,
36/146 H of 16 December 1981, 37/120 D of 16 December 1982, 38/83 D of
15 December 1983, 39/99 D of 14 December 1984, 40/165 D of
16 December 1985, 41/69 D of 3 December 1986, 42/69 D of 2 December
1987, 43/57 D of 6 December 1988, 44/47 D of 8 December 1989, 45/73 D
of 11 December 1990, 46/46 D of 9 December 1991, 47/69 D of
14 December 1992, 48/40 D of 10 December 1993 and 49/35 D of
9 December 1994,

      Cognizant of the fact that the Palestine refugees have, for the
last four decades, lost their homes, lands and means of livelihood,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General,  7/

      Having also considered the report of the Commissioner-General of
the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in
the Near East covering the period from 1 July 1994 to 30 June 1995, 1/

      1.    Urges all States to respond to the appeal in its resolution
32/90 F of 13 December 1977 and reiterated in subsequent relevant
resolutions in a manner commensurate with the needs of Palestine
refugees for higher education, including vocational training;

      2.    Strongly appeals to all States, specialized agencies and
non-governmental organizations to augment the special allocations for
grants and scholarships to Palestine refugees, in addition to their
contributions to the regular budget of the United Nations Relief and
Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East;

      3.    Expresses its appreciation to all Governments, specialized
agencies and non-governmental organizations that responded favourably
to its resolutions 41/69 D, 42/69 D, 43/57 D, 44/47 D, 45/73 D,
46/46 D, 47/69 D, 48/40 D and 49/35 D;

      4.    Invites the relevant specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system to continue, within their
respective spheres of competence, to extend assistance for higher
education to Palestine refugee students;

      5.    Appeals to all States, specialized agencies and the United
Nations University to contribute generously to the Palestinian
universities in the Palestinian territory occupied by Israel since
1967, including, in due course, the proposed University of Jerusalem
"Al-Quds" for Palestine refugees;

      6.    Appeals also to all States, specialized agencies and other
international bodies to contribute towards the establishment of
vocational training centres for Palestine refugees;

      7.    Requests the Agency to act as the recipient and trustee for
the special allocations for grants and scholarships and to award them
to qualified Palestine refugee candidates;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       E

      Operations of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for
                     Palestine Refugees in the Near East

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 194 (III) of 11 December 1948, 212
(III) of 19 November 1948, 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949 and all
subsequent related resolutions,

      Recalling also the relevant Security Council resolutions,

      Having considered the report of the Commissioner-General of the
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the
Near East covering the period from 1 July 1994 to 30 June 1995, 1/

      Taking note of the letter dated 4 October 1995 from the Chairman
of the Advisory Commission of the United Nations Relief and Works
Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East addressed to the
Commissioner-General, contained in the report of the Commissioner-
General,

      Having considered the reports of the Secretary-General submitted
in pursuance of its resolutions 48/40 E,  8/ 48/40 H  9/ and
48/40 J  10/ of 10 December 1993 and 49/35 C of
9 December 1994, 6/

      Recalling Articles 100, 104 and 105 of the Charter of the United
Nations and the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the
United Nations,  11/

      Affirming the applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to
the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of
12 August 1949,  12/ to the Palestinian territory occupied since
1967, including Jerusalem,

      Aware of the fact that Palestine refugees have, for over four
decades, lost their homes, lands and means of livelihood,

      Also aware of the continuing needs of Palestine refugees
throughout the occupied Palestinian territory and in the other fields
of operation, namely in Lebanon, Jordan and the Syrian Arab Republic,

      Expressing its appreciation for the role which has been played by
the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in
the Near East over the years in the service of the Palestine refugees,
and aware of the importance of its presence and the increase in its
work in the new circumstances,

      Further aware of the valuable work done by the refugee affairs
officers of the Agency in providing protection to the Palestinian
people, in particular Palestine refugees,

      Deeply concerned about the critical financial situation of the
Agency and its effect on the continuity of provision of necessary
Agency services to the Palestine refugees, including the emergency-
related programmes,

      Aware of the initiation of the new peace implementation programme
of the Agency,

      Convinced of the necessity of the transfer of the headquarters of
the Agency to the occupied Palestinian territory as part of the area
of operation of the Agency,

      Welcoming the signing in Washington on 13 September 1993 of the
Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements by
the Government of the State of Israel and the Palestine Liberation
Organization, 2/ and the subsequent implementation agreements,
including the Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area signed
at Cairo on 4 May 1994  13/ and the Interim Agreement on the
West Bank and the Gaza Strip signed in Washington on
28 September 1995,

      Taking note of the agreement reached on 24 June 1994, embodied in
an exchange of letters between the Agency and the Palestine Liberation
Organization,  14/

      Recalling its decision 48/417 of 10 December 1993 on the
establishment of a working relationship between the Advisory
Commission of the Agency and the Palestine Liberation Organization,

      1.    Expresses its appreciation to the Commissioner-General of
the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in
the Near East, as well as to all the staff of the Agency, for their
tireless efforts and valuable work;

      2.    Expresses its appreciation also to the Advisory Commission
of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees
in the Near East, and requests it to continue its efforts and to keep
the General Assembly informed on its activities, including the full
implementation of decision 48/417;

      3.    Acknowledges the support of the host Governments and the
Palestine Liberation Organization for the Agency in the discharge of
its duties;

      4.    Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to accept the
de jure applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the
Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, 12/
and to abide scrupulously by its provisions;

