United Nations

A/RES/50/203


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

23 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 165


           RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

        [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/816)]


          50/203.   Follow-up to the Fourth World
                    Conference on  Women and full
                    implementation of the Beijing
                    Declaration and the Platform for
                    Action

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 45/129 of 14 December 1990, 46/98
of 16 December 1991 and 47/95 of 16 December 1992, as well as
Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/12 of 24 May 1990 and
Council decision 1992/272 of 30 July 1992, recommending that a
world conference on women be held in 1995,

     Reaffirming the importance of the outcome of the previous
World Conferences on Women, held at Mexico City in 1975,  1/
at Copenhagen in 1980  2/ and at Nairobi in 1985,  3/

     Building on the consensus reached and the progress made at
previous United Nations conferences and summits, for children in
New York in 1990,  4/ on environment and development at Rio
de Janeiro in 1992,  5/ on human rights at Vienna in 1993,
 6/ on population and development at Cairo in 1994  7/
and on social development at Copenhagen in 1995,  8/ towards
achieving equality, development and peace,

     Expressing its satisfaction that the Fourth World Conference
on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace reached a
successful conclusion and adopted the Beijing Declaration  9/
and the Platform for Action,  10/

     Expressing its profound gratitude to the Government of the
People's Republic of China for having made it possible for the
Conference to be held at Beijing and for the excellent
facilities, staff and services so graciously placed at the
disposal of the Conference,

     Recognizing the significance of the outcome of the
Conference to make a real change for the empowerment of women and
thus to the fulfilment of the goals adopted in the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women, 
11/

     Deeply convinced that the Beijing Declaration and the
Platform for Action are important contributions to the
advancement of women worldwide and must be translated into
effective action by all States, the United Nations system and
other organizations concerned, as well as non-governmental
organizations,

     Recognizing that the implementation of the Platform for
Action rests primarily at the national level, that Governments,
non-governmental organizations and public and private
institutions should be involved in the implementation process and
that national mechanisms also have an important role to play,

     Bearing in mind that promotion of international cooperation
is essential for the effective implementation of the Beijing
Declaration and the Platform for Action,

     Recognizing that the implementation of the Platform for
Action requires commitment from Governments and the international
community,

     Recognizing also the important role played by States, the
United Nations, the regional commissions and other international
organizations, as well as non-governmental organizations and
women's organizations, in the preparatory process of the
Conference and the importance of their involvement in the
implementation of the Platform for Action,

     Taking into account the fact that the follow-up to the
Conference should be undertaken on the basis of an integrated
approach to the advancement of women within the framework of a
coordinated follow-up to and implementation of the results of the
major international conferences in the economic, social and
related fields, as well as the overall responsibilities of the
General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council,

     Bearing in mind its resolution 50/42 of 8 December 1995,

     Expressing its appreciation to the Secretary-General, the
Secretary-General of the Conference and the staff of the
Secretariat for the effective preparations and services provided
for the Conference,

     1.   Takes note of the report of the Fourth World Conference
on Women,  12/ as adopted on 15 September 1995;

     2.   Endorses the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for
Action as adopted by the Conference;

     3.   Calls upon States, the United Nations system and all
other actors to implement the Platform for Action, in particular
by promoting an active and visible policy of mainstreaming a
gender perspective at all levels, including in the design,
monitoring and evaluation of all policies, as appropriate, in
order to ensure effective implementation of the Platform;

     4.   Stresses that Governments have the primary
responsibility for implementing the Platform for Action, that
commitment at the highest level is essential for its
implementation and that Governments should take a leading role in
coordinating, monitoring and assessing progress in the
advancement of women;

     5.   Calls upon States, with the assistance of
non-governmental organizations, to disseminate the Beijing
Declaration and the Platform for Action widely;

     6.   Emphasizes that Governments should, as soon as possible
and no later than 1996, develop comprehensive implementation
strategies or plans of action, including time-bound targets and
benchmarks for monitoring, in order to implement the Platform for
Action fully;

     7.   Calls upon Governments to create a national machinery
where it does not exist and to strengthen, as appropriate,
existing national machineries for the advancement of women;

     8.   Encourages non-governmental organizations to contribute
to the design and implementation of these strategies or national
plans of action in addition to their own programmes that
complement government efforts;

