United Nations

A/RES/50/227


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

1 July 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 23


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

              [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.73)]


            50/227.  Further measures for the restructuring
                     and revitalization of the United Nations
                     in the economic, social and related
                     fields


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 45/264 of 13 May 1991, 46/235 of 13
April 1992 and 48/162 of 20 December 1993,

      Recalling its resolutions 57 (I) of 11 December 1946, 304 (IV) of
16 November 1949, 417 (V) of 1 December 1950, 1240 (XIII) of 14
October 1958, 1714 (XVI) of 19 December 1961, 2029 (XX) of 22 November
1965, 2211 (XXI) of 17 December 1966, 2688 (XXV) of 11 December 1970,
2813 (XXVI) and 2815 (XXVI) of 14 December 1971, 3019 (XXVII) of 18
December 1972, 3404 (XXX) of 28 November 1975, 31/170 of 21 December
1976, 34/104 of 14 December 1979 and 36/244 of 28 April 1982, and
Economic and Social Council resolutions 1084 (XXXIX) of 30 July 1965,
1763 (LIV) of 18 May 1973 and 1986/7 of 21 May 1986, and other
relevant resolutions,

      1.    Adopts the texts contained in the annexes to the present
resolution;

      2.    Calls upon the relevant intergovernmental bodies to fully
implement the measures for the restructuring and revitalization of the
United Nations in the economic, social and related fields;

      3.    Requests the Secretary-General to implement the further
measures for restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in
the economic, social and related fields falling within his
responsibility, as set out in annex I to the present resolution;

      4.    Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and Social
Council at its substantive session of 1997, on the implementation of
the present resolution;

      5.    Invites the specialized agencies, organizations and other
bodies of the United Nations system to implement the measures for
restructuring within their respective areas of competence, as
appropriate;

      6.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Restructuring and revitalization of
the United Nations in the economic, social and related fields".


                                                         119th plenary meeting
                                                                   24 May 1996


                                    ANNEX I

            Further measures for the restructuring and revitalization of
            the United Nations in the economic, social and related
            fields

      I.    FUNDING OF OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE
            UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

1.    There is a need for a substantial increase in resources for
operational activities for development, on a predictable, continuous
and assured basis, commensurate with the increasing needs of
developing countries, in accordance with resolutions 48/162 of 20
December 1993 and 50/120 of 20 December 1995.

2.    Efforts to mobilize the political will should be intensified in
order to achieve the objectives outlined in the present section
regarding funding of operational activities for development.

3.    There is an urgent need to strive for the fulfilment of the
agreed target of 0.7 per cent of gross national product for official
development assistance as soon as possible.

4.    The fundamental characteristics of the operational activities of
the United Nations system should be, inter alia, their universal,
voluntary and grant nature, their neutrality and their
multilateralism, as well as their ability to respond to the needs of
developing countries in a flexible manner.  The operational activities
of the United Nations system should be carried out for the benefit of
the developing countries, at the request of those countries and in
accordance with their own policies and priorities for development.

5.    There is a need for priority allocation of scarce grant resources
to programmes and projects in low-income countries, in particular the
least developed countries.

6.    The United Nations development system should take into account
the specific needs and requirements of the countries with economies in
transition.

7.    Developing countries are responsible for their development
processes and operational activities for development are a joint
responsibility of all countries.  Partnership between developed and
developing countries should be based on agreed mandates, principles
and priorities of the United Nations system in the development field. 
All countries should demonstrate their commitment to the funds and
programmes, and in this regard, the importance of equitable burden
sharing among developed countries is recognized.

8.    Many donor and recipient countries have made sustained
contributions to the operational activities for development in the
spirit of partnership.

9.    Within the context of the efforts to provide the operational
activities of the United Nations system with resources, in particular
core resources, on a predictable, continuous and assured basis, and
taking into account that voluntary contributions from official sources
should remain the main source for funding of those activities, all
aspects of funding of United Nations operational activities, and
options presented in the reports of the Secretary-General   1/ and
other reports subsequently presented, which include the three funding
mechanisms (voluntary, negotiated and assessed), as well as their
expected impact, should be examined by the General Assembly and the
Economic and Social Council in accordance with their respective
mandates.

10.   Overall policy issues regarding modalities of funding of
operational activities for development should be considered by the
General Assembly as the highest intergovernmental mechanism for the
formulation and appraisal of policy matters relating to the economic,
social and related fields, under the item on operational activities
for development, in particular in the context of the triennial policy
review, including the relationship between funding and programmes.

