United Nations

A/RES/50/198


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

11 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.3)]


            50/198.     Situation of human rights in Cuba

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming that all Member States have an obligation to promote
and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms as stated in the
Charter of the United Nations and elaborated in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights,  1/ the International Covenants on
Human Rights  2/ and other applicable human rights instruments,

      Reaffirming also that all States have an obligation to fulfil the
commitments they have freely undertaken under the various
international instruments,

      Taking particular note of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1995/66 of 7 March 1995,  3/ in which the Commission recognized with
deep appreciation the efforts of the Special Rapporteur to carry out
his mandate concerning the situation of human rights in Cuba,

      Expressing concern about continuing serious violations of human
rights in Cuba, of which the majority are violations of civil and
political rights, as outlined in the interim report on the situation
of human rights in Cuba submitted to the General Assembly by the
Special Rapporteur,  4/

      Welcoming the authorization granted to a delegation comprising
representatives of four international human rights organizations to
visit Cuba, and encouraging the Government of Cuba to grant further
access to such organizations,

      Also welcoming the release of a number of political prisoners,

      Recalling the continued failure of the Government of Cuba to
cooperate with the Commission on Human Rights with regard to its
resolution 1995/66, including its refusal to permit the Special
Rapporteur to visit Cuba,

      1.    Commends the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human
Rights for his interim report on the situation of human rights in
Cuba;

      2.    Expresses its full support for the work of the Special
Rapporteur;

      3.    Calls once more upon the Government of Cuba to cooperate
fully with the Special Rapporteur by permitting him full and free
access to establish contact with the Government and the citizens of
Cuba so that he may fulfil the mandate entrusted to him;

      4.    Regrets profoundly the numerous violations of human rights
and fundamental freedoms in Cuba, as described in the report of the
Special Rapporteur to the Commission on Human Rights  5/ and in
his interim report; 4/

      5.    Urges the Government of Cuba to ensure freedom of expression
and assembly and the freedom to demonstrate peacefully, including by
allowing political parties and non-governmental organizations to
function freely in the country and by reforming legislation in this
area;

      6.    Welcomes the ratification by the Government of Cuba of the
Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment;  6/

      7.    Calls especially upon the Government of Cuba to release the
numerous persons detained for activities of a political nature,
including those specifically mentioned in the report of the Special
Rapporteur who suffer from inadequate medical care while imprisoned or
whose rights as journalists or jurists are impeded or denied;

      8.    Calls upon the Government of Cuba to adopt the other
measures proposed in the interim report of the Special Rapporteur to
bring the observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Cuba
into conformity with international law and international human rights
instruments and to end all violations of human rights by, inter alia,
ratifying and effectively implementing those international human
rights instruments to which it is not yet party, ceasing the
persecution and punishment of citizens for reasons related to freedom
of expression and peaceful association, respecting due process, and
granting permission for access to the prisons by non-governmental
humanitarian organizations and international humanitarian agencies;

      9.    Decides to continue its consideration of this question at
its fifty-first session.


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2),
chap. II, sect. A.

4/          A/50/663, annex.

5/          E/CN.4/1995/52.

6/          Resolution 39/46, annex.

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