United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

1 May 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 12


          [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.69/Rev.1 and

               50/225.  Public administration and development

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the Tangier Declaration,  1/ adopted by the Pan-
African Conference of Ministers of the Civil Service held in Morocco
on 20 and 21 June 1994,

      Recalling also its resolution 49/136 of 19 December 1994 on
public administration and development,

      Recalling further Economic and Social Council decision 1996/215
of 2 April 1996,

      Bearing in mind the rapid pace and interdependence of global,
political, social and economic developments, and their implications
for all countries, particularly the developing countries, and that
there is a critical need for improved efficiency and effective public
institutions, administrative procedures and sound financial management
to harness these challenges in support of sustainable development in
all countries,

      Affirming that States have the sovereign right and responsibility
to decide, in accordance with their own development policy,
strategies, needs and priorities, on their public administration
management based on the rule of law,

      Acknowledging the diversity of experiences in public
administrative systems as well as the political, social and economic
circumstances of each country,

      Recognizing that effectiveness of government requires an
efficient and effective public administration in all countries that is
responsive to the needs of the people, promotes social justice,
ensures universal access to quality services and productive assets and
creates an enabling environment for sustainable people-centred

      Reaffirming the importance of enhancing the quality of public
administration based, inter alia, on the participatory approach to

      Recognizing the role of the United Nations in assisting
Governments, at their request, in ensuring the maintenance of
essential basic government services and functions during times of
crisis and in developing strategies for rebuilding a viable public
administration in countries undergoing post-conflict rehabilitation
and reconstruction,

      Taking note of the fact that the United Nations system,
responding to requests from interested Member States, has contributed
in support of their public administration to include wider aspects of
governance, including democratic, legal and judiciary reform, and
strengthening of the civil society,

      Recognizing that Governments in all countries should make their
procedures transparent in order to avoid and combat all acts of

      Emphasizing the benefits to all countries of exchanging
experiences and views in order to promote better understanding and
applications of various roles and functions of government and public
administration, and enhancing international cooperation in this field,
including such exchanges within the context of South-South and
interregional cooperation,

      Recognizing the important role of the public sector in the
development process and stressing the need to improve development and
management of its human resources through, inter alia, appropriate
national incentive measures,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on public
administration and development  2/ and of the proposals contained

      2.    Takes note also of the report of the Group of Experts in
Public Administration and Finance;  3/

      3.    Takes further note of the reports of the regional meetings
on public administration and development;  4/

      4.    Recognizes that there exist challenges and trends variously
facing national Governments in the field of public administration;

      5.    Reaffirms that democracy and transparent and accountable
governance and administration in all sectors of society are
indispensable foundations for the realization of social and people-
centred sustainable development;

      6.    Underlines the importance of transparent and accountable
governance and administration in all public and private national and
international institutions;

      7.    Recognizes that there is a need for public administration
systems to be sound, efficient and well equipped with the appropriate
capacities and capabilities through, inter alia, capacity-building,
promotion of transfer, access and utilization of technology,
establishment or improvement of training programmes for public
service, strengthening of partnership of the public sector with the
private sector and civil society, as well as providing an enabling
environment for private sector activities, as appropriate, promotion
of the role and involvement of women in public administration,
development of cross-sectoral gender-sensitive and multidisciplinary
capabilities, which supports all phases of the development process as
well as the promotion of opportunities for all to participate in all
spheres of the public sector;

      8.    Reaffirms that Governments in all countries should promote
and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the
right to development, bearing in mind the interdependent and mutually
reinforcing relationship between democracy, development and respect
for human rights, and should make public institutions more responsive
to people's needs;

      9.    Invites Governments to strengthen their public
administrative and financial management capacities through public-
sector administrative and management reform, with emphasis on enhanced
efficiency and productivity, accountability and responsiveness of the
public institutions, and encourages, where appropriate,
decentralization of public institutions and services;

      10.   Recognizes the importance of the major United Nations
conferences and urges the development of the necessary capabilities to
enable public administration to implement the commitments agreed upon
in an effective and coordinated manner;

      11.   Confirms the importance of and calls for enhancement of the
effectiveness of United Nations activities in the area of public
administration and development;

      12.   Stresses the importance of an increased synergy, cooperation
and coordination between United Nations funds and programmes, the
specialized agencies, the United Nations Secretariat and the Bretton
Woods institutions to ensure that the substantive and technical
capacity of the United Nations system is optimized;

      13.   Acknowledges that the role of United Nations activities and
programmes in public administration and development is to assist
Governments, at their request, to improve their responsiveness to meet
the basic needs of all, as well as to achieve sustainable development
in all countries; the United Nations should focus its activities in
the following areas as recommended by the Group of Experts in Public
Administration and Finance in its report:

      (a)   Strengthening government capacity for policy development,
administrative restructuring, civil service reform, human resources
development and public administration training;

      (b)   Improving performance in the public sector;

      (c)   Financial management;

      (d)   Public-private interaction;

      (e)   Social development;

      (f)   Developing infrastructure and protecting the environment;

      (g)   Government legal capacity;

      (h)   Post-conflict rehabilitation and reconstruction of
government machinery;

      (i)   Management of development programmes;

in this context, the United Nations should carry out these activities
through pooling and facilitating access to information in public
administration, promoting training and research in public
administration and finance at all levels, advocacy and exchange of
experiences, advisory services, technical assistance, capacity-
building and human resources development;

      14.   Requests the United Nations to develop strategies, at the
request of interested countries, for rebuilding a viable public
administration in countries undergoing post-conflict rehabilitation
and reconstruction;

      15.   Invites the Bretton Woods institutions and all relevant
United Nations agencies and bodies to assist, at their request, Member
States involved in economic restructuring programmes to pursue
national policies aimed at improving the development and management of
their human resources through, inter alia, appropriate measures;

      16.   Recognizes the increased national efforts of Member States
in providing adequate financial and other resources for the
strengthening of their public administration;

      17.   Invites the international community to create an enabling
international environment and to consider providing adequate financial
and other resources for programmes of assistance to support national
efforts in enhancing the effectiveness of public administration in
developing countries and countries with economies in transition;

      18.   Recommends that the Secretary-General take appropriate
measures in order to ensure maximum coordination of activities of the
United Nations system in the field of public administration and

      19.   Calls upon the Secretary-General to ensure ways of
strengthening the coordination, coherence and harmonization of the
management and implementation of the operational activities of the
United Nations system in the field of public administration and

      20.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session, through the Economic and Social
Council, a report on public administration and development containing
information on the implementation of the present resolution.

                                                    112th plenary meeting
                                                            19 April 1996


1/   See A/49/495, annex.

2/   A/50/847-E/1996/7.

3/   A/50/525-E/1995/122.

4/   A/50/904, A/50/917, A/50/919, A/50/920, A/50/921 and A/50/929.

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Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
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