11.   In order to fulfil its coordination role, and in accordance with
the policies formulated by the General Assembly, the Economic and
Social Council should consider, on an annual basis in the operational
activities segment, the overall financial picture of the funds and
programmes, including the availability of resources, the priorities
and programmes agreed upon in the funds and programmes, the adopted
targets and further guidance on priorities, and make recommendations
thereon to the General Assembly and the funds and programmes.

12.   The governing bodies of each programme and fund coordinated by
the Economic and Social Council (United Nations Development Programme,
United Nations Children's Fund, United Nations Population Fund and
World Food Programme) shall adopt, in the context of their programme
arrangements and financial plans, a specific and realistic target for
core resources, based on the needs arising from their agreed
programmes and priorities, as well as the specific mandates of each
programme and fund.  On this basis, and in accordance with relevant
decisions taken by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council, the governing bodies of each programme and fund shall take
decisions on their own funding arrangements.  The importance of non-
core resources as a mechanism to enhance the capacity of the United
Nations development system and to supplement the means available for
operational activities for development is also recognized.

13.   The importance of continuing to improve ways in which Member
States are kept informed of the impact of operational activities for
development and of the financial picture of the programmes and funds
coordinated by the Economic and Social Council should be stressed, as
well as the relationship between programming requirements and
available funding.

14.   The recommendations and priorities set out in General Assembly
resolution 50/120, regarding measures to improve the efficiency and
effectiveness of the operational activities for development of the
United Nations system should be fully implemented, including, inter
alia, programmes focused on meeting the specific needs of developing
countries, giving priority allocation to developing countries, in
particular the least developed countries and Africa, appropriate
cooperation among United Nations programmes, and keeping
administrative costs to a level that allows effective programme
delivery.

15.   All organizations of the United Nations development system should
focus their efforts at the field level on priority areas in accordance
with the priorities identified by recipient countries and the
mandates, mission statements and relevant decisions of their governing
bodies in order to avoid duplication and enhance the complementarity
and impact of their work.

16.   By its fifty-second session, the General Assembly should review
the above-mentioned funding modalities.  A decision regarding the
future of the United Nations Pledging Conference for Development
Activities will be postponed pending the results of this review.  In
the event that this review is not completed by the end of the fifty-
second session of the General Assembly, a decision on whether to
effect changes in the scheduling of the Pledging Conference for the
fifty-second session will then be made.

17.   The Secretary-General is requested to prepare a report on new and
innovative ideas for generating funds, to be considered by the General
Assembly, on a priority basis, not later than at its fifty-first
session, taking into account the discussions at the substantive
session of 1996 of the Economic and Social Council, analysing various
proposals that have been advanced on innovative funding sources and
modalities for operational activities, including national,
international and private sources, and setting forth his views on the
advantages and disadvantages associated with each.  Innovative funding
sources could be an additional element for the provision of resources
for operational activities for development.


                             II.  GENERAL ASSEMBLY

18.   The General Assembly should exert greater policy leadership on
development issues inasmuch as the Charter of the United Nations
provides the Assembly with broad mandates concerning these issues. 
The General Assembly is the highest intergovernmental mechanism for
the formulation and appraisal of policy on matters relating to the
economic, social and related fields, in accordance with chapter IX of
the Charter.  It is the main forum where Governments pursue the
development dialogue, which includes all these issues, in its
political context.  The purpose of the dialogue is to take an
integrated view of matters relating to the economic, social and
related fields in order to build and deepen the political
understanding required for enhanced international development
cooperation, to generate impulses for action and to launch
initiatives.

19.   The High-level Open-ended Working Group on the Strengthening of
the United Nations System should be encouraged to consider, in the
context of the debate on all the Main Committees of the General
Assembly, promoting the use of innovative mechanisms, in accordance
with the rules of procedure of the General Assembly, such as panel
discussions with delegations and interactive debates, with the active
participation of Secretariat and agency representatives, as well as
outside experts.

20.   The Secretary-General is requested to provide information on the
total cost associated with the reports submitted annually to the
General Assembly under current mandates, so that the General Assembly
may review and take appropriate action on them.