      5.    Also calls upon Israel to abide by Articles 100, 104 and 105
of the Charter of the United Nations and the Convention on the
Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations 11/ with regard to the
safety of the personnel of the Agency and the protection of its
institutions and the safeguarding of the security of the facilities of
the Agency in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem;

      6.    Calls once again upon the Government of Israel to compensate
the Agency for damages to its property and facilities resulting from
actions by the Israeli side;

      7.    Requests the Commissioner-General to proceed with the
issuance of identification cards for Palestine refugees and their
descendants in the occupied Palestinian territory;

      8.    Notes that the new context created by the signing of the
Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements by
the Government of the State of Israel and the Palestine Liberation
Organization and subsequent implementation agreements has had major
consequences for the activities of the Agency, which is henceforth
called upon, in close cooperation with the United Nations Special
Coordinator in the Occupied Territories, the specialized agencies and
the World Bank, to continue to contribute towards the development of
economic and social stability in the occupied territory;

      9.    Notes also that the functioning of the Agency remains
essential in all fields of operation;

      10.   Notes further the significant success of the peace
implementation programme of the Agency during the first year following
the signing of the Declaration of Principles;

      11.   Urges all States, specialized agencies and non-governmental
organizations to continue and to increase their contributions to the
Agency so as to ease current financial constraints and to support the
Agency in maintaining the provision of the most basic and effective
assistance to the Palestine refugees.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       F

             Revenues derived from Palestine refugees' properties

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 194 (III) of 11 December 1948, 36/146 C
of 16 December 1981 and all its subsequent resolutions on the
question,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General in pursuance
of resolution 49/35 F of 9 December 1994,  15/

      Taking note also of the report of the United Nations Conciliation
Commission for Palestine covering the period from 1 September 1994 to
31 August 1995, 3/

      Recalling that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 16/ and the
principles of international law uphold the principle that
no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his or her private property,

      Considering that the Palestine Arab refugees are entitled to
their property and to the income derived therefrom, in conformity with
the principles of justice and equity,

      Recalling, in particular, its resolution 394 (V) of
14 December 1950, in which it directed the Conciliation Commission, in
consultation with the parties concerned, to prescribe measures for the
protection of the rights, property and interests of the Palestine Arab
refugees,

      Taking note of the completion of the programme of identification
and evaluation of Arab property, as announced by the Conciliation
Commission in its twenty-second progress report,  17/ and of the
fact that the Land Office had a schedule of Arab owners and file of
documents defining the location, area and other particulars of Arab
property,

      1.    Requests the Secretary-General to take all appropriate
steps, in consultation with the United Nations Conciliation Commission
for Palestine, for the protection of Arab property, assets and
property rights in Israel and to establish a fund for the receipt of
income derived therefrom, on behalf of the rightful owners;

      2.    Calls once more upon Israel to render all facilities and
assistance to the Secretary-General in the implementation of the
present resolution;

      3.    Calls upon the Governments of all the other Member States
concerned to provide the Secretary-General with any pertinent
information in their possession concerning Arab property, assets and
property rights in Israel which would assist the Secretary-General in
the implementation of the present resolution;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                       G

           University of Jerusalem "Al-Quds" for Palestine refugees

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 36/146 G of 16 December 1981, 37/120 C
of 16 December 1982, 38/83 K of 15 December 1983, 39/99 K of
14 December 1984, 40/165 D and K of 16 December 1985, 41/69 K of
3 December 1986, 42/69 K of 2 December 1987, 43/57 J of
6 December 1988, 44/47 J of 8 December 1989, 45/73 J of
11 December 1990, 46/46 J of 9 December 1991, 47/69 J of
14 December 1992, 48/40 I of 10 December 1993 and 49/35 G of
9 December 1994,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General,  18/

      Having also considered the report of the Commissioner-General of
the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in
the Near East covering the period from 1 July 1994 to 30 June 1995, 1/

      1.    Emphasizes the need for strengthening the educational system
in the Palestinian territory occupied by Israel since 5 June 1967,
including Jerusalem, and specifically the need for the establishment
of the proposed university;

      2.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take all
necessary measures for establishing the University of Jerusalem "Al-
Quds", in accordance with General Assembly resolution 35/13 B of
3 November 1980, giving due consideration to the recommendations
consistent with the provisions of that resolution;

      3.    Calls once more upon Israel, the occupying Power, to
cooperate in the implementation of the present resolution and to
remove the hindrances that it has put in the way of establishing the
University of Jerusalem "Al-Quds";

      4.    Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly  at its fifty-first session on the progress made in the
implementation of the present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                               6 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth
Session, Supplement No. 13 and addendum and corrigendum (A/50/13 and
Add.1 and Add.1/Corr.1).

2/   A/48/486-S/26560, annex.

3/   See A/50/500, annex.

4/   A/36/866 and Corr.1; see also A/37/591.

5/   A/50/491.

6/   A/50/451.

7/   A/50/450.

8/   A/49/440.

9/   A/49/442.

10/  A/49/443.

11/  Resolution 22 A (I).

12/  United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

13/  A/49/180-S/1994/727, annex.

14/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-ninth
Session, Supplement No. 13 (A/49/13), annex I.

15/  A/50/428.

16/  Resolution 217 A (III).

17/  Official Records of the General Assembly, Nineteenth
Session, Annexes, Annex No. 11, document A/5700.

18/  A/50/531.

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