     9.   Recognizes the importance attached to the regional
monitoring of the global and regional platforms for action by
regional commissions and other subregional or regional
structures, within their mandates, in consultation with
Governments, and the necessity of promoting cooperation among
national Governments of the same region in this respect;

     10.  Invites the Economic and Social Council, in order to
facilitate the regional implementation, monitoring and evaluation
process, to consider reviewing the institutional capacity of the
United Nations regional commissions, within their mandates,
including their women's units or focal points, to deal with
gender-related issues in the light of the Platform for Action, as
well as the regional platforms and plans of action, and to give
consideration, inter alia, and where appropriate, to
strengthening the capacity in this respect;

     11.  Calls upon States to take action to fulfil the
commitments made at the Conference for the advancement of women
and for the strengthening of international cooperation, and
reaffirms that adequate financial resources should be committed
at the international level for the implementation of the Platform
for Action in the developing countries, in particular in Africa,
and in the least developed countries;

     12.  Recognizes that implementation of the Platform for
Action in the countries with economies in transition requires
continued international cooperation and assistance, as indicated
in the Platform for Action;

     13.  Stresses that full and effective implementation of the
Platform for Action will require a political commitment to make
available human and financial resources for the empowerment of
women, the integration of a gender perspective in budgetary
decisions on policies and programmes, as well as adequate
financing of specific programmes for securing equality between
women and men;

     14.  Reaffirms that, in order to implement the Platform for
Action, a reformulation of policies and reallocation of resources
may be needed, but that some policy changes may not necessarily
have financial implications;

     15.  Reaffirms also that, in order to implement the Platform
for Action, adequate mobilization of resources at the national
and international levels, as well as new and additional resources
to the developing countries, in particular in Africa, and the
least developed countries, from all available funding mechanisms,
including multilateral, bilateral and private sources for the
advancement of women, will also be required;

     16.  Calls upon those States committed to the 20:20
initiative to integrate a gender perspective fully into its
implementation, as referred to in paragraph 358 of the Platform
for Action;

     17.  Recognizes that the creation of an enabling environment
is necessary to ensure the full participation of women in
economic activities;

     18.  Reaffirms that the implementation of the Platform for
Action will require immediate and concerted action by all to
create a peaceful, just and humane world based on all human
rights and fundamental freedoms, including the principle of
equality for all people of all ages and from all walks of life,
and to this end, recognizes that broad-based and sustained
economic growth in the context of sustainable development is
necessary to sustain social development and social justice;

     19.  Considers, in relation to the United Nations, that the
Platform for Action should be implemented through the work of all
the bodies and organizations of the system during the period
1995-2000, specifically and as an integral part of wider
programming;

     20.  Considers also that an enhanced framework for
international cooperation for gender-related issues must be
developed during the period 1995-2000 in order to ensure the
integrated and comprehensive implementation, follow-up and
assessment of the Platform for Action, taking into account the
results of global United Nations summits and conferences;

     21.  Decides that the General Assembly, the Economic and
Social Council and the Commission on the Status of Women, in
accordance with their respective mandates and in accordance with
Assembly resolution 48/162 of 20 December 1993 and other relevant
resolutions, shall constitute a three-tiered intergovernmental
mechanism that will play the primary role in the overall policy-
making and follow-up, and in coordinating the implementation and
monitoring of the Platform for Action, reaffirming the need for a
coordinated follow-up to and implementation of the results of
major international conferences in the economic, social and
related fields;

     22.  Also decides to appraise the progress on a regular
basis and to include in the agenda of its forthcoming sessions,
starting from 1996, an item entitled "Implementation of the
outcome of the Fourth World Conference on Women", with a view to
assessing, in the year 2000, the progress achieved in the
implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
Advancement of Women and the Platform for Action in an
appropriate forum;

     23.  Invites the Economic and Social Council to consider
devoting to this matter one high-level segment, one coordination
segment and one operational segment, before the year 2000, taking
into account the multi-year programme of work of the Commission
on the Status of Women and all other functional commissions of
the Council;

     24.  Also invites the Economic and Social Council to review
and strengthen the mandate of the Commission on the Status of
Women, taking into account the Platform for Action as well as the
need for synergy with all other related commissions and
conference follow-up, and for a system-wide approach to its
implementation;

     25.  Decides that the Commission on the Status of Women, as
a functional commission assisting the Economic and Social
Council, shall have a central role in the monitoring of the
implementation of the Platform for Action within the United
Nations system and in advising the Council thereon;