         A.  Coherence of the work of the Second and Third Committees

21.   There is a need to promote greater coherence and complementarity
between the work of the Second and Third Committees.  For this purpose
the General Committee of the General Assembly should ensure better
coordination of the agendas of the Second and Third Committees; the
two bureaux should review their respective programmes of work in order
to exchange information on the issues discussed in each, identify
potential areas of overlap or duplication and examine means of
considering in a more coordinated manner issues related to the follow-
up of the major United Nations conferences and make recommendations
thereon to their respective Committees.

22.   There is a need to consider possible measures to allow for the
coordinated consideration of the report of the Economic and Social
Council during the General Assembly session.

23.   To the extent feasible, the discussions in the Second and Third
Committees should not commence until after the end of the general
debate in the plenary meetings of the General Assembly.

24.   For issues of a procedural nature, decisions, instead of
resolutions, should be used to the maximum extent possible. 
Resolutions should be shorter, in particular as regards preambular
parts.  The bureaux, in reviewing the respective agendas, could
identify and recommend those individual items or clusters of related
items that could be effectively considered in omnibus resolutions.


           B.  Programme of work of the Second and Third Committees

25.   The arrangements in the General Assembly and in the Economic and
Social Council for considering the coordination of humanitarian
assistance and special economic assistance to individual countries and
regions should be reviewed during the fifty-first session of the
General Assembly.

26.   In order to ensure, whenever possible, a common approach and
clear system-wide mandate for issues dealing with special economic
assistance to individual countries, each resolution could contain, to
the extent possible and, as appropriate, a common preambular section,
while specificity (individual needs) would be maintained within a
number of operative paragraphs.

27.   To facilitate discussions based on an integrated approach to
development issues, the possibility of choosing a principal theme or
themes should be explored to focus substantive debate under each
"cluster" in the agenda without prejudice to the right of delegations
to raise any other specific issue in the debates.

28.   Consultations should be held at an early stage, in an
organizational session of the Committee, before the start of its
general debate, based on proposals from the bureau for decision, on
clustering of the agenda, and, where possible, themes and focus for
these clusters, taking into account the content of reports presented,
as well as on items to be included for discussion or items for
decisions and resolutions without formal debate.

29.   The agenda of the Second Committee is set out in annex II.  This
is without prejudice to the current arrangements on the
biennialization and triennialization of items, as decided by the
General Assembly in resolution 48/162.

30.   The agenda of the Third Committee is structured in accordance
with General Assembly decision 50/465 of 22 December 1995 (see annex
III).


                    III.  DOCUMENTATION AND RELATED MATTERS

31.   The Secretariat and representatives of the specialized agencies
are requested to provide executive briefings, as appropriate, on the
matters to be covered under the items on the agenda, at least a week
prior to the opening of the General Assembly.  The Second Committee
should, in accordance with resolution 48/162, look early in the
session into all aspects related to the improvement of the working
methods of the Committee.

32.   There should be greater use of relevant background documents in
the Second Committee such as the World Economic and Social Survey, the
Trade and Development Report, the World Development Report and the
World Economic Outlook; in the preparation of the first two reports,
cooperation and coordination between the Department for Economic and
Social Information and Policy Analysis and the secretariat of the
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development should be enhanced
to ensure more complementarity between the reports.

33.   There should be continued improvement of other reports to make
them more concise and action-oriented, by highlighting the critical
areas requiring action by the General Assembly and, as appropriate, by
making specific recommendations.  All documentation should be provided
within the specified timetables and page limits and in all official
United Nations languages.  Efforts should also continue to be made to
have all documentation available in electronic form, in particular for
distribution on the Internet, in a timely manner and within existing
resources.

34.   In order to rationalize and simplify reporting procedures, the
Second and Third Committees shall, at the end of their sessions, while
reviewing their draft programmes of work for the next sessions,
consider procedural decisions regarding requests for reports,
including where possible integrated reports on closely related items,
as well as items to be inscribed on the agendas for the next sessions. 
This exercise shall be based on the lists of reports mandated from
decisions taken by the present and previous sessions of the General
Assembly, which are included in the draft programmes of work, as well
as suggestions from the Secretary-General on reporting arrangements.

35.   It is noted that the Economic and Social Council requested the
Secretary-General to prepare proposals, for consideration by the
Council in 1996 and by the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session, on the simplification of existing reporting requirements,
taking into account the reports that will be required for the follow-
up to United Nations conferences.


                       IV.  ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

36.   In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Charter of the
United  Nations, the Economic and Social Council must continue to
strengthen its role as the central mechanism for coordination of the
activities of the United Nations system and its specialized agencies
and supervision of subsidiary bodies, in particular its functional
commissions, in the economic, social and related fields.  It should
provide overall guidance and coordination to the United Nations
development system.  It must also promote a coordinated follow-up to
the outcomes of major international conferences in the economic,
social and related fields.

