United Nations

A/RES/50/25


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
4 Januay 1996


 

Fiftieth session
Agenda item 96 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.36 and Add.1)]


            50/25.   Large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing
                     and its impact on the living marine
                     resources of the world's oceans and
                     seas; unauthorized fishing in zones of
                     national jurisdiction and its impact on
                     the living marine resources of the
                     world's oceans and seas; and fisheries
                     by-catch and discards and their impact
                     on the sustainable use of the world's
                     living marine resources


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 44/225 of 22 December 1989, 45/197 of
21 December 1990 and 46/215 of 20 December 1991, as well as its
decisions 47/443 of 22 December 1992, 48/445 of 21 December 1993 and
49/436 of 19 December 1994, on large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing
and its impact on the living marine resources of the world's oceans
and seas,

      Recalling its resolution 49/116 of 19 December 1994 on
unauthorized fishing in zones of national jurisdiction and its impact
on the living marine resources of the world's oceans and seas,

      Recalling also its resolution 49/118 of 19 December 1994 on
fisheries by-catch and discards and their impact on the sustainable
use of the world's living marine resources,

      Recognizing the efforts that international organizations and
members of the international community have made to reduce by-catch
and discards in fishing operations,

      Conscious of the need to promote and facilitate international
cooperation, especially at the regional and subregional levels, in
order to ensure the sustainable development and use of the living
marine resources of the world's oceans and seas, consistent with the
present resolution,

      Noting that the Agreement for the Implementation of the
Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of
10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of
Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks,  1/
adopted by the United Nations Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and
Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, provides in its general principles that
States shall minimize pollution, waste, discards, catch by lost or
abandoned gear, catch of non-target species, both fish and non-fish
species, and impacts on associated or dependent species, in particular
endangered species, through measures including, to the extent
practicable, the development and use of selective, environmentally
safe and cost-effective fishing gear and techniques, and further
provides that States shall take measures, including the establishment
of regulations, to ensure that vessels flying their flags do not
conduct unauthorized fishing within areas under the national
jurisdiction of other States,

      Noting also that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations has adopted a Code of Conduct for Responsible
Fisheries, which sets out principles and global standards of behaviour
for responsible practices to conserve, manage and develop fisheries,
including guidelines for fishing on the high seas and in areas under
the national jurisdiction of other States, and on fishing gear
selectivity and practices, with the aim of reducing by-catch and
discards,

      Expressing deep concern at the detrimental impact of unauthorized
fishing in areas under national jurisdiction, where the overwhelming
proportion of the global fish catch is harvested, on the sustainable
development of the world's fishery resources and on the food security
and economies of many States, particularly developing States,

      Reaffirming the rights and duties of coastal States to ensure
proper conservation and management measures with respect to the living
resources in areas under their national jurisdiction, in accordance
with international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention
on the Law of the Sea,  2/

      Taking note of the reports of the Secretary-General on large-
scale pelagic drift-net fishing and its impact on the living marine
resources of the world's oceans and seas,  3/ and unauthorized
fishing in zones of national jurisdiction and its impact on the living
marine resources of the world's oceans and seas,  4/

      Taking note also of the report of the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations on fisheries by-catch and discards
and their impact on the sustainable use of the world's living marine
resources,  5/

      Acknowledging with appreciation the measures taken and the
progress made by members of the international community, international
organizations and regional economic integration organizations to
implement and support the objectives of resolution 46/215,

      Expressing deep concern that there are continuing reports of
activities inconsistent with the terms of resolution 46/215 and
unauthorized fishing inconsistent with the terms of resolution 49/116,

      1.    Reaffirms the importance it attaches to compliance with its
resolution 46/215, in particular to those provisions of the resolution
calling for full implementation of a global moratorium on all large-
scale pelagic drift-net fishing on the high seas of the world's oceans
and seas, including enclosed seas and semi-enclosed seas;

       2.   Urges all authorities of members of the international
community to take greater enforcement responsibility to ensure full
compliance with resolution 46/215 and to impose appropriate sanctions,
consistent with their obligations under international law, against
acts contrary to the terms of that resolution;

      3.    Calls upon States to take the responsibility, consistent
with their obligations under international law as reflected in the
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and resolution 49/116,
to take measures to ensure that no fishing vessels entitled to fly
their national flags fish in areas under the national jurisdiction of
other States unless duly authorized by the competent authorities of
the coastal State or States concerned; such authorized fishing
operations should be carried out in accordance with the conditions set
out in the authorization;

       4.   Urges States, relevant international organizations and
regional and subregional fisheries management organizations and
arrangements to take action to adopt policies, apply measures, collect
and exchange data and develop techniques to reduce by-catches, fish
discards and post-harvest losses consistent with international law and
relevant international instruments, including the Code of Conduct for
Responsible Fisheries;

       5.   Calls upon development assistance organizations to make it a
high priority to support, including through financial and/or technical
assistance, efforts of developing coastal States, in particular the
least developed countries and the small island developing States, to
improve the monitoring and control of fishing activities and the
enforcement of fishing regulations;

       6.   Requests the Secretary-General to bring the present
resolution to the attention of all members of the international
community, relevant intergovernmental organizations, the organizations
and bodies of the United Nations system, regional and subregional
fisheries management organizations, and relevant non-governmental
organizations, and invites them to provide the Secretary-General with
information relevant to the implementation of the present resolution;

      7.    Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure that reporting
on all major fisheries-related activities and instruments is
effectively coordinated and duplication of activities and reporting
minimized and that relevant scientific and technical studies are
disseminated to the international community, and invites the relevant
specialized agencies, including the Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations, as well as regional and subregional fisheries
organizations and arrangements, to cooperate with the Secretary-
General to that end;

      8.    Further requests the Secretary-General to submit to the
General Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on further
developments relating to the implementation of resolutions 46/215,
49/116 and 49/118, taking into account the information provided by
States, relevant specialized agencies, in particular the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and other appropriate
organs, organizations and programmes of the United Nations system,
regional and subregional organizations and arrangements and other
relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations;

       9.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session, under the item entitled "Law of the sea", a sub-item
entitled "Large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing and its impact on the
living marine resources of the world's oceans and seas; unauthorized
fishing in zones of national jurisdiction and its impact on the living
marine resources of the world's oceans and seas; and fisheries by-
catch and discards and their impact on the sustainable use of the
world's living marine resources".

                                                          81st plenary meeting
                                                               5 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   A/CONF.164/37; see also A/50/550, annex I.

2/   Official Records of the Third United Nations Conference on
the Law of the Sea, vol. XVII (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.84.V.3), document A/CONF.62/122.

3/   A/50/553.

4/   A/50/549.

5/   A/50/552, annex.

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Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
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