     26.  Decides that the Economic and Social Council should
oversee system-wide coordination in the implementation of the
Platform for Action, ensure overall coordination of the follow-up
to and implementation of the results of all United Nations
international conferences in the economic, social and related
fields and report thereon to the General Assembly;

     27.  Requests the Commission on the Status of Women to
develop its multi-year programme of work for the period 1996-2000
at its fortieth session so that it can review the critical areas
of concern in the Platform for Action and to consider how it
could integrate into its programme of work the follow-up to the
Conference and how it could develop its catalytic role in
mainstreaming a gender perspective in United Nations activities,
taking into account the need for a focused and thematic approach
to the review of the Platform for Action and the contribution
that can be made by all other functional commissions of the
Council;

     28.  Also requests the Commission on the Status of Women to
forward its recommendations on the multi-year programme of work
to the Economic and Social Council so that the Council can take a
decision on the programme of work at its meeting in 1996,
reviewing, coordinating and harmonizing the different programmes
of work, including the reporting systems of all the commissions
in the area of the advancement of women;

     29.  Invites all other functional commissions of the
Economic and Social Council, within their mandates, to take due
account of the Platform for Action and to ensure the integration
of gender aspects in their respective work;

     30.  Requests the Secretary-General to assume responsibility
for the coordination of policy within the United Nations for the
implementation of the Platform for Action and the mainstreaming
of a system-wide gender perspective in all activities of the
United Nations system, including training, in accordance with
paragraph 326 of the Platform for Action;

     31.  Also requests the Secretary-General to disseminate the
Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action as widely as
possible, including to the competent organs of the United Nations
and the specialized agencies;

     32.  Further requests the Secretary-General to report,
through the Commission on the Status of Women and the Economic
and Social Council, to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session on ways to enhance the capacity of the Organization and
of the United Nations system to support the ongoing follow-up to
the Conference in the most integrated and effective way,
including human and financial requirements;

     33.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure the more
effective functioning of the Division for the Advancement of
Women of the Secretariat in order to carry out all the tasks
foreseen for it in the Platform for Action by, inter alia,
providing sufficient human and financial resources within the
regular budget of the United Nations;

     34.  Also requests the Secretary-General, in cooperation
with the Administrator of the United Nations Development
Programme, to ask the resident coordinators fully to apply a
gender perspective in integrating the follow-up to the Conference
into the coordinated follow-up to recent global United Nations
conferences;

     35.  Further requests the Secretary-General to report
annually to the Commission on the Status of Women and to the
General Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council, on the
measures taken and the progress achieved in the implementation of
the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action;

     36.  Requests the Committee on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women, within its mandate, to take into
account the Platform for Action when considering reports
submitted by States parties, and invites States parties to
include information on measures taken to implement the Platform
for Action in their reports;

     37.  Notes the importance of the activities undertaken by
the United Nations Development Fund for Women and the
International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement
of Women in the implementation of the Platform for Action;

     38.  Encourages international financial institutions to
review and revise policies, procedures and staffing to ensure
that investments and programmes benefit women and thus contribute
to sustainable development;

     39.  Invites the World Trade Organization to consider how it
might contribute to the implementation of the Platform for
Action, including through activities in cooperation with the
United Nations system.


                                             99th plenary meeting
                                                 22 December 1995


                              Notes

1/        See Report of the World Conference of the International
Women's Year, Mexico City, 19 June-2 July 1975 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.76.IV.1).

2/        See Report of the World Conference of the United
Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development and Peace,
Copenhagen, 14-30 July 1980 (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.80.IV.3 and corrigendum).

3/        See Report of the World Conference to Review and
Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:

Equality, Development and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United
Nations publication, Sales No. E.85.IV.10).

4/        A/45/625, annex.

5/        See Report of the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (
A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1 (Vol.I and Vol.I/Corr.1, Vol.II, Vol.III and
Vol.III/Corr.1)) (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8
and corrigenda).

6/        See A/CONF.157/24 (Part I).

7/        See Report of the International Conference on
Population and Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United
Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.XIII.18).

8/        See A/CONF.166/9.

9/        A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1, chap. I, resolution 1, annex
I.

10/       Ibid., annex II.

11/       Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise
the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women: 
Equality, Development and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United
Nations publication, Sales No. E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

12/       A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1.

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