37.   The Council should fully implement its authority to take final
decisions on the activities of its subsidiary bodies and on other
matters relating to its system-wide coordination and overall guidance
functions in the economic, social and related fields, as appropriate.

38.   The Council should continue to consider reports of
intergovernmental and inter-agency bodies and mechanisms for
coordination and recommend ways to enhance their interaction and
complementarity of efforts.

39.   In the follow-up to United Nations conferences, the Council shall
ensure the harmonization and coordination of the agendas and work
programmes of the functional commissions by promoting a clearer
division of labour among them and providing clear policy guidance to
them.  To this end, better preparation of the meetings of the Council
should be ensured.  The Council could periodically organize meetings
on specific issues to allow for more dialogue with the chairpersons
and the secretariats, as appropriate, of the functional commissions,
other subsidiary and related bodies and the relevant executive boards. 
If an effective and coordinated follow-up process suggests the need,
then the consolidation of activities of subsidiary bodies may be
considered, as appropriate.  The aim of sustaining and strengthening
the quality and impact of the output of these bodies must be assured.

40.   The Council shall hold a shorter, focused substantive session for
four weeks in July.  Efforts shall be made, therefore, to improve
preparedness of the session through the effective use of the
organizational session of the Council and, as appropriate, open-ended
informal consultations in order to conduct preliminary consultations
among delegations on matters to be dealt with at the substantive
session.  This may involve, as appropriate, dialogues with the
chairpersons and the secretariats, as appropriate, of the functional
commissions, other subsidiary and related bodies and executive boards
relevant to these issues, among others, in order to identify problems,
avoid overlaps and fill gaps.

41.   In accordance with the provision of the Charter and its rules of
procedure, the Council may convene special sessions to address urgent
developments in the economic, social and related fields that may
require guidance and coordination by the Council.

42.   In scheduling the above-mentioned sessions and consultations, the
Council should take into consideration meetings of other bodies
dealing with economic and social issues to avoid unnecessary
overlapping and overburdening.

43.   The Secretary-General is requested to prepare a study with a
comprehensive assessment of the present arrangements for the Council's
sessions.

44.   The outcome of each segment of the Council should be strengthened
and made more action-oriented.  Resolutions, decisions and agreed
conclusions should be implemented and followed up fully by all
relevant parts of the United Nations system.  This process should be
monitored by the Council and the General Assembly on a regular basis,
as appropriate.

45.   Panel discussions and interactive debates, with the participation
of outside experts, non-governmental organizations and the business
and academic communities, where appropriate, and in accordance with
the rules of procedure of the Council, should be encouraged in
parallel to the formal meetings of the Council, taking into account
any relevant outcome of the Open-ended Working Group on the Review of
Arrangements for Consultations with Non-Governmental Organizations
that the Council adopts.


      A.  Preparation of the sessions of the Economic and Social Council

46.   The organizational session of the Council should continue to be
the appropriate framework for transparent discussion and approval of
the agenda items of the substantive session, as well as of its annual
basic programme of work, taking into account the rules of procedure of
the Council and relevant General Assembly resolutions, in particular
resolutions 45/264 of 13 May 1991 and 48/162.

47.   The Bureau of the Council should convene open-ended informal
consultations of the Council to improve organizational and procedural
as well as substantive aspects of the Council's sessions, with a view
to highlighting the issues and recommendations that require
consideration and action by the Council.  In order to have more
focused and well-prepared substantive sessions of the Council, the
Bureau should be encouraged to continue to exercise its role as
facilitator.

48.   The Bureau of the Council should meet on a regular basis and may
consider issues such as recommendations on agenda items and subjects,
the structure of meetings and lists of guest participants for panel
discussions, and should be kept informed, where appropriate, and in
the context of its organizational efforts, of the deliberations of
relevant intergovernmental mechanisms outside the United Nations
system.  The Bureau shall brief the Council on its deliberations and
shall not have the authority to make decisions on any substantive
matters.

49.   The Bureau should also assist the Council in identifying
economic, social and related issues for discussion at its sessions,
maintain contacts with the bureaux of the functional commissions and
other subsidiary bodies, as well as with those of the specialized
agencies and the executive boards of the funds and programmes, and
thus allow for a better interaction between the Council and those
bodies and contribute by assisting the Council to better fulfil its
role.

