United Nations

A/RES/50/22 C


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
10 May 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 44


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.70/Rev.1)]


                   50/22.   The situation in the Middle East

                                       C

      The Israeli military attacks against Lebanon and their consequences


      The General Assembly,

      Having heard the statement of the President of the Lebanese
Republic before the plenary on 23 April 1996,  1/

      Taking note of the letters from the Alternate Permanent
Representative of Colombia to the United Nations in his capacity as
Chairman of the Coordinating Bureau of the Movement of Non-Aligned
Countries  2/ and from the Permanent Representative of Guinea to the
United Nations in her capacity as Chairperson of the Islamic Group and
on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members
of the Organization of the Islamic Conference,  3/

      Reaffirming the relevant Security Council resolutions on the
situation in Lebanon, in particular resolution 425 (1978) of
19 March 1978,

      Reaffirming also Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) of
22 November 1967 and 338 (1973) of 22 October 1973, and in particular
the principles of withdrawal from the occupied Arab territories and
the right of all States in the region to live in peace and security
within internationally recognized boundaries,

      Bearing in mind the debate that took place at its 113th to 117th
meetings, on 23, 24 and 25 April 1996, on the situation in the Middle
East,  4/

      Gravely concerned at the consequences that the ongoing fighting
could have for the peace and security of the region and for the
furtherance of the peace process in the Middle East, and affirming its
full support for that process and for the need to achieve real
progress, especially on the Lebanese and Syrian track,

      Gravely concerned also at all attacks on civilian targets,
including residential areas, and at the loss of life and suffering
among civilians,

      Stressing the need for all concerned to respect fully the rules
of international humanitarian law with regard to the protection of
civilians, in particular the Geneva Convention relative to the
Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949,  5/

      Gravely concerned at actions that seriously threaten the safety
of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon and impede the
implementation of its mandate, in particular the incident that
occurred on 18 April 1996 in which shelling resulted in heavy loss of
life among civilians at a site of the Interim Force,

      Taking into consideration the statement of the International
Committee of the Red Cross of 19 April 1996, in which it firmly
condemned the shelling of civilians who had taken refuge in an Interim
Force base in the village of Qana,

      Expressing concern at the bombardment of the archaeological and
cultural sites and monuments in the city of Tyre, which are
internationally protected, in accordance with international law and
the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in
the Event of Armed Conflict,  6/ and which are considered by the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to be
the heritage of all mankind,

      1.    Calls for an immediate cessation of hostilities;

      2.    Supports the ongoing diplomatic efforts to this end;

      3.    Condemns the Israeli military attacks against the civilian
population in Lebanon, especially against the United Nations base at
Qana, which violate the rules of international humanitarian law
pertaining to the protection of civilians, and expresses its grave
concern and sorrow over the loss of lives and serious injuries to
innocent men, women and children;

      4.    Calls upon Israel immediately to cease its military action
against the territorial integrity of Lebanon and to withdraw forthwith
its forces from all Lebanese territory, in conformity with Security
Council resolution 425 (1978);

      5.    Calls for strict respect for the territorial integrity,
sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon within its
internationally recognized boundaries;

      6.    Calls upon all concerned to respect the safety and security
of civilians in conformity with the rules of international
humanitarian law;

      7.    Considers that Lebanon is entitled to appropriate redress
for the destruction it has suffered and that Israel is responsible for
such compensation;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to dispatch a special
technical mission to the area to study and prepare, within one month's
time, in cooperation with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon,
a report on the human and material losses and damage resulting from
the recent and ongoing hostilities;

      9.    Calls upon Member States to offer humanitarian assistance to
alleviate the suffering of the population and to assist the Government
of Lebanon in the reconstruction of the country, and requests the
Secretary-General to ensure that the United Nations and its agencies
play their part in meeting the humanitarian needs of the civilian
population;

      10.   Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly on the progress made in the implementation of the present
resolution.

                                                         117th plenary meeting
                                                                 25 April 1996


                                     Notes

1/   See A/50/PV.113.

2/   A/50/940.

3/   A/50/941.

4/   See A/50/PV.113-117.

5/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

6/   Ibid., vol. 249, No. 3511.



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