50.   The Bureau shall monitor the state of preparedness of
documentation for the Council and take necessary measures to
facilitate its timely issuance in all official languages.

51.   Based on proposals by member States, recommendations in the
reports of the Secretary-General as well as in the reports of the
Council's subsidiary bodies and the executive boards of the United
Nations funds and programmes, the Bureau shall identify areas for
possible action by the Council, with a view to improving the
proceedings of the Council.

52.   Members of the Bureau should be entrusted with safeguarding and
passing on to the next session of the Council the working methods that
have proved successful and the overall experience acquired in
implementing resolution 48/162 and the present resolution, taking into
account the rules of procedure of the Council.


                            B.  High-level segment

53.   The theme for the general debate of the high-level segment shall
be determined by the Economic and Social Council.  In this connection,
the President of the Council, following consultations with Member
States and, through the Secretary-General, with members of the
Administrative Committee on Coordination, should present a proposal
for a topical theme for the following year at the annual substantive
session of the Council.  At such session, the Council shall undertake
consultations on the theme for the high-level segment with a view to
reaching a decision, if possible, during the substantive session, but
not later than at a resumed session in the autumn following the annual
session.  In the event a matter of high urgency and priority
subsequently emerges that would qualify as a theme for the high-level
segment, the Council, at its organizational session, may, as
appropriate, consider that theme as an additional topic for discussion
at the high-level segment.

54.   The Secretary General is requested to include in his report for
this segment all relevant issues that could be discussed during the
session, on the basis of the theme or themes chosen, making use of
inputs from the various pertinent bodies of the United Nations system,
including concrete recommendations on the matters under discussion.

55.   In order to better focus the policy dialogue, the possibility of
having joint reports, prepared by the secretariats of the United
Nations, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the
Bretton Woods institutions and the World Trade Organization, should be
explored.

56.   The outcome of the high-level segment should normally be in the
form of agreed conclusions and should be followed up by all relevant
bodies and organizations of the United Nations system.


                           C.  Coordination segment

57.   The agreed conclusions of the Council concerning the selection of
cross-cutting themes common to major international conferences and/or
the contribution to an overall review of the implementation of the
programme of action of a United Nations conference should be
implemented.  At the organizational session of the Council,
consideration should be given to choosing a second theme dealing with
concrete sectoral issues.  The Council should develop a focused
dialogue on the chosen theme or themes with the funds and programmes,
the regional commissions and the relevant specialized agencies,
including the Bretton Woods institutions, as well as the World Trade
Organization, as appropriate.

58.   The functions of the present joint meetings of the Administrative
Committee on Coordination and the Committee for Programme and
Coordination, which are hereby discontinued, should be assigned to
this segment.

59.   The implementation of the agreed conclusions of this segment
should be followed up in the general segment of the following year.


              D.  Operational activities for development segment

60.   The role of the Council in providing overall coordination and
guidance for operational development programmes and funds on a system-
wide basis should be reinforced, including objectives, priorities and
strategies in the implementation of the policies formulated by the
General Assembly, as well as concentrating on cross-cutting and
coordination issues related to operational activities, including
through a high-level meeting, in order to provide an opportunity for
policy makers to engage in discussion on the broader issues for
development cooperation.

61.   Efforts should focus on improving the overall impact of
operational activities of the United Nations system in development
cooperation by, inter alia, implementing the set of measures agreed
upon in this framework and ensuring a more coordinated implementation
at the field level.

62.   With a view to avoiding repetition of discussions, the governing
boards should be requested to highlight in their respective reports to
the Council the issues requiring examination and identify action to be
taken.

63.   National officials directly involved in the implementation of
national development strategies in recipient countries, as well as
field-level representatives of the United Nations system, should be
encouraged to participate in this segment.

64.   The debates with the heads of agencies should focus on concrete
topics of common concern and, with the consent of the countries
concerned, use should be made of national and regional case-studies. 
The annual discussion of policy for operational development programmes
should be broadened, focusing on support for country-driven processes,
so as to include the status of collaboration with other multilateral
and bilateral donors, especially the Bretton Woods institutions.

65.   Contributions to the preparations for the triennial policy review
of operational activities conducted by the General Assembly should be
continued.


                              E.  General segment

66.   The primary function of this segment as that of an action-
oriented review of the activities, reports and recommendations of the
Council's subsidiary bodies should be consolidated, avoiding a
repetition of the debates held in those bodies and focusing attention
on major policy issues that require a prioritized and coordinated
response from the United Nations system as a whole.

67.   The Council should regularly review the agenda of its general
segment with a view to discontinuing consideration of items that are
not relevant to the work of its subsidiary machinery or are
duplicative of items on the agenda of the General Assembly, and
distinguish more clearly between items on the agenda requiring
decisions and those for information only.

68.   The subsidiary bodies should be requested to include in their
reports an executive summary, and the reports should be concise,
identifying clearly their conclusions and recommendations and the
issues that may require attention and/or action by the Council.  The
Secretariat should consolidate these issues in a single document for
consideration and action.

69.   Provision should be made for the integration and coordination of
humanitarian and emergency assistance activities with medium- and
long-term rehabilitation and development efforts and programmes.


           V.  FUNCTIONAL AND REGIONAL COMMISSIONS AND EXPERT GROUPS

                 A.  Functional commissions and expert groups

70.   The Council shall undertake, taking into account recent decisions
regarding the mandates, functions and composition of the Commissions
on Population and Development, Social Development and the Status of
Women, as well as the discussions during the special session of the
General Assembly in 1997 on the future role of the Commission on
Sustainable Development, including its relationship with the United
Nations Environment Programme, a review of the mandates, composition,
functions and working methods of its functional commissions and expert
groups and bodies, ensuring more effective and coordinated discussions
and outcomes of their work.  In the case of functional commissions
with the primary responsibility for the follow-up and review of the
implementation of a major conference, The Council shall ensure the
coordination of their multi-year programmes, in accordance with the
agreed conclusions adopted by the Council at its substantive session
of 1995 on the coordinated follow-up of the results of major
international conferences.  Such a review should be completed by the
fifty-second session of the General Assembly.

71.   The review should, as a matter of priority, consider the role,
working methods and relationship with other bodies of the Commission
on Science and Technology for Development, the Committee for
Development Planning, the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of
Energy and on Energy for Development and the Committee on Natural
Resources.

72.   The functions of the World Food Council shall be absorbed by the
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World
Food Programme, and consequently the World Food Council is discontinued.

73.   The role and the working methods of the Committee for Programme
and Coordination should be considered by the High-level Open-ended
Working Group  on the Strengthening of the United Nations System
within the context of General Assembly decision 47/454 of 23
December 1992, with a view to finding ways of improving programme
coordination functions throughout the United Nations system.  In this
context, consideration should be given, inter alia, to the roles and
responsibilities of the Economic and Social Council and the Committee
for Programme and Coordination with respect to coordination.


                           B.  Regional commissions

74.   The Council shall provide for the review  of the regional
commissions, with a view to strengthening and enhancing their
effectiveness as action- and policy-oriented bodies in the economic
and development fields with better response to the conditions and
environments unique to the specific regions; improving their
coordination with the entire United Nations system, including the
specialized agencies, the Bretton Woods institutions and the regional
development banks; strengthening their active participation relating
to the implementation at the regional level of the results of major
United Nations conferences; and shall encourage them also to undertake
their own management and functional assessments towards these ends.

75.   One of the major purposes of the above reviews should be to
improve the effectiveness and efficiency of these bodies by
eliminating unnecessary duplication or overlapping of work and by
ensuring a better structural relationship among these bodies and with
the Economic and Social Council.


VI.  GOVERNING BODIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES AND
     FUNDS

76.   Efforts should continue to be made to reduce the proliferation
and overlapping of formal and informal meetings of the same bodies
throughout the year, to improve the setting of agendas and to
delineate the subjects for allocation for consideration at their
annual and regular sessions; where possible, the overlapping of such
meetings with other meetings should be eliminated.  In this context,
the executive boards should, on a continuous basis, consider
adjustments to their agendas, reporting procedures and format, as well
as reviewing the number and scheduling of meetings and sessions, with
a view to continuing the rationalization of the working methods of the
boards.

77.   While recognizing that governing bodies in the context of their
specific mandates deal with policy issues that pertain to their own
institutions, they should also describe in their reports how the
overall policy guidance and coordination provided by the General
Assembly and the Economic and Social Council have been implemented, as
well as their specific recommendations for further action.

78.   The effective participation of observer member States and
observer States in the sessions of the executive boards should be
facilitated.  To this end, the executive boards should review their
arrangements and working methods and, where applicable, their rules of
procedure.  Documentation of the executive boards should be made
accessible to all member States of the funds and programmes.


                        VII.  INTER-AGENCY COORDINATION

79.   In the context of the discussions on an agenda for development, a
close review shall be made of the relationship of the Economic and
Social Council with the specialized agencies.  The Council, in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, shall provide
overall guidance and coordination, identify points of duplication with
funds and programmes, and make recommendations, as appropriate and
necessary.

80.   The Administrative Committee on Coordination should have an
enhanced function for inter-agency coordination purposes for the
United Nations system, and continue to meet for this purpose on a
regular basis under the chairmanship of the Secretary-General, at the
head-of-agency level, to review and advise on coordination matters; it
should continue to report to the Council, and continue to make use of
small task forces at the operational levels to develop joint inter-
agency programmes, as appropriate.

81.   The Administrative Committee on Coordination should present the
thematic aspects of its report to the Council at its coordination
segment and the remaining parts at the general segment; the members of
the Administrative Committee on Coordination should engage in an
active dialogue with the Council on ways to improve inter-agency
coordination.

82.   The periodic meetings of all concerned senior secretariat
officials in the economic and social sectors, under the authority of
the Secretary-General, should continue to be used to improve
coordination and performance; the outcomes of these meetings should be
presented on a regular basis to the Economic and Social Council.

83.   While recognizing the importance and the necessity of adapting
the United Nations to new realities and challenges, it is also
important that sufficient time be accorded to the implementation of
reforms undertaken in order to provide necessary stability in the
functioning of United Nations organs and bodies, hence allowing for
the building of experiences for any future reforms.


      VIII.       RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND
                  INTERNATIONAL FINANCE AND TRADE INSTITUTIONS

84.   The issues relating to the strengthening of the relationship
between the United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions, and
possibly also the World Trade Organization, shall be particularly
considered in the context of the deliberations on an agenda for
development, as foreseen in resolution 47/181 of 22 December 1992.

85.   In general, there should be greater interaction and cooperation
between the Bretton Woods institutions and other parts of the United
Nations system and between their secretariats; a first practical step
could be to request the Bretton Woods institutions to furnish special
reports and studies to the Economic and Social Council and the General
Assembly on issues falling within their competence, in accordance with
article V of the Agreement between the United Nations and the
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

86.   There is a need for an early exploratory review to be prepared
jointly by the United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions to
assess mechanisms, programmes and relationships at the field,
headquarters and intergovernmental levels, with a view to identifying
areas in which communication, cooperation and coordination could be
improved.  The review should produce a report and recommendations on
how the respective institutions can improve their own efforts and
effectively complement one another's efforts, particularly in the
context of the priorities established by their respective member
States, in relation to the implementation of the results of United
Nations conferences, the collection and dissemination of data analyses
and reports, the use of existing resources in the transition from
emergency relief to rehabilitation and development, the provision of
technical assistance operations in the field, intergovernmental and
secretariat consultations, and policy dialogues.

87.   The General Assembly and the respective governing bodies of the
Bretton Woods institutions, based on the conclusions of the above
review, should consider concrete areas and forms of collaboration in
the field of development-related activities. 

88.   In order to improve communication and cooperation at the
intergovernmental level between the Council and the international
financial and trade institutions, to facilitate an exchange of views
with regard to global issues of high priority and relevance and to
consider how the Economic and Social Council and the international
financial and trade institutions could mutually support their
respective efforts in promoting and coordinating programme activities
within their purviews relating to these issues, the Council should
schedule periodically a high-level special meeting at a time proximate
to the semi-annual meetings of the Bretton Woods institutions with a
view to benefiting, to the extent possible, from high-level
ministerial participation and the participation of heads of financial
and trade institutions and other relevant organizations.  A theme and
agenda for this Council meeting should be prepared collaboratively,
sufficiently in advance to permit preparation and consultations, and
the financial and trade institutions should be invited, as and when
appropriate, to prepare reports and studies to enhance the
discussions.  In order to secure an effective outcome of such
meetings, the Secretary-General is requested to consult the heads of
the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, in order to
explore possibilities and practical modalities for such meetings and
to inform the Council thereon.


                               IX.  SECRETARIAT

89.   The present structure and functioning of the Secretariat,
including the economic and social departments and the question of
establishing a post of Deputy Secretary-General for International
Cooperation and Development, shall be considered in the High-level
Open-ended Working Group on the Strengthening of the United Nations
System and in the Open-ended Working Group on an Agenda for
Development. 

90.   In the context of the High-level Open-ended Working Group on the
Strengthening of the United Nations System, uniform and maximum terms
of service for heads of programmes and funds and other Economic and
Social Council and General Assembly bodies should be considered.  In
connection with the recruitment and appointment of staff, there is a
need to implement the provisions of Article 101 of the Charter of the
United Nations and relevant General Assembly resolutions.


                                   ANNEX II

                        Agenda for the Second Committee

1.    Report of the Economic and Social Council.

2.    Macroeconomic policy questions:

      (a)   Trends in social and economic development;

      (b)   External debt crisis and development;

      (c)   Financing of development, including net transfer of
            resources between developing and developed countries;  2/

      (d)   Trade and development;

      (e)   Commodities;

      (f)   Science and technology for development.

3.    Sectoral policy questions:

      (a)   Industrial development cooperation;

      (b)   Development of the energy resources of developing countries;

      (c)   Food and sustainable agricultural development;

      (d)   Business and development.

4.    Sustainable development and international economic cooperation: 

      (a)   Implementation and follow-up to major consensus agreements
            on development:

            (i)   Implementation of the commitments and policies agreed
                  upon in the Declaration on International Economic
                  Cooperation, in particular the Revitalization of the
                  Economic Growth and Development of the Developing
                  Countries;

            (ii)  Implementation of the International Development
                  Strategy for the Fourth United Nations Development
                  Decade;

      (b)   Agenda for development:

            Renewal of the dialogue on strengthening international
            cooperation for development through partnership;

      (c)   Implementation of the Programme of Action for the
            Least
            Developed Countries for the 1990s;

      (d)   Integration of the economies in transition into the world
            economy;

      (e)   Population and development;

      (f)   International migration and development, including the
            convening of a United Nations conference on international
            migration and development;

      (g)   Human settlements;

      (h)   Eradication of poverty;

      (i)   Women in development;

      (j)   Human resources development.

5.    Environment and sustainable development:

      (a)   Implementation of the decisions and recommendations of the
            United Nations Conference on Environment and Development;

      (b)   Desertification and drought, including implementation of the
            International Convention to Combat Desertification in Those
            Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
            Desertification, particularly in Africa;

      (c)   Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity;

      (d)   Implementation of the outcome of the Global Conference on
            the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing
            States;

      (e)   Protection of the global climate for present and future
            generations of mankind;

      (f)   International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.

6.    Operational activities for development:

      (a)   Triennial policy review of operational activities for
            development of the United Nations system;

      (b)   Economic and technical cooperation among developing
            countries.

7.    Training and research:

      (a)   United Nations Institute for Training and Research;

      (b)   United Nations University.


                                   ANNEX III

                        Agenda for the Third Committee

1.    The items allocated to the Third Committee for consideration
during the fifty-first session of the General Assembly should be taken
up in the following order:

      Item 2.     Social development, including questions relating to
                  the world social situation and to youth, ageing,
                  disabled persons and the family.

      Item 3.     Crime prevention and criminal justice.

      Item 4.     International drug control.

      Item 5.     Advancement of women.

      Item 6.     Implementation of the outcome of the Fourth World
                  Conference on Women.

      Item 7.     Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for
                  Refugees, questions relating to refugees, returnees
                  and displaced persons and humanitarian questions.

      Item 8.     Promotion and protection of the rights of children.

      Item 9.     Programme of activities of the International Decade of
                  the World's Indigenous People.

      Item 10.    Elimination of racism and racial discrimination.

      Item 11.    Right of peoples to self-determination.

      Item 12.    Human rights questions:

                  (a)   Implementation of human rights instruments;

                  (b)   Human rights questions, including alternative
                        approaches for improving the effective enjoyment
                        of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

                  (c)   Human rights situations and reports of special
                        rapporteurs and representatives;

                  (d)   Comprehensive implementation of and follow-up to
                        the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action;

                  (e)   Report of the United Nations High Commissioner
                        for Human Rights.

      Item 1.     Report of the Economic and Social Council.

2.    This arrangement may be reviewed at the organizational meeting of
the Third Committee, in particular in the light of the status of
documentation at that time.


                                     Notes

1/          A/48/940 and A/49/834.

2/          This item will be considered on an annual basis.  The
question of the International Conference on the Financing of
Development will be considered under this item at the fifty-second
session of the General Assembly.  



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